Local Govt | National News Video | Parliament Headlines | Politics Headlines | Search

 

Wetlands: Our Climate Change Secret Weapon - World Wetland Day 2021

Restoring peat wetlands – our secret climate resource

New Zealand’s peat wetlands are more powerful than tropical forests at absorbing carbon.

For World Wetlands Day today, Forest & Bird is releasing regional data to show wetlands are our secret resource in working to mitigate the effects of climate change.

"The Government needs to introduce a plan to protect and recharge Aotearoa’s wetlands," says Forest & Bird freshwater advocate Annabeth Cohen.

“Only about 10 percent of our historic wetlands remain, and the few wetlands left are dwindling every day to make room for pasture or urban development.”

“If we save every remaining wetland, and double what we’ve got, there could be great gains for our wellbeing and for our climate goals.”

“Peat wetlands in particular are super carbon sinks. They hold twice as much carbon as all of the world’s forests combined, yet cover only about 3% of earth’s land surface.”

“The majority of the drained peatland in Aotearoa is used for intensive farming. Dried peatland emits carbon and is responsible for up to 6% of agricultural emissions in New Zealand.”

“Wetlands must be wet for them to do their magic. We could save as much as two million tonnes of carbon dioxide every year if we re-wet the peat,” says Ms Cohen.

“Research shows peat wetlands have a net cooling effect in the long term. They absorb huge amounts of carbon, which is a long-lasting greenhouse gas, and permanently store it away.”

“Coastal wetlands such as mangroves, salt marshes, and sea grasses are also excellent at sequestering carbon, known as blue carbon. On average, they can trap carbon 35-57 times faster than tropical forests.”

“Sadly, the Ministry for the Environment has yet to map the historic extent of our coastal wetlands. This means we don’t know how much has been lost and where the opportunity for coastal protection and rejuvenation are.”

“We know wetlands are good at attracting and feeding our birdlife, provide excellent nurseries for our endangered native fish, clean and filter our water, and are the most cost-effective solution to flood and drought protection.”

“The list of wetland benefits is long. We call on the Government to develop a national wetland restoration plan. We have a goal for swimmable rivers, so where is the ambitious goal for our climate-protecting, lifesaving wetlands?”

“New Zealand’s zero carbon future will depend on restored peat and coastal wetlands, and we expect to see these types of nature-based solutions in the Adaptation Plan required by the Zero Carbon Act.” says Ms Cohen.

Karen Denyer from National Wetland Trust says growing crops on wet soils is one opportunity for expanding our wetlands.

"Re-wetting peatland and growing wet-tolerant crops is already gaining traction overseas. Tangata whenua have a long history of sustainably harvesting from wetlands, so there’s a lot of traditional knowledge to guide us. Imagine if Aotearoa could rewet a portion of its peatlands, and grow species such as raupō or harakeke for high-end, eco-friendly products. It's a win-win for land owners and the climate," says Ms Denyer.

Key peat wetland statistics

  • Historically, nearly 207,861 hectares of peat wetlands have been drained and degraded.
  • The majority of missing peat wetlands (158,149 ha. or 73%) are currently classified as High Producing Exotic Grassland, which is used for intensive agriculture.
  • The lack of water on these former wetland soils is responsible for producing up to 6% of New Zealand’s Agricultural emissions.

Regional peatland losses 

The following table displays the historic peat wetlands which are currently classed as High Producing Exotic Grassland (as identified by Land Cover Database version 5).

High Producing Exotic Grassland is synonymous with intensive land use practices such as higher stocking densities and fertiliser use.

Former Peatland currently used for intensive agriculture

(High Producing Exotic Grassland Land Cover Database 2018)

Region Hectares 
Northland 16,469 
Auckland 3,995 
Waikato 83,550 
Bay of Plenty 13,739 
Gisborne 75 
Hawke's Bay 2,982 
Taranaki 4,301 
Manawatu-Whanganui 4,196 
Wellington 1,413 
Tasman 164 
Marlborough 49 
West Coast 2,112 
Canterbury 3,215 
Otago 3,975 
Southland 17,914

Total destroyed peatland

used for intensive agriculture

158,149

Percentage of destroyed peatland

used for intensive agriculture

73%


Calculations
The calculations were completed using Geographical Information System software OpenGIS and the following layers:

  • Land Cover Database Version 5.0; Maanaki Whenua Landcare Research
  • Regional Council 2021 (generalised); Statistics New Zealand
  • FSL New Zealand Soil Classification; Maanaki Whenua Landcare Research
  • Distribution of Organic Soil; Maanaki Whenua Landcare Research
  • Freshwater Ecosystems Database, Wetlands Historic Wetlands Typology; Department of Conservation

References 
Statistics derived from the following research:

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
Parliament Headlines | Politics Headlines | Regional Headlines


Gordon Campbell: On The Rivals For The Covid Saliva Testing Dollar

If you want a good insight into what the limits of tiny, barely discernible steps to reduce poverty actually look like, delve into the latest Statistics Department figures on poverty in New Zealand Most of the nine measures utilised reveal little or no progress in combatting poverty over the 21 months to March 2020... More>>


 

Government: Reserve Bank To Take Account Of Housing In Decision Making

The Reserve Bank is now required to consider the impact on housing when making monetary and financial policy decisions, Grant Robertson announced today. Changes have been made to the Bank’s Monetary Policy Committee’s remit requiring it to take into ... More>>

ALSO:


RNZ: Alert Levels Remain

There are no new community cases of Covid-19 today, the Ministry of Health has confirmed.
Covid-19 Response Minister Chris Hipkins says at least half of the Papatoetoe High School community have been tested and the results that have come through so far have all been negative... More>>

ALSO:

Stats NZ: Latest Release Of Child Poverty Statistics

All measures of child poverty were trending downwards, prior to the COVID-19 lockdown, across the two years since year ended June 2018, Stats NZ said today. The COVID-19 lockdown in late March 2020 affected Stats NZ’s ability to collect data from households ... More>>

ALSO:


NZ Initiative: New Report Highlights How Our Housing Crisis Could Worsen If We Don’t Act Now

If New Zealand politicians thought the housing crisis in 2020 was bad, the worst is yet to come, warns a new report by The New Zealand Initiative. In The Need to Build: The demographic drivers of housing demand , Research Assistant Leonard Hong ... More>>

Parliament: Kiwi MPs Among The “Most Educated In The World”

New analysis of MP qualifications reveals New Zealand’s Parliament is one of the most educated and highest qualified in the world, and significantly more educated than Australia’s. The research, by Mark Blackham of BlacklandPR and Geoffrey Miller ... More>>

The Dig: An Illogical Ideological Struggle

Dig beneath all the trade wars and the arguments to the effect that the USA should not permit China to achieve economic and technological superiority, or even parity, and you find the real reason behind the conflict... More>>

Travel: Government Eases Visa Restrictions For Visitors In New Zealand

Visitor visa holders will be able to stay in New Zealand a little longer as the Government eases restrictions for those still here, the Minister of Immigration has announced. More>>

 
 
 
 
 
 

LATEST HEADLINES

  • PARLIAMENT
  • POLITICS
  • REGIONAL
 
 

InfoPages News Channels