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Cablegate: Sudan Response - Effectiveness of Un Efforts to Combat

VZCZCXRO6957
OO RUEHGI RUEHMA RUEHROV RUEHTRO
DE RUEHKH #0078/01 0131445
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O R 131443Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0019
INFO DARFUR COLLECTIVE
UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0001

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 KHARTOUM 000078

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PHUM KPKO SOCI SU
SUBJECT: SUDAN RESPONSE - EFFECTIVENESS OF UN EFFORTS TO COMBAT
SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AND ABUSE IN UN PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS

REF: A) 09 STATE 130760; B) 09 KHARTOUM 218; C) 09 KHARTOUM 201

1. (SBU) Both the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) and the UN African
Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) require all military personnel and
civilian employees to undergo training to recognize, report and
prevent sexual exploitation and abuse. According to the UNMIS
Conduct and Discipline Unit (CDU) Officer in Charge (OIC) Ghandi
Shukry and the UNAMID CDU Chief Wayne Hayde, all UN personnel must
take several training programs designed to prevent sexual
exploitation and abuse, including pre-deployment training,
induction training upon arrival in Sudan, and refresher field
training while in country. Both UNMIS and UNAMID also have
train-the-trainer programs to expand their reach into the
individual units of peacekeepers around the country. The UN has a
mission-wide policy of zero-tolerance and all allegations are
treated seriously and investigated by the CDU offices, as well as
within the ranks of the peacekeeping forces. Substantiated
allegations result in disciplinary actions up to and including
demotion, separation from service, and dismissal.

2. (SBU) As staffing and funding permit, the UNMIS CDU visits team
sites every three to four months in order to provide refresher
training, analyze areas of concern and identify conditions that
could increase potential risks. Shukry and CDU Training Officer
Andrey Antonov said they provide tailored training to address
specific conditions and concerns particular to an area. Locations
frequented by prostitutes are designated as off-limits to UNMIS
personnel, and military peacekeepers are prohibited from
fraternizing with people living in the local community.

3. (SBU) The UNMIS CDU has a robust outreach program to engage and
inform the public on what is and is not proper behavior for UN
personnel, and how to report incidents of abuse or exploitation.
The CDU works with local governments, civil society,
non-governmental organizations, and universities to publicly
discuss UN standards of conduct. Shukry said UNMIS wants the local
populace to know that UN personnel do not operate with impunity,
and that the UN will not tolerate misconduct, especially sexual
exploitation and abuse. In 2009, UNMIS conducted five public
outreach campaigns in the following areas of Southern Sudan: Torit,
Yambio, Wau, Rumbek, and Bor. For 2010, they have recruited
outreach experts to work in Northern Sudan and the transitional
areas of Abyei, Kadugli, and Ed Damazin. The specific aim will be
to work with leaders of student and religious groups, and local
government.

4. (SBU) Hayde reported that UNAMID continues to expand its CDU
presence in Darfur. Conduct and discipline officers were deployed
to Nyala several months ago. Due to a lack of secure
accommodations, the deployment of CDU officers to El Geneina was
delayed. They operated out of El Fasher until recently. Following
provision of secure housing, one officer moved to El Geneina on a
full-time basis on January 8, 2010, and another officer will follow
shortly. The UNAMID CDU also conducts outreach programs and
additional training to team sites throughout Darfur and implements
the same preventive measures to combat sexual exploitation and
abuse as UNMIS.

5. (SBU) Sudanese human rights activists do not consider UNMIS and
UNAMID peacekeepers to be engaged in widespread sexual exploitation
and abuse of local populations. Nahid Jaber-Allah, director of
SEEMA Center for Training and Protection of Women and Children's
Rights, said she is not aware of any allegations of misconduct or
sexual abuse by UN personnel. Amir Suleiman, director of the
independent Khartoum Center for Human Rights, said that his
organization did not track any sexual exploitation cases involving
UNMIS or UNAMID peacekeepers in 2009. Khalil Tukras, an
independent Darfuri human rights activist, also said he is unaware
of any reports of UNAMID peacekeepers involved in sexual
exploitation or abuse. However, he noted that El Fasher residents
continue to speculate that UN staff in El Fasher are soliciting
local women as prostitutes. He suggested more investigation to
determine if the practice exists and greater outreach to the El
Fasher community.

KHARTOUM 00000078 002 OF 002


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