Cablegate: Un Stresses Need for Monuc to Support Kimia Ii;
PP RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMA RUEHMR RUEHPA RUEHRN RUEHTRO
DE RUCNDT #1061 3250057
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 210057Z NOV 09
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO RUEHLGB/AMEMBASSY KIGALI PRIORITY 0358
RUEHKI/AMEMBASSY KINSHASA PRIORITY 2034
RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7680
INFO RUEHZO/AFRICAN UNION COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
UNCLAS USUN NEW YORK 001061
E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL UNSC XY CG RW
SUBJECT: UN STRESSES NEED FOR MONUC TO SUPPORT KIMIA II;
REF: TURNER/IO UNCLASS EMAIL: 11/19/09 2:27 PM
1. (SBU) SUMMARY: DPKO A/SYG Mulet requested continued
Security Council support for MONUC's assistance to DRC army's
(FARDC) "Kimia II" operation against the FLDR. He said both
military and political pressure were needed to address the
FDLR threat, and outlined MONUC's plan to clear out the FDLR,
hold gained ground, and build DRC's security sector capacity.
Mulet acknowledged the heavy humanitarian toll caused by the
operations. He said MONUC and the UN Office of Legal Affairs
had issued a policy paper which stipulated MONUC's
conditionality in its support to the FARDC. All Council
members encouraged MONUC to continue to support the FARDC in
Kimia II, while calling for increased civilian protection.
THE UN SAYS KIMIA II NEEDS MILITARY SUPPORT...
2. (SBU) DPKO A/SYG Mulet briefed the Council on November 19
in closed consultations on MONUC's involvement with the DRC
army's (FARDC) "Kimia II" operation against the Hutu-rebel
group FDLR in the Kivus (see ref. email for full briefing
text). Mulet stressed the need for continued MONUC
participation in Kimia II, even though some UN bodies and
many NGOs were calling for MONUC to withdraw its support. He
said military pressure is working and yielding concrete
3. (SBU) Mulet said that suspending MONUC support for the
operation could encourage the FDLR. He cited the October 19
suspension of Kimia II to allow EUSEC to conduct a census on
newly integrated combatants, which resulted in the FDLR
attacking FARDC positions. Mulet commented that the UN
recognized that no lasting peace in eastern DRC could be
established without addressing the presence of the FDLR.
...AS WELL AS POLITICAL SUPPORT
4. (SBU) Mulet noted that military action was not sufficient,
and called for increased political pressure against the FDLR
Diaspora, which funded and directed many FDLR activities in
the Kivus. Mulet acknowledged many grave human rights
abuses, and expected more reports to come.
MONUC'S PLAN-INCLUDES GREATER CONDITIONALITY
5. (SBU) Mulet outlined MONUC's plan as: 1) help the FARDC
clear areas of the FDLR; 2) assist the FARDC in holding areas
taken through military operations; and 3) build capacity in
the DRC security sector, especially in the east. Mulet said
that MONUC and the UN Office of Legal Affairs had written a
policy paper which states, inter alia, that no UN support
would be available to FARDC elements if there existed a
substantial belief of a risk of human rights or other
violations. Mulet reported that the UN will send an
inter-agency team to the DRC to explore how to best implement
its conditionality policy with the FARDC.
DRC AND RWANDA MUST DEFINE END STATE FOR FDLR, INCREASE DDRRR
6. (SBU) Mulet said that the UN will work with both the GDRC
and the Rwandan government to define the end state for
addressing the FDLR issue. He noted that at present there is
no plan for when operations against the FDLR should end.
Mulet also said that MONUC would enhance its efforts with the
DRC and Rwanda to encourage disarmament, demobilization,
repatriation, resettlement, and reintegration (DDRRR).
COUNCIL SUPPORTS MONUC, CALLS FOR GREATER CONDITIONALITY
7. (SBU) All Council members encouraged MONUC to continue to
support the FARDC in Kimia II, and called for increased
civilian protection. Ambassador DiCarlo expressed support
for MONUC's DDRRR efforts, and encouraged it to do even more.
She was joined by most members in calling for increased
conditionality. Austrian PermRep Mayr-Harting said MONUC's
mandate renewal must be comprehensive and should include
protection of civilian requirements from SCR 1894.