Cablegate: Egypt: Bank Privatization Update
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 CAIRO 005941
STATE FOR NEA/ELA, NEA/RA, AND EB/IDF
USAID FOR ANE/MEA MCCLOUD
USTR FOR SAUMS
TREASURY FOR MILLS/NUGENT/PETERS
COMMERCE FOR 4520/ITA/ANESA/TALAAT
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: ECON EFIN ETRD EINV EG
SUBJECT: EGYPT: BANK PRIVATIZATION UPDATE
Sensitive but Unclassified. Please protect accordingly.
Ref: Cairo 5350
1. (SBU) In early July the Ministry of Investment (MOI)
announced the choice of Citibank as the financial advisor
for privatization of the Bank of Alexandria (BOA), the first
of Egypt's "big four" public banks scheduled for
privatization. Bids will be considered in September, with
the goal of completing the privatization by the end of 2005.
The GOE plans to sell the bank to a strategic investor,
preferably an international bank. Some bank managers have
questioned this plan, claiming that privatization through an
offering of shares on the stock market would be preferable,
as it would increase market depth and allow trading of other
banks' shares on Egypt's exchange. Sale of public stakes in
joint venture banks has also advanced significantly in the
last few months, with one of the biggest joint ventures,
National Societe General Bank, now fully privatized.
Progress on privatization has sent a positive signal to
international investors. Some banking contacts doubt,
however, that the GOE - after selling off its weakest banks
and addressing non-performing loans - will be prepared to
complete privatization by selling off its strongest public
banks. End summary.
Progress on Bank of Alexandria Privatization
2. (U) On July 5, 2005 the MOI announced the choice of
Citigroup International as the financial advisor for the
sale of BOA, the first of Egypt's "big four" public banks to
be privatized (Note: the other three of the "big four" are
National Bank of Egypt (NBE), Bank Misr and Banque du Caire,
in order of size). A committee of representatives from MOI,
BOA and the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE), chaired by CBE,
reviewed initial offers from eight investment banks to act
as financial advisor. The committee short-listed three -
Deutsche Bank, JP Morgan, and Citigroup - before selecting
3. (U) As financial advisor, Citigroup is charged with:
- Conducting a total review of the bank's operations and
prospects for future development;
- Recommending a policy and method of sale to the private
- Preparing a valuation based on the bank's financial
position and conditions of the market and similar markets;
- Preparing sale documents including an information
- Conducting a promotional campaign in international
- Managing the process through the final sale.
4. (SBU) According to BOA, Citigroup will work with BOA's
auditor, KPMG International, and an international legal
advisor to prepare promotional information for the sale.
The request for bids is scheduled for issuance in September,
with the goal of concluding the deal by the end of 2005.
Minister of Investment Mohieldin told USG officials in a
recent meeting that he expected the privatization to be
completed on schedule or by early 2006 at the latest.
5. (SBU) In preparation for the sale of BOA, one of its
main subsidiaries, Egyptian-American Bank (EAB) was recently
merged with another subsidiary, American Express Bank, in an
$8 million deal completed June 30. BOA, which owns 33% of
EAB, now plans to sell its stake in EAB by the end of 2005.
The Managing Director of EAB, Roderick Richards, recently
told econoff that the information memorandum for the sale
would be issued soon and that he had already received
several inquiries from potential buyers. Credit Suisse is
acting as financial advisor for the sale.
Strategic Investor vs. IPO
6. (SBU) Prime Minister Nazif, CBE Governor El Okdah, and
BOA Chairman Abdel Latif have all made public statements
indicating that BOA would be sold to a strategic investor,
with a possible initial public offering (IPO) of shares on
the Cairo and Alexandria Stock Exchange (CASE) at a later
stage. CBE Deputy Governor Tarek Amer recently told econoff
that the GOE is hoping to sell BOA to a large international
bank to increase competition, and thus overall efficiency,
in Egypt's banking sector and help solidify investor
confidence in Egypt's economy.
7. (SBU) Some bank managers have expressed concern about
the GOE's plan to sell BOA to a strategic investor. Hisham
Ezz El Arab, Chairman of Commercial International Bank
(CIB), told econoff that he would prefer BOA be privatized
through an IPO. Ezz El Arab was concerned that CIB, as one
of the few banks traded on the CASE, was becoming
overexposed in the market. Listing BOA on the exchange
would reduce the risk of overexposure for other banks listed
on the exchange, adding depth to the market and increasing
trading volume. Ezz El Arab noted, however, that the GOE
was fixated on bringing an international bank into Egypt's
market, in large part for the value added in the banking
sector's operations and the symbolic value. Other senior
bank managers and some CBE officials have echoed Ezz El
Arab's view that an IPO - or at least an IPO after sale to a
strategic investor - would be preferable to an exclusive
sale to a strategic investor.
Progress on Privatization of Joint Venture Banks
8. (U) As part of the GOE's overall plan to restructure
Egypt's banking sector, CBE Governor El Okdah has called on
the big four public banks to divest their stakes in joint
venture (JV) banks within the next two to three years,
starting with the four largest of the JV banks:
- Misr International Bank (MIBANK), 26% owned by Bank
- Commercial International Bank, 18.5% owned by NBE;
- National Societe Generale Bank (NSGB), 18% owned
(formerly) by NBE; and
- BNP Paribas, 12% owned by Banque du Caire.
In a recent public statement, El Okdah said that a total of
nine JVs would be privatized by the end of 2005.
9. (U) Progress on divestiture of public shares in JV banks
has been steady over the last several months. In February,
the French Societe General Bank (SGB) acquired 24% of NSGB.
SGB purchased NBE's 18% stake in the bank and 6% of the
shares of private investors, for a total of LE 714 million.
Sale of NBE's 18% stake generated LE 535.6 million in
revenues for the GOE. SGB now owns 78% of NSGB, with the
remaining shares freely floating on the stock exchange.
NSGB is the second largest private sector bank in Egypt
10. (U) CIB is currently working with financial advisor
Goldman Sachs to find a strategic partner to buy NBE's 18.5%
stake in CIB. CIB Chairman Ezz El Arab has indicated that
he would like to find a partner that will bring value-added
to CIB's operations and future prospects. Goldman Sachs is
expected to find a foreign partner by the end of 2005, and
until then, CIB is continuing to restructure and modernize
its domestic and regional banking operations.
11. (U) At the end of July, CBE short-listed two banks -
BNP Paribas and SGB - to buy Bank Misr's 26% of MIBANK.
Bank Misr is also in the process of selling its 51.3% stake
in another JV bank, Bank Misr Romania. Bank Misr employed
investment firm EFG-Hermes to evaluate and promote Bank Misr
Romania in preparation for its eventual sale. In addition
to selling its shares in JV banks, Bank Misr is in various
stages of merger with a number of smaller banks, including
Mohandes Bank and Misr Exterior Bank.
12. (SBU) Among the most difficult issues confronting the
GOE in the privatization process is the non-performing loan
(NPL) portfolios of the public banks. The CBE has begun to
address this issue by establishing a special unit to handle
NPLs. The unit recently launched an arbitration mechanism
designed to speed up settlement of NPLs. CBE Governor El
Okdah, speaking before the Economic Committee of parliament
in late July, stated that LE 15 billion in NPLs had already
been settled, and predicted that 26% of the public banks'
NPLs would be settled by the end of 2005. El Okdah aims to
have the total public banking sector's NPL portfolio
resolved within the next 18 months. To complement these
efforts, El Okdah and Minister of Finance Youssef Boutros
Ghali have indicated to USG officials that the GOE intends
to issue a bond, the proceeds of which would be used to re-
capitalize the public banks.
13. (SBU) The progress the GOE has made on bank
privatization in a relatively short period of time has sent
encouraging signals to foreign investors, who now appear
lined up to enter Egypt's market. The jury is still out,
however, on how quickly the GOE will privatize the remaining
public banks once the sale of BOA is completed. Banking
sector contacts have indicated that Banque du Caire is next
on MOI's list for privatization, but some believe the GOE
will stop short of selling Bank Misr and, in particular,
NBE, which is viewed as the "champion" of the banking
sector. International banking experts, however, are still
being hired, with support from the EU and European Central
Bank, to assist in the restructuring of the public banks.
Further developments in banking sector reform will be