Some Good News: Release of WM3
Good news stories are few and far between,
and the release from jail of the West Memphis Three is
definitely one of those moments to celebrate…After 18
years, the persecution of Damien Echols, Jason Baldwin and
Jesse Miskelley is finally at end, and they have been set
free. The 12-minute press conference held straight after
their release can be found here on the WM3 website that has
been central to the global campaign.
Damien Echols’ comment to one questioner that he’s finding the press conference a little bit hard to handle - partly because he’s been in solitary confinement for almost ten years - says a lot about what they’ve been through. In 1993, the murders of three children in West Memphis led to a moral panic about Satanic cults and the conviction of three teenagers who were notable locally for wearing black clothes, listening to metal music and reading doomy poetry. Damien Echols was sentenced to death, and has spent almost the last ten years in one of America’s Supermaxx prisons.
Scoop has carried its own extensive coverage of the WM3
cause, including an exclusive interview in 2008
Mara Leveritt, author of the definitive Devil’s Knot book
on the case.At the time, Scoop noted the prevalence of
“Free the West Memphis Three” graffiti around
Wellington, one small sign of how this case has affected
people all around the world….and drawn support from the
likes of Eddie Vedder of Pearl Jam, the Dixie Chicks and
it would seem, Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh.
The mechanics of how the release of Echols, Baldwin and Miskelley was managed provided the last bizarre moment in the story. As happened with the Ahmed Zaoui case in New Zealand, the final manoeuvrings weren’t about justice – they were about ensuring that the authorities could back down from their mistakes without being seen to lose face. Thus, the judge quashed the original convictions, set a new trial at which the trio would agree to plead guilty while –paradoxically – still maintaining their innocence, and be then sentenced to the time they had already served. Which could then allow them to be freed. immediately.
This so called “ “Alford plea” is an extremely rare mechanism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alford_plea
and its use in this case will allow the state to evade being open to claims for compensation for wrongful conviction. That’s because under an Alford plea, sthe defendants are required to formally admit that the state could have convicted them beyond reasonable doubt if a new trial had been heard. This was a very difficult concession for the WM3 to make – mainly because it is patently untrue. Almost certainly, the state would have lost and been humiliated at any new trial : but the trouble was, that hadn’t happened before. At the first trial, the prosecution got away with bullshit, innuendo, jury misbehaviour, faked’ expert” evidence, the lack of any DNA evidence then or since, and wild conspiracy theories.
So, as Jason Baldwin explains – in the press conference clip to which I’ve linked above - he agreed to the Alford plea solely in order to get Damien off Death Row. It was a fraught decision because the lawyers working on their behalf had finally won the right to a new trial, due this December – which to repeat, the WM3 would have been likely to win because all along, the state never had any concrete evidence linking them to the crime scene, nor any motive that went beyond Satanic possession.
Moreover, if they had decided to fight on, the WM3 could have not only cleared their names but would also have been able to pursue financial compensation that could have run into millions. Unfortunately, this would have been a gamble waged on Damien Echols’ life - and without any guarantee that the legal system that had screwed them over once couldn’t conceivably conspire to do it again. This way – and despite the outrageous concessions to the state - freedom was a certainty, and the nightmare could be brought to a close.
Some nightmare. In effect, these three men had their youth stolen from them, and were dropped into the hell of the US prison system. They went to prison at 18, and have now woken up in their mid 30s to try to start life afresh. Understandably, all of them will find it hard to do so. They will not lack for support. While in jail, Damien Echols married Lorri Davis, who has been a leading campaigner for the WM3, along with Burk Sauls, Kathy Bakken, Grove Pashley and Lisa Fancher – some of whom appeared in the two Paradise Lost documentaries that played such a key role in publicising the case. Any misgivings that might be felt about the second Paradise Lost film, and its dubious use and payment of John Mark Byers (the flamboyant father of one of the slain children, and an occasional suspect) pales against the inestimable good done via these documentaries, by film-makers Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky.
Memphis Three case will remain as one of the strongest
arguments against the death penalty in the US, The
condemnation of youth culture central to this case, the work
by the WM3 website campaigners, and the involvement of
celebrities like Vedder – it would have helped if Peter
Jackson had used his celebrity to do more to publicise the
plight of the WM3 before their release, not after it – all
certainly helped, Without such a campaign, Damien Echols
would have been executed by now. For a chilling example of
what can happen to someone lacking similar support, read
of the trial and execution of Cameron Todd Willingham in Texas – which remains the clearest case yet of the US legal system executing someone who was convicted on bogus ‘expert’ forensic evidence.
The authorities it seems,
are never held to account. The WM3, the Willingham case, and
this recent Supreme Court judgement from earlier this year
all examples of the state and its legal system refusing to
accept responsibility for their own criminal errors, and for
the destruction of peoples lives that they have caused.
(Even now, we still do not know the detail of the
proceedings that caused the final collapse of the SIS case
against Ahmed Zaoui. The SIS ‘reasoning’ remains
hidden.) Maybe if politicians want to preach that everyone
else – and especially the young – must face up to their
responsibilities, they could first ensure that authority has
earned the right to respect. Regardless, we need to be
grateful for small mercies right now. And as I said at the
outset, the release of the WM3 is a fantastic reason to
celebrate just what activism can achieve.