Journalists in Sri Lanka Meet with U.N. Human Rights Head
Journalists in Sri Lanka Meet with U.N. Human Rights Head, Call for Action on Media Freedom
Journalists in Sri Lanka, represented by a coalition of seven different organisations, yesterday met with the delegation of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navaneetham “Navi” Pillay, now midway through a week-long visit to the country.
Pillay and her delegation are seeking a first-hand assessment of the climate for human rights and national reconciliation, well over four years since Sri Lanka’s quarter-century long civil war was declared over.
The seven journalists’ organisations made a strong case for foregrounding media freedom, the right to free speech and the right to information among the priority areas in post-war Sri Lanka.
Though Sri Lanka guarantees the right to free speech in its constitution and is a signatory to all relevant international covenants, the seven media organisations informed the U.N. delegation, these rights have been under severe threat since the last many years.
The threats faced which have been highlighted in
various public statements by Sri Lanka’s journalists over
the years, include killings
intimidation and threats of reprisals, and the constant
danger of police action. Much of the hostile rhetoric
which is often the precursor to acts of physical violence,
is known to originate with official spokespersons speaking
through state-owned media.
The memorandum submitted to the U.N. delegation speaks of one hundred and fourteen media practitioners and other citizens being killed since 1981, in retaliation for their exercise of the right to free speech. The trend has in fact been escalating, with thirty-four journalists being recorded killed since 2005.
There have been several cases of journalists being arrested, charged with criminal offences, including terrorism, and prosecuted under harsh emergency regulations in force during the country’s civil war. A number of media establishments have been targeted with arson attacks, and political figures have been known to often put themselves in the vanguard of mobs wreaking violence against journalists and the media.
Under these pressures, media employers have often been known to subject journalists to unreasonable demands, often removing those among them that are active in press freedom campaigns from their jobs, suspending them or sending them on compulsory leave
In recent years, the Government has through loyal elements in the business domain, been seeking to directly control media organisations by buying them up, or conferring some undue privileges on them. A number of websites publishing critical political commentary have been blocked and their staff violently attacked on occasion.
With all this, the reign of impunity continues. A specific recommendation by the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission – appointed by the Sri Lankan president after the end of the war – that credible investigations should be carried out into all acts of violence against journalists, remains unimplemented.
With the climate of intimidation being pervasive, Sri Lanka’s journalists are compelled to adopt the survival strategies of exile or severe self-censorship.
Sri Lanka’s journalists have urged the U.N. delegation to strongly recommend that the Sri Lankan government implement a series of steps to improve the climate for free speech in the country, including ending hostile rhetoric against journalists and the media, the enactment of a right to information law, and ensuring accountability for all past violations.