Search

 

Cablegate: Spain's Experience with Electronic Identity Cards

VZCZCXYZ0007
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHMD #0108 0291338
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 291338Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY MADRID
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 1819
INFO RUEHRL/AMEMBASSY BERLIN 0677
RUEHLI/AMEMBASSY LISBON 1747
RUEHNY/AMEMBASSY OSLO 0001
RUEHTL/AMEMBASSY TALLINN 0112
RUEHVI/AMEMBASSY VIENNA 0685

UNCLAS MADRID 000108

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

STATE FOR EEB/CIP/MA J. ENNIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ECPS SP
SUBJECT: SPAIN'S EXPERIENCE WITH ELECTRONIC IDENTITY CARDS
(EIDS)

REF: STATE 130106

1. (SBU) Electronic identities in Spain are governed by Law
59 of 2003, known as the electronic signatures law. Spain
began issuing electronic national identity cards (DNIs) in
2006. The DNI is the document that citizens and residents
are required to present for access to government facilities
and many private buildings and interaction with government
officials as well as many commercial transactions (use of a
credit or debit card, for example). The electronic ID cards
come with a chip containing secure identifying information.

2. (SBU) According to contacts in the Secretariat of State
for Telecommunications and the Information Society (SETSI),
there are more than 14 million electronic DNIs in
circulation. (Note: The population of Spain is about 45
million). These are manufactured by the National Coin and
Stamp Factory (FNMT, a subdivision of the RCM or Royal Mint).
Within FNMT, a department known as Spanish Certification
(CERES) provides an electronic certification accepted by all
branches of the GOS. FNMT manufactures the plastic chips and
programs the individual data into them.

3. (SBU) In addition to the electronic DNIs, FNMT offers
other electronic ID cards which are not DNIs but have some of
the same attributes and can be used for commercial
transactions. It has reportedly issued approximately 2.27
million of such non-DNI electronic ID cards Finally, FNMT
also offers cardless electronic IDs which can be downloaded
from the Internet directly to an individual's computer hard
drive. The technology of the various types of IDs is
similar, but the electronic cards offer more security than
the cardless downloaded IDs. That said, SETSI is not aware
of any security issues or lapses or identity theft involving
electronic IDs in the almost four years the DNI program has
been in operation.

4. (SBU) SETSI's Sub-Directorate for Information Society
Services (SDSSI) financed the development of electronic DNIs
and oversees the program. It serves as a central point for
anything having to do with electronic IDs and is responsible
for regulating their use. SDSSI sponsored a campaign in
2007-8 to make electronic DNIs available over the entire
national territory and to increase their use by the public.
Individuals apply for the electronic DNIs through local
National Police stations, which serve as one-stop shops.
FNMT sends completed electronic DNIs to the police stations
for distribution to applicants. Currently 259 local police
stations across the country and an additional 90 mobile rural
police stations are able to distribute electronic DNIs, and
the government is striving to increase this number.

5. (SBU) SETSI, in conjunction with CERES, also authorizes
certain private entities to issue electronic IDs. These are
mostly Chambers of Commerce and other business groups which
issue electronic ID cards for use with Spain's tax
administration and in electronic commerce transactions. Some
major banks (Santander, Banesto) and companies (Telefonica)
are also authorized to issue the cards. Though there are many
electronic DNIs in circulation, citizens are not using them
much because they don't understand them very well or know how
to use them. In general, many Spaniards have not yet gotten
used to conducting transactions over the Internet, and
electronic commerce has not reached its full potential.

6. (SBU) Additional information is available on the CERES
website, www.cert.fnmt.es. Click on "welcome" in the upper
right-haQcorner for information in English. The
government's primary POC for issues related to electronic IDs
is Salvador Soriano, Deputy Director General for Information
Society Services, Secretariat of State for Telecommunications
and the Information Society (SETSI), Ministry of Industry,
Tourism, and Trade (MITYC), tel: 34 91 346-1597, e-mail
slsoriano@mityc.es. Soriano expressed a willingness to
coordinate meetings and visits for persons interested in
learning more about the program's architecture and the
manufacture and distribution of EIDS. Embassy POC is
ecQmic officer Peter Higgins, tel: 34 91 587-2295, e-mail
higginsjp@state.gov.
SOLOMONT

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 


Binoy Kampmark: Europe Dries Up
Scenes and pictures have been circulating of broken earth, lacking moisture, cracked and yearning. But these are not from traditional drought-stricken parts of the planet, where the animal carcass assumes near totemic power... More>>



UN: Bachelet Alarmed By Number Of Palestinian Children Killed In Latest Escalation

UN Human Rights Chief Michelle Bachelet today expressed alarm at the high number of Palestinians, including children, killed and injured in the occupied Palestinian territory this year, including in intense hostilities between Israel and Palestinian armed groups in Gaza last weekend... More>>

Save The Children: One Year Under Taliban Rule, Girls Are More Isolated, Hungry, Sad: New Report
One year since the Taliban took control of Afghanistan, an economic crisis, crippling drought and new restrictions have shattered girls’ lives, excluding them from society and leaving them hungry...
More>>

Somalia: ‘We Cannot Wait For Famine To Be Declared; We Must Act Now’
Rising acute food insecurity in Somalia has caused more than 900,000 people to flee their homes in search of humanitarian assistance since January last year, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has warned... More>>

UN: American West Faces Water And Power Shortages Due To Climate Crisis
Two of the largest reservoirs in the United States are at dangerously low levels due to the climate crisis and overconsumption of water, which could affect water and electricity supply for millions in six western states and Mexico, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) warned on Tuesday... More>>



Singapore: UN Experts Call For Immediate Moratorium On Executions For Drug Offences

UN experts* today condemned the execution of Nazeri Bin Lajim, a 64-year-old Malay Singaporean national convicted of drug offenses and urged the Government of Singapore to halt plans to execute individuals on death row for drug related charges... More>>