World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 

Asia’s Declining Fertility Patterns Under Spotligh

Asia’s Declining Fertility Patterns Under Spotlight at UN Conference

New York, Dec 19 2006 2:00PM

Demographers and population specialists from 14 Asian nations have gathered in Bangkok for a three-day conference organized by the United Nations to discuss the latest challenges and issues posed by the region’s declining fertility rates.

The seminar, set up by the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), is examining why there are such differences in both the rates of fertility and the scale of the decline in those rates between countries within the region.

The average number of children per Asian woman is currently 2.3, but national rates vary from more than five in Afghanistan and Timor-Leste to less than 1.5 in the Republic of Korea, Japan, Singapore and Hong Kong, China.

In her statement at the conference’s opening yesterday, Thelma Kay, Director of UNESCAP’s Emerging Social Issues Division, said that in some Asian countries socio-economic development has been the crucial factor contributing to a decline in fertility, while in others family planning programmes made the difference.

“However, it has been highlighted that sustained fertility decline has occurred in countries where both these factors have been in operation,” she said.

“Among the socio-economic factors, urbanization, delay in age at marriage, especially among women, better education of women and higher labour force participation of women have been the driving forces behind fertility decline.”

Marital status is also critical, according to the population experts, with little child-bearing outside of marriage in Asia, particularly in comparison to Northern and Western Europe.

The conference aims to help governments develop guidelines for future policy research, suggest policy recommendations and develop specific programmes to boost the quality of life of people in the region.


ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 

University of Auckland: Low-Lying Pacific Island Has More Land Above Sea Level Than In 1943

An inhabited island in the low-lying Pacific nation of the Marshall Islands, which are thought to be at risk of being inundated by rising sea levels, has actually increased in size since 1943, scientists say. And the increase in area above sea level is likely ... More>>

APEC : Leaders Issue Kuala Lumpur Declaration

The leaders of the 21 APEC member economies issued the Kuala Lumpur Declaration following the first-ever virtual 27th APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting chaired by Malaysian Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin. Convening for the first time since the ... More>>

OHCHR: UN Committee Issues Recommendations To Combat Racial Profiling

The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination today published its guidance to combat racial profiling, emphasizing, among other issues, the serious risk of algorithmic bias when artificial intelligence (AI) is used in law enforcement. The ... More>>

G20: Global Co-Operation And Strong Policy Action Needed For A Sustainable Recovery

The COVID-19 crisis has exposed major weaknesses in our economies that can only be fixed through greater global co-operation and strong, targeted policy action, according to a new OECD report presented to the Leaders of the G20 countries at their ... More>>