Cablegate: Special Turkish Media Reaction: Eu Commission
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 04 ANKARA 005758
DEPARTMENT FOR INR/R/MR, EUR/SE, EUR/PD, NEA/PD, DRL
JCS PASS J-5/CDR S. WRIGHT
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: OPRC KMDR TU
SUBJECT: SPECIAL TURKISH MEDIA REACTION: EU COMMISSION
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 7, 2004
THIS REPORT PRESENTS THE TURKISH PRESS SUMMARY UNDER THREE
EU door is open for Turkey - Turkiye
EU says `Yes,' but no guarantees for membership - Aksam
Thanks to Verheugen - Sabah
EU Turkey representation: EU decision a historic moment -
EU advises Ankara to consider Kurds a `minority' - Aksam
EU Turkey report `sensitive' on minorities - Hurriyet
Erdogan, Gul bargain with EU over `minorities' - Milliyet
US: Turkey has the will to succeed - Hurriyet
European Parliament split over `Yes' for Turkey - Aksam
Prodi: Turkey must get ready by 2013 - Sabah
Verheugen: The Turks deserve it - Turkiye
Verheugen: Turkey was quick, determined - Milliyet
Prodi: Turkey has reached European standards - Milliyet
PM Erdogan: Turkey determined to enter the EU - Turkiye
France cautious, Germany, Britain happy over EU decision -
EU gives `historic' green light for Turkey - Zaman
`Conditional' recommendation form EU Commission - Cumhuriyet
EU to present Turkey new `homework' list - Cumhuriyet
Verheugen: Turkey has left us with no option but `Yes' -
Turkish government very pleased - Radikal
FM Gul: EU took historic step forward - Radikal
US, careful not to `anger' EU, lobbies for Turkey -
US Welcomes EU report on Turkey - Radikal
Blair: Negotiations with Turkey must begin without delay -
Verheugen: We can trust Turkey - Yeni Safak
EU to make final Turkey decision on December 17 - Zaman
Turkey gets visa for final test - Yeni Safak
Turkey to receive EU financial aid after 2006 - Zaman
EU Commission report on Turkey: The EU Commission on
Wednesday recommended that the EU open accession talks with
Turkey. Turkey has achieved significant legislative
progress in many areas, the report said, adding that
`important progress has been made in the implementation of
political reforms, but these need to be further consolidated
and broadened.' The Turkish media highlighted the following
conclusions and recommendations contained in the Commission
-- Political reforms have been introduced through a series
of constitutional and legislative changes adopted over a
period of three years (2001-2004).
-- Economic stability reliability have been substantially
improved since the 2001 economic crisis.
-- The government has increasingly asserted its control over
the military. Nevertheless, the armed forces in Turkey
continue to exercise influence through a series of informal
-- The independence and efficiency of the judiciary have
-- Turkey has acceded to most relevant international and
European conventions on human rights.
-- The situation of women remains unsatisfactory.
Discrimination and violence against women, including `honor
killings,' remain a major problem. Children's rights have
been strengthened, but child labor remains an issue of
-- The authorities have adopted a `zero tolerance' policy
toward torture and a number of perpetrators have been
punished. Torture is no longer systematic, but numerous
cases of mistreatment, including torture, still occur and
further efforts will be required to eradicate such
-- Although freedom of religious belief is guaranteed by the
Constitution, non-Muslim religious communities continue to
The press reports that the accession talks will be `open-
ended' with no guarantee of a positive result. The
Commission did not propose a starting date for negotiations,
leaving the final decision to EU leaders at the December 17
summit. The Commission recommended a suspension of
negotiations in the case of a serious and persistent breach
of the principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human
rights and fundamental freedoms. The Commission also made
clear that Turkey would not join before 2015 at the
earliest, and suggested that the bloc consider permanent
measures that may restrict the free movement of workers.
Ankara hailed the European Commission's recommendation on
Wednesday, but some Turks expressed concern that conditions
attached by Brussels could block their road to membership.
`We find the EU Commission's assessment generally balanced,'
PM Erdogan told a news conference in Strasbourg. `Our
desire is for talks to begin officially in the first few
months of 2005.' FM Abdullah Gul, speaking in Ankara, said:
`This is an historic decision, both for Turkey and for
Europe.' Initial reaction from the business world, which
hopes the decision will attract more foreign investment, was
positive. While most commentaries focused on the positive
aspects of the report, Murat Yetkin of "Radikal" highlighted
what he believes are `double standards' with regard to the
free movement of labor and agricultural issues. "Hurriyet"
Ankara bureau chief Sedat Ergin cautioned that Ankara would
not be pleased by the Commission report's language
concerning ethnic and religious minorities. Ergin also
commented that some in the military would be uncomfortable
with the implication that the military's role should be
Many commentators expressed concern that the accession
negotiations will be an open-ended process, and that talks
could be halted in the event of a serious violation of
freedoms and human rights. Papers note that the EU
Commission, through a new Accession Partnership Document to
be presented to Turkey in 2005, will outline new
`expectations' from Ankara before full admission. The media
expect the EU to step up pressure on Ankara to recognize the
Republic of Cyprus. Papers also highlight that the
Commission report described both Kurds and Alevis in Turkey
as `minorities.' EU Commission representative in Ankara,
Hans Jorg Kretschmer, said on Wednesday that the EU expects
more to be done with regard to education and broadcast in
mother tongues. PM Erdogan told the press in Strasbourg
that Turkey would continue to curb torture, and pledged to
expand religious freedoms. Meanwhile, Dutch FM Bernard Bot,
the EU term president, said he expects EU negotiations with
Turkey to start in the second half of 2005. Bot stressed
that Turkey can join the EU if it meets all required
political, economic, and social conditions, but noted that
`there is no certainty about EU entry.' A news commentary
in "Cumhuriyet" applauds Washington's `sophisticated'
lobbying activities for supporting Ankara's EU bid.
Diplomatic sources told "Cumhuriyet" that President Bush,
Secretary Powell, and National Security Adviser Dr. Rice
have contacted high-level EU officials in support of
EDITORIAL OPINION: EU-Turkey
Hadi Uluengin wrote from Brussels in the mass appeal
"Hurriyet" (10/7): "The next 70 days are significantly
important for Turkey's EU vision. Barring some kind of
`train wreck,' December 17 will be the day that Ankara will
learn it can start accession negotiations in early 2005.
There is no need quibble about the negative aspects of the
EU commission report. The fact is that Turkey managed to
overcome the first hurdle, and we all have to look on the
bright side. Turkey should focus on successfully overcoming
the next hurdle on December 17."
"Conditions in the Report"
Sami Kohen noted in the mass appeal "Milliyet" (10/7):
"There is a discriminatory approach in the report,
especially on the issue of the free circulation of labor.
Preventive measures on this issue are expressed in such a
way that they could be permanent, a practice never applied
to any other EU candidate. Such a condition might be a
relief to the European public, but will certainly create
uneasiness for Turks. . The report also says that `the
outcome of negotiations cannot be guaranteed.' This is
another statement that will cause concerns in Turkey. .
There is still a chance to eliminate those conditions or
make them ineffective. It remains to be seen if EU leaders
will take steps in this regard, or whether they will make
the conditions even heavier. All of this calls for some
very hard work by Turkish diplomacy."
"A Revolutionary Process"
Ergun Babahan commented in the mass appeal "Sabah" (10/7):
"This is a very important step, which has paved the way for
the start of negotiations. Once the negotiations process is
started with the EU, we are all going to witness a Turkey
that is rapidly changing for the better. The result will be
a democratic country with greater prosperity and
contemporary values. We are going to see a revolutionary
process of democratic change."
"The EU Report and Sarkozy"
Fikret Ertan wrote in the Islamist-intellectual "Zaman"
(10/7): "The Commission report is not a surprise. Turkey
completed the necessary reforms and has become eligible for
the start of negotiations. This is an important decision,
but one that should not be exaggerated. In fact, Turkey
should focus on the next step, which will be more
determinative and faces larger obstacles. One of the
biggest hurdles is the ongoing referendum debate led by
France. The Turkish public should get to know the important
French political figure who initiated the whole referendum
controversy -- French Finance Minister Nicolas Sarkozy, who
aspires to be President of France."
"It is still a long and thorny path"
Fehmi Koru wrote in the Islamist-opinion maker "Yeni Safak"
(10/7): "The report contains some skillful diplomatic
language. The EU Commission managed to address all of the
various strains of thought in the Union. The upcoming
process and the December 17 summit are the most important
benchmarks for success. Turkey should shape its vision to
be able to make the best gains out of the summit. The
required steps for the success should be taken as soon as
possible. . Turkey is aware of the fact that EU membership
process is a long and thorny path. There have been some
significant gains since the day Turkey officially applied to
be a member, but even today the road is still long and
"EU Report and Illusions"
Orhan Karatas argued in the nationalist "Ortadogu" (10/7):
"EU officials are revealing their real intentions only on
non-official occasions, during which they reflect the anti-
Turkish sentiment within the Union. In other words, EU
officials are warning Turkey to be prepared for the
possibility that it will never be admitted as a full member.
Some members are even arguing about whether or not Turkey
should be given a negotiation date. France is one of many
examples, and we can add Holland, Belgium, Greece and the
Greek Cypriots to the list. Who can really believe that we
will convince them all and be admitted to the EU? To
believe this is to live under an illusion. . Let's be
honest: this is just a report issued by the EU Commission,
and does not represent a binding decision. After making
such important sacrifices, what Turkey has gotten is a
report that is full of conditions. This is an indication of
how Turkey will be treated in the decision process on