Rights groups oppose UN rights seats
Rights groups oppose UN rights seats for Congo, Kuwait, Nicaragua; question India, Indonesia, Philippines, Burkina Faso
UN Watch Executive Director Hillel Neuer is inside the General Assembly hall following the elections. If you wish to request an interview to comment on the process and the results, please call +1-917-605-0821.
NEW YORK, May 20 -- As the UN General
Assembly has just openned its session to elect 15 new member
states to its Human Rights Council, human rights groups
today said Congo, Kuwait and Nicaragua failed to meet the
membership criteria, while the qualifications of India,
Indonesia, Philippines and Burkina Faso were "questionable."
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Executive summary below.
The voting recommendations were submitted at the beginning of the week to the New York missions of UN member states by the Geneva-based UN Watch, the Lantos Foundation for Human Rights and Justice, Directorio, and Initiatives for China, which is headed by former Chinese prisoner of conscience Yang Jianli.
"Congo, Kuwait and Nicaragua have poor records in respecting the basic human rights of their own citizens," said UN Watch executive director Hillel Neuer, "and have consistently voted the wrong way on UN initiatives to promote and protect the human rights of others."
"As an observer state in recent UN human rights council sessions, Nicaragua strongly praised the governments of Libyan dictator Moammar Qaddafi and Syrian dictator Bashar Assad, attempting to shield them from scrutiny. It will be an insult to their victims -- and a defeat for the global cause of human rights -- if the UN now elects Nicaragua as one of the council's 47 voting members."
The report also called on India, Indonesia, Philippines and Burkina Faso to pledge improvements prior to the Friday vote. The report documents how India last year refused to support UN resolutions for human rights victims in Iran, Burma, and North Korea, and failed to join other democracies and human rights groups in opposing a UN resolution prohibiting criticism of Islam, which experts said restricted freedom of speech.
The report found that 10 of the 17 candidates are qualified: Austria, Benin, Botswana, Chile, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Georgia, Italy, Peru, and Romania.
EVALUATION OF CANDIDATES FOR 2011-2014 MEMBERSHIP
ON THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
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As submitted to UNGA member states on May 17, 2011 and presented in a press briefing at United Nations Headquarters, New York, May 19, 2011.
This report assesses each candidate country’s record of domestic human rights protection and its UN voting record, based on the criteria for UN Human Rights Council membership established by UNGA Resolution 60/251 (2006). We find that only 10 out of 17 candidate countries are qualified. Three candidates have poor records and are not qualified to be Council members. Four countries fall somewhere in between, with qualifications that are questionable.
Not Qualified: Congo, Kuwait, Nicaragua
Questionable: Burkina Faso, India, Indonesia, Philippines
Qualified: Austria, Benin, Botswana, Chile, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Georgia, Italy, Peru, Romania
The absence of competition in three out of the five regional lists calls into question the very premise and rationale of the election. Nevertheless, UNGA member states can—and should—refrain from casting their votes for countries that are not qualified. Candidate countries with questionable credentials should, at a minimum, be asked to commit to redress the shortcomings—in their human rights record and their UN voting records—as identified in this report.
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UN Watch is a Geneva-based human rights organization founded in 1993 to monitor UN compliance with the principles of its Charter. It is accredited as a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) in Special Consultative Status to the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and as an Associate NGO to the UN Department of Public Information (DPI).