Kamala Sarup: Learning From Sudan & Moving Forward
Learning From Sudan And Moving Forward
By Kamala Sarup
Safeguarding Nepal's independence, national unity and sovereignty rests on the close and intimate relationship between the King, Political parties, Maoists and the people. Democracy is for the country's development and constitutional monarchy is a clean political environment and corruption-free governance are for a prosperous future of our great nation Nepal.
Democracy must grow from the local level so it is urgent to protect the market economy, corruption free rule and transparency. So, government, political parties must think social transformations will reduce conflicts. If they promote sufficient economic, judicial and political equality, then the people at the bottom of the ladder will not want to topple those at the top. The results of reducing conflict are that when people engage in production and art rather than war, then the killing and maiming are reduced and the general living standards are increased and people are more satisfied.
We have some questions now, how to contribute to peaceful social transformation, it is helpful to have an idea of how fundamental social change can come about? What role do government, political organizations and Maoists play? What about protest, education, public policy, personal growth, alternative institutions, reform?
We must and should fight for economic reforms. We can't forget the pollution in Kathmandu (and much of the Valley) is horrible. And health and sanitation are concerns throughout. One of the major impediments to safer births in Nepal has to do with lack of sanitary birthing practices (lack of skilled attendants is another major issue). Diarrhea diseases among newborn s and children under-5 is another terrible problem related to sanitation.
On the other side, for successful peace between the Maoists, Political parties and the government, arms and weapons must be the first to go. No peace-negotiation can ever be achieved when one or both parties are holding a gun to the others head. In this case, inter-group trust is needed.
Cease-fires, negotiations, meetings, though are most acceptable ways of conflict resolutions of any insurgency, and it is essential to restore peace and improve security. Media coverage is needed, as well as getting various Peace organizations and NGOs to make it an issue.
Honest political leadership, an efficient tax collection mechanism, macro-economic policies would be a step in the right direction to eradicate poverty. Qualified and clean political leadership is required to understand and implement such policies.
We have a choice between two futures - a future of peace and integration, or a future of violence, and terrorism. If this Maoists violence continues, it would jeopardize our efforts to promote stability and security in the country. But if we succeed, we can make it possible for the Nepalese people to live without fear.
It is time that all peace-loving people in Nepal sit together and agree on a peace process. Failing to do this, might invite untold sufferings to the people. If everything fails and our country is still further pushed toward the edge of a collapsing state, who is to be held responsible and who is going to protect it?
Nepal government, political parties and Maoists must learn how the Sudanese government and southern rebel groups signed a comprehensive peace agreement ending Africa's longest-running civil war. A major milestone in the peace accord ending two decades of civil war in southern Sudan that killed at least 2 million people, uprooted 4 million more and sent 600,000 into exile.
To promote peace promotes a deeper and more durable peace because it promotes a social field, cross-pressures, and political responsibility; it promotes pluralism, diversity, and groups that have a stake in peace.
We Nepalese people do not want war and do not want Maoists confrontation. We are confronting a painful past. We should not forget reconciliation does provide structures and mechanisms that can eliminate the basis for war.
Nepalese Government political parties and Maoists should stand for unity and should promote unity so they create win-win situation. All the Social organizations, Human Rights organizations, political parties and Government must play a stronger role in maintaining peace by addressing issues left over the years and bring peace in the country.
Nepalese people want to focus on a constructive future and escape the horrors of further violence. Politics should be for the welfare and interests of the people and nationality, and national solidarity.
Peace should prevail at any cost. The root causes should be addressed in order to take the problem to a logical end and to establish a lasting peace. government, political parties, Maoists, civil society and Human rights organizations should work together to reach the existing conflict. Nepal cannot afford any more violence. Nepal does not want war.
We need a stable multiparty system with its constitutional Monarchy so Nepal will gain a better stability.
We must and should think, if nation survives we are there if it is not there where we are going to find ourselves? The most fundamental thing is nation-building with all components of national society contributing to it in a selfless manner and, of course, with a view to promoting national harmony.
The existence and sovereignty of the nation should be our main concern. For this very reason, peaceful coexistence is the most fitting solution and of course for solving national issues too.
Constitutional Monarchy and functional Democracy are the two pillars in Nepal. Terrorism is, indeed, barbaric. Is there any image of a solutions?
It is a time to make contribution and sacrifices for our great nation Nepal.
A Nepali journalist Kamala Sarup is an editor of http://peacejournalism.com/