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Cablegate: Japan Hosts Sixth Asian Senior Talks On Non-Proliferation

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ZNR UUUUU ZZH
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FM AMEMBASSY TOKYO
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RUEHGO/AMEMBASSY RANGOON 2393
RUEHWL/AMEMBASSY WELLINGTON 0014
RUEHML/AMEMBASSY MANILA 1508
RUEHGP/AMEMBASSY SINGAPORE 7461
RUEHBK/AMEMBASSY BANGKOK 4773
RUEHHI/AMEMBASSY HANOI 0043
RHMCSUU/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA 0558

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 TOKYO 000137

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

STATE FOR ISN, EAP/J
STATE PASS DOE FOR NA-20 Ken Baker, NA-21 Andrew Bienowski, NA-24
Mark Whitney, NE-6 Ed McGinnis, NE-54 Carter Savage

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: KNNP PUNE PARM PREL JA
SUBJECT: Japan Hosts Sixth Asian Senior Talks on Non-Proliferation
(ASTOP)

TOKYO 00000137 001.2 OF 003


SENSITIVE BUT UNCLASSIFIED. PLEASE PROTECT ACCORDINGLY.

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fully as possible, but raised concerns about shipment inspections
and liability. Specifically, it asked who bears liability should an
inspection fail to turn up any contraband. In response, the U.S and
other delegations highlighted the importance of clarifying national
law to provide customs officials the proper protections and
authorities to undertake inspections.

8. (SBU) Korea raised the issue of inspection cost, and suggested
that while it generally expected the inspecting country to bear the
costs, in cases where countries make requests of each other for
inspections, perhaps the requesting country could share the cost of
the inspection. Malaysia then asked about best practices related to
inspecting and seizing cargo.

-----------------------
Iranian Nuclear Program
-----------------------

9. (SBU) USDel gave a presentation describing recent developments
on the Iran nuclear issue, including an update on centrifuges and
uranium enrichment, details on the status of the IAEA investigation,
and a summary of existing UNSC resolutions. Australia followed the
U.S. presentation by detailing the requirements of each of the
Security Council resolutions, and describing Australia's efforts to
implement them.

--------------------------
IAEA & Additional Protocol
--------------------------

10. (SBU) Attendees discussed the IAEA Additional Protocol (AP) and
the extent of its adoption. Singapore noted that the AP has
essentially become a requirement for any country to build a nuclear
power plant, but challenges for universalization remain. Singapore
asked what incentives the international community could use to get
countries to adopt the protocol, and whether it should be made an
obligation under the NPT. Delegations debated whether concerns
about cost or invasiveness prevented countries from signing up to
the AP.

11. (SBU) After a presentation by the IAEA on the Agency's
activities in the Asia-Pacific region, South Korea asked a question
about the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle. Citing South Korea's
growing use of nuclear energy, it asked whether the IAEA considers
pyroprocessing to be a form of reprocessing. The IAEA delegate
noted that the IAEA does consider it reprocessing, and is currently
training IAEA staff in how to deal with it.

--------------
Nuclear Energy
--------------

12. (SBU) Sueo Machi, a GOJ science advisor and former commissioner
of Japan's Atomic Energy Commission, delivered a presentation on
nuclear energy, in which he highlighted the role of nuclear energy
in mitigating global warming and promoting energy security, two
important GOJ objectives. He noted Japan's low CO2 emission per
GDP, which he attributed to energy conservation and nuclear power.
In subsequent discussions, Vietnam reiterated that while it supports
non-proliferation, the right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy must
be maintained. It expressed appreciation for IAEA assistance in the
areas of planning and regulatory reform.


TOKYO 00000137 003 OF 003


----------------
Nuclear Security
----------------

13. (SBU) USDel led a discussion on nuclear security, covering the
Nuclear Security Summit, the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear
Terrorism (GICNT), and UNSCR 1540. USDel noted the need for
countries to come to a common understanding of the threat posed by
nuclear terrorism, and to agree to effective preventative measures.
USDel told participants that the U.S. and Russia as co-chairs of the
GICNT are working to revise the terms of reference for the
Initiative, and described some proposed changes such as a rotating
chairmanship, a voting mechanism, and working groups.

---------------------------------
Proliferation Security Initiative
---------------------------------

14. (SBU) Singapore and South Korea led discussion on the
Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI). Singapore presented its
recent Deep Sabre II Workshop, which involved 11 participants and 10
observers. South Korea described its joining of the PSI, a fact
welcomed by several delegations, and announced that it would host
both a regional PSI workshop in the second half of 2010, and the
Plenary for the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism
(GICNT) in 2011. During discussions, New Zealand identified its PSI
priorities as broadening cooperation, increasing communication
between members, and greater regional involvement.

---------------------
NPT Review Conference
---------------------

15. (SBU) MOFA Director for Arms Control and Disarmament Hideo
Suzuki delivered Japan's presentation on the Non-Proliferation
Treaty (NPT) and the 2010 Review Conference (RevCon). He focused on
the importance of ensuring an outcome that will maintain and
strengthen the NPT regime.

16. (SBU) Suzuki identified three main objectives for Japan:
progressing on all three pillars in a balanced manner, contributing
to the conference by playing a bridging role between interests, and
reaching an agreement on forward-looking measures to strengthen the
NPT regime. As specific action items, he suggested members should
discuss a consultation mechanism on withdrawal, and revise the 13
practical steps from the 2000 NPT RevCon.

17. (SBU) Canada noted its high expectations for this RevCon, and
described its goal as a substantive and balanced outcome document.
Canada suggested the RevCon will have to address the various fuel
supply initiatives under discussion. Finally, Canada noted its
intent to advocate for a non-discriminatory set of criteria by the
Nuclear Suppliers Group that does not prohibit countries with
exemplary non-proliferation credentials from acquiring enrichment
and reprocessing technologies.

18. (U) the USdel cleared this message.

Zumwalt

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