Search

 

Cablegate: Got Response On Doha Declaration On Trips And

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS ANKARA 009045

SIPDIS


DEPT PLEASE PASS USTR
USDOC FOR ITA/MAC/DDEFALCO


E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ETRD KIPR TU
SUBJECT: GOT Response on Doha Declaration on TRIPS and
Public Health

Ref: State 245178


Oya Karakas, Head of Department in the MFA General
Directorate of Multilateral Economic Affairs, sent
Embassy the following reply on the issue of compulsory
pharmaceuticals licensing for countries facing public
health crises. The Turkish position notes that these
provisions are aimed at the least developed countries,
but does not positively respond to the U.S. proposal
that OECD countries opt out of the right to become a
beneficiary importer.


Begin Text MFA Reply:


No. CEGY-I
December 2002


The relationship between the TRIPS Agreement and public
health is an important issue. Given the pressing urgency
of the public health problems of certain countries and
the potential threats faced by some others, an
expeditious solution should be found as soon as
possible, as foreseen in the paragraph 6 of the Doha
Ministerial Declaration.


We recognize the importance of public health and the
legitimate concerns of some countries in this area.
Public health cannot be discussed only in terms of trade
concerns and economic interests, its social and
humanitarian dimension should also be taken into account
properly.


However, this issue should not either be a pretext to
undermine the protection of patent rights. We attach
great importance to the principles of the TRIPS
Agreement and the international norms in the field of
intellectual property protection.


As we have expressed on several occasions, we believe
that the TRIPS Agreement provides members with enough
room for flexibility in case of emergency situations.
Therefore, while conducting negotiations to fulfil the
mandate of paragraph 6, existing possibilities within
the Agreement should be taken into account and examined.
In case of a deficiency, further measures should be
sought in order to enable these countries to solve their
public health problems. Nevertheless, these measures
should also contain safeguards to prevent abuse.


As a developing country, we have certain sensitivities
regarding public health and developing countries have
different concerns regarding their public health policy.
These concerns should be addressed in a satisfactory
manner.


In our view, the development aspect is one of the main
elements of the WTO negotiations; therefore the concerns
of developing countries should be given sufficient
attention. Needless to say, the least-developed
countries are the primary focus of our task and at this
stage there should not be discrimination among them.


While conducting negotiations on this issue, the
existing WTO framework and structure should be taken
into account and we should not create new categories.
Currently, WTO members are classified in three groups:
namely developed, developing and least-developed
members. We are against creation of new categories, such
as OECD countries.


If developing members with high income per capita are to
be granted certain flexibilities as the outcome of these
negotiations, other developing members with a lower
level of income per capita cannot be excluded from this
scheme.
End Text.
Pearson

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 


UN: Pope's Visit To Iraq "A Symbol Of Hope"

The visit by Pope Francis to the northern Iraqi city of Mosul at the weekend will be a symbol of hope and an opportunity to join forces for peace and unity, the UN cultural agency, UNESCO, said on Thursday, ahead of his touchdown in the capital, Baghdad... More>>

Myanmar: Military Must Stop Murdering And Jailing Protestors – Bachelet

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet on Thursday said security forces in Myanmar must “halt their vicious crackdown on peaceful protestors,” following another day of deadly violence across the country on Wednesday... More>>

Syria: Economic Decline, Rising Hunger And Surging Humanitarian Needs

Syria’s fragile economy has “suffered multiple shocks” over the past 18 months, with its currency plummeting and joblessness swelling as people struggle to cover their basic needs, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator told the Security Council ... More>>


Focus On: UN SDGs


Podcast: A UN Top Official’s Inspiring Journey To Leadership

UN Under-Secretary for Global Communications Melissa Fleming speaks to Agnes Kalibata, the Special Envoy to the 2021 Food Systems Summit, about her journey as a woman leader – from growing up as a Rwandan refugee in Uganda to becoming Rwanda’s Minister of Agriculture and now a top official at the United Nations... More>>

UNFCCC: Greater Climate Ambition Urged As Initial NDC Synthesis Report Is Published

UN Climate Change today published the Initial NDC Synthesis Report, showing nations must redouble efforts and submit stronger, more ambitious national climate action plans in 2021 if they’re to achieve the Paris Agreement goal of limiting global temperature rise by 2°C—ideally 1.5°C—by the end of the century... More>>


2021: Critical Year To ‘reset Our Relationship With Nature’ – UN Chief

During this time of “crisis and fragility”, the UN chief told the United Nations Environment Assembly on Monday that human well-being and prosperity can be vastly improved by prioritizing nature-based solutions. Painting a picture of the turmoil ... More>>