Cablegate: Readout of 1540 Experts Meeting in Berlin


DE RUEHRL #1412/01 3101556
R 061556Z NOV 09



E.O. 12958: N/A

1. (U) Summary. UNSCR 1540 implementation experts from the
G8 met in Berlin from October 22-23, 2009 at the invitation
of the German Foreign Office. All participants felt this was
a useful and successful undertaking. The purpose of the
meeting was to exchange views on the status of 1540
implementation, share information about their ongoing and
planned activities supporting 1540 implementation, and
generate ideas for the way ahead and a G8 response to the
1540 Committee,s letter to the G8 of August 14, 2008. The
meeting was not intended to make formal decisions or
recommendations. See para 7 for way ahead ideas. End

General Background on Outcomes

2. (U) Participants noted that while there have been some
signs of progress in 1540 implementation (such as more states
adopting legislation with regard to various aspects of the
resolution) there still are considerable gaps in
implementation and that the quality of reporting to the 1540
Committee is highly variable. They also noted that even
though states may adopt legislation, it may not always be
followed with effective implementation. Key areas noted:

-- Outreach and assistance projects have helped to raise
awareness of 1540 obligations and promote the implementation
of some of its key substantive obligations. Over time,
projects should move towards detailed implementation. There
was general agreement that the 1540 Committee has focused
primarily on export controls and border controls to date, and
that attention is needed on all areas involving obligations
imposed by UNSCR 1540 on Member States. These areas include,
among others, border controls, proliferation financing,
effective measures to account for and secure WMD-related
items in production, use, storage or transport, and effective
physical protection measures. This effort will require
stronger, ongoing regional and bilateral efforts, engagement
of officials from across a range of government departments
responsible for 1540-related obligations (e.g. foreign
affairs, customs, and transportation), and tailored
activities such as country-visits by experts.

-- Participants discussed the prominent role of the 1540
Committee in implementation, and the support of the UNODA for
several outreach events. The limited capacity of these bodies
-- for instance, the Committee has only eight experts and an
annual budget of less than US $2 million -- was noted. The
Committee performs an important clearing-house function for
offers of and requests for assistance. Participants observed
that coordination in this mechanism could be improved,
entailing more timely processing of assistance offers and
requests, and in the future perhaps active match-making
between the two.

-- Attendees agreed that the G8 can be more effective in
advancing 1540 implementation than issuing an annual demarche
to non-reporting states. To achieve this objective, they
surveyed a range of options for sustainable action on the
national level, with regional organizations and international
organizations, possibly including NGOs, and among the G8.

Options For Future Consideration

3. (U) The following items were raised as potential areas for
further consideration. Consistent with the G8,s emphasis on
consensus, no state was bound to support or participate in
the following items. The German MFA indicated that it would
provide these ideas informally to the Nonproliferation
Director,s Group (NPDG).

4. (U) Tools

-- Adjust strategy of demarching non-reporting states. This
could include demarching reporting states with regional
influence and/or regional organizations that may be able to
encourage non-reporting neighbors and members to change their

-- Update information on opportunities for direct assistance,
assistance through international organizations, and points of
contact for the 1540 Committee website, and engage the 1540
Committee to ensure that these updates are posted promptly.

-- Consult internally on possible development of lists of
1540 implementation experts who could be drawn upon to
provide capacity-building information to states which request
it. The modalities of these requests would still require
discussion, and the role of national points of contact in
facilitating assistance requests should be respected.

-- Agree on procedures for providing information on 1540
assistance activities to other G8 members to review overlap
and identify potential areas of coordination and
specialization, and then consult informally with the 1540
Committee and its experts.

-- Review opportunities to prepare summary action plans to
demonstrate G8 leadership and engage the G20. Such leadership
could help to catalyze other states to also file these
reports, which would assist them in identifying their
capacity-building requirements.

5. (U) Funding

-- Following UNSCR 1887 and acknowledging the capacity
limitations of the 1540 Committee, continue to explore
options for sustainable funding for 1540 capacity-building.
These options could include a new 1540 voluntary fund, the
use of existing UN-based funding mechanisms, and the Global
Partnership Program.

6. (U) Engagement

-- Prepare a reply under the G8 Presidency to the 1540
Committee Chair,s letter of August 14, 2008, outlining the
G8,s responses to the 1540 Committee,s specific items for
consideration (incorporating capacity-building to enhance
implementation of the resolution in its own discussions and
activities; information from G8 member states on their
technical assistance programs; promoting states, reporting;
summary action plans; working with relevant regional
international and regional organizations to promote 1540
implementation; and information on 1540-related training
events or workshops that G8 member-states are organizing).

-- Hold a follow-up meeting of the G8,s 1540 implementation
experts in the first quarter of 2010 to review progress.

-- Approach the 1540 Committee regarding a potential meeting
with the larger community of 1540 partners to discuss
respective planned projects and coordination issues.

-- Hold a meeting between the 2010 G8 Presidency and the 1540
Committee Chair to discuss the G8,s contribution to 1540
implementation and opportunities for further work together,
and/or invite the Chair to a NPDG meeting after the
completion of the Comprehensive Review report.

Way Ahead

7. (U) We asked Germany and Canada to support the summary as
a first-step in an informal process to gain good ideas and
not to haggle over wording in an outcome document. Canada
particularly noted its frustration with the NPDG group
meeting conducting too many drafting sessions. We
underscored our support and that this was an expert-level
brainstorming and not redefining 1540. Canada helped
considerably to set agenda in tandem with Italy as a smooth
transition between Presidencies. Canada wants to work hard
on UNSCR 1540 among other items in its Presidency. Japan
thought US-Japan export control outreach coordination was
quite good and Deputy Director Church encouraged improvement
of information-sharing and seeking to coordinate as early as
possible, ideally during the planning process. UK, France,
and EU Council reps discussed separately the future of
funding and we agreed that there needed to be a small group
meeting to further refine a joint strategy -- before the EU
issues its next joint action on UNSCR 1540. Among all the
issues discussed the immediate three priorities were:

-- To endorse a follow-on meeting to coincide before or after
the March NPDG -- to turn this first effort into building on
the ideas outlined above and to put them into some practical
application before the next G8 Summit.

-- Support G8 Presidency communicating with 1540 Committee on
behalf of G8, and to share a summary with the Committee.

-- Last, Russian participation was one of listening per
admitted instructions from Moscow by the attendee. However,
we noted to him that we are comfortable with all the ideas
proposed and view them as consistent with the UNSCR 1540
Program of Work, UNSCR 1887, and the letter from the
Committee to the G8 (all which Russia approved by consensus).

8. (U) This cable was cleared with the 1540 Coordinator,
Thomas Wuchte.

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