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Cablegate: Chad and Sudan Make Peace, Sign Agreements Full

VZCZCXRO0387
OO RUEHBC RUEHBZ RUEHDH RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHKUK RUEHMA RUEHMR
RUEHPA RUEHRN RUEHROV RUEHTRO
DE RUEHNJ #0029/01 0161712
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 161712Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY NDJAMENA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7584
INFO RUCNFUR/DARFUR COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHEE/ARAB LEAGUE COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHZO/AFRICAN UNION COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC PRIORITY
RHMFISS/HQ USAFRICOM STUTTGART GE PRIORITY

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 NDJAMENA 000029

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

STATE FOR AF/C
STATE FOR S/USSES
OSD FOR DASD HUDDLESTON
NSC FOR GAVIN
LONDON FOR POL - LORD
PARIS FOR POL - BAIN AND KANEDA
ADDIS ABABA ALSO FOR AU

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PGOV PHUM PREF SU LY CD
SUBJECT: CHAD AND SUDAN MAKE PEACE, SIGN AGREEMENTS FULL
NORMALIZATION OF RELATIONS AND BORDER SECURITY JAN 15

REF: A. NDJAMENA 028
B. NDJAMENA 021
C. NDJAMENA 011

-------------------
SUMMARY AND COMMENT
-------------------

1. (SBU) Chad and Sudan have made a peaceful end to their
proxy war, signing agreements in N'Djamena January 15 to
formally normalize bilateral relations and to reinforce
border security arrangements, which they spelled out in a
joint communique. Chad and Sudan pledged to end all support
for armed rebel groups and to eliminate them from their
respective territories, which means JEM must leave Chad and
Chad armed rebel groups must leave Sudan.

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2. (SBU) These agreements mark the successful end of eight
months of quiet bilateral negotiations by Chad FORMIN Faki
and Sudan chief envoy Dr. Ghazi, which the USG and other
partners of Chad supported and encouraged as the best path
toward peace after five years of fighting through armed rebel
clients. This bilateral track succeeded, after all other
tracks -- multilateral and trilateral -- failed, because the
bilateral track permitted greater frankness and transparency
between the two nations and because the evolution of events
in the sub-region dictated a change of course to both
Presidents, Deby and Bashir, who adjusted their geo-political
and internal priorities accordingly. It now remains to be
seen if and how this welcome development can be made
translated into further rapid her progress on a durable
Darfur peace, as USG Special Envoy Gration and AU/UN Chief
Joint Mediator Bassole seek to accomplish. END SUMMARY AND
COMMENT.

------------------------
TEXT OF JOINT COMMUNIQUE
------------------------

3. (U) Begin informal Embassy translation of text:

Final Joint Communique

A Sudanese delegation led by Dr. Ghazi Salahaddine Atabani,
Special Adviser to President Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bachir for
Darfur, was in N'Djamena on Friday, January 15, 2010.

The delegation had meetings with a Chadian delegation headed
by FONMIN Moussa Faki Mahamat on concrete steps to
normalization of relations between Chad and Sudan.

The two delegations finalized and signed an Accord on
normalization between the two countries, as well as an
Additional Protocol on Securing the Border.

The two delegations agreed to pursue establishment of
measures to put an end to any presence of, support for or
action by hostile armed groups operating in respective
countries.

The two countries agreed to take appropriate steps to make
their common border secure and to maintain regular contact in
the aim of realizing their goals.

The two parties call on armed groups to accept the call for
peace issued by their respective governments.

The two delegations congratulated each other for the spirit
of understanding and sincerity that characterized all of the
bilateral engagements undertaken since October 2009.

The Sudanese delegation thanks the President of the Republic
of Chad, his government, and the Chadian people for their
warm and fraternal welcome, which they enjoyed throughout the
lengths of their several stays in N'Djamena.

Signed in N'Djamena January 15, 2009.

NDJAMENA 00000029 002 OF 002

-------
COMMENT
-------

4. (SBU) These agreements mark the successful end of eight
months of quiet bilateral negotiations by Chad FORMIN Faki
and Sudan chief envoy Dr. Ghazi, which the USG and other
partners of Chad supported and encouraged as the best path
toward peace after five years of fighting through armed rebel
clients. This bilateral track succeeded, after all other
tracks -- multilateral and trilateral -- failed, because the
bilateral track permitted greater frankness and transparency
between the two nations and because the evolution of events
in the sub-region dictated a change of course to both
Presidents, Deby and Bashir, who adjusted their geo-political
and internal priorities accordingly. It now remains to be
seen if and how this welcome development can be made
translated into further rapid her progress on a durable
Darfur peace, as USG Special Envoy Gration and AU/UN Chief
Joint Mediator Bassole seek to accomplish.

5. (U) Minimize considered.
NIGRO

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