Cablegate: South Africa Raises Fuel Prices

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.




E.O. 12958: N/A



1. (U) On March 2, 2005, the Department of Minerals and Energy
implemented an across-the-board increase for gasoline and diesel
fuel. This came after three successive price decreases in
December, January, and February. Government attributes the price
hike to a lower average value of the rand against the dollar and
the higher crude oil price that prevailed over the assessment
period, i.e., January 26 to February 26. The government has no
plans to tap into its Fuel Equalization Fund to smooth retail
gasoline price increases as it did last June. In his budget
speech on February 23, Minister of Finance Trevor Manual
announced an increase in the tax on gasoline and diesel beginning
in April. End Summary.

Government Announces a Fuel Price Increase

2. (U) On March 2, the Department of Minerals and Energy (DME)
hiked the retail price for gasoline by 10% and wholesale prices
for diesel and kerosene by 8.6% and 12.5%, respectively. This
equated to a 7 U.S. cent per liter (26.5 U.S. cents per gallon)
increase in the price of gasoline, and a nearly 6 U.S. cent per
liter increase for both diesel and kerosene (or almost 22 U.S.
cents per gallon). These increases have raised the average
retail price per liter of gasoline in Johannesburg to 77 U.S.
cents ($2.91 per gallon) and the wholesale price of diesel and
kerosene to 71 and 52 U.S. cents per liter ($2.69 and $1.98 per
gallon), respectively.

3. (U) The DME attributed the increases to the slightly weaker
rand vis-a-vis the dollar and higher crude prices during its
January 26 to February 26 assessment period. The rand averaged
6.04 to the dollar versus 5.92 during the previous period.
Nevertheless, the increase came as a shock to consumers who
expected closer to a U.S. 7 cent per gallon rather than a U.S. 7
cent per liter increase.

4. (U) Despite the large rise in retail prices, there has been no
talk of deploying the government's Fuel Equalization Fund to
moderate prices, as was the case in June 2004 when prices also
rose by 22 U.S. cents per gallon. Using a rand/dollar exchange
rate of 6.00, the current price of gasoline per gallon (US$2.92)
is about 15 U.S. cents less than November's all time high of
$3.07 per gallon. Diesel and kerosene are 23 and 26 U.S. cents
below the respective record highs of November's $2.84 and $2.23
per gallon.

Increased Fuel Taxes Coming in April

5. (U) It does not appear that the price hike will impact the
government's intention to raise taxes on fuel. In his budget
presentation to Parliament on February 23, Minister of Finance
Trevor Manuel announced increases in the General Fuel Levy (GFL)
and Road Accident Fund Levy (RAFL) of S.A. 5 cents per liter
(less than U.S. 1 cent per liter, or U.S. 3 cents per gallon).
These tax increases are to take effect on April 6, bringing the
total tax on gasoline and diesel to 36.1% and 35.3% of the pump
price, respectively.

6. (U) Comment: Analysts remain confident that South African
economic growth should not be seriously hurt in the short term by
these increases. The continued strength of the rand against the
dollar has protected South African consumers from the full impact
of rising world crude oil prices. However, if U.S. interest
rates continue their ascent, thus strengthening the dollar, South
African consumers could another big price increase at the pump in
the future. This could fuel inflation concerns and have negative
implications for a hoped for cut in domestic interest rates, a
topic of considerable interest within the South African business
community since December 2004. End comment.

© Scoop Media

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