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Cablegate: Taiwan: Response to Child Labor and Forced Labor

VZCZCXRO3815
OO RUEHCHI RUEHCN RUEHGH RUEHHM
DE RUEHIN #0087 0210657
ZNR UUUUU ZZH CORRECTED COPY
O 210657Z JAN 10
FM AIT TAIPEI
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3162
INFO RUEHBK/AMEMBASSY BANGKOK PRIORITY 4800
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RHMFIUU/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RHMFIUU/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEHC/DEPT OF LABOR WASHDC PRIORITY
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UNCLAS TAIPEI 000087

C O R R E C T E D C O P Y (PARA 1 THRU 4 CLASSIFICATION CHANGED TO U)

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ELAB EIND ETRD KTIP PHUM SOCI USAID TW
SUBJECT: TAIWAN: RESPONSE TO CHILD LABOR AND FORCED LABOR
REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

REF: STATE 131995

1.(U) Summary: There were no reports in 2009 of a wide
prevalence of goods being produced on Taiwan through the use
of forced labor or child labor. End Summary.

Forced Labor Concentrated in Service Industry
---------------------------------------------

2. (U) In 2009, most of the 46 cases involving forced labor
on Taiwan were concentrated among migrant workers in the
service industries, including food service, elder care, or
construction. There was no clear evidence of a trend of
forced labor in the production of certain goods on Taiwan.
There were, however, isolated incidents of forced labor
reported in the gravel and agricultural industries over the
year. The most widely reported methods of coercion or
exploitation were confiscation of identity and travel
documents, irregular immigration status, and deduction or
non-payment of salaries.

Demographics of Migrant Worker Population
-----------------------------------------

3. (U) In 2009, 10.25 million people were employed on
Taiwan, excluding migrant workers. Of the approximately
350,000 migrant workers admitted to Taiwan in 2009, close to
one-half worked in private households. Among the remaining
175,000 migrant workers, 94 percent worked in the
manufacturing industry and were covered by the Labor
Standards Law. 40 percent of migrant workers on Taiwan came
from Indonesia, 22 percent from Vietnam, 20 percent from the
Philippines, and 18 percent from Thailand. One NGO confirmed
that household caregivers and domestic workers on Taiwan
remain the most vulnerable to exploitative labor practices.
The majority of victims of forced labor practices reported in
the local press worked in the service industries, e.g. food
services or nursing homes.

Statutory Prohibitions on Forced and Child Labor
--------------------------------------------- ---

4. (U) Taiwan has several statutes that prohibit forced and
child labor, including the Human Trafficking Prevention Act,
the Criminal Code, and the Labor Standards Law, which
establishes basic labor protections including prohibitions on
forced labor and restrictions on child labor in manufacturing
and other sectors.
STANTON

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