Christmas Comes Early for Rivers and Nature
The European Commission’s final evaluation of EU water legislation has concluded the EU Water Framework Directive to be “fit for purpose;” acknowledging that the objectives of the law “are as relevant now as they were at the time of the adoption,” and that the law has led to “a higher level of protection for water bodies and flood risk management.”
12 December 2019
(Brussels) - This concludes the two-year evaluation of
the Water Framework Directive (WFD). By discarding the
possibility of revision, the EU is back on course to bring
life back to its rivers through full implementation and
enforcement of the law.
The message from the European Commission is clear: the WFD is a critical pillar of the EU’s environmental legislation and is here to stay in its current form. The fitness-check results highlight that the delay in reaching the WFD’s objectives is “largely due to insufficient funding, slow implementation and insufficient integration of environmental objectives in sectoral policies; and not due to a deficiency in the legislation.”
The conclusions come hot on the heels of the European Environment Agency’s State of the Environment Report 2020, which highlighted the WFD as being essential to halting and reversing biodiversity loss. The conclusions are strongly supported by WWF (including WWF Central and Eastern Europe), EEB, Wetlands International, the European Rivers Network and European Anglers Alliance - who together form the Living Rivers Europe coalition and led the #ProtectWater campaign to safeguard the WFD.
“By signing off the Water Framework Directive as fit for purpose, the European Commission is standing shoulder to shoulder with the hundreds of thousands of European citizens, scientists and civil society groups who have all championed the WFD over the past two years.” - Andreas Baumüller, Head of Natural Resources at WWF’s European Policy Office and Chair of the Living Rivers Europe Coalition
Yesterday, the European Commission published the European Green Deal, which proposes drafting a nature restoration plan and the green oath to “do no harm.” Both will be critical for ensuring that the objectives of the WFD will be met. In the Danube Basin, 80% of floodplains have been lost but many could be restored. Hydropower, navigation and flood protection infrastructure plans are in preparation that require proper biodiversity safeguards or should be dropped altogether in order to ensure that no harm will be done.
“For 20 years we have been battling Member States to properly implement the Water Framework Directive as the most sustainable way of restoring fish stocks for the millions of anglers who take part in recreational fishing, the thousands of jobs that depend on angling together with the rural economies that directly benefit from angling tourism. Now that the fitness check has determined that the WFD is not only fit for purpose, but that failure is due to lack of implementation by Member States, we would expect urgent action to conform with the present legal requirements to deliver for fish and fishing.” - Mark Owen, Freshwater Policy Advisor to the European Anglers Alliance and Living Rivers Europe partner
Support for the WFD stretches far and wide
Just last week, an open letter from 5,500+ scientists was sent to Executive Vice-President Timmermans and Commissioner Sinkevičius, calling on them to “save and implement the Water Framework Directive” in order to halt and reverse the catastrophic decline in freshwater biodiversity. Earlier this year, 375,386 citizens took a stand for the WFD through the #ProtectWater campaign, which facilitated citizens’ participation in the European Commission’s public consultation on the WFD (the only opportunity for the general public to have its say during the fitness-check) to express their clear opposition to changing the legislation. This made the public consultation on the WFD the third largest in the history of the EU. It went on to be supported by more than 130 civil society organisations, including national partners and offices of Greenpeace, BirdLife and Friends of the Earth, as well as unions.
A well-enforced WFD must be at the
heart of the European Green Deal
The gifts people and nature receive from healthy rivers, lakes and wetlands are key to delivering the four main pillars of the European Green Deal. From supporting climate adaptation to protecting biodiversity, fuelling sustainable food systems to thriving economies, a strong WFD forms the necessary baseline to secure all the benefits healthy freshwater ecosystems provide.
Looking ahead, it is now important to pull all efforts towards reaching the objectives of the WFD by 2027. There is a long way to go. Sixty percent of EU surface waters are not healthy, failing to meet the WFD’s standards. Last week’s State of the Environment Report 2020 showed that out of the four freshwater indicators analysed by the EEA, only one has shown progress over the last 10-15 years. For all indicators, the outlook to 2030 is “a mixed picture.”
However, Member States are now finalising their plans to achieve the WFD’s objectives during the 2022-2027 cycle (known as River Basin Management Plans). This is an unparalleled opportunity for them to speed-up their efforts on water protection. The European Commission needs to embark all actors together in an ambitious vision for healthy and clean waters in Europe, one which requires political will, enforcement of the legislation, and investments.