Arrest Of Journalist Intimidation Against Press Workers In Jordan
The arrest of Jordanian journalist Jamal Haddad, the publisher of the al-Weqaai’ News website, by the State Security Court is a serious restriction of the freedom of the press in the Kingdom of Jordan, said the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor.
The Geneva-based organization said in a statement on Friday that the Jordanian authorities have detained Haddad in the Marka Prison, after the State Security Court indicted him with several charges over publishing a report that revealed that several government officials have received the Coronavirus vaccine. Haddad expressed his criticism of the government due to the contradiction between official statements about the vaccine.
Euro-Med Monitor said it was not able to read the indictment list against Haddad, but according to local media outlets, the charges against him included “endangering the safety of the society, creating discord, disturbing the public order, and creating terror among people.”
According to the testimony of Jordanian
journalist Alaa Al-Deeb to Euro-Med Monitor, Haddad was
contacted on Wednesday, December 23 by the Jordanian
security, and he was asked to attend to the State Security
Court the next day. When he did on Thursday, he was handed
an indictment list and was arrested for seven days, and
eventually transferred to the Marka prison.
A number of Jordanian journalists organized a protest in front of the Journalists Syndicate in Amman, considering the arrest of Haddad as an attack against the press work which negatively affects the level of freedoms in the country.
Basil Al-Akour, the publisher of the Go24 website, told Euro-Med Monitor that these practices aim to intimidate journalists and disrupt their work, expressing his fear that the authorities would further restrict the press work in the country.
For its part, the Jordan Journalists Syndicate issued a statement about the arrest of Haddad, in which it rejected “brining journalists before the State Security Court and putting them to trial based on the Terrorism Prevention Law,” stressing that “this court does not have jurisdiction over cases related to freedom of expression,” calling for “the immediate release of Haddad and the referral of the case to the competent civil courts.”
The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor
stressed the need for the Jordanian government to abide by
local and international laws and charters that guarantee the
freedom of press, including the Jordanian Constitution,
Article 15 of which stipulates that “The State shall
guarantee freedom of opinion. Every Jordanian shall be free
to express his opinion by speech, in writing, or by means of
photographic representation and other forms of expression,
provided that such does not violate the law.” Article 19
of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that
“Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and
expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions
without interference and to seek, receive and impart
information and ideas through any media and regardless of
Euro-Med Monitor stresses that it is impermissible to bring journalists before military courts due to their work, as the arrest of journalists over their work must be based on the Jordanian Press and Publications Law, and to bring them before civilian courts.
Euro-Med Monitor referred to Article 41/A of the Jordanian Press and Publications Law, which states that “A. The Court of First Instance shall look into all crimes that are committed contrary to the provisions of this law, and shall give precedence to all press cases.”
The organization calls on the Jordanian authorities to immediately and unconditionally release Jamal Haddad, and to stop all measures that would affect freedoms of the press in the country, which negatively affect adherence to democratic standards.
Euro-Med Monitor calls on Jordan to abide by its domestic laws, which stipulate that journalists must be brought before civilian courts.