Auckland Zoo’s new baby rhino makes speedy entry into world
Auckland Zoo is celebrating the birth of its first baby rhino in 20 years – a healthy female delivered by first-time mum Jamila in a speedy one-hour labour 12 days ago.
The much-anticipated birth of the southern white rhino calf on 14 August to mum Jamila and 30-year-old dad Zambezi follows a 16-month pregnancy - confirmed last April by faecal hormone testing of Jamila’s progesterone levels that were tracked closely throughout her pregnancy.
“It’s been a long wait, but absolutely worth every second,” says Auckland Zoo ungulates team leader Tommy Karlsson, who witnessed the “exciting and nerve-wracking” birth – from Jamila’s waters breaking at 7am to the delivery of her calf at 7.59am “
“With the help and support of Panasonic, we were able to install some awesome low light security camera equipment so we could monitor Jamila closely in both day and night viewing from live and recorded footage that in the last few weeks of her pregnancy has been a real lifeline. In the final days I’d set my alarm several times a night to check in on the camera footage, and on the 14th at around 3am I could see from Jamila’s behaviour then that her baby was pretty close, so could alert my team mates and our vet staff.
“It was very smooth and very fast, and Jamila did a brilliant job by giving a couple of really good pushes to get her baby here. Her calf was walking within 25 minutes and suckling well by the afternoon. She’s pretty sturdy, her belly is filling out and she’s already getting a lot rounder,” says Tommy, who estimates her birth weight at around 65kg.
The pairing of Jamila (relocated from Hamilton Zoo in late 2018) with Zambezi, happened in early 2019 - a recommendation of the ZAA (Zoo and Aquarium Association of Australasia) managed breeding programme for this threatened African species.
Regional Facilities Auckland CEO Chris Brooks shares the Zoo team’s excitement
“Thanks to the Australasian zoos’ breeding programme, Jamila and Zambezi have been able to bring one more southern white rhino into the world, and it’s a rare and exciting privilege for RFA and our Zoo to celebrate her arrival. Auckland Zoo supports the recovery of rhino populations in Zimbabwe and in Sumatra, and this newborn’s arrival will help our team shine a bright light on the importance of conserving these wonderful animals in the wild.”
Mum Jamila was born at Hamilton Zoo where she observed other young rhino and their mothers, and Tommy and his team report she is proving to be an outstanding mum and appropriately, very protective of her new daughter.
“Jamila’s total focus on her calf’s needs is really impressive; and it’s such a joy to watch the calf. She’s growing by the day, and as she’s finding her feet, doing these little jumps, almost dancing, which is pretty adorable.”
At present Jamila and calf are very comfortable with a warm indoor area and access to an adjoining outdoor space. To cater to the new arrival, the African Savannah rhino paddock has seen significant works, including the addition of a large shelter.
“It’s still early days, and Jamila and her calf are not yet out on the Savannah. We take Jamila’s lead to do this at the pace she is comfortable with, and once she’s ready, we can’t wait for visitors to see Jamila’s calf for themselves,” explains Tommy.
“Rhino are such an incredible species that are still doing it tough in the wild, both in Africa and Asia. They are so important in helping maintain healthy ecosystems for themselves and many other species where they live, so we need to do all we can to help ensure their future.”
Wild Work – helping rhino in the wild
Since 2013, Auckland Zoo has supported the Zimbabwe-based Lowveld Rhino Trust’s (LRT) conservation efforts for both black and white rhino species. Over a 300,000ha area the Trust rescues adult rhinos and orphaned calves (victims of poaching), and gets them back to closely monitored wild in areas where they can go on to safely breed.
“Over the past 12 months, we’ve had 25 black rhino births, bringing the population back into positive growth after five years of decline under heavy poaching pressure,” says LRT Rhino Monitoring Coordinator, Nastasha Anderson. “Some of the hand-raised orphans of poaching are now back out in the wild having their own calves and contributing to the recovery of rhinos in Zimbabwe.”
Auckland Zoo is also a strategic partner of the Sumatran Rhino Survival Alliance who are taking a ground-breaking approach to save Indonesia’s Critically Endangered Sumatran rhino (population 80). The emergency plan involves rescuing and relocating rhinos in isolated and distant patches of forest and bringing them together in special breeding facilities in Sumatra and Borneo. Without this kind of drastic intervention rhinos rarely meet, so managed breeding is the only chance to bring this species back from the brink of extinction.
For updates about Jamila and her calf, and news of when visitors will likely see them out in our African Savannah, follow Auckland Zoo on social media and at aucklandzoo.co.nz
Notes to Editor: Photos and video footage (please credit to Auckland Zoo) of Jamila and calf are available here: Google Drive link.
RHINO FAST FACTS
• Auckland Zoo has 4 southern white rhino (Ceratotherium simum); Jamila (8 years), her yet-to-be-named calf, male Zambezi (30 years) and Zambezi’s son, Inkosi (18 years), as part of the ZAA breeding programme for this ‘Near Threatened’ (IUCN Red List) species.
• Jamila’s newborn calf is the first rhino birth at Auckland Zoo in 20 years; the last birth being female Kito in 2000 to Mazithi. Kito relocated to Hamilton Zoo in 2007.
• Calf milestones: a newborn rhino calf suckles regularly from its mother, needing 10-12 litres of milk per day in its first year, and grows particularly fast in its first 18 months. It remains dependent on its mother for the first 18 months – 2 years, by which age it gains more independence.
• Africa’s ‘Near Threatened’ southern white rhino is a conservation success story, having recovered from near extinction in the early 1900s with just 50 – 100 left in the wild, to 18,000 today. However, habitat loss, political unrest, and particularly poaching (for their horns) continue to be major threats.
• Africa’s black rhino (Diceros bicornis) - smaller than the white rhino and distinguished by its hooked upper-lip, is Critically Endangered (IUCN Red List), population 5000. It faces the same threats as white rhino.
NEWS FROM THE WILD: Black rhino Floppy’s story
Female black rhino Floppy (pictured) lives within the 300,000ha range in Zimbabwe’s south east Lowveld, where Auckland Zoo’s conservation partners, the Lowveld Rhino Trust (LRT), dedicate their conservation efforts for both black and white rhino.
Floppy, so named because her right ear hangs down (the result of a wire snare injury suffered before being rescued by LRT from an insecure area in 2005, aged four) had her first calf at age seven, and this year produced her seventh healthy calf. An exceptional mother, she is contributing to the black rhino population in this area that now stands at 190 animals. Trust monitoring coordinator Natasha Anderson is excited to report another 10 births are expected by the end of 2020. The white rhino population in the area 50.
Covid-19 impacts: The Lowveld Rhino Trust has been running its rhino monitoring programme for 30 years, and says it’s been a challenging 2020, with COVID-19 related restrictions making it difficult to carry out management and emergency operations. Restrictions delayed their emergency capture of a black rhino calf that was orphaned in July when her mother was killed by poachers. Natasha Anderson reports that thankfully, eventually “permission was granted and the calf could be rescued before lions got her."
Latest Auckland Zoo support: In the
past year, Auckland Zoo has been helping fund critical DNA
processing for black rhino samples collected by LRT to help
evaluate the impacts of things like dehorning,
translocations, and regrettably, poaching. LRT has the
largest database of demographic records of free-ranging
black rhinos that has ever been collected, and this work
allows them to compare genetic information alongside the
demographics to further understand, and respond to, rhino