Cablegate: Japanese Morning Press Highlights 09/09/09

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1) Top headlines
2) Editorials
3) Prime Minister's daily schedule (Nikkei)
4) DPJ President Yukio Hatoyama's schedule, September 8 (Nikkei)

5) DPJ to establish Party Leaders' Council (Yomiuri)
6) Agreement on coalition delayed; DPJ, SDP, and PNP fail to bridge
differences in foreign and security policy; parties to meet again
today (Tokyo Shimbun)
7) DPJ, SDP, and PNP reach broad agreement; making final adjustments
to foreign and security policy (Asahi)
8) Lower House conference agrees special Diet session to run four
days from the 16th (Mainichi)
9) Yokomichi chosen Lower House speaker (Yomiuri)
10) LDP to vote for Masatoshi Wakabayashi as prime minister in
election set for special Diet session; party avoids casting blank
ballot (Asahi)
11) Cabinet posts for Fukushima and Kamei confirmed (Yomiuri)
12) Kan to head Party Leaders' Council (Mainichi)
13) DPJ, DSP, and PNP agree to review postal service privatization
14) Meeting of factions in Lower House agrees on election of new
prime minister on the 16th (Nikkei)

Foreign Relations
15) Chief Japanese and Chinese delegates confer on North Korea
nuclear issue (Yomiuri)
16) Hatoyama discusses U.S. trip with Terashima (Tokyo Shimbun)
17) DPJ cautious before Hatoyama's meeting with U.S. President;
building trust with Obama a priority (Asahi)
18) Special U.S. Representative takes both hard and soft line toward
North Korea (Asahi)

19) Hatoyama's emission reduction target of 25 PERCENT elicits
backlash (Yomiuri)



DPJ, SDP, PNP reach basic agreement on forming coalition government

Kan to represent DPJ in top-level liaison body after coalition
government formed

Fukushima, Kamei likely to assume cabinet posts

Demand shifting to new generation of memory devices

DPJ, DPJ, PNP agree to review postal privatization

Tokyo Shimbun:
Agreement on forming coalition government postponed

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Japan's public spending for education at lowest level among OECD


(1) New Komeito should aim to become policy-oriented third political
(2) Tough battle between Microsoft and Google will bring about new
IT age

(1) LDP must review its defeat in Lower House election
(2) 25 PERCENT emissions cut: Strategy to influence U.S. and China

(1) DPJ's goal of 25 PERCENT cut in emissions too ambitious
(2) LDP should have sense of crisis

(1) DPJ government should aim for economic growth with proactive
measures for a low-carbon society

(1) LDP presidential race: Make utmost effort to elect strong
(2) Ichiro's outstanding record: Ichiro casts aside strong pressure

Tokyo Shimbun:
(1) DPJ should present roadmap for 25 PERCENT emission cut
(2) New Komeito should return to original stance of attaching
importance to peace and welfare

(1) Need to create a society without school fees

3) Prime Minister's Official Residence (Kantei)

Prime Minister's schedule, September 8

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
September 9, 2009

09:34 Executive meeting at LDP headquarters
00:04 Cabinet meeting at Prime Minister's Official Residence
10:18 Met Chief Cabinet Secretary Takeo Kawamura
11:44 Met Yoshinobu Shimamura, special adviser to LDP president
12:35 Arrived at Tokyo International Forum in Marunouchi
13:00 National meeting marking the 60th anniversary of system for
rehabilitation of released offenders
14:15 Arrived at LDP headquarters
15:06 General meeting of members of both houses of the Diet
16:21 Met former Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori
16:31 Arrived at Kantei
18:03 Cabinet meeting on monthly economic report
18:29 Met Upper House member Shoji Nishida, joined by Upper House
member Seiichi Eto
19:24 Arrived at official residential quarters

TOKYO 00002071 003 OF 010

4) DPJ President Yukio Hatoyama's schedule, September 8

08:57 Left residence in Denenchofu
09:35 Met Upper House member Masamitsu Oishi; followed by Lower
House member Kansei Nakano
11:00 Arrived at DPJ headquarters
12:07 Lunch with party officials at Chinese restaurant Nanpoen in
Nagata-cho; followed by meeting with Chairman Hirofumi Hirano of DPJ
Executive Office
12:55 Met Kyocera Corporation Chairman Emeritus Kazuo Inamori at KI
Kosan Building in Yaesu; Hirano also present at meeting
13:48 Met Secretary General Katsuya Okada, Vice Foreign Minister
Mitoji Yabunaka, Deputy Foreign Minister Kenichiro Sasae at DPJ
15:32 Met Lower House member Yorihisa Matsuno
16:30 Arrived at personal office
18:35 Dinner with secretary, others at Chinese restaurant Kamonka in
20:12 Met Chairman Jitsuro Terashima of Japan Research Institute
21:37 Arrived home

5) DPJ to launch party leaders' council

YOMIURI (Page 1) (Abridged)
September 9, 2009

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) decided yesterday to set up a
council of party leaders, which will be made up of DPJ President
Hatoyama, Secretary General Ozawa, and other key party leaders, as
its highest decision-making body after coming into office. The
council will make unified decisions on Diet affairs, elections, and
all other tasks related to party steering.

The DPJ currently makes decisions in a conference of five top
executive officers, namely DPJ President Hatoyama, Secretary General
Okada, Deputy President Ozawa, Deputy President Kan, and Azuma
Koshiishi, chairman of DPJ members seated in the House of
Councillors. For now, this gathering is the DPJ's de facto highest
decision-making body. Meanwhile, the council of party leaders is to
be made up of five party leaders: the DPJ's president, secretary
general, Policy Research Committee chair (deputy prime minister and
state strategy minister), House of Councillors caucus chair, and
Diet Affairs Committee chair. Hatoyama has informally picked Ozawa,
Kan, and Koshiishi. Accordingly, the council of party leaders will
be made up of these four party leaders plus the Diet Affairs
Committee chair.

6) Coalition agreement postponed

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Top play) (Abridged)
September 9, 2009

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), the Social Democratic Party
(SDP), and the People's New Party (PNP) yesterday evening held a
meeting of their executive officers, including secretaries general,
to continue talks for establishing a coalition government. In the
meeting, the three parties failed to close the gap over foreign and
security policies. They will meet again today. The DPJ had aimed to
reach a coalition agreement yesterday with the SDP and the PNP.
However, the three parties have eventually postponed making an
agreement until after additional talks to be held today or later.

TOKYO 00002071 004 OF 010

The talks among the three parties were first held at the level of
policy chiefs. But the talks failed to make any progress. As it
stands, the talks have now been raised to the level of secretaries
general. In yesterday's meeting, the PNP proposed introducing a bill
to the Diet during this fall's extraordinary session for reviewing
the current state of now-privatized postal services. On this issue,
the three parties basically agreed to create a bill without delay
for enactment.

Regarding their U.S. policies, however, the SDP insisted on its
stance of reviewing the planned relocation of the U.S. military's
Futenma airfield in Ginowan, Okinawa Prefecture, and revising the
Japan-U.S. Status of Forces Agreement. In addition, the SDP also
took the position that the tripartite coalition agreement should
incorporate its stance of firmly maintaining Japan's self-imposed
three nonnuclear principles of not producing, possessing, or
allowing nuclear weapons into the country. The DPJ made no
concessions to the SDP, maintaining that the new government will try
to settle bilateral issues, such as the presence of bases in Okinawa
Prefecture, while giving thought to the local population's feelings.
In the end, the three parties have postponed their conclusion.

7) DPJ, SDP, and PNP reach general agreement on forming coalition
administration; Final coordination underway on foreign and security

ASAHI (Top play) (Excerpts)
September 9, 2009

In their talks yesterday for forming a coalition administration, the
Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), the Social Democratic Party (SDP),
and the People's New Party (PNP) reached a general agreement on the
framework of steering the incoming administration, a review of the
postal businesses and other matters. A final agreement was postponed
to today due to the need to work out wording regarding foreign and
security issues with the SDP. A decision was also made to set up a
cabinet committee on basic policies that is composed of the national
strategy minister - the post likely to be filled by DPJ Deputy
President Naoto Kan - plus three persons to coordinate policies
among the three parties.

In the meantime, SDP Secretary General Yasumasa Shigeno sought to
document the following items regarding foreign and security issues:
(1) opposition to the planned relocation of the U.S. Marine Corps'
Futenma Air Station (in Ginowan, Okinawa Prefecture) to the Henoko
district (in Nago in the prefecture); (2) a revision of the
Japan-U.S. Status of Forces Agreement; and (3) an immediate
withdrawal of the Self-Defense Forces from the waters off Somalia in
the Indian Ocean. In response, DPJ Secretary General Katsuya Okada
presented an amendment, saying: "We will bring solutions to
bilateral issues, including the modalities of the bases in Okinawa,
based on the feelings of the people of Okinawa," adding, "We will
consider support measures based on the real situation in
Afghanistan." Okada reportedly did not offer further changes,
saying, "With a visit to the United States by 'Prime Minister
Hatoyama' coming up, there is a need to consider matters."

8) Special Diet session to convene on Sept. 16 for four days

MAINICHI (Page 2) (Excerpt)
September 9, 2009

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Parliamentary groups in the House of Representatives held their
first meeting in the Diet building yesterday and agreed to hold a
special Diet session for four days from Sept. 16 and an election to
nominate the prime minister on Sept. 16.

9) Yokomichi to become Lower House speaker

YOMIURI (Page 1) (Full)
September 9, 2009

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) yesterday decided to appoint
Takahiro Yokomichi, 66, as speaker of the House of Representatives.

Yokomichi had served as Lower House vice speaker for about four
years until the dissolution of the lower chamber in July. The DPJ
reached the conclusion that he would be best suited for the post in
managing Diet affairs.

Yokomichi is now serving his 10th term in the Diet. He is a
prominent member who has served in various posts such as DPJ vice
president. The DPJ took such factors into consideration in choosing
him as Lower House speaker. He has good relations with Deputy
President Ichiro Ozawa, who will be appointed as secretary general.
Therefore, Ozawa's view appears to have been reflected in the
selection. Yokomichi represents the Lower House Hokkaido No. 1
district. He belongs to the DPJ group affiliated with the former
Socialist Party.

10) LDP to vote for Wakabayashi as prime minister

ASAHI (Page 1) (Abridged)
September 9, 2009

The Liberal Democratic Party yesterday held a meeting of its members
from both houses of the Diet at its headquarters and decided to vote
for former Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Minister Masatoshi
Wakabayashi, who chairs the joint plenary meeting of LDP Diet
members. Wakabayashi is positioned as a provisional candidate in
place of Prime Minister Aso, who will resign as LDP president right
before voting to elect the prime minister. However, it is unusual
for the LDP to vote for a lawmaker who is not a candidate for the
LDP presidency.

11) Fukushima, Kamei to join the new cabinet

YOMIURI (Top play) (Lead paragraph)
September 9, 2009

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), the Social Democratic Party
(SDP), and the People's New Party (PNP) held their secretaries
general meeting in the Diet building last night to finalize their
plan to form a coalition administration. Although the three parties
reached a general agreement, a final agreement was postponed to
today or later owing to the need to coordinate their views on
foreign and security affairs. The DPJ presented a plan for party
leaders of the SDP and PNP to join the incoming cabinet and to set
up a cabinet committee on basic policies as a venue to coordinate
policies with the SDP and PNP. The plan was endorsed by the two
parties. But because the SDP representative decided to bring up the
subject of U.S. bases in Okinawa with the party, a final agreement
on the coalition administration was not reached. In the wake of the
general agreement, it has now been decided that SDP head Mizuho

TOKYO 00002071 006 OF 010

Fukushima, 53, and PNP representative Shizuka Kamei, 72, will join
the new cabinet. DPJ Deputy Secretary General Yoshihiko Noda, 52, is
also likely to win a portfolio.

12) DPJ proposes allowing Kan to take charge of party head-level
consultative body; Agreement postponed due to difficulty in
coordinating views on security affairs

MAINICHI (Top play) (Lead paragraph)
September 9, 2009

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), the Social Democratic Party
(SDP), and the People's New Party (PNP) held their secretaries
general meeting in the Diet building last night to continue
coordinating their views for the establishment of a coalition
administration. The DPJ presented the idea of the national strategy
minister, instead of the prime minister, joining a cabinet committee
on basic policies, a party head-level consultative body, to be set
up after the new administration is launched. The proposal did not
draw strong objections from the SDP or PNP. But the talks ran into
difficulties because the SDP sought an inclusion of a review of the
Japan-U.S. Status of Force Agreement regarding foreign and security
policies. The three parties are scheduled to resume their
secretaries general talks today and aim for a final agreement
through talks among the three party heads.

13) DPJ, SDP, PNP agree to reform postal services

SANKEI (Top Play) (Excerpts)
September 9, 2009

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), the Social Democratic Party
(SDP) and the People's New Party (PNP) on the evening of September 8
held secretary general-level talks in the Diet building with the aim
of forming a coalition government. The PNP has been calling for the
submission to the extraordinary Diet session in the fall of a basic
bill to revise the postal service privatization plan and legislation
to put on hold sales of stocks held by the Japan Post Group.
Participants agreed to make efforts to pass these bills into law
without delay. They thus reached a general agreement on the policy
front. They also vowed to coordinate views among the ruling parties
by setting up within the government a cabinet ministerial committee
of party head-level persons to discuss basic policies. However, a
final agreement has been postponed to Sept. 9 with the SDP
disagreeing with the description of a revision of U.S. Forces Japan

The SDP and the PNP at the secretary general-level talks called for
stipulating a revision of the plan for the relocation of the U.S.
forces' Futenma Air Station and the launching of talks to amend the
Japan-U.S. Status of Forces Agreement. However, Okada was reluctant
to comply with their request because Hatoyama plans to visit the
U.S. later in the month. As such, the DPJ indicated a compromise
plan proposing a settlement of bilateral issues, starting with the
nature of U.S. bases, taking the feelings of the people of Okinawa
into consideration. However, the SDP said it would submit a reply
after internal party talks on the morning of Sept. 9.

Points of DPJ proposals for coalition agreement

Q The cabinet ministerial committee to discuss basic policies joined
by party head-level persons of the three parties is to be

TOKYO 00002071 007 OF 010

responsible for discussing policies that require coordination of
views. The results will be presented and decided on at a cabinet

Q Immediately consider emergency employment measures.

Q Keep the sales tax rate at 5 PERCENT while the DPJ is in power.

Q Promptly draft a bill to reform postal services, and pass into

Q Intensively tackle the settlement of the unidentified pension
accounts issue.

Q Extensively transfer administrative authorities to local
government after legislating talks between the central and local

Q Build a close and equal Japan-U.S. alliance.
Q Settle challenges facing Japan and the U.S., starting with the
nature of U.S. bases, taking the feelings of the people of Okinawa
into consideration.
Q Vow to observe the Constitution. Priority is to be given to the
materialization of various rights guaranteed under the

14) Lower House consultative body agrees to elect new prime minister
on Sept. 16

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Excerpt)
September 9, 2009

A joint session of various parties in the Lower House was held for
the first time yesterday. Participants agreed to call the Diet for a
special four-day session starting on Sept. 16 and hold a vote to
elect the prime minister on Sept. 16. Democratic Party of Japan
President Yukio Hatoyama will be elected as the 93rd prime minister.
The Upper House is also expected to elect Hatoyama on the same day.

15) Japanese, Chinese chief envoys to Six-Party Talks discuss North
Korean issue

YOMIURI (Page 4) (Full)
September 9, 2009

The Foreign Ministry's Asian and Oceanian Affairs Bureau Director
General Akitaka Saiki and Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Wu Dawei,
who serve as chief representatives to the Six-Party Talks on the
North Korean nuclear issue, held talks yesterday at a Tokyo hotel.
The two chief negotiators agreed to steadily implement sanction
measures based on a resolution adopted at the United Nations
Security Council against North Korea, which announced that it will
conduct a nuclear test and that it has entered the final stage of
uranium-enrichment. Wu also explained to Saiki the results of his
visit to Pyongyang in August.

16) Hatoyama consults with Terashima about U.S. visit

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 2) (Full)
September 9, 2009

Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) President Yukio Hatoyama met with

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Japan Research Institute Chairman Jitsuro Terashima yesterday
evening for about 30 minutes at a Chinese restaurant in Akasaka,

Visiting the United States soon after the inauguration of a new
cabinet, Hatoyama intends to meet for the first time with U.S.
President Barak Obama, as well as hold his first summit meetings
with the Chinese and South Korean top leaders.

After his meeting with Terashima, Hatoyama told reporters: "We
didn't talk about the selection of cabinet members. He advised me
about a speech at the United Nations General Assembly and a series
of summit meetings in the United Sates."

17) DPJ takes cautious stance on U.S. military base issues before
Hatoyama-Obama summit meeting

ASAHI (Page 2) (Excerpts)
September 9, 2009

The issue of review of U.S. military bases in Okinawa, which has
been the last sticking point in the coalition talks, is an issue
whose handling may shake the Japan-U.S. alliance. The Democratic
Party of Japan (DPJ), which wanted to avoid going into details as
much as possible in anticipation of the first summit meeting between
President Yukio Hatoyama and U.S. President Barack Obama later this
month, and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), which wanted to
include a clear agreement on the reduction and withdrawal of U.S.
bases in the coalition agreement, clashed fiercely.

The DPJ's "Okinawa Vision" in 2008 advocated the relocation of
Futenma Air Station outside Okinawa or outside Japan. However, its
manifesto for the previous general election had toned down the

This is because Futenma relocation is an agreement between the
Japanese and U.S. governments and even the DPJ understands that if
the plans are scrapped, "this may cause a rift in the alliance
relationship." (in the words of a senior Ministry of Defense

Nevertheless, Hatoyama has indicated his willingness to heed
Okinawa's wishes. He has said that, "This issue will only go well if
the Japanese government, the U.S. government, and the people of
Okinawa come to an agreement." Hatoyama wants to build a close
relationship of trust with President Obama first through their
summit meeting. Based on this relationship, he wants to watch U.S.
reaction carefully to determine whether there is any possibility for
renegotiation on the U.S. Forces Japan realignment issues.

The DPJ's concern is that if it negates the Japan-U.S. agreement
upfront at the start of the coalition government, it will not be
possible to build the all-important relationship of trust.

Okinawa is skeptical about the DPJ's policy. Governor Hirokazu
Nakaima has stated repeatedly that, "We would like to know their
concrete policy." For now, the governor is taking a wait-and-see

18) Ambassador Bosworth concludes tour of China, South Korea, Japan;
U.S. takes soft, tough stance on DPRK nuclear issue

TOKYO 00002071 009 OF 010

ASAHI (Page 9) (Full)
September 9, 2009

Yusuke Murayama

U.S. Special Representative for North Korean Policy Stephen Bosworth
concluded his visits to China, South Korea, and Japan in relation to
the North Korean nuclear issue on September 8. Bosworth indicated
that he will consider seriously the DPRK's request for him to visit
the country in the next few weeks, while also emphasizing the
continuation of the sanctions. The U.S. is poised to draw
concessions from North Korea with a carrot-and-stick policy, but
there are still a number of serious hurdles to the realization of

Bosworth told reporters in Tokyo on September 8 that "the U.S. is
not averse to bilateral engagement with North Korea," showing great
enthusiasm to find a solution to the nuclear issue through U.S.-DPRK
dialogue, which is his longstanding position. During his discussions
with the Japanese government he went into the preconditions for such
dialogue, which were that it should be "useful and timely" and that
"the full support of our partners (Japan, China, South Korea, and
others) is necessary."

The background to this is that since the launch of ballistic
missiles in early July, North Korea has halted its provocative
action for the time being and shifted to a "dialogue offensive"
toward the U.S. and South Korea.

On the other hand, the Obama administration has been moving to a
"pressure policy" after the DPRK's second nuclear test in May. It
has been groping for the right timing to resume the Six-Party Talks
- which have become dysfunctional after the DPRK declared its
withdrawal - reckoning that "the next step will be U.S.-DPRK talks."
(according to a senior State Department official). Since July, after
North Korea shifted to a "dialogue offensive," the U.S. has been
developing a scenario to press the DPRK to compromise by using the
unity of the international community in the imposition of sanctions
as leverage, while its senior officials have also talked about
"comprehensive proposals" with the normalization of U.S.-DPRK
relations as the centerpiece.

Bosworth will look into the pros and cons of dialogue with the DPRK
based on the discussions he had during the present trip. However,
the hurdles to beginning a dialogue are still formidable.

North Korea has declared that it will "never again participate in
the Six-Party Talks" and demanded a shift to bilateral talks with
the U.S, so there remains a wide gap with the U.S., which insists
that dialogue will have to take place within the Six-Party Talks
framework. It is also not easy to obtain "full support" from Japan
and South Korea, which have been concerned that the U.S. and North
Korea might move forward on the nuclear issue without their input.
There is also persistent public opinion against unprincipled
compromise in the U.S. The Washington Post stated in an editorial on
September 2 that if Bosworth's visit to North Korea and such other
incentives occur "without a decisive change in North Korean
behavior, Kim Jong Il's diplomacy will have triumphed again." Along
with its maneuverings against North Korea, the Obama administration
will also be tested on how well it can gather support both at home
and abroad for direct dialogue.

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19) DPJ President Hatoyama announces 25 percent cut in greenhouse
gas emissions, bringing sharp reaction: Looming concern about impact
on economy

YOMIURI (Page 2) (Full)
September 9, 2009

Referring to Japan's midterm goal to curb greenhouse gas emissions
by 2020, Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) President Hatoyama on
September 7 vowed to aim for a 25 percent cut, compared with the
1990 level. Many cabinet members and business circles voiced concern
that huge costs needed to achieve such a goal would deal a blow to
the economy.

Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) Minister Nikai during a press
conference after a cabinet meeting requested: "It would be very
difficult to attain such a goal. Just stating a wish will not do. It
is imperative for the DPJ to clarify the process of policies up to
the achievement of the goal." State Minister for Economic and Fiscal
Policy Hayashi also called for a cautious approach, noting: "It is
important to balance the environment issue and the economy. The DPJ
should ensure that full-fledged discussions on the issue have taken
place domestically before making an international pledge."

Chief Cabinet Secretary Kawamura at a press briefing indicated a
skeptical view of the DPJ's plan, saying, "The issue is whether the
new government will set such a goal with the knowledge that most
gasoline-driven cars will become unable to be used." He also said
that the outgoing government adopted a more lenient mid-term target
of "cutting emissions by 15 percent in comparison with the 2005
level (8 percent in comparison with the 1990 level) after undergoing
repeated discussions amid considerable opposition."

There is a strong sense of criticism in industrial circles that if
they have to shoulder massive amounts of energy-saving costs,
companies' international competitiveness will be undermined. At a
venue where the company was releasing a new model, Honda Motors
President Ito said with a stern look, "The proposal far exceeds the
common sense of our business plan. It is a very severe goal." Toyota
Motors President Toyoda during a press conference urged the DPJ to
reconsider the goal, saying, "It is a harsh target. I want the DPJ
to reconsider it."

Environment Minister Saito of the New Komeito party, which advocated
the same figure as the DPJ's in its policy manifesto, welcomed
Hatoyama's statement, saying, "I want to highly praise the new
administration's proactive stance to the global environment issue."
He hinted at the possibility of his party cooperating with the DPJ
with an eye toward Diet strategy after the transfer of power.


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