Cablegate: Japanese Morning Press Highlights 01/11/10

DE RUEHKO #0055/01 0110759
P 110759Z JAN 10




E.O. 12958: N/A



Futenma replacement facility:
1) Hirano to Nakaima: A decision on Futenma will be conveyed by May
2) Okada to stress Japan-U.S. friendship, shelve Futenma issue at
ministerial with Clinton on 12th (Asahi)
3) Hirano eager for settlement of Futenma issue (Sankei)
4) Hirano says he will consider inspecting possible Futenma
relocation sites outside Okinawa (Yomiuri)
5) Nagashima: Delaying a decision on Futenma beyond May would
jeopardize Japan-U.s. relationship (Nikkei)
6) SDP head Fukushima calls for relocation of Futenma facility out
of Okinawa in talks with U.S. House Committee chairman (Nikkei)

Defense & security:
7) Govt. mulls aid for development of Kabul region (Nikkei)

Foreign relations:
8) Ambassador Roos meets with former top Japanese defense officials
9) Japan, U.S. leaders to issue statements marking security treaty's
50th anniversary (Yomiuri)
10) Assistant Secretary of State Campbell says he would like Ozawa
to visit U.S. (Sankei)

11) Kan says DPJ will preserve coalition even if it wins a
single-party majority in this summer's Upper House election (Nikkei)

12) Govt. eyes eliminating ceiling on number of local assembly
members (Tokyo Shimbun)
13) Nine gubernatorial elections to be held this year (Asahi)

JAL restructuring:
14) JAL to undergo legal liquidation (Asahi)
15) Govt. to explain JAL restructuring to 35 countries (Yomiuri)
16) JAL to be delisted (Asahi)
17) JAL rejects U.S. airlines' aid to ensure options (Nikkei)

18) Yomiuri poll: Cabinet support steady at 56 PERCENT (Yomiuri)



1) Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirano tells Okinawa governor solution to
Futenma relocation issue to be reached by May

YOMIURI (Page 2) (Full)
January 10, 2010

Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirofumi Hirano met Okinawa Governor
Hirokazu Nakaima at the Okinawa Prefectural Government building on
the morning of January 9. He informed the governor that the
government will come up with a decision on the issue of the
relocation of the U.S. forces' Futenma Air Station (in Ginowan City,
Okinawa) by May. He also said: "We may need the governor to make a
decision as well," indicating that a political decision may be

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needed from the governor when the final decision is made. Hirano
also indicated his intention to keep in close contact with the local
governments, saying: "We will open the proper channels of

Nakaima said, "The people of Okinawa strongly hope for (relocation)
outside Okinawa. We hope that you will come up with an answer that
includes such a policy direction," demanding that the government
consider the relocation of the Futenma base out of Okinawa.

After the meeting, Hirano emphasized to reporters, "We must obtain
the approval (of the local governments) in the process of
decision-making," indicating his intention to consider creating a
new panel that the leaders of the affected localities will
participate in as a channel of communication with the local
governments. Regarding the proposal by ruling party members to
transfer Futenma's functions to the islands of Ie and Shimoji,
Hirano merely said: "We will consider (the relocation plan) from

On the other hand, the governor told reporters that he is "not
considering at all" the proposal to relocate (Futenma functions) to
Ie and Shimoji.

2) Okada-Clinton talks expected to "shelve" Futenma issue, play up
bilateral friendship

ASAHI (Page 4) (Full)
January 9, 2010

Akira Uchida in Washington, Hiroshi Ito in Tokyo

A meeting between Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada and U.S. Secretary
of State Hillary Clinton in Honolulu, Hawaii, has been set for Jan.
12. This meeting aims at solving the disagreement over the
relocation of the U.S. forces' Futenma Air Station and creating an
environment for discussing the future of the Japan-U.S. alliance,
North Korea, and other issues. No progress is expected on the
Futenma issue, which is the most important pending issue at the

At his news conference on Jan. 8, Okada emphasized the importance of
the top foreign affairs officials of the two countries working
together. He said: "I would like to meet with Secretary Clinton
frequently and exchange views continually. It is important for us to
meet, even when there are no specific issues on the agenda." He
indicated that at the Jan. 12 meeting, he will exchange views with
Clinton on deepening the Japan-U.S. alliance, cooperation on nuclear
disarmament and non-proliferation, and other issues, as agreed at
the Japan-U.S. summit last autumn.

At a news conference on Jan. 7, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State
Kurt Campbell said that since this year marks the 50th anniversary
of the revision of the Japan-U.S. security treaty, the upcoming
foreign ministers' meeting "will be the start of our work in the
next year on making clear the critical importance of the alliance."
Okada has been requesting a meeting with Clinton since last autumn,
after the Futenma issue became an outstanding problem between the
two countries, but a meeting has not materialized due to scheduling
and other reasons. There had been objections even to a meeting in
January on the U.S. side at first. The Hatoyama administration has
postponed a conclusion on the Futenma issue, so it was reckoned

TOKYO 00000055 003 OF 010

within the U.S. government that it would be meaningless to meet
right now.

However, if a meeting did not take place again after efforts to
schedule a meeting in late 2009 also failed, discord in the
Japan-U.S. relationship would become more pronounced. The U.S. side
finally agreed to the unusual meeting in Hawaii out of such

For sure, even though the U.S. has agreed to meet, its position on
the implementation of the existing Futenma relocation plan remains
unchanged. Campbell stated at his news conference that "we will
stress our longstanding position," indicating that Clinton will
demand the early implementation of the current relocation plan.

With regard to the Futenma issue, Okada also said: "There will be
nothing new. We will discuss different issues based on a mutual
understanding of the difference in opinion," indicating that the
Futenma issue will have to be shelved for now. The meeting is likely
to be devoted to confirming the other party's position and to
playing up the bilateral relationship of friendship.

3) Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirano visits Okinawa, eager to resolve
Futenma issue

SANKEI (Page 4) (Full)
January 9, 2010

Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirofumi Hirano arrived in Okinawa on Jan. 8
on his first visit to the prefecture since taking office to
familiarize himself with the situation in communities near the U.S.
military bases. He will meet Okinawa Governor Hirokazu Nakaima on
Jan. 9 to discuss the issue of the relocation of the U.S. forces
Futenma Air Station (in Ginowan City, Okinawa) and will view the
coastal area of Camp Schwab (in Henoko, Nago City), which is the
Futenma relocation site under the Japan-U.S. agreement, and the
islands of Ie (in Ie Village) and Shimoji (in Miyakojima City),
which have been suggested as possible relocation sites, from an

Hirano told reporters in Naha City in the late afternoon on Jan. 8:
"I would like to listen to the views of the Okinawan people as much
as possible and would like to think about (the Futenma issue) based
on the actual situation of the people of Okinawa." Prime Minister
Yukio Hatoyama also emphasized to reporters at the Prime Minister's
Official Residence (Kantei) in the late afternoon on the same day
that, "The chief cabinet secretary's thorough understanding of the
sentiments of the Okinawan people will be the starting point."

Hirano's goal on his trip to Okinawa is to restore the credibility
of the administration through the Kantei's leadership in working on
the Futenma issue. This issue has given the impression of the Prime
Minister's weak leadership.

Ahead of his visit to Okinawa, Hirano demonstrated his enthusiasm by
taking measures such as having foreign affairs commentator Yukio
Okamoto, who has been involved with the base issues in Okinawa in
the past, brief him on the issue. At a dinner with the Prime
Minister on the evening of Jan. 4, he asked Hatoyama to entrust the
Futenma issue to him and expressed his desire to go to the U.S. He
also advised Hatoyama to refrain from making statements on Futenma.

TOKYO 00000055 004 OF 010

However, things may not unfold as Hirano envisions, with several
causes of concern remaining. The second meeting of the panel for
examining the base issues on Jan. 6 was still at the stage of
confirming the history of the issues from the Ministry of Defense.
The local assemblies in the Ie and Shimoji islands are expected to
pass a resolution opposing Futenma relocation next week, and there
is growing resistance in the local communities.

With the government's basic policy still undecided, a visit by a
senior government official to the localities rejecting a new
military base may aggravate the turmoil over the issue.

4) Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirano mulls visiting possible Futenma
relocation sites outside Okinawa

YOMIURI (Page 2) (Full)
January 11, 2010

At a news conference in Naha City on Jan. 10, Chief Cabinet
Secretary Hirofumi Hirano said that with regard to the issue of the
relocation of the U.S. forces' Futenma Air Station (in Ginowan City,
Okinawa), "We will consider (the relocation plan) from scratch, so
it is quite natural to visit other relocation sites." He thus
indicated that the government and ruling parties' panel for the
examination of Okinawa's base issues, which he chairs, may consider
visiting possible relocation sites outside Okinawa.

Before the news conference, Hirano had observed the islands of
Shimoji (in Miyakojima City) and Ie (in Ie Village) from the air.

5) Japan-U.S. relations will worsen if Futenma conclusion is
delayed: Parliamentary Defense Secretary Nagashima

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
January 11, 2010

Appearing on a Fuji TV program yesterday, Parliamentary Secretary
for Defense Akihisa Nagashima pointed out that if the government
policy of settling the issue of relocating the U.S. Marine Corps'
Futenma Air Station by May "is postponed further, Japan-U.S.
relations will really deteriorate." He also said if such a situation
occurred, Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama would lose the confidence of
the U.S. government," stressing the need for Hatoyama to reach a
conclusion in May.

6) SDP head Fukushima calls on U.S. House Foreign Affairs'
subcommittee chairman to relocate Futenma base out of Okinawa

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
January 11, 2010

Social Democratic Party Chairperson Mizuho Fukushima met on Jan. 10
with Eni Faleomavaega, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs
Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment. In
the meeting, Fukushima emphasized the need for relocating U.S.
Marine Corps Air Station Futenma out of Okinawa Prefecture or out of


7) Government to extend support for improvement of Afghan capital,
considering seven-fold expansion of area

TOKYO 00000055 005 OF 010

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Excerpts)
January 11, 2010

Starting in fiscal 2010, the government will launch cooperation
efforts in the development of the surrounding area of Afghanistan's
capital of Kabul as part of Japan's aid measures for that country.
Japan will shoulder a portion of the project that will cost 42.5
billion dollars in total. The greater Kabul area will be increased
seven-fold because the environment is deteriorating due to traffic
jams and a lack of water resulting from the growing number of
returning refugees. Infrastructure, such as road networks and water
sources, will be improved to create jobs.

Japan's cooperation efforts will be led by the Japan International
Cooperation Agency (JICA). A fact-finding team composed of JICA
officials and experts will be sent to Afghanistan in mid-January to
discuss specific development measures with the Afghan cabinet
ministers in charge. The government will first use part of the
30-billion-yen in Afghan aid allocated in the fiscal 2010 budget for
conducting research and improving infrastructure.


8) Ambassador Roos meets former Defense Agency directors general,
defense ministers to put pressure on the government, ruling

AKAHATA (Page 2) (Full)
January 9, 2010

U.S. Ambassador to Japan John Roos invited Gen Nakatani, former
director general of the Defense Agency, and four other former
Defense Agency directors general or defense ministers from the
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) to the U.S. Embassy to exchange views
with them on the issue of the "relocation" of the U.S. forces'
Futenma Air Station (in Ginowan City, Okinawa). Roos said, "We hope
that what has been accomplished over many years will not be
spoiled," indicating that the current relocation plan should be

In response, Nakatani pointed out, "The current plan was agreed upon
after coordinating with the United States and Okinawa. It is
unlikely that there are other options." Yasukazu Hamada said: "The
U.S. should assert more strongly that (the current plan) was the
result of discussions on removing the danger posed on the
communities around the Futenma base and reducing the burden on

Yuriko Koike, Masahiko Komura, and Yoshinori Ono were also present
at the meeting. It is believed that Roos was attempting to put
pressure on the Japanese government and the ruling parties, which
are looking at new relocation sites.

9) Japan, U.S. agree to issue statement on 50th anniversary of
revision of bilateral security treaty on January 19

YOMIURI (Page 1) (Full)
January 10, 2010

The Japanese and U.S. governments decided on Jan. 9 to issue a joint
statement signed by Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama and President

TOKYO 00000055 006 OF 010

Barack Obama about deepening the bilateral alliance on Jan. 19, the
50th anniversary of the revision of the Japan-U.S. security treaty.
Final arrangements for issuing the statement will be made at a
meeting between Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada and Secretary of
State Hillary Clinton, scheduled to take place in Hawaii on Jan. 12.
By releasing the statement, the two governments aim to demonstrate
the importance of the Japan-U.S. alliance at home and abroad and
help mend bilateral ties strained by disagreements over the
relocation of the Futenma Air Station.

The statement is expected to emphasize that the Japan-U.S. alliance
has made a major contribution to the stability and prosperity of
Japan and Asia over the past 50 years and will remain a significant
bilateral relationship in the future.

Okada and Clinton are expected to agree at their meeting to start
new talks to deepen the alliance. The two governments plan to hold
talks by foreign affairs and defense officials at the
deputy-ministerial level as early as mid-January to begin
substantive consultations to prepare for President Obama's visit to
Japan this autumn.

10) Campbell calls for Ozawa's visit to U.S., saying, "We strongly
hope for his understanding and support"

SANKEI (Page 1) (Full)
January 10, 2010

Washington, Jiji

U.S. Assistant Secretary of State (for East Asian and Pacific
Affairs) Kurt Campbell, who is responsible for Japan policy under
the Obama administration, made it clear on Jan. 8 that the
governments of Japan and the United States are planning to issue a
statement on Jan. 19 in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the
revised U.S.-Japan Security Treaty.

Although the U.S. government conducts talks with a Japanese
government representative, Campbell called for a visit to the United
States by Democratic Party of Japan Secretary General Ichiro Ozawa,
saying that the U.S. government is aware that he is playing an
extremely important role.

The bilateral security treaty was revised on January 19, 1960.
Campbell described that day as "an extremely important day on which
the most fundamental and important U.S.-Japan security alliance was
established." He also indicated that the two countries are hoping to
hold a Japan-U.S. Security Consultative Committee meeting of foreign
and defense ministers (2 plus 2) and issue a statement.

The gist of Campbell's press conference

Although our counterpart in talks is an official representative of
the Japanese government, we are aware that Mr. Ozawa is playing an
extremely important role. We are strongly hoping to obtain his
understanding and support. We want Mr. Ozawa to visit the United
States by all means.

We are very interested in exploring ways to have a solid dialogue
with Mr. Ozawa.


TOKYO 00000055 007 OF 010

11) Kan: DPJ will keep current coalition framework even if it gains
sole majority in Upper House

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
January 11, 2010

When asked whether his party would maintain the present coalition
framework even if it secured a single-party majority in the House of
Councillors in this summer's election, Naoto Kan, deputy prime
minister and finance minister, said on an NHK program yesterday that
the Democratic Party of Japan "has said that we will keep it in the
future as well. There will be no change in this policy."

12) Government eyes lifting ban on ceiling on number of prefecture
assembly and city council members

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Top play) (Excerpts)
January 9, 2010

The government decided on Jan. 8 on a policy of aiming to
drastically amend the Local Autonomy Law so that the prefectures and
municipalities will be able to autonomously decide on the numbers of
their assembly and council members and the terms of sessions. It
will submit an amendment to the ordinary Diet session to be convened
as early as the 18th. This move is aimed at demonstrating the
government's stance of promoting local sovereignty, a key policy of
the Hatoyama administration, by amending the law.

The Local Autonomy Law stipulates that the upper limits of assembly
members of the local governments and municipalities are decided
based on their populations. For instance, prefectures with
populations of less than 750,000 have 40 assembly members and cities
with the populations between 50,000 and 99,999 have 30 council
members. The prefectures and municipalities decide on the numbers of
their assembly and council members within those limits.

13) Nine prefectures to hold gubernatorial elections this year

ASAHI (Page 2) (Abridged)
January 10, 2010

This year, there will be gubernatorial elections in nine
prefectures, beginning with one in Nagasaki that will be held on
February 21, plus mayoral elections in two ordinance-designated
cities - Niigata and Fukuoka. Last year, candidates supported by the
Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) won one after another, eventually
triggering the change of government through the general election.
The results of this year's local elections are also expected to be a
barometer that foretells the outcome of the House of Councillors
election this summer.

According to the Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry, as of
November 1, 2009, the term of office of chiefs of 194 cities/wards
and 244 towns/villages will expire this year. By month, 115
municipalities - the largest number - will hold elections in April.

Particularly noteworthy is the mayoral election of Nago, Okinawa
Prefecture, which will be held on January 24. It will be a
one-on-one battle between the incumbent - who is backed by the
Liberal Democratic Party and the New Komeito and has conditionally
accepted the existing plan to relocate the U.S. Marine Corps'

TOKYO 00000055 008 OF 010

Futenma Air Station to the Henoko district in the city - and a new
anti-relocation candidate supported by the DPJ, the Social
Democratic Party, and the People's New Party. The outcome might
affect Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama's decision on the matter.

In the gubernatorial elections, the focus is on measures by the DPJ,
which prohibits supporting multiple-party candidates in principle.
In Nagasaki, where Gov. Kaneko has announced he will not seek a
fourth term, a contest is expected to take place between a
DPJ-backed former MAFF official and a former vice-governor supported
by an industrial organization close to the LDP. In Ishikawa, the
prefectural chapters of the DPJ, LDP, and New Komeito have decided
to endorse or back incumbent Gov. Tanimoto, who will seek his fifth
term. Meanwhile, former DPJ House of Representative member Yutaka
Kuwabara has also announced his candidacy.

In Kyoto, Gov. Keiji Yamada, who won his second term in the previous
election backed by the DPJ, LDP, and New Komeito, is certain to win
his third term. Attention is focused on whether DPJ headquarters
will endorse him.

Major gubernatorial and mayoral elections in 2010

Election day Nagasaki Prefecture Feb. 21
Ishikawa Pref. March 14
Kyoto Pref. April 11

Day the term of office expires Shiga Pref. July 19
Nagano Pref. Aug 31
Kagawa Pref. Sept. 4
Fukushima Pref. Nov. 11
Niigata City Nov. 17
Fukuoka City Dec. 6
Okinawa Pref. Dec. 9
Wakayama Pref. Dec. 16


14) JAL to undergo legal liquidation: ETIC to extend financial

ASAHI (Top play) (Lead para.)
January 9, 2010

Concerning Japan's Airlines' (JAL) corporate reconstruction issue,
Transport Minister Seiji Maehara on the evening of Jan. 8 revealed
his intention to approve a reconstruction plan based on legal
liquidation. Enterprise Turnaround Initiative Corporation of Japan
(ETIC), a corporate turnaround fund capitalized by the government
and the private sector, has been insisting on this method. Maehara
reported on the process to Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama. The
government has thus firmed up a policy of allowing JAL to undergo
legal liquidation. The airline will file a petition for protection
with the Tokyo District Court under the Corporate Rehabilitation Law
as early as Jan. 19. ETIC is expected to concurrently decide to
provide financial assistance to the airline. JAL will continue its
flight operations.

15) Government to explain bankruptcy plan to 35 countries

YOMIURI (Top play) (Lead para.)
January 9, 2010

TOKYO 00000055 009 OF 010

The government on Jan. 8 started coordination of views with the
Enterprise Turnaround Initiative Corporation of Japan (ETIC) with
the possibility of setting the date for the filing of a petition for
protection with the court under the Corporate Rehabilitation Law by
Japan Airlines (JAL) at around Jan. 20. Through diplomatic channels,
the government will explain the situation to about 35 countries
where the carrier is operating, and issue a statement saying that it
will provide full support for its operations, coinciding with the
filing of a petition and ETIC's decision on financial assistance.
This is a very unusual measure for the government to adopt in aiding
the reconstruction a private company. The government will do its
utmost to alleviate foreign countries' concerns about JAL's

16) JAL to be delisted

ASAHI (Top Play) (Lead paragraph)
January 11, 2010

The state-backed Enterprise Turnaround Initiative Corporation of
Japan has decided to give up on the continued listing of Japan
Airlines, based on the judgment that it is necessary to strictly
require the shareholders' to accept responsibility for the airline's
failure. JAL is likely to be delisted after the necessary legal
procedures have begun. The corporate turnaround body has also
decided not to include U.S. airlines' investment in JAL in its plan
to reconstruct the cash-strapped airline.

17) JAL, turnaround body decide not to receive investment from U.S.
airlines to keep reconstruction options open

NIKKEI (Page 3) (Excerpts)
January 10, 2010

Japan Airlines and the Enterprise Turnaround Initiative Corporation
of Japan have decided not to receive investment from American
Airlines Inc. and Delta Air Lines Inc., major U.S. carriers, in
negotiations on business tie-ups. This decision reflects the view
that it is necessary to remove as many elements as possible that
could limit the future options for turning around the cash-strapped
airline before specific reconstruction measures are worked out.

The focus in talks on JAL reconstruction is on what sort of company
JAL should aim to become and what measures should be taken. At the
present, restructuring measures, such as withdrawal from
unprofitable routes and personnel cuts, are being eyed, but a
specific future vision has yet to be put forward.

Officials in the Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
Ministry and other concerned government agencies are hoping to
resuscitate JAL into an internationally competitive carrier through
legal liquidation procedures. Meanwhile, government officials who
insist on the need to lighten the burden on taxpayers are calling
for significantly reducing the carrier's international routes. Under
this situation, the corporate turnaround body is being called upon
to come up with an exit strategy that includes measures to
reconstruct JAL within three years and sell its stock to outside

The selection of JAL's alliance partner will greatly affect its
future vision. A senior JAL official said: "If the company aims to

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take the lead in Pacific routes, a partnership with American
Airlines will be more effective because the scale of Pacific routes
is small, but if JAL focuses on Asian routes, a partnership with
Delta will be more effective." If JAL receives investment, such a
policy direction will be determined in advance. In negotiations held
so far, the two American carriers have been competing over how much
to invest, but from now on they will vie with each other over the
effects of forming an alliance.


18) Poll: Cabinet support rate holds steady at 56 PERCENT , 91
PERCENT say Ozawa's explanation on donation scandal is

YOMIURI (Page 1) (Full)
January 11, 2010

The support rate for the cabinet of Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama
was 56 PERCENT (55 PERCENT in the previous survey) in the latest
nationwide telephone survey conducted by the Yomiuri Shimbun on Jan.
8-10. Meanwhile, the non-support rate was 34 PERCENT (33 PERCENT
in the previous survey). Asked about the effect of the recent
appointment of Deputy Prime Minister Naoto Kan as finance minister,
47 PERCENT of respondents said it would have a positive impact on
the management of the administration, exceeding the 33 PERCENT who
viewed it negatively. However, only 18 PERCENT said Hatoyama has
exerted leadership in managing the administration, while 73 PERCENT
gave a negative reply. Asked who they thought was the most
influential person in the government or in the ruling camp, 68
PERCENT cited Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) Secretary General
Ichiro Ozawa, followed by 10 PERCENT who chose Hatoyama.

In the meantime, 91 PERCENT of respondents said Ozawa has not
fulfilled his responsibility to explain to the public about the
politics and money scandal involving his fund management office.
Asked if it was proper for Hatoyama to remain in his post even after
his former secretary was indicted over his illegal donation scandal,
52 PERCENT said it was acceptable, while 40 PERCENT said it was

Asked about where they thought the U.S. Marine Corps' Futenma Air
Station in Okinawa should be relocated, 44 PERCENT (34 PERCENT in
the previous survey) said the current plan should be implemented,
and 30 PERCENT (35 PERCENT ) preferred the relocation of the
facility outside the nation. Those who said the facility should be
moved out of the prefecture accounted for 13 PERCENT (14 PERCENT

Regarding the government's plan not to set an income ceiling for the
child-rearing allowance, 61 PERCENT said they did not support the

The support rate for the DPJ dropped by four percentage points to 39
PERCENT (43 PERCENT in the previous survey), while the Liberal
Democratic Party (LDP) marked its lowest rate of 16 PERCENT (18
PERCENT ). Asked which party they would vote for in the proportional
representation blocs in the upcoming House of Councillors election
this summer, 35 PERCENT said they would vote for the DPJ, while 20
PERCENT chose the LDP.


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