Pacific Islands Hit by Turmoil
By Rowan Callick, Asia-Pacific editor
MELBOURNE (The Australian/Pacific Media Watch): Cyclone season has come early to the Pacific islands - in political terms at least.
Two countries have emerged with new leaders, and leaders in three other nations are under threat.
In Vanuatu, as soon as prime minister Edward Natapei departed for the Cancun climate change conference in Mexico, his deputy, Sato Kilman, plotted a coup to replace him.
Details of the vote in Parliament to dislodge Mr Natapei remain blurred, because the plotters barred access to the public and the media. The Speaker who imposed the bar, George Wells, was rewarded with the Foreign Ministry.
Kilman swiftly moved to reconcile with Fiji's military ruler, Frank Bainimarama. Natapei had refused to endorse Commodore Bainimarama as his successor as chairman of the Melanesian Spearhead Group.
But Kilman will fly this week to an MSG meeting in Solomon Islands, where it is expected Fiji will be endorsed as chair of the grouping that also includes Papua New Guinea.
In Samoa, police are investigating threats to kill veteran Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele and Chief Justice Patu Falefatu Sapolu.
The police believe the threats are related to the assassination 11 years ago of then Works Minister Luagalau Levaula Kamu, who was shot while speaking at a function in the capital, Apia. Two other members of Tuilaepa's then cabinet and the son of one of them were jailed for life for that assassination. One of the three died in jail and the other two - former minister Leafa Vitale and his son, Alatise - were released on parole earlier this year.
In PNG, Prime Minister Michael Somare said he would step aside if the Chief Justice were to appoint a leadership tribunal to hear charges relating to his failure to submit details of his assets and business dealings, as required by the leadership code, since 1995.
In Fiji, Reserve Bank governor Sada Reddy has resigned after 35 years with the bank, halfway into his first three-year term in office - for reasons not yet made public.
The military government cancelled last Friday's annual Coalition of Human Rights march in Suva - citing a warning from the US embassy that "these marches may have an anti-government tone, and it is possible that assembled groups may become unruly".
Fiji government spokeswoman Sharon Smith-Johns said the embassy had "chosen to take heed of gossip and rumour rather than confirm the facts with the Fiji government".
The government also attacked the US for refusing to provide Chief Justice Anthony Gates with a visa to attend an International Criminal Court meeting at the UN in New York, and for refusing visas to a government delegation to transit through the US to the Cancun conference.
In Tonga, which last month held the first election for a parliament that commoners would control, it is increasingly likely that an aristocrat will nevertheless be elected as the new prime minister on Friday.
And in Solomon Islands, the slim parliamentary majority of the government led by Danny Philip, formed since the August election, has become shaky following the jailing last month of then Fisheries Minister Jimmy "Rasta" Lusibaea.