Cablegate: Incsr/Poland - Post Input for 2008-2009


DE RUEHWR #1327/01 3250647
R 200647Z NOV 08




E.O. 12958: N/A

B. SECSTATE 103813

1. (SBU) Per ref A guidance, the following is Embassy
Warsaw's submission for Part I of the 2008-2009 International
Narcotics Strategy Report (INCSR). Post's submission for
Part II will follow septel.

2. (SBU) Begin text:

I. Summary

Poland has traditionally been a transit country for drug
trafficking. As economic conditions improve, it is
increasingly a more significant consumer of narcotics and
producer of amphetamines. The Government of Poland has a
comprehensive demand reduction program and integration into
the European Union's Schengen zone appears to have improved
law enforcement capabilities against narcotics trafficking.

II. Status of Country

In 2008, no significant changes were made in legislation.
Compared to 2006, public expenditures on counternarcotics
programs decreased in 2007. Polish law enforcement agencies
have been successful in breaking up organized crime
syndicates involved in drug trafficking, yet trafficking
activities continue to become more sophisticated and global
in nature. According to mid-year statistics provided by the
Polish National Police (PNP), drug-related crimes have
decreased since Poland's accession to the European Union's
Schengen zone, which the PNP attribute to better information
sharing via the EU's Schengen Information System. Police
officials acknowledge that their statistics probably do not
reflect the full scale of narcotics transiting through
Poland, which according to anecdotal information appears to
be constant or even slightly on the rise. Cooperation
between USG officials and Polish law enforcement has been
consistent and Poland's EU accession in 2004 accelerated GoP
diligence on narcotics policy.

III. Country Actions Against Drugs in 2008

Budget: 2007 expenditures on the National Program for
Counteracting Drug Addiction totaled approximately 136.5
million PLN (approx. 58 million USD). This figure includes
expenditures of the National Bureau for Drug Prevention,
National AIDS Center, the Institute of Psychiatry and
Neurology, Border Guards, the National Health Fund,
provincial and municipal Governments, various training
programs, and many other associated expenses. Starting in
2007, this figure excludes Police Headquarters and Central
Management Board of Prison Service expenses, partially
explaining the large decrease in expenditures from 2006
expenditures of 321 million PLN (approx. 137 million USD).
The National Health Fund's 2007 expenditures rose for the
first time since 2004 by 2 Million PLN since 2006.

Legislation: There have been no major changes in
legislation. The Ministry of Health continues to seek to
enact its National Plans on HIV and AIDS. In 2008, the
Justice Ministry established a special inter-ministerial
group to revise the 2005 Law on Combating Drug Addiction and
to encourage alternative forms of punishment to incarceration
for drug addicts or possession offenders. Although under
current law, offenders can be required to attend specialized
therapy and have their cases suspended or dropped if therapy
succeeds, this option is rarely utilized. Polish law permits
the use of informants, telephone taps, and controlled
deliveries to fight international crime, and a witness
protection program is in place. The maximum sentences for
narcotics trafficking is 15 years, while the maximum sentence
for trading in narcotics is 10 years. All forms of
possession are punishable.

Agreements and Treaties: Poland has fulfilled requirements to
harmonize its laws with the EU's Drug Policy and closely
cooperates with the EU Monitoring Center on Drugs in Lisbon.
In 2006, Poland ratified the UN Convention Against
Corruption. Poland is a party to the 1988 UN Drug
Convention, the 1971 UN Convention on Psychotropic
Substances, and the 1961 UN Single Convention, as amended by
the 1972 Protocol. Poland is also a member of the Dublin

Group. An extradition treaty is in force between the U.S.
and Poland.

Jurisdiction: Administrative controls for programs like
demand reduction and health care are largely decentralized,
while law enforcement efforts remain centralized and
hierarchical in nature. Demand reduction programs are
managed by the Health Ministry's National Bureau for Drug
Addiction (NBDA) and provincial and municipal governments,
and are intended to target local populations. In contrast,
regional law enforcement offices are required to coordinate
most activities with Warsaw, which hinders the development of
investigations and evidence collection. Cooperation between
regional law enforcement offices at times is also limited by
the centralized structure. This centralization of power in
Warsaw appears to have strengthened since the November 2007
election of Prime Minister Donald Tusk.

Law Enforcement: According to PNP mid-year statistics, since
Poland,s December 2007 accession to the EU's Schengen zone,
drug-related crimes committed in Poland have dropped by 22
percent. The PNP attribute this drop to better access to
information from the Schengen Information System. However,
anecdotal information indicates that Poland's role as a
transit nation has remained constant or might even be on the
rise. More comprehensive analysis of the impact of Schengen
is not expected to be available until 2009. Poland works
with Interpol and EUROPOL to combat transnational narcotics
trade. Poland also cooperates with several neighboring
countries on counternarcotics programs, including Project
Eagle, a Polish-Swedish project against trafficking of
amphetamines. One sign of the success of local law
enforcement in uncovering amphetamine labs is the relocation
of labs from Warsaw to more remote, rural areas.

Accomplishments: From the beginning of 2008 through the end
of October, the PNP closed down 10 amphetamine labs. In
2007, 27,936 suspects were identified as being involved in
drug-related crimes, including 2,945 underage suspects, and
there was evidence of over 63,007 drug-related crimes. In
September 2008, four tons of hashish worth 120 million PLN
(approx. 51 Million USD) was seized in Germany, as the result
of cooperation between the Polish Central Bureau of
Investigation (CBS) and German and Dutch Police. On the
basis of recent seizures, the Polish CBS assesses that it has
managed to stem the flow of narcotics from Pakistan to
Western Europe. In July, the Polish daily newspaper
'Rzeczpospolita' reported that new routes for transporting
cocaine and marijuana from Africa through Poland into Western
Europe had emerged. There were indications of the emergence
of a shipment route for hashish from Morocco to Poland: in
April 2007 the Dutch Border Guard's seized a 44 million PLN
(approx. 19 Million USD) drug shipment destined for Poland,
and in May 2007 CBS arrested four people suspected of
smuggling 1.5 tons of hashish from Morocco to Poland.

Production and Transit: Synthetic drugs, particularly
amphetamines, are manufactured in Poland in small-scale
kitchen operations. The quality of amphetamines in Poland
tends to be high as a result of double distillation, making
Polish amphetamines competitive with cheaper, large-scale
production amphetamines from Belgium or the Netherlands. A
significant percentage of Polish-produced amphetamines are
exported to Scandinavia. Precursors for amphetamines are not
locally available and must be imported from other countries.
The profitability of Poland's small amphetamine labs remains
low. Shipments of heroin, hashish, cocaine, and ecstasy
frequently transit the country, destined for Western Europe.
Ecstasy prices in Poland in 2007 ranged from 15 to 40 PLN
(approx. 6.50 to 17 USD) per pill and can be bought wholesale
for 8 PLN (approx. 3.40 USD). Opium originating from
Afghanistan and Pakistan is also frequently shipped through
Poland to Western Europe.

Domestic Programs: The NBDA has a comprehensive plan for
reducing drug addiction and programs to discourage new users.
The GoP estimates there are between 100,000 and 120,000 drug
users in Poland. In 2007, 85 drug-free residential facilities
were in operation, and 13,000 addicts were successfully
treated in 2006. An additional 169 outpatient clinics were
in operation. In 2007, three new methadone programs were
launched, bringing Poland to 15 active substitution treatment
programs offered in 1230 centers around the country.
Notwithstanding the extensive treatment programs, a gap
exists between prison substitution programs and general
programs which can lead to attrition. In 2007, the National
Bureau for Drug Prevention co-financed the implementation of
prevention programs for at-risk children and adolescents,
focusing on recreational drug use. Programs like Monar,

which targets discotheques and clubs, and Parasol, which
focuses on commercial sex workers, are two of the seven
demand reduction programs. The National Bureau for Drug
Prevention also launched a "Watch Your Drink" program to
combat date rape drugs like GHB, ketamine, and rohypnol.

III. Money Laundering

GoP efforts to combat money laundering will be addressed in
septel response to ref B.

IV. U.S. Policy Initiatives and Programs

Bilateral Cooperation: Bilateral cooperation between U.S.
and Polish counternarcotics agencies remains strong,
especially since the stationing of two DEA officers in Warsaw
in 2005. One of the challenges to cooperation on a policy
level remains the high turnover of senior- and
managerial-level counterparts. Differences between the U.S.
and Polish judicial systems continue to make cooperation and
investigation of some leads problematic. Nonetheless, DEA
and LEGAT assess that there is good cooperation at the
working level. Cooperation has also been effective in cases
where the USG has been able to supplement Polish resources
and capabilities and to coordinate regional and
intercontinental investigations. In 2008, the PNP cooperated
with DEA in several narcotics investigations targeting
criminal organizations that import controlled substances into
and through Poland.

The Road Ahead: Given Poland's predominant role as a transit
country, post will continue to promote regional cooperation
and focus on providing training that promotes integrated
interdiction efforts. Additionally, post will continue to
advocate judicial reform measures that enable more efficient
investigations and ensure more effective punishment for
narcotics traffickers.

V. Chemical Control

Because of the prominence of amphetamine production
in-country and frequent transit of precursor shipments to
Western Europe, Poland is active in monitoring and
controlling the flow of precursor substances. Poland is a
member of EUROPOL's Analysis Work File (AWF) program called
Project Synergy, which focuses on synthetic drugs. It
participates in TRAP, a bilateral Polish-Lithuanian program
operating under BALTCOM, the Task Force on Organized Crime in
the Baltic Sea Region. TRAP targets BMK (benzyl methyl
ketone, an amphetamine precursor) trafficking to the EU,
particularly to Belgium and the Netherlands, from Russia.
Poland also has bilateral programs in place with Russia to
improve cooperation on the expert level for the prosecution
of narcotics cases, which have been implemented in cases
related to Phenyl-2-Propanone (P2P) smuggling through
Lithuania, Ukraine and Belarus.

End text.

© Scoop Media

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