Greenpeace exposes pirate fishing on the Arctic high seas
Barents Sea, 19 September 2005--Greenpeace today stopped the Togo-flagged, factory trawler 'Murtosa', from illegally fishing for cod in the international section of the Barents Sea known as the "Loophole". Campaigners on board the Greenpeace ship, Esperanza, confirmed with the trawler's captain that he was knowingly taking the cod with no legal quota and was conducting so-called IUU (Illegal, Unregistered, Unreported) fishing, also known as Pirate Fishing.
Activists in inflatable boats took direct action in an effort to interrupt the destructive fishing activities of the Murtosa, by boarding the trawler and hoisting the pirate flag - the skull and crossbones, also known as The Jolly Roger.
"The current level of illegal and unregulated fishing of cod alone in the Barents Sea is estimated to be 150,000 tons, about one third of the total annual legal quota. We also see evidence of illegal and unreported transfers between trawlers and freezer ships of other species such as saithe and haddock, as well as undersized fish, " said Brad Smith, a marine biologist with Greenpeace Nordic onboard the Esperanza.
Fish caught and
often transferred illegally in the Barents Sea are primarily
destined for markets in the European Union. Factory trawlers
and freezer ships with IUU fish from the Barents Sea
regularly travel to the same ports in the U.K., Spain,
Portugal, Germany and the Netherlands to land their catch.
Once landed, the fish is mixed with legal fish and then sold
all over Europe. The authorities in the countries where the
fish is landed do not have legal obligations to seize
cargoes of pirated fish or arrest the vessels involved; this
is despite information and evidence of illegal activities
provided to them by the Norwegian authorities, which has
responsibility for the majority of the Barents Sea.
"The problem of IUU fishing needs to be addressed at the highest international level. The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization is meeting today in Estonia and is a perfect setting for making preliminary high-level talks on how to effectively get control of pirate fishing," says Dimitri Litvinov, Greenpeace Nordic campaigner also onboard Esperanza. "In the Murtosa's case, the member countries of the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission receiving fish from the Barents region must act together immediately to develop measures (1) to stop this piracy of our common resources."
The problem of Pirate fishing is now considered the greatest threat to the sustainability of global fisheries by a special task force at the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). These operations occur because the trawlers can fish and transport, or transfer fish to freezer freighters, in international waters such as the Norwegian-Russian "loophole" with impunity as no international laws govern these regions. These same vessels can then pass through the Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone with equal impunity as they are flagged in "convenience states" such as Togo, Cambodia, and Georgia, states with which Norway has no common inspections agreement.
Greenpeace is calling for the international community to urgently develop legally binding, international agreements that strengthen enforcement measures to prevent IUU fishing. The most important of these is the need for a common inspection regime in ports receiving fish, giving local authorities the obligation and right of arrest and seizure in cases of documented illegalities.
Greenpeace is an independent, campaigning organisation, which uses non-violent, creative confrontation to expose global environmental problems, and to force the solutions, which are essential to a green and peaceful future.
Contacts on board the Esperanza
Satellite phone +871 3244 69010
Brad Smith, Greenpeace Nordic Campaigner, Dimitri Litvinov, Greenpeace Campaigner, Stefanie Werner, Greenpeace Germany Campaigner
John Novis, Greenpeace International pictures desk: +31 (0)
Video available on request.
(1) Greenpeace is demanding an immediate stop to all transshipment at sea of cod and other fish in the Barents region until such time as:
European states receiving fish from the Barents develop a legally- binding, multilateral agreement that strengthens port-state enforcement measures, including a common inspection regime and a shared information database for vessels fishing and transporting fish on the Arctic high seas and the Norwegian/Russian EEZ.
An internationally agreed upon set of transfer areas for the transshipment of legally caught fish from trawlers to freezer ships is demarcated in the region, allowing effective monitoring and control by the relevant authorities.
A single, centralized, compatible Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) for all vessels licensed to fish or transport fish, on the Arctic high seas or the Norwegian/ Russian EEZs is established. Vessels unable to provide license and VMS data for any part of their voyage would not be permitted to land their catch or cargo of fish.