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Cablegate: Uganda: 2010 Trafficking in Persons Report

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INFO IGAD COLLECTIVE
RWANDA COLLECTIVE

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 10 KAMPALA 000426

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DEPT FOR G/TIP

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PHUM KTIP KCRM KFRD KWMN PGOV PREF ELAB SMIG UG
SUBJECT: UGANDA: 2010 TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT

REF: 10 STATE 2094; 09 KAMPALA 163

Embassy POC for Trafficking in Persons (TIP) issues is Political
Officer Trevor Olson, Tel: 256-41-306-214, Mobile: 256-772-220-135,
Fax: 256-41-345-144. Pol/Econ Chief (FS-02), Political Officer
(FS-03), FSN Political Assistant (FSN-11), and Department of
Justice Legal Advisor spent 100 hours combined to prepare this
report. Information provided below is keyed to reftel questions.

25A. Sources of available information include the government of
Uganda's 15-member inter-ministerial Anti-Sacrifice and Trafficking
in Persons task force (ASTP), the Ministry of Gender Labor and
Social Development (MGLSD), the Ugandan Police Force (UPF), the
Ugandan People's Defense Force (UPDF), the judiciary's Directorate
of Public Prosecution (DPP) and Uganda's semi-autonomous Human
Rights Commission (UHRC). Post has found information from these
government offices to be reliable. A number of local, regional and
international NGOs have trafficking prevention, protection, and
legal aid programs (See 28M). Information published or provided by
international NGOs is usually accurate and reliable, while
information from local organizations is often assembled with good
intention but with limited resources and cannot be considered
completely reliable. All organizations are willing to share
information with post and also occasionally publish formal reports
on trafficking. The published reports typically describe
trafficking trends, methods, and victim and trafficker profiles;
some also include broad estimates of the numbers of victims, and
recommended actions for the GOU and other stakeholders. During the
past year organizations which have published reports in the past
refocused their resources to lobby for the passing of the
comprehensive TIP law. As a result, fewer studies were completed.


25B. Uganda is a country of origin, transit, and destination for
children and adults trafficked for commercial sex, forced labor,
and human sacrifice. Citizens of Uganda are both victims and
perpetrators of trafficking in Uganda. Victims were trafficked
within Uganda, within the region, to and from the Middle East,
Asia, and elsewhere. While the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)
continued to abduct children and adults to serve as sex slaves,
porters, and combatants in southern Sudan, the Democratic Republic
of Congo (DRC), and the Central African Republic, there have been
no LRA abductions or attacks in Uganda since 2006. No particular
region or ethnic group within Uganda appeared more susceptible to
trafficking, although local NGOs and Ugandan authorities provided
services to hundreds of child trafficking victims from the Karamoja
region of eastern Uganda during the year. Thirteen women
trafficked to Iraq as domestic laborers were repatriated to Uganda
in 2009. Their case prompted the Ugandan government to cancel the
license of one recruiting agency and suspended the practice of
sending domestic workers to Middle Eastern countries. Authorities
also reported an increase in the number of child sacrifice cases,
and investigated hundreds of incidents of child and human sacrifice
and confirmed 29 occurrences in 2009. The 2009 passage of a TIP
law by Parliament substantially improved the TIP situation in
Uganda by raising public and governmental awareness and giving
authorities new tools to investigate and prosecute trafficking
crimes. Many LRA fighters captured by the Ugandan military in DRC,
CAR, and southern Sudan were abducted as children by the LRA and
are transported back to Uganda by Ugandan authorities, issued
amnesty when requested, and reintegrated into society. The
military's Child Protection Unit in Gulu is typically the first
stop former abductees. In 2009, this unit processed 66 victims
before turning them over to NGO-run reintegration centers. The
Government and donors also provide financial, medical,
psychological, and rehabilitation services to ex-abductees,
including child soldiers, for resettlement into Ugandan society.

25C. Trafficking victims were subjected to hazardous working
conditions, long working hours, imprisonment, and physical abuse.
Commercial sex victims were also subjected to the risk of
contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Ugandans trafficked to
Iraq as domestic workers reported that they were forced to work
long hours, physically and sexually abused, improperly fed, and
locked in their employer's residences. Victims of trafficking for
the purpose of human sacrifice were murdered and subject to removal
or mutilation of body parts and internal organs.

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25D. Girls and boys between the ages of 8 and 18 are the most
vulnerable to trafficking for labor or CSEC, with studies showing
that girls are particularly vulnerable. Women between the ages of
18 and 30 are vulnerable to being trafficked abroad under the cover
of domestic worker contracts. Infants and young children are
vulnerable to trafficking and human sacrifice. Pakistani, Indian,
and Chinese workers are trafficked into Uganda by importers and
construction firms. Police confirm the existence of trafficking
rings in which Indian minors are forced into prostitution or
pornography by Indian traffickers. Vulnerability increases due to
external shocks such as drought and food availability in rural
areas or the disruption of normal migration patterns by the ongoing
disarmament program in the Karamoja region.

25E. The ILO, MGLSD, the Ugandan Police Force (UPF) and local and
international NGOs have identified traffickers as pimps, bar and
brothel owners, employment bureaus, recruitment agencies, formerly
trafficked victims who recruit others, peers and friends of
trafficking victims, intermediaries in villages, businesses
operators, and others. For children under 12 years of age,
traffickers frequently obtained the consent of the parents based on
promises of education or employment. In most situations, parents
placed their children with an intermediary known to the community
such as relatives, peers or well-established individuals. Ugandan
and foreign traffickers may use Ugandan employment agencies to
recruit Ugandan employees for domestic, security or other work
abroad. Local recruiting agencies may or may not know that the
workers will be trafficked upon arrival in the foreign country, and
often are incapable or unwilling to adequately track and monitor
the workers they have recruited once they leave Uganda.

26A: The Ugandan government regards TIP as a serious problem and
has repeatedly exhibited the political will needed to combat
trafficking. For example, Parliament passed comprehensive TIP
legislation in April 2009 that was signed by the President in
October and will enter into force after publication in the
government gazette. The government also created, in February 2009,
a 15-member inter-ministerial Anti-Sacrifice and Trafficking in
Persons task force (ASTP) to manage trafficking cases, implement
public information campaigns, and draft policy. Numerous senior
government officials, including President Museveni and First Lady
Janet Museveni, spoke out against trafficking and human sacrifice
during the year. In addition, the police and other relevant law
enforcement agencies now require mandatory TIP training for
officers.

26B. The Ministry of Internal Affairs, which oversees the Ugandan
Police Force, Immigration, and the Criminal Investigation Division,
has the lead in combating trafficking in persons. The MGLSD
manages policy development and assists with victim care. The
Ministry of Justice and the Directorate for Public Prosecutions
(DPP) prosecutes trafficking cases. The ASTP task force also
includes a member from Interpol, the Ministry of Information, the
Ministry of Education, and Uganda's Internal Security Organization.

26C. Severe resource constraints hamper the Government's
prevention, prosecution and protection efforts. The ASTP task
force, for instance, operates without a dedicated vehicle or
sufficient communications equipment. Inadequate resources and
significant court backlogs also constrain efforts of prosecutors
and the judiciary to pursue convictions against traffickers. While
corruption is a serious problem in Uganda, there are no indications
of corruption impeding efforts to combat or investigate
trafficking. The government does not have the resources required to
assist trafficking victims, and therefore turns rescued victims
over to partner NGOs for care.

26D. The newly formed ASTP task force is now responsible for
documenting and reporting on cases and trends of human sacrifice
and trafficking. In January 2010, the ASTP reported a preliminary
figure of 29 human sacrifice cases in 2009, and announced that the
release of a comprehensive report on human trafficking and human
sacrifice is scheduled for March 1. The ASTP's ability to monitor
anti-trafficking efforts and compile data is limited by resource
constraints and variations in the ways individual government
agencies documented trafficking data. For instance, police
officers mark multiple offenses on arrest or investigation forms,

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making it difficult for the ASTP to disaggregate statistics on
trafficking, kidnapping, abduction, pimping, and other offenses.
The passage of the TIP law, and changes to police documentation
procedures should provide a unified system for monitoring
anti-trafficking efforts and trafficking incidents. Prior to the
TIP law, trafficking cases were charged under other statutes. The
UPF's CFPU at the national police headquarters monitors sex crimes
involving children and local police efforts to rescue children from
exploitative forms of labor. The DPP maintains statistics on the
number of prosecutions and convictions on the crime of sex with a
minor, which includes trafficking victims.

26E. Birth registration is optional and most children and many
non-voting adults are not centrally registered. The GOU is
currently evaluating the feasibility and resources available to
implement a national identification program. In 2000, Uganda
required that all children have their own passports for
international travel as a means to prevent child smuggling and
trafficking. Uganda immigration officials have a watch list and
computerized systems for checking identity documents of individuals
entering and departing the country. However, many of Uganda's
border crossings are inadequately manned, and much of Uganda's land
and water borders are unfenced and/or unpatrolled. Within
Immigration, there is a task force that monitors the issuance of
passports to children and has blacklisted several NGOs and
orphanages on suspicion of trafficking offenses.

26F. The Ugandan government is not currently capable gathering the
data required for an in-depth assessment of law enforcement
efforts? The UPF's and ASTP's ability to monitor anti-trafficking
efforts and compile data is limited by resource constraints and
variations in the ways individual government agencies documented
trafficking data. For instance, police officers mark multiple
offenses on arrest or investigation forms, making it difficult for
the ASTP to disaggregate statistics on trafficking, kidnapping,
abduction, pimping, and other offenses. The ASTP, through manual
review of cases was able to surmount these issues to assemble a
limited data set of human sacrifice cases. The passage of the TIP
law, and changes to police documentation procedures should provide
a unified system for monitoring anti-trafficking efforts and
trafficking incidents.

27A. In April 2009, the Ugandan Parliament passed comprehensive
TIP legislation. This legislation was signed by President Museveni
in October and will enter into force once published in the
government "gazette". Public and government awareness of
trafficking issues increased over the past year due to new law and
programs carried out by the government in cooperation with donors,
and local and international NGOs. The law is comprehensive; it
provides detailed definitions of trafficking and related offenses
and contains provisions for the protection, support and
repatriation of victims, and for restitution, compensation to them.
The law also contains extra-territorial jurisdiction, extradition,
and forfeiture of assets provisions. The law also mandates the
establishment of a prevention of trafficking in persons office.
Penalties under the law for trafficking range from fifteen years
for basic labor trafficking to the death penalty for "aggravated"
offenses such as the trafficking of a child that results in their
death. Because the law is not yet in effect, trafficking cases
have continued to be prosecuted under other laws, such as
procurement of a woman to become a prostitute, detention with
sexual intent, sex with a minor girl (defilement), dealing in
slaves, compelling unlawful labor, abduction, kidnapping, obtaining
money under false pretenses. Taken together these laws cover most
cases of trafficking. However, lack of investigative resources and
technical capacity in the criminal justice system limited effective
enforcement of the different laws. The TIP law will close some
gaps and will establish clear penalties for trafficking crimes.

27B. The TIP law specifies penalties of between 15 years and life
imprisonment for the trafficking of adults for sexual exploitation
and penalties of between life imprisonment and death for
trafficking children for commercial sexual exploitation. These
penalties are stricter than the current seven years imprisonment
established in the penal code for similar offences. Currently,
Penal Code Section 131 prohibits the procurement of any woman or
girl to become a prostitute or to work in a brothel, either in
Uganda or elsewhere; Section 134 prohibits the unlawful detention
of another person for the purpose of sexual intercourse, including

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in a brothel; Section 136 prohibits any person from living on the
earnings of a prostitute, which includes aiding, abetting, or
compelling prostitution; and Section 137 prohibits any person from
operating a brothel. For offenses under all of these sections the
penalty is seven years imprisonment.

27C. Currently Ugandan Penal Code Section 249 prohibits the
import, export, purchase, sale, receipt, or detention of persons as
slaves, with a penalty of imprisonment for up to 10 years. The
punishment for adult labor trafficking will not change under the
new law, as it specifies 10 years of imprisonment for engaging the
labor services of a victim of trafficking in persons, however under
the new law the labor trafficking of children is punishable with
life imprisonment. Uganda is a source country for labor, under the
new TIP law, labor recruiters who engage in recruitment of workers
by knowingly providing false or deceptive information will be
liable to trafficking charges. Uganda is a destination for a
limited number of labor migrants and under the new TIP law
employers who confiscate workers' passports for the purpose of
local trafficking, switch contracts, or compel service by
withholding salaries will be subject to trafficking charges.

27D. Rape carries a maximum penalty of death. While judges
continue to impose death sentences, the Ugandan government has
executed a convicted criminal in years. Defilement (sex with a
minor girl even if consensual) also carries a maximum penalty of
death. These penalties are more severe than the current law for
procuring a woman to be a prostitute (up to seven years in prison)
or for dealing in slaves (up to 10 years in prison). The new TIP
law has stricter punishments for trafficking that involves sexual
exploitation which are commensurate to the current punishment for
rape. For example, syndicated or large scale trafficking,
trafficking committed by persons of authority, or trafficking that
causes the death, serious illness or HIV/AIDS infection of the
victim punishable by death.

27E: Despite limited government ability to collect and compile
data (See 26F), the ASTP reported 29 cases of homicide or attempted
homicide for the purpose of human sacrifice in 2009. Fifteen of
these cases involved children less than 18 years of age. Of the 15
children, 2 were rescued, 2 are missing with one presumed dead and
11 were beheaded or had other body parts removed. All of the
confirmed adult victims were beheaded or had other body parts
removed. For these offences, 50 suspects were charged and their
cases are currently pending in court. In one case, a female
Rwandan national who was arrested on January 26, 2009 attempting to
sell her six-month old baby for the purpose of sacrifice was
charged in court and deported to Rwanda. The baby was repatriated
to Rwanda and placed in the custody of the father with the
assistance of a local NGO.

Authorities also reported two cases of child abduction for the
purpose of forced labor involving seven juvenile victims. In March
2009, four children between the 6-12 years of age were abducted
from Mbale and taken to Kenya. Authorities rescued the children
and returned them to Uganda where they were reunited with their
parents. Two female suspects were charged with kidnapping, and
face a penalty of up to life imprisonment. The second case
involved three victims allegedly kidnapped to serve as domestic
laborers in Southern Sudan, the trafficker was arrested and charged
with kidnapping. The case is pending trial.

In 2009, authorities reported one case involving the abduction of
three juvenile victims for the purpose of defilement (sexual
exploitation). The victims were returned to their parents and the
suspect was charged and is awaiting trial. Police also investigated
the alleged trafficking of Pakistanis to Uganda for financial
exploitation. Police said available evidence cannot yet sustain
criminal charges, but that investigations are ongoing.

During the year, IOM repatriated 13 Ugandan women from Iraq who
were recruited by a local Ugandan firm to work as domestic
laborers. The women reported sexual harassment and abuse at the
Iraqi homes where they worked. In July, authorities questioned the
management of Uganda Veterans Development Ltd, the local employment

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agency that recruited the women, and later cancelled the company's
operating license. On August 5, the External Labor Unit (ELU) at
the Ministry of Gender, Labor and Social Affairs suspended the
export of domestic workers to the Middle East for all external
employment agencies. The ASTP also assisted with the repatriation
of a separate case of three Ugandan girls stranded in Iraq. An
investigation was still ongoing in the case at year's end.

The UPF and DPP reported that the cases reported last year remain
pending.

27F: The GOU provided specialized training for government and law
enforcement officials on recognizing, investigating, and
prosecuting trafficking cases and on victim handling and care.
Between October 2008 and September 2009, the U.S. Mission supported
16 TIP training programs, including a two-week training for TIP
instructor development, a two-week training for TIP Criminal
Investigations, and a series of 14 one-day TIP first responder
courses. The UPF also developed a 25-page anti-trafficking first
responder pocket manual which has been distributed to over 2,000
law enforcement personnel during the training programs. The manual
contains the United Nations Protocol and current Ugandan laws, the
duties of a first responder and victim/suspect interview questions.
Thirteen of the instructors from the train-the-trainer course
provided a series of one-day "Combating Human Trafficking: First
Responder Course" sessions in four locations throughout Uganda.
The new trainers from the four core law enforcement agencies, with
strong support from the Minister of Internal Affairs, Inspector
General of Police, Immigration Director, DPP, and MGLSD, trained
2,010 additional trainees in Kampala, Masindi, Mbarara, and Mbale,
.

In February 2009, as U.S. supported two-week TIP criminal
investigations course trained 28 participants from the UPF and
Immigration. This course emphasized the human trafficking
process, interviewing and interrogation techniques, undercover
operations, crime scene management and preservation of evidence,
surveillance and gathering and analyzing intelligence, while
stressing the importance of respect for human rights. The
Inspector General of Police has mandated that all Ugandan police
officers receive specialized TIP training. To meet this mandate the
UPF has incorporated the one-day TIP first responder course into
basic training at the police academy. As of September 2009,
approximately 150 officers received this training from the UPF's
Child and Family Protection Unit. Additionally, the Criminal
Investigations Directorate, which is currently providing training
to new officers, has included TIP training in its program.
Further, the newly appointed head of Immigration's training bureau
has committed to providing TIP training to all new and seasoned
personnel once a training schedule is developed. The SLEA also
worked in cooperation with the UPF Community Policing Unit and
anti-trafficking/human sacrifice unit to develop a detailed
investigative manual on human trafficking and missing/abducted
children.

The Government provides training to members of the military
through Child Protection Units located in each military command.
Ugandan troops deploying outside Uganda receive additional
training, including on trafficking in persons. On a regular basis,
Ugandan soldiers are given specific training on the rights of
children and carry a code of conduct detailing the rights of women
and children. Police officers are actively participating in a
specialized training program on the worst forms of child labor.

27G: Uganda cooperated with the governments of Rwanda, Burundi,
DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Yemen, Botswana, and Poland on trafficking
cases. The GOU, DRC, and southern Sudanese governments are working
together in a joint military operation to pursue the LRA and rescue
abductees. The police also participate in the East African Police
Chiefs Organization (EAPCO), which includes nine countries in the
region. The organization provides mutual legal assistance,
training, and a forum to discuss trans-national crime. The
INTERPOL unit of the national police also participates in
multilateral investigations of cross-border crimes including drug
and firearms trafficking, although none have so far included human
trafficking crimes. The head of Tanzania's anti-trafficking unit
participated in the February 2009 training in Uganda and assisted

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the UPF in setting up its TIP unit. During the year, the GOU/UPF
also worked in direct cooperation with Kenyan authorities to return
four juvenile victims to Uganda who were taken to Kenya for forced
labor. It is not known if the Kenyan suspects were arrested or
prosecuted however the female Ugandan suspect has been charged with
abduction and obtaining money under false pretenses. In August
2009, the GOU worked with the U.S., Iraqi, and IOM to repatriate 13
victims of trafficking from Iraq.

27H: Uganda belongs to INTERPOL and has honored extradition
warrants for other crimes. The EAPCO is currently developing an
extradition treaty for the nine member countries that should
facilitate the extradition of criminals. In practice, for most
cases, the GOU does not have the financial resources to extradite
although the newly signed TIP legislation does provide for
extraditing suspects from other countries.

27I: There were no indications of government collusion with
traffickers or tolerance of trafficking.

27J: During the year no government officials were investigated for
trafficking. The TIP legislation establishes harsher punishments
for persons of authority, including police officers and other
government officials that are involved in trafficking in persons.
For instance, while an ordinary citizen could receive 15 years
under a basic labor trafficking conviction, a police officer or
other government official could receive life imprisonment.

27K: Uganda has 3,200 peacekeepers and 124 police officer in
Somalia and 130 police officers in Darfur, Sudan. The Ugandan
Peoples Defense Forces (UPDF) reported no cases of trafficking
involving peacekeepers. There were no reports of Ugandan
peacekeepers involved in trafficking crimes.

27L: Uganda does not have an identified problem of sex tourism or
of its citizens travelling abroad for sex tourism. The TIP law has
an extraterritorial provision to allow prosecution of Ugandans for
trafficking-related offenses in another country.

28A: The GOU lacks resources to provide long-term assistance to
victims and instead refers victims to NGOs. While this handover is
often through informal arrangements at lower levels, the UPF does
have a memorandum of understanding with one NGO to place its social
workers in Central Police Station and in stations in two other
districts to assist children and other trafficking victims. The
NGO reports that the system is working well. The Government
assisted IOM to repatriate 13 female trafficking victims from Iraq.
The victims needed government travel documents to return to Uganda.
Officials at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the President's
Office and Immigration were instrumental in ensuring that the
travel documents were received. The Minister of Internal Affairs
has granted permission for foreign victims of trafficking to remain
in Uganda when needed for an investigation. Uganda does not
currently have a formal witness protection program; however, in
some cases they are able to relocate a victim within the country.
The IGP has advised that he plans to develop a witness protection
program as part of the implementation of the TIP law.

28B: The GOU provides assistance to former LRA abductees, including
children. The Ugandan military has a Child Protection Unit, which
facilitates the reception and debriefing of former child soldiers,
as well as their subsequent transfer to NGO-run reintegration
centers. Child soldiers who surrender or are captured are provided
with shelter and food during the short period (one or two days)
before they are transferred to NGO custody. NGOs are notified by
the military as soon as the military has a child under its care.
The amnesty program has been an important method to encourage LRA
rebels to surrender and has led to a significant reduction in LRA
strength. The MGLSD operates two transit shelters in Karamoja for
internally displaced Karamojong, including children who were
trafficked and used for begging or other urban street work. The
MGLSD also operates the Mpigi facility in Kampala for the initial
intake of street children (who are primarily from Karamoja). In

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February 2010, there were 40 Karamojong children at the Mpigi
facility awaiting transfer to one of the two facilities in
Karamoja. The government could not provide budget figures for the
facilities, but post estimates the expenditure to be between
$50,000 and $100,000. There were no government facilities for male
or female adult victims of trafficking.

The local NGO Uganda Youth Development Link (UYDEL) operates two
shelters in Kampala for trafficked children and takes in children
referred to them by police, local leaders, partner NGOs, peer
educators and parent support groups. UYDEL reported that between
September 2009 and February 2010 they received 66 trafficked
children between age 10 and 18 for protection. Of the 66, 32 were
referred by educators or school administrators, 16 by local leaders
and 12 by the UPF, the remaining six victims were trafficked
Congolese children referred by the Refugee Law Project. 50 were
girls and 16 boys. UYDEL reports that it provides social support
services at only one of its two facilities, which includes routine
counseling, play and art therapies, and vocational and life skills
training for 3-6 months. The social workers visit/make contacts
with parents/guardians to prepare them to receive the child and
support them rebuild their lives after the rehabilitation process.

In 2009, IOM repatriated approximately a number of Congolese women
together with their dependents to DRC. These women are part of a
larger group that came to Uganda with Ugandan soldiers returning
from the war in Congo (1998-2003), many of whom were later
abandoned and have resorted to commercial sex work.

Foreign trafficking victims, such as the six Congolese children
identified above had the same access to care and a facilities as
internal trafficking victims.

28C: The Police's CFPU provides limited counseling services once a
victim has been identified; and then refers victims to available
NGO's for additional services. The GOU does not have the resources
to fund foreign or domestic NGOs for services to trafficking
victims. However, the government works closely with NGOs that
assist trafficked victims in Kampala and other urban centers, and
that assist former LRA abductees at reception centers in northern
Uganda.

28D: Currently, Ugandan law does not provide assistance to foreign
trafficking victims and immigration officials are required to
deport individuals in violation of the immigration code. However,
on a case-by-case basis the Minister of Internal Affairs can allow
foreign victims to remain in Uganda to assist in an investigation,
though the GOU cannot officially allow work privileges or offer
livelihood or other assistance. The Legal Affairs Department at
Immigration and others involved in the drafting on the new TIP law
recognized this issue, and the new TIP law will remedy many of the
current legal limitations on handling foreign victims. It also
establishes government health, social, medical, counseling, and
psychosocial assistance and calls on the government to provide
accommodation and material assistance where possible.

28E: The GOU lacks the resources to provide longer-term shelter or
housing benefits to trafficking victims. The Government, in
conjunction with NGOs, provides short term assistance. In the case
of former LRA abductees, some vocational training and reintegration
assistance is provided. The new TIP law does call on the
Government to provide accommodation when possible.

28F: The Ugandan military's Child Protection Unit screens children
who were trafficked by the LRA and refers them to NGO-run
assistance programs. The UPF refers trafficking victims to NGOs.
The UPF's CFPU works closely with UYDEL, which has placed social
workers in the Central Police Station in Kampala and in two other
locations to provide legal, medical, and psychological assistance
to victims. During the past year, the UPF has referred six victims
to UYDEL's shelter in Kampala.

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28G: As noted in 27E, the UPF does not have firm statistics on
trafficking cases, both because cases are charged under other laws,
and because the UPFs ability to compile crime statistics is
limited. For 2009, the UPF provided information on the 13 women
trafficked to or in Iraq, on 7 children trafficked for forced labor
to neighboring countries, and 3 children trafficked for sexual
exploitation. The GOU assisted in the care and handling of all of
these victims, often referring them to NGOs for care and
counseling. The 13 victims repatriated from Iraq were placed with
IOM for medical and psychological counseling immediately upon their
return to Uganda, and subsequently returned to their families.
UYDEL provided care for 36 trafficking victims.

28H: The GOU does not have a formal system of identifying victims
from high risk groups. However, Immigration and the UPF are
proactively trying to identify victims at entry/exit points into
Uganda and Kampala. Over the past year, a U.S. funded police
training program resulted in a Government initiative to have all
police, immigration officers, and labor inspectors trained to
identify and investigate trafficking. Trainers were trained and
the GOU is now using them along with trained officers of the UPF's
Child and Family Protection Unit (CFPU) to conduct additional
training. The police reported the continuation of proactive law
enforcement measures to counter trafficking. Measures include
placing investigators with uniformed officers at checkpoints on
roads leading into Kampala to identify potential victims and human
traffickers. The IGP plans to train the Community Policing Unit to
develop public awareness strategies and to gather and share of
information between the police and the public on trafficking
issues.

28I: The rights of victims are generally respected in Uganda.
Child victims of criminal activity are referred to the CFPU and
social workers within police stations. Sometimes victims are
detained, particularly when police conduct sweeps to remove street
children or prostitutes from bars. Potential victims are sometimes
prosecuted for immigration or prostitution violations. LRA
abductees are usually granted amnesty through a government program.
After a period of residence at NGO reception centers, generally
about six weeks, they are released so that they can be reunited
with their families and reintegrated into society. NGOs and others
provide limited additional assistance, including psychosocial
counseling. Child sex workers rounded up with adult prostitutes
during police sweeps are generally released without charge, often
into the care of NGOs.

28J: The GOU encourages victims to assist in the investigation and
prosecution of trafficking through referrals to NGOs, which can
provide shelter and counseling while investigations proceed. The
new law mandates the establishment of a victim's fund. In northern
Uganda, the government has offered amnesty to LRA rebels who
renounce rebellion and provide information to the government. The
government encourages victims in sex trafficking cases to testify.
During the past year, the SLEA persuaded the UPF to pay for
physical examinations of victims of sexual assault. In the past, a
police physician was rarely available and victims usually had to
pay as much as $20 for the examination. This cost was prohibitive
for most victims and discouraged victims from coming forward. In
early March 2009, the UPF announced that victims would no longer be
required to pay for this examination. While the free medical
examination is a step forward, there is also social stigma against
victims of sexual crimes in some communities. Other factors
believed to inhibit reporting and prosecution of sexual crimes
include fear of retribution, lack of support services, and use of
alternative restitution procedures.

28K: The GOU does not offer training in trafficking of persons for
its foreign service officers, but

Immigration officers posted in Ugandan embassies are being trained
as part of current training programs. Ugandan embassies are called
upon to assist in the tracking of cases when needed and provide
necessary travel documents to repatriate victims

28L: The GOU provides assistance, including medical aid, to former
abductees returning from LRA captivity and also provided some

KAMPALA 00000426 009 OF 010


assistance to the women who were repatriated from Iraq.

28M: UNICEF, Save the Children, World Vision, IOM, ILO, Concerned
Women's Associations in Kitgum, Gulu, and Lira; Gulu Support the
Children Organization, Lira-Facilitation for Peace and Development
(FEPAD), Give Me a Chance, the International Rescue Committee,
African Network for the Prevention and Protection Against Child
Abuse and Neglect (ANPCANN) and its affiliate UYDEL, Busia
Compassionate Friends, Kids in Need, Restore International,
International Justice Mission, and a number of other NGOs work with
formerly abducted children in northern Uganda, children in
situations of commercial sex exploitation, and other at risk
individuals. These organizations provide food, shelter,
psychosocial counseling, and vocational training. The Government
supports the activities of these organizations.

29A: The government in collaboration with NGOs conducted
anti-trafficking dialogues and education campaigns in 2009. For
example: on November 5 a national workshop was held in Kampala to
sensitize the public on the problem of child sacrifice; on
November 23 the ASTP and the Coalition Against Human Sacrifice
launched the Anti-human Sacrifice Campaign; on November 24 the ASTP
and the Coalition Against Human Sacrifice organized a public
dialogue on child sacrifice in Kampala; on November 26 government
officials participated in a solidarity march to protest increased
incidents of child sacrifice; and on November 28 government
officials participated in a launch to combat human sacrifice that
was held in Kamuli District in Eastern Uganda.

These activities focused on the causes, magnitude, effects, policy
and service gaps in addressing the problem. They were attended by
participants including academicians, politicians, media workers,
NGOs and government officials. As a result of the activities there
is increased awareness of the problem of trafficking and child
sacrifice among the public and the police has increased their
vigilance in responding to reports of suspected incidents. Public
awareness campaigns have largely focused on addressing the supply
side of trafficking because the GOU identified cultural acceptance
and "ignorance" as the primary driver. During the reporting
period, there was also significant public debate on the TIP
legislation. The Parliamentary Committee on Defense and Internal
Affairs conducted extensive and well-publicized hearings and worked
with women Parliamentarians and local organizations to increase
awareness of trafficking and the need for the TIP law.

29B: In 2000, Uganda required that all children have their own
passports as a means to prevent child smuggling and trafficking.
This has helped identify potential external trafficking victims.
The Government monitors its borders and has cooperated in a
US-financed program to increase border security. Traffickers have
been apprehended at Uganda's border with Kenya and Rwanda.
Uganda's INTERPOL unit disseminates international alerts on
suspects to Uganda's border officials for screening immigrants.
Immigration officials are monitoring flights to Dubai, which have
been used to traffic children. The Uganda police also cooperate
closely with their counterparts in the region to investigate and
arrest suspects involved in cross-border crime.

29C: The primary coordinating mechanism is the 15-member,
inter-ministerial Anti-Sacrifice and Trafficking in Persons task
force (ASTP).

29D: The Government of Uganda has had a national anti-trafficking
working group since 2005. The ASTP is the current formation of the
working group and plays a role in developing laws and policy such
as the TIP law, and also in enforcement, education and prosecution
efforts. The Chief of the ASTP has reported that, with the passing
of the TIP law, the ASTP will work toward a comprehensive national
action plan on to address human sacrifice and trafficking. Several
ministries have national action plans that address trafficking
problems in Uganda. The Ministry of Labor is working with police,
local governments, the Ministries of Justice and Immigration, and
non-governmental and international organizations to develop a plan
for the dissemination of TIP resources throughout the country. The
MGLSD also has a five-year plan that includes assisting children so

KAMPALA 00000426 010 OF 010


that they do not become vulnerable to traffickers.

29E: In October 2007 the GOU started to draft a law to address
sexual exploitation. The Ugandan Penal Code prohibits procuring of
a female and causing her to become a prostitute, to leave the
country to frequent a brothel elsewhere, or become an inmate of a
brothel. Punishment for those offenses is imprisonment for up to 7
years. The same punishment applies in cases in which a female
below age 21 is procured for the purpose of sex with any other
person in Uganda or elsewhere. The code also prohibits procuring
any person by using threats, intimidation, false pretense or false
representation or by administering drugs. Owning or occupying
premises where a girl younger than 18 years is induced to have
unlawful sex with any man is punishable by imprisonment for 5
years. Under the code, no person can be convicted of procurement
based on evidence provided by only one collaborating witness.
Ministry of Gender, Labor and Social Affairs officials said the law
is difficult to implement. Most people who were previously
arrested in the act of prostitution were charged with being idle
and disorderly. The government continues community
awareness-raising efforts to target poor rural areas where girls
and women are most likely to be recruited.

29F: The Government continues to draft the Anti-Pornography Bill
2009, and has announced that it will soon be tabled in Parliament.
According to the Bill, individuals found guilty of the act risk
being sentenced to prison for 10 years or to pay a fine of $5,000.

29G: The Ugandan Peoples Defense Forces (UPDF) provides
anti-trafficking instruction as part of its human rights and child
protection training for Ugandan troops deploying internationally.
Uganda currently has 3,200 troops serving in the African Union
Mission in Somalia which received human rights training and
instruction on trafficking in persons from the UPDF's Human Rights
Desk and Child Protection Unit personnel prior to deployment. In
addition, the State-Department's ACOTA training package, which
trained the second Ugandan battalion and subsequent battalions,
provided "Command and Staff Operations Skills" training to prepare
the battalion commander and thirty members of his staff for the
Somalia mission. The senior leadership of the Ugandan battalions
was taught the specific duties and principle responsibilities of
senior officers to protect human rights, understand gender-based
violence, eliminate of sexual exploitation, provide protection for
children, and prevent of trafficking in persons. This training was
mandated by the U.S. Congress for all USG-funded peace support
operations.

Ugandan forces deployed to the DRC, Southern Sudan and the Central
African Republic to pursue the LRA received refresher briefings on
the treatment of children and others abducted by the LRA. Each
Ugandan unit that deployed contained between two and five Child
Protection Unit officers. The UPDF, UNICEF, Save the Children, and
IOM developed a protocol to protect victims that it has rescued
from the LRA. In 2009, the UPDF's Child Protection Unit assisted
in the return and reintegration of 66 victims abducted by the
Lord's Resistance Army rebels. The unit processed the victims and
transferred them to NGO-run centers for longer term care and
support.

30A: The GOU partners with local, regional and international NGOs
and with neighboring countries to handle TIP cases and develop
policy and programs.

30B: The GOU is not in a position to provide funding or substantial
training to other countries, but coordinates with officials from
other countries on specific TIP cases and to develop coordination
mechanisms.
HOOVER

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