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Organizations & International Community For Peace

Organizations And International Community For Peace

By Kamala Sarup

The peace pressure groups as well as the social organizations and International organizations have important and effective role to play in peace resolution. The political efforts alone are not sufficient in dealing with the multiple causes of conflict.

Globalization and rapid progress in communications, have caused shrinkage of international boundaries, bringing the nations of the world closer than ever before. The impact of an event in any part of the world, is bound to send forth its contagious ripples to any other part, to a considerable degree, through one or the other channel. There has surely to be interdependency between developing, as well as between developing and advanced worlds, in one or the other way. The direct or indirect influence of the dynamics of changing world order will be felt, depending on the extent and mode of interrelationships, under a given circumstance. One finds this relevant reality, in scanning the dynamism of global political and socio-economic scenario". A Nepali journalist IK Pradhan said recently.

It is true, the role of political pressure groups or international community at the peace resolutions is crucial and they will remain an important part of the process. But the international community is institutionally must be powerful. Insufficient attention during the early stages of a conflict to factors such as economic disparity, and lack of democratic institutions may exacerbate tensions and lead to violence. Once violence is allowed to become a means of addressing such internal political problems, the ability to resolve the conflict is greatly complicated.

Pradhan further added "In the light of goodwill attitude of international community, any friendly country of the world may express its opinion, concerning the welfare of people. What is required is that, one should have the agility and clear perception to understand well, the issues bearing relevance to the implacability of time demanded practical diplomacy, in the larger interest of the nation. It necessitates on the part of one, to remain stable without being pushed off the track by sheer political sentimentalism. One should neither prostrate under the overwhelming influence of being subservient to external interest, at the cost of the people and country. This is exactly the subservient policy, adopted by the morally rusted, double standard politicians, who have betrayed public aspiration again and again".

We are all unable to make appropriate initiation towards establishing durable foundation, to sustain permanent peace in the country, through mutual discourse and consensus. Meaningful, goodwill attitude shown by the well wishing friendly countries in this respect may be seen, from the point of view of essential practical diplomacy. Top most stress must be laid on the question of bringing about developmental progress, through peaceful measures and stability. This alone will enable one to solve the country's problems for the benefit of everyone".

It is really true international community can play complementary roles. They must demonstrate a strong commitment to moving beyond analysis and deeper understanding to actually undertaking concrete actions in their respective sectors.

Finally, social organizations must be committed to supporting each other's efforts through a sharing of experiences, knowledge and information. The opinion of organizations must be considered in the decision-making process leading to the waging of armed conflict.

During on-going violent conflict the roles of social organizations an d international community are more circumscribed. There is thus a wide range of models from which the leaders and organizations can draw in devising effective structures for peace negotiations. Effective conflict prevention, therefore, requires the design of institutions and strategies that address the sources of conflict both before it initially erupts and once violence has been quelled.

Even an important challenge facing social organizations and peace forces involves the building of a peace culture.

At the same time, there is an important role for international community more broadly. The international community can play an important role in facilitating the "truth and reconciliation" type of tribunal by systematically exploring and sharing lessons from other countries' experiences. Finally, confidence-building requires a focus on process. It is helpful to conceive of confidence-building less as "measures" and more as the institutionalization of a permanent dialogue between parties.

Thus, international community and social organizations can thus be seen as a prevent conflict and to help resolve the factors which give rise to conflicts.


A Nepali journalist Ms. Kamala Budhathoki "Sarup" (M.A. Journalism ) is an editor of She has also been invited as a speaker at a number of peace and women conferences. She has done her graduate and Master studies at universities in Nepal and India and worked for newspapers and media outlets in both countries. She is specialising in in-depth reporting and writing on Peace Resolutions, Anti war, Women, Terrorism, Democracy, Development, Politics and HIV/AIDS. Some of her publications are: Women's Empowerment (Booklet). Prevention of trafficking in women and girls for prostitution through media, (Book) Efforts to Prevent Trafficking in Women-A Pre-Study for Media Activism (Media research). Samjhana Ka Anubhutiharu, Samjhuta ko modma (Stories collections). Ms. Kamala "Sarup" has been nominated as Universal Peace Ambassador [2006] in the framework of the Universal Peace Ambassadors Circle, Geneva Switzerland.

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