Cablegate: Goc Hard Line On Demobilization Makes

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

id: 14483
date: 3/2/2004 22:05
refid: 04BOGOTA2198
origin: Embassy Bogota
classification: CONFIDENTIAL
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L BOGOTA 002198


E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/03/2014

Classified By: Ambassador William B. Wood for reasons 1.5 (b)
and (d).


1. (C) The United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia's (AUC)
Centauros Bloc -- which is heavily invested in drug
trafficking and involved in a struggle with a rival
paramilitary bloc over control of territory and narcotics
interests -- publicly announced it will not demobilize
without firm GOC security guarantees for its area of
operations and alternatives to jail time for its leaders.
Representatives of the Peace Commissioner's Office will meet
with the Bloc in early March to issue an ultimatum: join the
demobilization process in good faith or drop out completely
and face the full force of the security forces. The
Centauros Bloc's announcement underscores the AUC's tenuous
unity and the paramilitaries' concern with the GOC's stance
that they must obey the terms of demobilization, including
troop concentration and legal accountability. End Summary.

Public Dissension From the Centauros Bloc

2. (C) On February 27, a senior commander of the paramilitary
Centauros Bloc, an affiliate of the United Self-Defense
Forces of Colombia (AUC), publicly announced the bloc's
unwillingness to demobilize until the GOC provides security
guarantees in their area of operations and alternatives to
jail time for the bloc's leaders. Until its recent
announcement, the Centauros Bloc, although guilty of scores
of blatant cease-fire violations, towed the AUC line and
publicly supported the demobilization process initiated by
the Santa Fe de Ralito accord, which it signed. The Bloc's
decision to publicly condition any demobilization, apparently
without authorization from its nominal AUC superiors,
underscores the AUC's tenuous unity.

3. (C) Over the past few months, the Centauros Bloc has
clashed repeatedly with the independent Self-Defense Forces
of Casanare (ACC), which is not participating in
demobilization negotiations. Both groups operate on
Colombia's northeastern plains, where they struggle over key
drug cultivation and trafficking routes. Centauros Bloc
commander Miguel Arroyave's reticence to accept
demobilization wholeheartedly reflects both his aversion to
ceding narcotrafficking influence to his ACC rivals and his
concerns about potential criminal cases against him, both in
Colombia and the United States. (Note: We have not asked for
Arroyave's extradition. End note.)

4. (C) Carlos Franco, director of the GOC's human rights
office and a member of its exploratory commission on
demobilization, told the Embassy that the GOC is frustrated
by dissension both within the AUC and between it and other
paramilitary organizations. On March 4 or 5, the exploratory
commission plans to meet with the Centauros Bloc's leaders to
issue an ultimatum: join the demobilization process in good
faith or drop out completely and face the full force of the
security forces. The GOC can hold up as an example the fate
of the late Metro Bloc, which publicly declared its
opposition to the peace process and was eventually destroyed
by separate offensives from rival paramilitary groups and, to
a lesser extent, the security forces. The GOC recently
issued a similar ultimatum to the ACC, and has also pressured
the Middle Magdalena and Elmer Cardenas Blocs.


5. (C) The Centauros Bloc's recent announcements, as well as
the GOC's firm response -- backed up with the threat of
increased military pressure -- demonstrates that the peace
process has not been a sweetheart deal.

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

© Scoop Media

World Headlines


Myanmar: Military Must Stop Murdering And Jailing Protestors – Bachelet

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet on Thursday said security forces in Myanmar must “halt their vicious crackdown on peaceful protestors,” following another day of deadly violence across the country on Wednesday... More>>

Syria: Economic Decline, Rising Hunger And Surging Humanitarian Needs

Syria’s fragile economy has “suffered multiple shocks” over the past 18 months, with its currency plummeting and joblessness swelling as people struggle to cover their basic needs, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator told the Security Council ... More>>

OECD: Final Quarter Of 2020 Shows Continued Recovery In G20 International Merchandise Trade

G20 international merchandise trade continued to rebound in the fourth quarter of 2020 ( exports up 7.2% and imports up 6.8%), following the sharp falls seen in the first half of 2020, as lockdown measures affected trade globally. Although growth ... More>>

Focus On: UN SDGs

UNFCCC: Greater Climate Ambition Urged As Initial NDC Synthesis Report Is Published

UN Climate Change today published the Initial NDC Synthesis Report, showing nations must redouble efforts and submit stronger, more ambitious national climate action plans in 2021 if they’re to achieve the Paris Agreement goal of limiting global temperature rise by 2°C—ideally 1.5°C—by the end of the century... More>>

2021: Critical Year To ‘reset Our Relationship With Nature’ – UN Chief

During this time of “crisis and fragility”, the UN chief told the United Nations Environment Assembly on Monday that human well-being and prosperity can be vastly improved by prioritizing nature-based solutions. Painting a picture of the turmoil ... More>>

Paris Agreement: UN Secretary-General António Guterres To Mark U.S. Reentry With Envoy For Climate John Kerry

Watch live at UN Secretary-General António Guterres will join U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John F. Kerry at an event marking the United States’ reentry into the Paris Agreement this Friday. The discussion with the Secretary-General ... More>>