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Cablegate: Pretoria Inputs to the 2010 Trafficking in Persons

VZCZCXRO1670
RR RUEHDU RUEHJO
DE RUEHSA #0291/01 0421254
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 111254Z FEB 10 ZDK
FM AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 1201
INFO RUEHUJA/AMEMBASSY ABUJA 0018
RUEHBK/AMEMBASSY BANGKOK 0552
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1080
RUEHSB/AMEMBASSY HARARE 0019
RUEHTO/AMEMBASSY MAPUTO 6255
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 1076
RUEHTN/AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN 7569
RUEHDU/AMCONSUL DURBAN 1633
RUEHJO/AMCONSUL JOHANNESBURG 9922
RUEHC/DEPT OF LABOR WASHDC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WASHINGTON DC
RUEAWJC/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHDC

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 PRETORIA 000291

SIPDIS
SENSITIVE

DEPT FOR AF/S, AF/RSA; G/TIP FOR STEPHANIE KRONENBURG;
G-LAURA PENA, INL, DRL, PRM

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL SF KTIP KCRM PHUM KWMN SMIG KFRD
ASEC, PREF, ELAB, KMCA
SUBJECT: PRETORIA INPUTS TO THE 2010 TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS
(TIP) REPORT -- PART 3 OF 3

REF: A. STATE 02094
B. PRETORIA 1551
C. PRETORIA 2016
D. PRETORIA 2229
E. PRETORIA 2567
F. PRETORIA 2671

PRETORIA 00000291 001.2 OF 003

(Text continues from paragraph 11 of the "Part 2" cable.)

------------
Partnerships
------------

12. (Response to paragraph 30 of Ref A.)

-- A. The SAG is widely engaged, at both national and local
levels, in a range of intergovernmental and public-private
partnerships to mobilize against trafficking. As noted
above, the European Commission (EC) extensively funded
NPA/SOCA grants to lay the groundwork for legislation,
training, monitoring, and awareness raising. (Poloff
believes Norway or another Scandinavian country may also have
provided funding through IOM.) As for the USG, Post is
working to facilitate State/GTIP support to the SAG's law
enforcement efforts through its provincial interagency task
teams.

With respect to civil society, the SAG has partnerships both
on policy leadership (e.g. Molo Songololo representing NGOs
on the interagency task team, and municipal participation in
NGOs' anti-TIP consortia in provinces like the Western Cape,
Mpumalanga, and Limpopo), legislative development (via
extensive consultations and solicitations of input to the TIP
Bill -- the very process that has slowed its progress), and
operations (e.g. through DSD collaboration with private
shelters on victims' assistance).

Finally, the SAG has close collaborations with multilateral
organizations, principally IOM, ILO, and UNODC.

-- B. The SAG's international assistance on TIP to other
governments has been in the form of hosting conferences on
the formulation of TIP legislation, Action Plans, and
development of anti-TIP institutional capacity. In September
2009 NPA/SOCA hosted its so-called "all Africa" convention,
inviting officials from around the continent to compare
progress on TIP; it participated in a Southern African
Development Community (SADC) forum working toward fulfilment
of SADC member states' commitments to have national Action
Plans by 2015; and it hosted smaller groupings of adjacent
countries to attend conferences on gender issues that, inter
alia, addressed trafficking.

--------------
Child Soldiers
--------------

13. (Response to paragraphs 31-33 of Ref A.) This section
is not applicable to South Africa, which has not been subject
to allegations of unlawful child soldiering.

------------
"TIP Heroes"
------------

14. (Response to paragraph 34 of Ref A.)

For the second year, post applauds Fair Trade in Tourism
South Africa (FTTSA), whose initiatives to protect children
from exploitation in sex tourism are especially relevant in
this World Cup year. As reported previously, FTTSA has led
the campaign to introduce "The Code of Conduct for the
Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and

PRETORIA 00000291 002.2 OF 003


Tourism" (http://www.thecode.org) to South Africa. The Code
is a worldwide campaign committing signatories to six
concrete anti-TIP actions related to institutional policy,
training, contracting, awareness-raising among clients and
counterparts, and reporting. This initiativee was launched
by the Swedish NGO ECPAT, on whose steering committee FTTSA
holds one of the NGO seats for 2008-10, with UNICEF funding
and WTO support. For its part, FTTSA
(http://www.fairtourismsa.org.za) is a local nonprofit
encouraging tourism that is sustainable and respectful
vis-a-vis environmental resources and culture, and that is
ethical and equitable to local communities. By FTTSA's
action, South Africa joins Kenya in leading the Africa
continent towards adoption of the Code.

FTTSA's work on the Code gained momentum during the reporting
period. UNICEF (in coordination with the ILO) committed
funding for piloting the Code during the World Cup
competition, to kick-start its implementation thereafter. In
the next three months before the games, FTTSA aims to sign on
ten large companies in the tourism industry whose facilities
will then become distribution channels for marketing
materials protecting children. Target partners include hotel
chains (such as world partner Accor), rental car companies,
and airlines. Materials are in development by local
advertising firms, aiming to deliver serious warnings without
overly scary or shocking effect. The aim is balanced
messaging, to portray South Africa as a wholesome travel
destination, where families are welcome and exploitation is
not tolerated, while at the same time encouraging alertness
to the issue. The Code has also been incorporated into the
DSD's Child Protection Strategy mentioned earlier, and FTTSA
will support UNICEF's efforts to create "child friendly
zones" in ten official fan parks.

-----------------------
Commendable Initiatives
-----------------------

15. (Response to paragraph 35 of Ref A.)

International faith-based organizations the Alliance of
Christians Against Trafficking (ACT), in partnership with
Youth With A Mission (YWAM) and Ultimate Goal, which have
historically been involved in major global sporting
championships, have enlisted a projected 3,000 volunteers
from overseas to promote awareness and prevent TIP during the
2010 World Cup. The volunteers, whose airfare, travel, and
lodging costs will be paid by themselves or their home
churches without SAG or FIFA assistance, will bring specific
skills in physical education, medical assistance, and child
protection. These YWAM staff will help generate recreation
opportunities for unaccompanied kids flocking to fan parks
when schools are suspended during the games. ACT will train
at least 1,000 of them specifically on trafficking, to
distribute anti-TIP pamphlets in game areas and man
lost-children booths and TIP information stands. Post has
put ACT in contact with other groups engaged in the Child
Qput ACT in contact with other groups engaged in the Child
Protection Strategy, so that their volunteers can be
channeled to the sites with the greatest needs for
supervision.

------------------------
Sources and Contributors
------------------------

16. Information above is derived from post meetings with
government officials, law enforcement and the judiciary,
lawmakers, academics, IOs and NGOs, diplomatic counterparts,
trainers and researchers, and members of civil society:

- Department of International Relations and Cooperation
(DIRCO)
- Department of Labor (SADOL)

PRETORIA 00000291 003.2 OF 003


- Department of Social Development (DSD), Victim Empowerment
directorate
- Department of Justice, Deputy Minister
- Department of Justice, Rights of Vulnerable Groups unit
- National Prosecuting Authority / Sexual Offences and
Community Affairs unit (NPA/SOCA)
- International Association of Women Judges (IAWJ), G/TIP
grantees
- (Department of Home Affairs) South Africa Immigration
Liason (SAIL) Team and border control officers, Johannesburg
International Airport
- South African Police Service (SAPS) / TIP desk
- South African Law Reform Commission (SALRC)
- Fair Trade in Tourism South Africa (FTTSA)
- Cape Town Tourism
- International Organization for Migration (IOM)
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
- Susan Kreston, University of Free State / U.S. Fulbright
- Khulisa (human rights NGO), Johannesburg
- Molo Songolo (children's NGO), Cape Town
- Alliance of Christians Against Trafficking (ACT), Cape Town
- World Hope International and WHSA, G/TIP grantees
- Stellenbosch municipality
- Anti-TIP task team members, Durban and E. Cape
- Amazing Grace shelter, Mpumalanga
- Ikhaya Lethemba shelter, Johannesburg
- Childline
- Nelson Mandela Children's Fund

17. Post's interagency TIP working group coordinates
anti-TIP reporting and programs among the Political section,
DHS/ICE, DoJ/INL/Women's Justice and Empowerment Initiative
(WJEI), Economic / Labor office, and USAID.

18. The estimated total time spent by Post to compile this
information is 48 hours. This includes 36 hours by the TIP
officer, and 12 by the rest of post's interagency working
group. Of this, an estimated 16 hours were devoted to
interviews with interlocutors, 14 arranging and holding group
meetings, and 18 writing the reporting cable.

19. Post point of contact on TIP is Cassandra Carraway,
telephone 27-(0)12-431-4374 and fax 27-(0)12-431-4612.


GIPS

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