Public attitudes to data sharing cautious but shifting
Public attitudes to data sharing cautious but shifting – Opinion survey results
9 May 2016
Approximately two-thirds (65%) of New Zealanders continue to be concerned about privacy. This result is statistically unchanged from previous surveys in 2014 and 2012. The public opinion survey, commissioned by the Privacy Commissioner, was released to mark the beginning of Privacy Week.
Nearly half of New Zealanders (46%) are more concerned about individual privacy issues over the last few years. This was particularly so for young people aged 18-29 years (55% more concerned), and those with university education (55%). “This sort of result tells us that we need to revisit the received wisdom that is out there about how younger people view privacy,” said Privacy Commissioner John Edwards.
Nearly all respondents (87%) were concerned about the personal information children upload to the internet.
A large majority of respondents (75-81%) were concerned about issues related to identity theft, credit card and banking details, businesses sharing personal information and security of information.
Respondents expressed a decreased level of concern about the way government (59% concerned) and health organisations (47% concerned) are sharing information. This represents a decrease of 8% and 6% from 2014 respectively.
Data sharing concerns
In a new part of the survey, respondents were asked about their attitudes to personal data being shared between organisations.
A majority (62%) felt “We should not share data as the risks to people’s privacy and security outweighs the benefits”, while 38% had a view closer to “We should share all the data we can because it benefits the services and me.”
Significantly, respondents were more open to data sharing when safeguards were put in place. A majority were willing to share data as long asthey could opt out if they chose (57%); there were strict controls on who can access the data and how it is used (59%), and data is anonymised and they couldn’t be identified (61%). “These results send a clear message that data sharing is a potentially divisive issue for the community, and having the right safeguards in place significantly increases people’s willingness to have their data shared”, said Mr Edwards.
What personal information is sensitive?
A large majority of respondents (80%) were sensitive about the content of personal phone conversations or email messages.
A smaller majority of New Zealanders were sensitive about personal earnings (66%), health information (65%), physical location (63%) and websites visited (54%).
Respondents were less sensitive to purchasing habits (42%), birth date (39%) and political and religious views (38%) and (31%) respectively.
The Privacy Commissioner commissioned UMR research to survey New Zealanders 18 years and over. Previous surveys are available on the Office of the Privacy Commissioner’s website at https://www.privacy.org.nz/news-and-publications/surveys/