Cablegate: Vietnam's Prime Minister Visits Japan:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.





E.O. 12958: N/A

REF: A. 02 Hanoi 1124 B. 02 Hanoi 2493

1. (U) SUMMARY. Prime Minister Phan Van Khai's recent
visit to Japan avoided potentially controversial political
issues such as Iraq and North Korea, instead focusing on
economic relations and aid. There is optimism that a
bilateral investment agreement may be signed by the "end of
this year" but many doubt whether it will have much real
positive impact on attracting new investment. Vietnam
pledged to use Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA)
more effectively. Khai's trip was probably aimed at
reassuring both domestic audiences concerned about the
economy and foreign audiences wondering about a simultaneous
visit to Beijing by the Vietnamese Communist Party chief.


2. (U) PM Khai visited Japan April 6 - 12 in the latest of
several high-level bilateral exchanges. Communist Party of
Vietnam (CPV) General Secretary Nong Duc Manh visited last
October (ref b); Manh had been to Japan in 1995 in his
previous role as National Assembly chairman. Then-CPV
General Secretary Do Muoi and then-Prime Minister Vo Van
Kiet visited in 1995 and 1993, respectively. Japanese Prime
Minister Junichiro Koizumi came to Vietnam in April 2002
(ref a). Key officials accompanying Khai on this trip

--Minister of Planning and Investment Vo Hong Phuc;
--Minister of Trade Truong Dinh Tuyen;
--Office of the Government Director Doan Manh Giao;
--Minister of Industry Hoang Trung Hai;
--Minister of Post and Telecommunications Do Trung Ta; and,
--leaders from 12 provinces.
In addition to the GVN officials, about 60 business people,
from both state-owned and private enterprises, accompanied

3. (SBU) While PM Khai was in Japan, CPV General Secretary
Manh was visiting the PRC (septel). Tran Quang Minh,
Assistant Director of the Japan Studies Center of Vietnam's
National Center for Social Sciences and Humanities,
downplayed the nearly simultaneous timing of the visits,
noting that "this was not the first time" that Vietnam's top
leadership had been out of the country simultaneously.
According to Japanese emboffs, PM Khai's visit was arranged
with relatively little lead time, with the GVN suddenly
announcing its desired dates. (Note: GVN high-level visits
to the U.S. frequently unfold in a similar manner. End

4. (U) Khai spent most of his time in Tokyo, but did spend
part of a day in Fukuoka, where he held meetings with local
officials and participated in ceremonies marking the opening
of a new air route to Ho Chi Minh City. He then spent his
last day in Osaka, meeting with civic and business leaders,
before returning to Vietnam. In addition to meeting with
his counterpart in Tokyo, Khai held "about 20 separate
meetings" with Japanese ministers for finance, economy,
trade, and industry, as well as parliamentarians and
business leaders, according to press reports. Matsushita
and the GVN's Ministry of Planning and Investment signed a
memorandum of understanding for the company's plans to
establish home appliance manufacturing facilities in


5. (SBU) According to Japanese emboffs, there were no
genuinely substantive discussions of political issues,
especially given that the large meeting in which the two
prime ministers participated lasted only about fifty
minutes, including time for interpretation. Emboffs
recounted that, prior to the visit, a Ministry of Foreign
Affairs Deputy Director General responsible for the Middle
East had sought reassurances that the Japanese side was not
planning to raise Iraq; he was clearly concerned of the
possibility that the two sides would openly disagree. As a
result, neither side discussed the situation in Iraq or the
Middle East.
6. (SBU) Regarding North Korea, PM Khai reiterated
Vietnam's policy in favor of a nuclear-free Korean
Peninsula, while PM Koizumi expressed concern about recent
developments and called upon all those with good relations
with Pyongyang to weigh in with the DPRK leadership. PM
Khai responded that Vietnam's ability to influence the
situation in the Korean Peninsula was "very limited," and
suggested instead that the PRC and Russia had more influence
with Pyongyang. At a subsequent press conference, PM Khai
reiterated publicly Vietnam's view that the United Nations
should have a central role in Iraq's reconstruction. He
also pleaded for more international assistance to help
Vietnam "overcome the effects of Agent Orange."
7. (SBU) Vietnamese media highlighted PM Khai's discussion
of a long-awaited bilateral investment agreement, which the
two sides agreed in principle during the visit to complete
by the end of 2003. The Japan Studies Center's Minh said
that "technical" sticking points revolve around finance,
banking, and insurance. According to Japanese emboffs,
however, the GOJ had proposed such an agreement in 1999 but
were now no longer particularly interested, nor did they
believe it would make much difference to Japanese investors.
At this point, Japanese investors are more concerned about
the larger investment environment, and the need for
increased "transparency and predictability," they noted.
They cited in particular recent problems caused by "sudden
and unexpected" tariff increases imposed on imported
Japanese motorbike kits (and auto kits), an issue that also
came up during General Secretary Manh's visit last April.
Japanese businesses also want to see more open markets, the
emboffs added. Separately, Japanese Embassy Econ/C
confirmed that Japan was seeking "BTA MFN" for Japan
investors, i.e., service sector market access.

8. (U) Also during the visit, the two sides agreed to
establish a Vietnam - Japan Joint Committee to study the
investment climate in Vietnam. The Committee will be co-
chaired by Vietnam's Minister of Planning and Investment,
Vietnam's ambassador to Japan, Japan's ambassador to
Vietnam, and the head of the Japan - Vietnam Committee.
Japanese emboffs said that the two sides hope that this
committee will improve the overall economic relationship and
investment environment in Vietnam. Separately, the Japan
Studies Center's Minh opined that the GVN hopes to
"reassure" the Japanese business community that Vietnam is a
"reliable investment partner." Japan is the third-largest
investor (after Singapore and Taiwan); Japanese emboffs
expressed puzzlement that PM Khai had claimed publicly
during his visit that Japan was the leading foreign
investor. Japan has 364 projects capitalized at just over
USD 4.2 billion to date, covering industry, agriculture,
forestry, post and telecommunications, and hotel services.
Japan is also Vietnam's largest trading partner, with two-
way trade valued at almost USD five billion in 2002.

9. (SBU) Japan is Vietnam's largest ODA (much or most of
it in the form of soft loans, rather than grants, however)
donor and had pledged USD 8.2 billion from 1999 - 2002,
according to press reports. For the current fiscal year,
Japan has pledged about USD 783 million. Japan represents
about 40 percent of Vietnam's total ODA. Despite Japan's
difficult economic situation, Vietnam was one of the few ODA
recipients not to suffer funding cuts this year, according
to Japanese emboffs. Japanese officials emphasized to PM
Khai and his delegation that Vietnam needs to use Japan's
ODA "more effectively." PM Khai, for his part, thanked
Japan for its assistance and pledged that Vietnam would use
its reform process to maximize Japan's assistance.


10. (SBU) According to Japanese emboffs, neither side
discussed the SARS outbreak in Vietnam or the region. Japan
has neither attempted to limit Vietnamese tourists or
workers from coming to Japan, nor issued any travel warnings
to Japanese citizens coming to Hanoi. About 220,000
Japanese tourists visited Vietnam in 2002.


11. (SBU) The next big event on the horizon is the 30th
anniversary of bilateral relations in September 2003.
Celebrations are planned in both countries. However, they
are likely to be modest, emboffs predicted, since Japan has
a "limited budget" to fund such events. While Vietnam is
hoping for an imperial visit, emboffs predicted that this
was "unlikely." The two Prime Ministers will visit each
other's country to participate in multilateral fora such as
the Asia-Europe Meeting in Hanoi in 2004 and the ASEAN +
Japan Commemorative Summit scheduled for December 2003 in
Japan. One of Vietnam's deputy prime ministers will likely
visit Tokyo during the 30th anniversary celebration.

12. (SBU) For such a meaty bilateral relationship, this
visit was surprisingly weak on substance. PM Khai's goals
may have been two-fold: to demonstrate to folks back home
the personal efforts he is making to energize one of
Vietnam's most important economic relationships, and to
counterbalance in the minds of Japanese and other
international observers any perceived tilt toward Beijing
potentially implied by the rival visit of GS Manh to the new
PRC leadership.

© Scoop Media

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