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Cablegate: Nicaragua: 1987 Annual Terrorism Report

O 060410Z APR 88
FM AMEMBASSY MANAGUA
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2147

S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 02 MANAGUA 02342

DEPT FOR S/CT FOR WHARTON

E.O. 12356:DECL:OADR
TAGS: PTER NU
SUBJECT: NICARAGUA: 1987 ANNUAL TERRORISM REPORT

REF: A) STATE 42378, B) 87 MANAGUA 1949 (NOTAL)

1. (U) SUMMARY: THE GOVERNMENT OF NICARAGUA (GON)
MAINTAINS DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH ALL COUNTRIES
ON THE SECRETARY'S TERRORISM LIST (REFTEL A) AND WITH
THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION (PLO). IN
ADDITION TO ITS DIPLOMATIC MISSION, CUBA PROVIDES
ADVISORS TO MANY GON MINISTRIES AND OTHER GOVERNMENTAL
AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES. GON SUPPORT FOR THE
FARABUNDO MARTI LIBERATION FRONT (FMLN) HAS BEEN REPORTED
IN DETAIL IN A GOVERNMENT OF EL SALVADOR LETTER
CIRCULATED AS A UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY/SECURITY
COUNCIL REPORT ISSUED IN FEBRUARY 1988.

2. (S) REFTEL B FORWARDED A DAO REPORT (IIR 6 870 0238 87)
TO DIA IN MARCH 1987, REGARDING SANCTUARY AND SAFEHAVEN
PROVIDED TO ITALIAN CITIZENS, KNOWN OR SUSPECTED MEMBERS
OF TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS SUCH AS "RED BRIGADES,"
"AUTONOMIA OPERAIA," "MIR" AND OTHERS.

3. (C) ALTHOUGH IT IS SUSPECTED THAT THE GON AND THE
GOVERNING SANDINISTA PARTY CONTINUE TO MAINTAIN
TIES TO AND PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR OTHER
TERRORIST GROUPS, NO FURTHER INFORMATION
WAS DEVELOPED BY THE POST ON SUCH SUPPORT DURING
CALENDAR YEAR 1987.

4. (U) RELATIONS WITH NATIONS ON THE SECRETARY'S
TERRORISM LIST:

1) NICARAGUA:

2) TERRORISM SUPPORT: THE GOVERNMENT OF NICARAGUA (GON)
PROVIDES WIDE-RANGING SUPPORT FOR THE FARABUNDO MARTI
LIBERATION FRONT (FMLN) OPERATING IN EL SALVADOR.
A GOVERNMENT OF EL SALVADOR LETTER, CIRCULATED AS A
UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL REPORT
(GENERAL ASSEMBLY DOCUMENT A/42/914, SECURITY COUNCIL
DOCUMENT 5/19486), DATED 9 FEBRUARY 1988, PROVIDES
IN-DEPTH INFORMATION ON THIS SUPPORT. POST HOLDS NO
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.

--THE GON ALSO PROVIDES DIPLOMATIC RECOGNITION TO
SOCIALIST PEOPLE'S LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA. DIPLOMATIC
RELATIONS WERE ESTABLISHED ON FEBRUARY 16, 1981.
THE LATEST GON DIPLOMATIC LIST PUBLISHED IN 1985 SHOWED
A COMMITTEE SECRETARY, A PRESS SECRETARY AND A
CONSULAR AFFAIRS OFFICER ASSIGNED TO THE LIBYAN
PEOPLE'S OFFICE. IN 1985, THE LIBYAN PEOPLE'S OFFICE
OPENED AN ARABIC LANGUAGE SCHOOL IN MANAGUA. STAFFING
OF THE SCHOOL WAS UNDETERMINED; IT MAY NO LONGER EXIST
AS POST HAS SEEN NO ADVERTISING FOR THE SCHOOL SINCE 1986.

--THE GON ESTABLISHED DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH THE
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA (DPRK) ON
MARCH 5, 1980, AND THE DPRK HAS MAINTAINED A SMALL
MISSION IN MANAGUA SINCE THAT TIME. THE DPRK MISSION
PUBLICLY LISTS AN AMBASSADOR, TWO COUNSELORS, A POLITICAL
ATTACHE, A CULTURAL ATTACHE, A FIRST SECRETARY AND
A THIRD SECRETARY.
-
--THE SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC ALSO MAINTAINS DIPLOMATIC
TIES WITH NICARAGUA THROUGH ITS MISSION IN HAVANA, CUBA.
DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WERE ESTABLISHED ON JANUARY 30, 1982.

--THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN HAS A THREE-PERSON MISSION
IN MANAGUA CONSISTING OF AN AMBASSADOR, AN ADMINISTRATIVE
OFFICIAL AND A THIRD SECRETARY.

--THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION (PLO)
ESTABLISHED AN EMBASSY IN MANAGUA ON JANUARY 16, 1981.
THE 1985 GON DIPLOMATIC LIST SHOWED AN AMBASSADOR
AND A FIRST SECRETARY.
-
--THE GON AND CUBA HAVE MAINTAINED DIPLOMATIC TIES
SINCE AUGUST 1, 1979. THE CUBAN MISSION TO NICARAGUA
INCLUDES, IN ADDITION TO ONE OF THE LARGEST EMBASSIES
IN MANAGUA, ADVISORS TO THE MINISTRIES OF DEFENSE,
EDUCATION, HEALTH, AGRICULTURE AND OTHER GOVERNMENTAL
AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES.

--IRAQ MAINTAINS AN EMBASSY IN MANAGUA. DIPLOMATIC
RELATIONS WERE ESTABLISHED ON JULY 9, 1982.

--THE PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF YEMEN MAINTAINS
DIPLOMATIC TIES WITH NICARAGUA THROUGH ITS EMBASSY
IN HAVANA, CUBA. DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WERE ESTABLISHED
ON MAY 5, 1982.

3) COUNTERRORISM ACTIONS: NONE.

5. (C) THERE IS NO REPEAT NO FURTHER REPORTING ON TERRORISM
SUPPORT VIA OTHER CHANNELS.

MODDERNO

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