Scoop has an Ethical Paywall
License needed for work use Register



Cablegate: Input for President's 2004 Agoa Report On

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

170813Z Feb 04




E. O. 12958: N/A
SUBJECT: Input for President's 2004 AGOA Report on

Ref: State 28997

Post's input for the President's 2004 Report on AGOA to
Congress follows:

a. AGOA Trade and Investment: n/a

b. Market Economy/Economic Reform: Since the late-1990s,
the Government has approached the economy through broad
interventionism, with parastatals serving as monopolistic
middlemen for products such as tobacco and grain. Over
the course of 2003, however, the Government relaxed
certain onerous restrictions and price controls.
Nonetheless, it still maintains many barriers to trade -
including high duties for importers and exchange
requirements for exporters. It is paying only a small
portion of its international arrears, which have reached
nearly US$ 2 billion. Inflation reached 600 percent by
year end, and the savings rate has dropped from 12 to 4
percent since 2000. The Government did not make progress
privatizing inefficient parastatals in 2003.

c. Rule of Law/Political Pluralism/Anti-Corruption: The
opposition political party operates in a climate of
intimidation and repression. The GOZ is prosecuting the
opposition leader for treason, a crime that carries the
death penalty. Over the past year, the GOZ has removed
Harare's elected mayor and shut down for prolonged
periods the only non-government daily newspaper. During
the country's high-profile land redistribution, the GOZ
has ignored rule-of-law and due process.

Advertisement - scroll to continue reading

Are you getting our free newsletter?

Subscribe to Scoop’s 'The Catch Up' our free weekly newsletter sent to your inbox every Monday with stories from across our network.

d. Poverty Reduction: While the GOZ maintains several
programs that provide food or basic services to the poor,
these have had minimal effect compared to the general
thrust of GOZ economic policy, which has caused most
Zimbabweans to grow progressively poorer over the past 6
years. Many Zimbabweans take home but a fraction of
their 1997 real wages. Income taxes kick in at a monthly
salary of US$3. Electricity and fuel are heavily
subsidized but difficult to come by. Controls have
failed to keep prices in check. An acute cash shortage
made it difficult for lower-income Zimbabweans to access
money in their accounts during most of 2003.

e. Labor/Child Labor/Human Rights: Despite official
recognition of worker rights, the government continues to
exert heavy pressure on labor unions, limiting their
freedom of association and right to organize. Unions
have been denied routine meetings and necessary
consultations with constituents under the draconian
Protection of Order and Security Act(POSA). Senior
members of the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU)
have been arrested on spurious charges, some of them
later reporting physical abuse while in police custody.


© Scoop Media

Advertisement - scroll to continue reading
World Headlines

UN News: Aid Access Is Key Priority

Among the key issues facing diplomats is securing the release of a reported 199 Israeli hostages, seized during the Hamas raid. “History is watching,” says Emergency Relief Coordinator Martin Griffiths. “This war was started by taking those hostages. Of course, there's a history between Palestinian people and the Israeli people, and I'm not denying any of that. But that act alone lit a fire, which can only be put out with the release of those hostages.” More

Save The Children: Four Earthquakes In a Week Leave Thousands Homeless

Families in western Afghanistan are reeling after a fourth earthquake hit Herat Province, crumbling buildings and forcing people to flee once again, with thousands now living in tents exposed to fierce winds and dust storms. The latest 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit 30 km outside of Herat on Sunday, shattering communities still reeling from strong and shallow aftershocks. More


Join Our Free Newsletter

Subscribe to Scoop’s 'The Catch Up' our free weekly newsletter sent to your inbox every Monday with stories from across our network.