Cablegate: Argentina Economic and Financial Review, February 5-February

DE RUEHBU #0168/01 0431817
R 121814Z FEB 10



E.O. 12958: N/A
SUBJECT: Argentina Economic and Financial Review, February 5-February
12, 2010

1. (U) Provided below is Embassy Buenos Aires' Economic and
Financial Review covering the period January February 5-February
12, 2010. The unclassified email version of this report includes
tables and charts tracking Argentine economic developments.
Contact Econ Deputy Jason Witow at to be included
on the email distribution list. This document is sensitive but
unclassified. It should not be disseminated outside of USG
channels or in any public forum without the written concurrence of
the originator. It should not be posted on the internet.

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2. (SBU) In January 2010, the price of a kilo of beef rose between
80-100 % from ARP 7 to 13-15.5 compared to December 2009 prices,
according to the president of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce
of Beef (CICCRA), Miguel Schiaritti. Argentines spend 8% of their
food budgets and 4.5% of their total income on beef, which is
fundamental to the Argentine diet. Economy Minister Boudou
explained that the sharp recent increases in the prices for beef
and milk were "an adjustment," unconnected to inflation, which was
officially pegged at an annual rate of 7.7% for January, half the
rate estimated by most private analysts. Javier Paz of the
consulting firm Ecolatina explained that the rise in beef prices is
a consequence of the reduced availability of beef in the
marketplace, since from 2007 to 2009, livestock fell 13%, from 61
to 53 million head. The newspapers El Cronista and Clarin cited
the severe 2009 drought, the policy of freezing livestock
producers' sale prices, the periodic prohibition of beef exports
(policies begun under the administration of President Nestor
Kirchner in 2006 and continued by President Cristina Kirchner), and
reductions in payments to feedlots as additional reasons for the
price rises.

3. (SBU) Minister of Agriculture Julian Dominguez is currently
working on a plan to increase the supply of beef by stimulating
breeding and discouraging the slaughter of calves. Interior
Secretary Guillermo Moreno reassured meat processing plants and
butchers that current beef prices are seasonal, and will decrease
by March 2010.

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Pensions to rise 8.2% in March

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4. (SBU) President Cristina Kirchner announced February 9 that
incomes for retired citizens and pensioners will rise 8.2%
beginning in March 2010. The minimum monthly income for a
pensioner will increase from ARP 827 to 895, and the maximum will
increase from ARP 6060 to 6558. Almost 6.5 million retired people
and pensioners -- both contributory and non-contributory -- will
benefit, as will over 20,000 Malvinas veterans. According to ANSES
(the National Social Security Administration), monthly retirement
income has gone up about 500% since 2003, from ARP 150 to almost
900. This pension increase is the first of the two increases for
2010 mandated by the Retirement Mobility Law, which went into force
at the end of 2008.

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Argentines cannot afford to buy property

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5. (SBU) According to a study by Reporte Inmobiliario, published
by La Naci????n on February 9, a 60-square-meter apartment in the
of Buenos Aires sells at an average price of USD 78,000. A 15-year
loan for 70% of this value with a 15.2% annual interest rate (lower
than market average) requires a monthly installment of
approximately ARP 3413 (USD 882). Banks require that mortgage
payments not exceed 30% of monthly income, so purchasers must give
proof of monthly income above ARP 11,377 (USD 2,940). A study from
CERX (Centro de Econom????a Regional y Experimental) estimated that
just 5% of the country's households can afford such a loan, and if
the analysis is extended to the rest of the country, just over 10%
of households would be eligible for a loan to buy average-sized

6. (SBU) High interest rates, inequality in the distribution of
wealth, low saving rates, sustained property price rises, peso
devaluation, and reluctance by banks to loosen requirements are the
main factors putting home ownership out of reach for most
Argentines. Mortgages in Argentina comprise just 1.1% of GDP, much
lower than in previous decades and compared to other countries in
the region. Some attribute this to the growing gap between
household income and property values. A study from the Universidad
Argentina de la Empresa (UADE) determined that purchasing power per
square meter fell 55% between 1997 and 2009, and a full 11.3%
between January and October 2009. According to CERX, Argentines
view property as a safe place to put long-term savings. However,
only 14.9% of households save any income, and of those, only a
third buy property. According to, only 17 banks
offer mortgages, be it for purchase, construction, or renovation.
Banco Hipotecario is the most active, followed by Banco Ciudad and
Banco de C????rdoba.

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Industrial productivity decreased 5.9% in 2009

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7. (SBU) According to the Studies Center of the Argentine
Industrial Union (UIA), manufacturing activity decreased by 5.9% in
2009. However, more positively, it noted that activity increased
by13. 1% in December 2009 compared to December 2008. UIA said that
"by maintaining this favorable trend, average quantities produced
in the following months should exceed the results of the first half
of 2008." The UIA cited the world financial crisis and its
negative impact on the Argentine economy as the major cause in the
overall decrease in industrial production in 2009. The December
2009 turnaround is mainly due to the recovery of the iron and
steel, automobile, and metalworking sectors. Despite the 55% y-o-y
decrease in 2009 versus 2008 in the automobile sector, there was a
99% increase in December 2009 compared to a year earlier.

8. (SBU) Exports decreased 20% overall in 2009 versus 2008, but
increased by 67% during the last two months of the year. In
December 2009, imports also increased 4% compared to a year
earlier. While automobile sales decreased 1.4% in 2009, November
and December saw sales increase 21% compared to the same period a
year ago. Metal working production increased 4% y-o-y in December,
while food and beverage production decreased 9.1% in the same

9. (SBU) The Metallurgical Industries Association published a
survey in which 65% of the firms questioned were optimistic that
production will continue to grow in the coming months. 35%
believed that industrial activity will remain static at December
2009 levels and 13.5% believed that production will decrease in

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USDA expects record soybean harvest

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10. (SBU) In its February World Agricultural Supply and Demand
Estimates report, USDA's Argentine soybean forecast remained
unchanged at 53 million tons, a record level. According to a study
published by the Soybean and Corn Advisor, MERCOSUR's total output
will reach 128 million tons, 13 million tons above the regional
record from two years ago. Argentina is currently the world's
third largest soybean exporter, and the world's top soy meal and
soy oil exporter.

11. (SBU) The USDA expects a 9 million-ton wheat harvest, up a
million tons from previous projections, and also revised wheat
export numbers upward from 2.5 to 3.5 million tons. USDA projected
that the corn harvest will reach 17.2 million tons, 2.2 million
more tons than previously expected, with export forecasts going up
from 8 to 9.5 million tons. National estimates put the corn output
at 20 million tons. Regardless of which figure is correct,
Argentina is likely to have a large oversupply of corn. The
government restricts exports to about 3 million tons, and internal
demand amounts to between 7-9 million tons for the year, leaving
5-10 million tons with no market. Internationally, record output
is also expected in the U.S., which will likely accelerate downward
pressure on prices. Local analysts hope that the government will
approve additional export permits for the excess crop.

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12. (SBU) Julio De Vido, Minister of Federal Planning, announced
that the nuclear power plant "Atucha II," located in the province
of Buenos Aires, will come online during the second half of the
year, after decades of delay. The plant will add almost 700 MW of
power to Argentina's electrical power grid (3% of total country's
output) and boost the total nuclear contribution to Argentina's
energy output to about 9%. Companies participating in the project
include Dycasa, Techint, Siemens, Iecsa, and Electroingenier????a,
among others.

13. (SBU) Atucha II's construction began in 1980, with an expected
completion date of 1987, at a total cost of USD 1.8 billion. Work
on the project slowed and was completely halted from 1990- 2004.
Then-President N????stor Kirchner re-launched the project due to a
severe shortage in electrical production. Atucha II's predecessor,
Atucha I, came online in 1974 and currently produces 360 MW of

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