Jacinda Ardern’s Manus Deal
Jacinda Ardern’s Manus Deal
By Annemarie Thorby
Jacinda Ardern’s offer to take 150 refugees from Manus is as nearly as hollow as the US Deal.
Claims that the PM, Jacinda Ardern, has made progress on resolving the Manus situation are rubbish. The only thing that has changed since Ardern and Turnbull’s brunch meeting on November 5th is that NZ will now give up to $3million to the PNG and Nauru governments and aid agencies such as the Red Cross to try to ensure that the refugees do not die in the next few weeks.
On 5th November Turnbull told Ardern that he would ‘consider’ New Zealand’s offer once his government had completed its refugee transfer arrangement with the US, ten days later he has not changed his mind.
Ardern and the Labour Government are either playing political games with the NZ public or have honestly missed the point on several basis, not least the fact that the arrangement is for only 150 men, there are more than four times that number needing re-settlement and the US deal is a farce.
During a discussion about the deal with
Donald Trump in January this year, Malcolm Turnbull told
Trump that the US did not have to do anything but basically
pretend to go through the process. The deal did not mean
they actually had to accept anyone:
‘the agreement … does not require you to take 2,000 people. It does not require you to take any. …
The obligation is for the United States to look and examine and take up to and only if they so choose – 1,250 to 2,000. Every individual is subject to your vetting. You can decide to take them or to not take them after vetting. You can decide to take 1,000 or 100. It is entirely up to you. The obligation is to only go through the process.
… I say this to you sincerely that it is in the mutual interest of the United States to say, “yes, we can conform with that deal – we are not obliged to take anybody we do not want, we will go through extreme vetting” and that way you are seen to show the respect that a trusted ally wants and deserves.’
Trump did hold up his end of the deal to an extent – in September, after ‘extreme vetting’, the US took 54 refugees in total from both Manus and Nauru (about 25 of the group were men from Manus) but that leaves a lot of refugees in Australia’s off-shore detention centres.
The US has said that they will continue with their ‘extreme vetting’ but this will continue to happen at a snail pace. The promised US deal was meant to be completed by 31st October. In July this year Immigration minister Peter Dutton had confirmed that the US deal would be completed before the closure of the detention centre. At the same time he denied that the tight deadline would result in refugees being left on Manus after 31st October. The opposite is so apparent.
The US deal is a political game that should be
ignored. It is unknown how long it will take and whether it
will result in anymore than a handful of people at each time
being allowed to move to the US.
The men on Manus have been vetted and assessed and processed ad nauseam. The majority of those still on Manus have been found to be refugees. They are now stuck in a legal limbo.
The Australian government has said that with the closure of the detention centre it is Papua New Guinea’s responsibility to settle the refugees and cite the arrangements made under the ‘off-shore settlement deal’, however PNG states that the men are the responsibility of Australia.
There have been calls for Ardern and the Labour government to negotiate directly with Papua New Guinea over the offer to take 150 men however Ardern says that she isn’t moved to negotiate directly with PNG whilst Australia had NZ’s ‘offer on the table’. At the same time the PNG Immigration Minister has said he will not deal with NZ as the refugees on Manus are Australia’s responsibility.
It is a stalemate and Ardern and the NZ government are doing nothing to alleviate the situation.
It could be, as some others have pointed out, Ardern’s ‘Tampa moment’. However, by saying Australia is presiding over the process and by persisting with the pretense of negotiating with Turnbull, she is leaving all the power in the Australian government’s hands.
Some people have called upon NGOs and activists to do what they did 30 years ago, when the people from Rongelap Atoll were evacuated after nuclear testing there. Either way, what is needed is action now.