World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 

Annan Issues Requirements For Peacekeeping Success

Annan Outlines Requirements For Successful Peacekeeping

Adequate security, a well-defined and realistic mission and long-term commitment to success are among the key requirements for successful peacekeeping, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan said today in Ulster, Northern Ireland.

"I do not think it coincidental that, in the case of the failures, either there was no peace to keep or peace agreements proved fragile because the underlying causes of conflict had not been resolved," he said in a speech at the Magee campus of the University of Ulster.

"We must know the limits of what is achievable by the United Nations," Mr. Annan said, stressing that it is important "not to allow ourselves to be used as a fig leaf for lack of political will by the international community to deal effectively with an issue."

Success comes when there is a clear and achievable mandate, he said, citing the UN's stewardship of East Timor and Namibia. The situation in Kosovo - marred by disagreement on means and goals - stands in contrast, he said.

Another critical lesson is to "never neglect security," said the Secretary-General. "Without security almost everything else is impossible: no effective government, no reconstruction, no return of refugees, no return to school, no elections."

He also cautioned against outsized expectations and stressed the need for a long-term commitment to peace, pointing out that nearly half of all accords collapse within five years. Efforts stall as interest flags, he said. "Political engagement and financial support are drawn down just when the process needs a second wind."

He called for all concerned - the Security Council, countries, international non-governmental organizations (NGOs), warring parties and the citizens concerned - to "stay the course."

Warning against "the peril of trying to do things in the wrong order," he said respect for the rule of law must precede elections, social stability should come before full economic liberalization, and the economy must be growing before the international community disengages. "It should be no surprise that in the poorest countries, like Haiti and Liberia, peace processes failed and conflicts lapsed back into violence."

The most important lesson of all - "for me personally, and for the United Nations as an organization - is that we must always be listening and looking out for new knowledge," he declared.

"Let us learn those lessons. And let us employ them in our future peace operations, as we work together to try to make the world a better and a safer place, for our own sakes and for our children."

After his speech, Mr. Annan took some questions from the audience, including one about whether the international community was now seeing a "clash of civilizations." He responded by saying there was a need for dialogue with the Muslim world "to get across that Islam is not represented by the killers."

Over the weekend, the Secretary-General met Saturday with Prime Minister Bertie Ahern to discuss the situation between the Israelis and the Palestinians, the Afghanistan peace process, Iran's nuclear programme, the plans for Iraqi elections, the crisis in Darfur, Sudan, Northern Ireland and HIV/AIDS.

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 




UN: “COVID-19 Is Not Over”, Tedros Warns World Health Assembly

The head of the World Health Organization (WHO) told global health Ministers on Sunday that although reported COVID-19 cases and deaths have declined significantly, it is not time to lower the guard... More>>



UN: Bachelet Calls On Mexico To Step Up Efforts As Tragic Milestone Reached Of More Than 100,000 Disappearances

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet on Tuesday called on the Mexican authorities to step up efforts to ensure truth and justice for victims of disappearances, who now number more than 100,000, according to official data... More>>


ADC: Statement On The Assassination Of Shireen Abu Akleh

Early this morning in Jenin, Occupied Palestine, revered Palestinian voice Shireen Abu Akleh, a Palestinian American journalist for Al Jazeera, was assassinated by Israeli Occupation Forces snipers...
More>>





Access Now: Elon Musk’s Twitter Buyout Must Not Come At The Expense Of Human Rights

Following today’s announcement that Elon Musk will acquire complete ownership of Twitter in a cash sale of around 44 billion USD, pending shareholder approval, Access Now urges Twitter’s Board, employees, and shareholders... More>>



UN: Biodiversity And Ecosystem Protection Highlighted On Mother Earth Day

Marking International Mother Earth Day, UN General Assembly President Abdulla Shahid urged on Friday, for collective action to safeguard biodiversity and protect ecosystems... More>>

Ukraine: Hundreds More Reach Safety After Fleeing Besieged Mariupol
In Ukraine, humanitarians said on Wednesday that hundreds of people have managed to reach safety after fleeing Mariupol, where there’s also been condemnation for the killing of Lithuanian filmmaker Mantas Kvedaravicius... More>>