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Times Higher Education: Brics & Emerging Economies Rankings

Times Higher Education Publishes Its Second Annual Brics & Emerging Economies Rankings – the World’s Only Independent Ranking of Its Kind

Eighteen countries are featured in the Times Higher Education BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings 2015
15 universities – from Chile, China, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, Russia and Turkey – have entered the tables for the first time
China cements its dominance among the emerging economies, retaining the top two places and increasing its representation among the top-100 institutions to 27, up from 23 last year
Taiwan has more representatives (19) than any other country except China, but it is losing ground as two institutions drop out of the list and National Taiwan University slips down to sixth place from fourth
India increases its representation with 11 of the top-100 places, up from 10 last year and it has a new national leader
A strong year for Turkey, which takes three top-10 places and eight top-100 spots (up from seven last year). Middle East Technical University takes third place in the list
Russia sees a dramatic improvement in its performance, with seven top-100 entrants and fifth place for Moscow State University
South Africa boasts five representatives on the prestigious list and the University of Cape Town takes fourth place overall
Brazil’s University of São Paulo breaks into the top 10, but the country has only four top-100 institutions
Top-50 places for Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, Mexico, Morocco, Poland and Thailand
Hungary, Pakistan, Malaysia and the United Arab Emirates also make the list
No places in the top-100 table for Egypt, Indonesia, Peru or the Philippines

SEE BELOW FOR THE FOLLOWING:
• QUOTES FROM PHIL BATY, EDITOR, TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION RANKINGS
• FULL TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION BRICS AND EMERGING ECONOMIES RANKINGS 2015
• COUNTRY REPRESENTATION IN WORLD TOP 100

Times Higher Education magazine today publishes its annual BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings 2015 – the world’s only independent ranking for universities in Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS) and 17 other emerging economies.

These new annual tables are based on the same trusted and comprehensive range of 13 separate, rigorous performance indicators used to create the prestigious THE World University Rankings, covering all aspects of the modern university’s core missions (teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook). But they have been specially recalibrated to better reflect the character and development priorities of universities in the emerging economies.

Some 22 countries classified as emerging economies by FTSE have been analysed: Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, Egypt, Hungary, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates.

China has dramatically strengthened its position as the number one nation of the emerging economies, matching its growing economic dominance with rapidly improving universities increasingly able to challenge the established Western elite. China retains the top two positions (Peking University followed by Tsinghua University) in the rankings, and claims a total of 27 top-100 institutions, up from 23 last year. Fudan University follows Peking and Tsinghua, taking ninth place, while University of Science and Technology of China loses its top-10 position, moving into joint 11th place.

Taiwan is the next best represented country with 19 universities in the top-100 list, but this compares with 21 institutions last year. National Taiwan University has slipped from fourth place last year to sixth this year. Also in East Asia, Thailand has three top-100 institutions (down from five last year), while Malaysia has only one, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (down from two institutions last year). Although considered as part of the analysis, Indonesia and the Philippines do not make the top 100.

India has strengthened its overall representation in the list, with 11 top-100 universities compared with 10 last year – including new entrant (and new national number one) Indian Institute of Science in 25th place and the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in 37th place. This year, Pakistan can claim a top-100 place: National University of Sciences and Technology claims joint 95th place, as a first-time entrant.

Brazil’s flagship institution, the University of São Paulo, makes the top 10 this year – moving up one place from 11th. It is followed by the State University of Campinas (27th), the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (61st) and UNESP (slipping from 87th to 97th), giving Brazil four top-100 institutions.

Brazil’s South American peer, Colombia, has a single representative on the list, the University of the Andes, which falls from 17th to 28th position. Also in the Americas, Chile and Mexico have two top-100 universities each. Mexico’s National Autonomous University of Mexico moved up from 59th last year into the top 50, in 48th place.

Russia has seen a dramatic improvement in its standing – increasing its representatives in the top 100 from just two last year to seven this year, and seeing its number one university, Moscow State University, moving from 10th to 5th. St Petersburg State University also rose, from 67th to joint 64th, while Novosibirsk State University rocketed into the top 100 for the first time, taking 34th place. A methodological change to the rankings this year, reducing the requirement that institutions publish at least 200 research papers indexed by Thomson Reuters a year down to 100 papers, allowed three small specialist institutions in Russia to join the rankings, led by Moscow State Engineering Physics Institute (National Research Nuclear University) in 13th place.

Apart from Russia’s improvements, other parts of Eastern Europe lost ground: Poland has two top 100 institutions (down from four last year), led by the University of Warsaw (46th down from 23rd); the Czech Republic and Hungary have two each, both down from three each last year.

South Africa’s University of Cape Town slipped one place from third to fourth, while University of Witwatersrand (15th to 14th) and Stellenbosch University (21st to 17th) both moved up the table. Overall, South Africa has five top-100 universities, the same number as last year.

Turkey improved its position significantly. It now has eight universities in the list, up from seven, and the Middle East Technical University moved from ninth place to third – making it the highest ranked university in the developing world outside China.

The Middle East and North Africa region has mixed results. Egypt lost all three of its top-100 representatives (which were all in the 90s last year), but Morocco’s sole representative, University of Marrakech Cadi Ayyad, jumped from 83rd to 50th. The United Arab Emirates retained its two representatives, with its leading institution, United Arab Emirates University, moving up from 76th to joint 71st.

The Times Higher Education BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings are the latest addition to a portfolio that has established Times Higher Education as the world’s most respected provider of comparative university performance data.

The methodology of the 2015 BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings is slightly different from the methodology used in 2014. While the 2014 BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings used a methodology identical to the overall THE World University Rankings, the 2015 BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings have been adjusted to better reflect the characteristics and development needs of a university in the emerging economies. The overall World University Rankings require that institutions publish at least 200 research papers a year across the five-year publication period that is assessed before they can be included in the rankings, but to reflect the fact that developing institutions may not have research systems as mature as those of the developed world, this requirement has been reduced to 100 papers a year for this ranking. Accordingly, the weighting given for “research influence”, judged by publication citations, has been reduced in weight from 30 per cent in the world rankings, to 20 per cent. The weighting for “industry income – innovation” has been increased from 2.5 per cent to 10 per cent, while the weighting for “international outlook” has been increased from 7.5 per cent to 10 per cent.

Phil Baty, editor of the Times Higher Education Rankings, said:

“Last year, Times Higher Education was the first in the world to produce a specialist ranking of universities in the emerging economies and already the ranking has become an essential resource. As well as helping students get a clearer picture of their global study opportunities, the new ranking is an important tool for institutions to benchmark themselves against the tough international standards set by the flagship THE World University Rankings, and a serious resource for governments to help monitor the contribution their universities are making to their countries’ global competitiveness and economic growth.

“Strong universities can be fundamental to a country’s economic growth, and with China’s outstanding performance, the BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings provide a clear case study of what can be achieved with a comprehensive, coherent policy to develop world-class universities. The rankings also provide a stark warning of how much distance some developing economies must still travel before their universities can compete on the world stage – and how much they risk if they fall too far behind.”

THE TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION BRICS & EMERGING ECONOMIES RANKINGS 2015: FULL TABLES
Copyright Times Higher Education. www.thewur.com

2015 rank2014 rankInstitution nameCountry / region
11Peking UniversityChina
22Tsinghua UniversityChina
39Middle East Technical UniversityTurkey
43University of Cape TownSouth Africa
510M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityRussian Federation
64National Taiwan UniversityTaiwan
75Boğaziçi UniversityTurkey
87Istanbul Technical UniversityTurkey
98Fudan UniversityChina
1011University of São PauloBrazil
1116National Chiao Tung UniversityTaiwan
116University of Science and Technology of ChinaChina
13Not rankedMoscow State Engineering Physics InstituteRussian Federation
1415University of WitwatersrandSouth Africa
15Not rankedSabanci UniversityTurkey
1627Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityChina
1721Stellenbosch UniversitySouth Africa
1819National Tsing Hua UniversityTaiwan
1912Bilkent UniversityTurkey
2025National Cheng Kung UniversityTaiwan
2122Zhejiang UniversityChina
2218Nanjing UniversityChina
2331National Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaiwan
2435Sun Yat-sen UniversityChina
25Not rankedIndian Institute of ScienceIndia
2640Wuhan UniversityChina
2724State University of CampinasBrazil
2817University of the AndesColombia
2920Koc UniversityTurkey
2913Renmin University of ChinaChina
3131Charles University in PragueCzech Republic
3243Harbin Institute of TechnologyChina
33Not rankedFederico Santa María Technical UniversityChile
34Not rankedNovosibirsk State UniversityRussian Federation
3533National Central UniversityTaiwan
3539Tianjin UniversityChina
37Not rankedIndian Institute of Technology BombayIndia
3837Indian Institute of Technology RoorkeeIndia
3913Panjab UniversityIndia
4044National Taiwan Normal UniversityTaiwan
4126National Sun Yat-Sen UniversityTaiwan
4249Dalian University of TechnologyChina
4330Indian Institute of Technology KharagpurIndia
4436China Medical University TaiwanTaiwan
4447Indian Institute of Technology MadrasIndia
4623University of WarsawPoland
4745University of KwaZulu NatalSouth Africa
4859National Autonomous University of MexicoMexico
4929King Mongkut's University of Technology ThonburiThailand
5083University of Marrakech Cadi AyyadMorocco
5173Istanbul UniversityTurkey
5255Pontificia University Católica de ChileChile
5328Wuhan University of TechnologyChina
5455Tongji UniversityChina
5560Semmelweis UniversityHungary
5637Indian Institute of Technology DelhiIndia
5665Xi'an Jiaotong UniversityChina
5841Jagiellonian UniversityPoland
5953Masaryk UniversityCzech Republic
6042East China Normal UniversityChina
6160Federal University of Rio de JaneiroBrazil
6268Huazhong University of Science and TechnologyChina
6352Mahidol UniversityThailand
64Not rankedEast China University of Science and TechnologyChina
6467Saint Petersburg State UniversityRussian Federation
6675National Taipei University of TechnologyTaiwan
6760University of DebrecenHungary
6851Hunan UniversityChina
69Not rankedMoscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyRussian Federation
70Not rankedUfa State Aviation Technical UniversityRussian Federation
7157Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityIndia
7199Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher EducationMexico
7176United Arab Emirates UniversityUnited Arab Emirates
7434Indian Institute of Technology KanpurIndia
7571Taipei Medical UniversityTaiwan
76Not rankedBeijing Institute of TechnologyChina
7778University of PretoriaSouth Africa
7850Aligarh Muslim UniversityIndia
7990Sichuan UniversityChina
8070China Agricultural UniversityChina
8060National Yang-Ming UniversityTaiwan
8280Hacettepe UniversityTurkey
8366Chung Yuan Christian UniversityTaiwan
8479American University of SharjahUnited Arab Emirates
8471National Taiwan Ocean UniversityTaiwan
8653Asia UniversityTaiwan
8769National Chung Hsing UniversityTaiwan
8873Chang Gung UniversityTaiwan
8958Yuan Ze UniversityTaiwan
90Not rankedBauman Moscow State Technical UniversityRussian Federation
9085Chulalongkorn UniversityThailand
9098Northwestern Polytechnical UniversityChina
93Not rankedUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaMalaysia
9488Shanghai UniversityChina
95Not rankedJilin UniversityChina
95Not rankedNational University of Sciences and TechnologyPakistan
9787UNESP - Universidade Estadual PaulistaBrazil
9846Indian Institute of Technology GuwahatiIndia
98Not rankedXidian UniversityChina
10080National Chung Cheng UniversityTaiwan

THE TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION BRICS & EMERGING ECONOMIES RANKINGS 2015: STATE OF THE NATIONS – NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES FROM EACH COUNTRY IN THE TOP 100
Copyright Times Higher Education. www.thewur.com

CountryNumber of institutions in top 100Top institutionRank
China27Peking University1
Taiwan19National Taiwan University6
India11Indian Institute of Science25
Turkey8Middle East Technical University3
Russian Federation7Lomonosov Moscow State University5
South Africa5University of Cape Town4
Brazil4University of São Paulo10
Thailand3King Mongkut's University of Technology, Thonburi49
Czech Republic2Charles University in Prague31
Hungary2Semmelweis University55
Mexico2National Autonomous University of Mexico48
Poland2University of Warsaw46
Chile2Federico Santa María Technical University33
United Arab Emirates2United Arab Emirates University=71
Malaysia1Universiti Teknologi Malaysia93
Colombia1University of the Andes28
Morocco1University of Marrakech Cadi Ayyad50
Pakistan1National University of Sciences and Technology=95

ENDS

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