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Kyrgyzstan: Death Of Human Rights Defender Azimjan Askarov A Stain On Country’s Reputation

The death in prison of human rights defender Azimjan Askarov, who for 10 years had unsuccessfully challenged his life sentence, shows a cruel disregard for human rights in Kyrgyzstan, says a UN human rights expert.

“I was deeply saddened to hear the news of Mr. Askarov’s death, despite multiple requests for his release on humanitarian grounds as his health deteriorated significantly in prison,” said Mary Lawlor, UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders.

Although the Kyrgyz Government shared detailed information on court proceedings and medical care afforded to Askarov, she criticised the government for not taking concerns about his health seriously.

“We learned in June that, in the midst of COVID-19, and despite his age and pre-existing conditions, Mr. Askarov did not qualify for early release under Kyrgyz law,” Lawlor said. “I now question whether more could have been done to protect his health.”

In the days before Askarov’s death, his lawyer made a number of urgent medical appeals to authorities after the 69-year-old fell ill with a cough, fever, aches and pains, and had difficulty eating and walking. It was only on 24 July 2020, when he had already been sick for 10 days, that he was transferred to a prison medical facility, where he died the following day.

Double pneumonia has been cited as Askarov’s cause of death, a disease that the Kyrgyz Republic, in the absence of widespread testing, now includes in COVID-19 statistics, Lawlor said. Having not been tested, it is unclear whether he and the rest of the prisoners were exposed to the virus.

“Mr. Askarov’s case should act as a reminder to all States of the serious and grave threat that prisoners in at-risk categories face during the COVID-19 pandemic,” she said. She stressed that human rights defenders and all those detained without sufficient legal basis, or most at risk of the virus, should be released.

Askarov, an ethnic Uzbek, was arrested while documenting human rights violations committed during inter-ethnic conflict in Kyrgyzstan in 2010 and accused of complicity in killing of a police officer, among other crimes. In 2016, the UN Human Rights Committee found that he had been arbitrarily detained, tortured and did not receive a fair trial. Askarov’s life sentence was upheld in May 2020, despite further concerns expressed by Lawlor.

“Askarov’s death in prison is a stain on the human rights record of the Government of Kyrgyzstan.”

Lawlor's call has been endorsed by the Special Rapporteur on minority issues, Fernand de Varennes; the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Diego García-Sayán; and the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Nils Melzer.

Ms Mary Lawlor, (Ireland) is the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders. She is currently an Adjunct Professor of Business and Human Rights in Trinity College Dublin. She was the founder of Front Line Defenders - the International Foundation for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders. As Executive Director from 2001-2016, she represented Front Line Defenders and had a key role in its development. Ms. Lawlor was the Director of the Irish Section of Amnesty International from 1988 to 2000, became a Board member in 1975 and was elected Chair from 1983 to 1987.

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