WSSD Statements: Malaysia, Iraq
Dato Seri Abdullah Haji Ahmad Badawi
Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
World Summit on Sustainable Development
Johannesburg, South Africa
2 September 2002,
1. We are confident that under your able leadership, we will have a very successful meeting. 1 would like to thank the Government and the people of the Republic of South Africa and the City of Johannesburg, for the excellent arrangements made for the meeting, and the hospitality accorded to my delegation.
2. The situation in the world today is markedly different from that in 1992 when the Earth Summit was held in Rio. Globalisation has dramatically changed the world's landscape. Exponents of globalisation chant mantras that market forces and deregulation will bring wealth and social progress. Sadly, the benefits that are supposed to trickle down to the poorest are scant and lacking.
3. The digital revolution is profoundly transforming our lives. It will fuel the engine for future economic growth. The knowledge economy and e-commerce have become new sources for future wealth. Unfortunately, developing countries that lack technological capabilities, infrastructure and adequate knowledge will not benefit from this revolution. A digital divide has been created, a divide that will further widen the gap between the developing and developed countries. If the problem is not addressed, it will be the source of future poverty in developing countries.
4. Global financial markets have become more integrated, but real economic growth has not matched expectations. Not only has global economic growth slowed, it has also become prone to volatility that has caused serious crises.
5. The efforts of developing countries to attain economic development need to be supported by the creation of a conducive international economic environment. Expectations for developing countries to build capacity are wholly unrealistic, unless the international financial architecture accords adequate protection against volatility and external shocks.
6. It is disappointing to realise that ten years after Rio, the international community has failed to promote human development and reverse environmental degradation. The blame lies in insufficient resources, the lack of responsibility and political will, and the uncoordinated piecemeal approaches to achieve sustainable development.
7. To overcome these weaknesses, Malaysia believes that it is necessary to strengthen the principle of multilateralism. This is particularly true in a world increasingly defined by interdependence and interconnectivity. International agreements must be negotiated and adopted on the basis of equality, precluding unilateral action by any one State or group of States.
8. Each voice at the table must be effectively heard. Therefore, we must acknowledge that there are differences in the levels of development and capacity. In this regard, it is imperative that the principle of common but differentiated responsibility is reaffirmed and urgently translated into action. It must be integrated into all three pillars - economic development, social development and environmental protection. It is disheartening that the principle has been breached more often than adhered to.
9. The benefits arising from the use of biodiversity must be shared in a fair and equitable manner. We think that this is best achieved through an international regime under the Convention of Biological Diversity to promote and safeguard this principle.
10. On the issue of forests, Malaysia is concerned that sustainable management seems to be focused disproportionately on tropical forests and forests in developing countries. It is imperative that there should be parity treatment for all types, be they tropical, temperate or boreal. Malaysia therefore calls for a global legal framework on all types of forests to deter "free riders" and ensure that all the world's forests are sustainably managed. We also call for a global fund for sustainable forest management. We are confident that the "green" returns from investing in such a fund would outweigh the initial cost of investment.
11. On trade issues, we are disturbed by the actions of some countries to unilaterally use trade instruments to further non-trade agendas. This is totally unacceptable. The way forward is to empower developing countries with market access, financial support, knowledge, and environmentally sound technology to enable them to pursue development that is sustainable.
12. In conclusion, we should no longer be satisfied with the status quo and with resolutions that are never implemented. The road map for achieving sustainable development was adopted ten years ago, but to reach our destination, resources must match rhetoric. This Summit must bridge the implementation gap by putting in place plans for concrete action. Sustainable development is ultimately a moral, political and humanitarian imperative for the international community, for all of us, without exception. It is the best insurance policy for peace and security and for the prosperity of both the North and the South. It is the best policy to ensure the safety of our one and only planet. It is our collective responsibility to take decisive action at this Summit. We must together succeed. Failure will be detrimental to us all ultimately.
Mr. Tariq Aziz
Head of the Iraqi Delegation Deputy Prime Minister
World Summit for Sustainable Development
02 September 2002
First of all, I would like to congratulate you on your assumption of the chairmanship of this important Conference. We are confident that your acumen and experience in the issues addressed by this Conference, and your devotion to them will enable our Conference to achieve success. I would also like to express my appreciation for the efforts exerted by the Government of South Africa in the preparation for this big International Conference, which is held to deal with one of the most serious issues that challenge mankind and the future of our planet as well.
Iraq is a country, whose civilization extends to several thousands of years, and it is in Iraq where the first human civilization had come into existence and developed. Throughout these numerous centuries of human life and production in all its kinds, the environment in Iraq remained generally intact. During the decades of the seventies and the eighties, and upon directives and particular care of His Excellency, President Saddam Hussein, great efforts were made, and considerable investments allocated to address environmental problems. Thus, Iraq has produced a national strategy for the sustainable development that covered all aspects of life, with special attention to exploit natural resources in a manner that would cause no harm to the environment, and keep its components clean and acceptable.
But the conditions concerning the sustainable development and environment have changed substantially in Iraq since the 1991 aggression. However, let alone, the imposition of an all-out and unjust embargo for twelve continuous years, the forces of aggression have dropped more than 130 thousand tons of high explosives throughout Iraq aiming at fully destroying the Iraqi infrastructure of the environment, causing grave contamination to its components. This has been duly noted in various reports and studies including the radial contamination due to the use by the US of depleted uranium; and the introduction of contaminated substances and diseases causes that are unidentified in Iraq before. Rates of cancer disease cases have been compounded as well as embryonic deformities and other disease cases.
The consequences of devastation and environmental contamination that are fomented by aggression are beyond Iraq's capacity to bring back the environment in its pre 1991 condition. Imposing economic and technological embargo on Iraq and its continuation for 12 years has hampered Iraq's capabilities to reform its environment that has been damaged by the continuing aggression that is still going on.
Iraq is still suffering from a considerably high shortage of water supplies flowing into the country, and its low quality due to the huge storing projects carried out in Turkey against the interest of both Iraq and Syria. This caused reduction in agricultural areas and the quality of potable water is deeply affected and caused another reduction in the efficiency of the electricity power plants. Therefore, Iraq is simply deprived from the very essential means of controlling environmental contaminators due to Anglo-American mal-practices in the (661) committee by holding tens of contracts for several projects of processing industrial waters and means of controlling gaseous contaminators.
Nothing left for Iraq, but to depend on the available self-capabilities, especially in the field of rebuilding the environmental infrastructure, mainly rehabilitating potable water projects and heavy water sewage and collecting solid waste systems and rehabilitating the processing units of several facilities and preventing the pouring of drainage waste products into the river basin.
Notwithstanding, the significant measures taken by Iraq under these harsh conditions, it is worthwhile to note that such measures are totally inadequate and can not stands as an alternative to lift the unjust embargo imposed on Iraq. So, sustaining environment processes requires the up lifting of all restrictions imposed on Iraq in order to secure the pre-requisites of protecting and improving its environment in many different spheres including the most clean & non-emitting techniques and to provide labs, measurements, observation and monitoring.
Iraq believes that international community if it is truly interested in attaining sustainable development to the peoples of the world as a whole should struggle against manipulating any form of embargo against states because of its perilous effects on man's environment and his well-being for the sake of realizing the goals of sustainable development.
Now, that the environment and sustainable development of Iraq are being exposed to immensely serious threats, let alone, the continuation of an unjust embargo, the United States is threatening to launch another large-scale aggression against Iraq that would bring about more devastation, and subsequently, lead to further catastrophes on the environment. Admittedly, that would certainly impede the development the Iraqi citizen needs. Consequently, the international community is required to stand against this new aggression-and seek lifting the unjust embargo imposed on Iraq.
We hope that the relevant environment organizations, especially the UN program for environment, do support the efforts of Iraq in implementing a comprehensive -program to rehabilitate the damaged environment as a result of aggression and an on-going embargo.
On the global level, and after ten years since and last conference in Rio De. Janeiro, International environmental policies should be reconsidered, specifically, that of the advanced countries that are mainly responsible for the contamination of the globe and its increasing average, in particular, the topic of climatic changes and the exhaustion of ozonosphere through modes of production and unsustainable consumption.
Iraq reaffirms that any sovereign state has the right to acquire and utilize its natural resources and preserve them from extinction such as woods and Greenfield areas that are part of national resources and heritage.
international community is required to stand firmly against
the Zionist aggression on the Palestinian people. The
government of the Zionist entity is deliberately and
systematically undermining all the essentials of life for
the Palestinian people with the aim of evicting the land of
Palestine from its people. Consequently, modest development
steps in Palestine have been withheld, and the situation in
Palestine has become catastrophically exacerbated in all
measures. The international community should, if it is
really concerned about protecting the environment, ensure
the peoples' right of living, face up this aggression and
support the valiant Palestinian people in their legitimate
struggle for freedom and decent life.
WALSALM ALIKM WA RAHMAT
ALLAH WA BARAKATH