Cablegate: Yemen: Addendum to the 2004 Annual Terrorism Report

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.




E.O. 12958: N/A

REF: A. STATE 245841
B. SANAA 2328
C. SANAA 2021
D. SANAA 2535

1. Below is the text of Post's addendum to the 2004 Yemen
submission to the annual terrorism report. The text of the
report and the addendum have also been forwarded to CT POCs
via e-mail. Report sent septel.

The M/V Limburg Trial

2. For more detailed information on the M/V Limburg trial see
refs B and C. Details of convictions as follows:

-- Omer Sa'id Jarallah, Fawzi al-Hababi, Mohammed al-Ammari,
Fawzi al-Wajid Yasser Ali al-Madani were sentence to ten
years in prison for their role in the 2002 attack on the
French tanker the M/V Limburg.

-- Fawza al-Rabi'ea and Abu Bakr al-Rabi'ea were sentence to
ten years in prison for plotting to attack the Civil Aviation
and Meteorology Authority.

-- Ibrahim al-Howeid, Aref Saleh Mujalli, Mohammed Ali
al-Daylami, Qassem al-Rayni, and Abdul-Ghani Dhayfan were
sentenced to five years in prison for plotting to attack
foreign embassies in Sanaa and to kill the U.S. Ambassador to

-- Salim al-Dulaymi and Khalid al-Juloab were sentence to
three years in prison for forging documents for the purpose
of carrying out terrorist attacks.

-- Hizam Mujallad was sentence to death for the killing of a
Ministry of Interior police officer while fleeing the attack
on a Hunt Oil helicopter.

The USS Cole Trial

3. For more detailed information on the USS Cole trial see
ref D. The FBI provided the Attorney General's office with
extensive case and DNA evidence to assure that the ROYG has
all information required for prosecution, and assisted with
courtroom security. Details of convictions as follows:

-- Ring leaders Jamal Badawi and Abd al-Rahim Nashiri (in
absentia) received death sentences.

-- Fahd al-Quso was sentence to ten years in prison for
involvement in planning the attack.

-- Ali Muhammed al-Murrakkab and Murad al-Surouri received
were sentence to five years in prison for indirect
involvement in planning the attack.

-- Mamoun al-Mussawah was sentence to 8 years in prison for
planning the attack.

Jabber al-Banna

4. Al-Banna is a dual U.S. - Yemeni national. Despite
Post,s continued calls for his extradition to the U.S., the
ROYG maintains that it is constitutionally precluded from
allowing it. Post continues to work for his extradition.

Response of Judicial System to Terrorism

5. The judicial system is slow and prosecution of terrorism
cases is conducted on an ad-hoc basis. The judicial system
is subject to frequent interference by the Executive Branch.
There is no term for terrorism under Yemeni law and CT
related cases are prosecuted in the same manner as all
criminal cases, with the exception that they are tried in a
special penal court for "public danger.8 There are reports
that the Ministry of Interior is authoring a new Terrorism
Law, but it has yet to be considered by Parliament.

Major Impediments to Prosecution

6. On paper the Attorney General's Office (AG) is the primary
investigative body. In practice, the Ministry of Interior's
(MOI) Political Security Organization (PSO) conducts a
"mirror process" and like the AG's office, the PSO has its
own detention and investigation procedures. PSO holds
suspects indefinitely, whereas the AG must make a case
against an individual or release him within 180 days. There
is little or no cooperation between the PSO and the AG and
often the cases of terror suspects are passed to the AG from
the PSO to make a determination on prosecution without the
sharing of any case evident.

Extradition and assistance to U.S, requests

7. It is extremely difficult to extradite a suspect with
Yemeni citizenship. The Yemeni Constitution specifically
prohibits extradition. Negotiations are currently under way
between the ROYG and USG redress the situation.

Use of intelligence in investigation

8. It appears that the Cole and Limburg trials were conducted
without the use of intelligence, although the suspects were
in PSO custody prior to trial. There are no restrictions on
wiretapping and interception of communication.

ROYG efforts to investigate terrorism

9. A new unit was created in the Ministry of Interior to
investigate terrorism in November of this year. Post does
not know yet if this unit will be effective. LEGATT has
requested to establish a cooperative relationship with the
new unit.

Insurgency not related to GWOT

10. From June until early September, the ROYG Military and
the Central Security Forces (CSF) were engaged in an
increasingly bloody effort to put down an uprising in the
Northern region of Sa'ada. The insurgency was led by
anti-American Shi'ite cleric Hussein Badr al Dein al-Houthi.
Several hundred died on each side before the conflict ended
September 10 with the fatal shooting of al-Houthi by Yemeni
forces CSF attempting to capture him.

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