World is off track in its education commitments for 2030
9th July – 00.01 BST
First projections show the world is off track in its education commitments for 2030
Almost a third of the way to the 2030 deadline for the Sustainable Development Goals, new UNESCO projections prepared for the UN High-level Political Forumshow that the world will fail its education commitments without a rapid acceleration of progress. In 2030, when all children should be in school, one in six aged 6-17 will still be excluded. Many children are still dropping out: by 2030, 40% will still not be completing secondary education at current rates, rising to 50% in sub-Saharan Africa.
The new global education goal, SDG 4, calls on countries to ensure that children are not only going to school but also learning, yet the proportion of trained teachers in sub-Saharan Africa has been falling since 2000. At current trends, by 2030, learning rates are expected to stagnate in middle-income countries and Latin America, and drop by almost a third in Francophone African countries. Without rapid acceleration, globally, 20% of young people and 30% of adults will still be unable to read by the deadline.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development emphasizes leaving no-one behind yet only 4% of the poorest 20% complete upper secondary school in the poorest countries, compared to 36% of the richest. The gap is even wider in lower-middle-income countries.
Finance is also
insufficient for accelerating progress: the Global Education
Monitoring Report calculated in 2015 that there was a $39
billion annual finance gap to reach the goal and yet aid to
education has stagnated since 2010.
In addition, currently less than half of countries are providing the data needed to monitor progress towards the goal. “Countries need to face up to their commitments,” said the Director of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Silvia Montoya. “What’s the point in setting targets if we can’t track them? Better finance and coordination are needed to fix this data gap before we get any closer to the deadline.”
A complementary publication by the Global Education Monitoring Report analyses policies countries say they have implemented to help achieve the education goal since 2015.
Manos Antoninis, Director of the Global Education Monitoring Report: “Countries have interpreted the meaning of the targets in the global education goal very differently. This seems correct given that countries set off from such different starting points. But they must not deviate too much from the promises they made back in 2015. If countries match their plans with their commitments now, they can get back on track by 2030.”
The Report shows that many countries have prioritized equity and inclusion since 2015 to meet the goal, with school vouchers issued to indigenous students in Bolivia, tuition fees abolished for the poorest in Vietnam and conditional cash transfers given to refugee children in Turkey, for example.
Learning has been prioritized too, with a third of countries introducing learning assessments to look at trends over time, and one in four countries using learning results to reform their curricula.
The weakest synergies between countries’ plans and their education commitments are seen in the lack of cross-sectoral collaboration found only in links between education and the labour market, as in Honduras and Palestine, and to a lesser extent in early childhood care, as in Colombia and Lebanon.
Report recommends countries work using the following six key
areas to make sure their plans align with their education
1. Beyond averages to equity and inclusion;
2. Beyond access to quality and learning;
3. Beyond basics to content fit for sustainable development;
4. Beyond schooling to lifelong learning;
5. Beyond education to cross-sectoral collaboration; and,
6. Beyond countries to regional and global collaboration.
- ENDS –