75th Anniversary Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights
Op-Ed from Jaap van Hierden, Resident Coordinator of United Nations Micronesia
Kolonia, 10 December 2023
In today’s turbulent world with conflicts in Ukraine, Gaza and Sudan and burgeoning tensions between Venezuela and Guyana, it is perhaps important to take a step back and recognize our universal and inalienable rights. Rights that we have simply because we exist as human beings. Rights that are inherent to us all, regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. Rights that range from the most fundamental - the right to life - to those that make life worth living, such as the rights to food, education, work, health, and liberty. Rights that include our right to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948, was the first legal document to set out the fundamental human rights to be universally protected. The UDHR, which turns 75 on Sunday, 10 December 2023, continues to be the foundation of all international human rights law. Its 30 articles provide the principles and building blocks of current and future human rights conventions, treaties and other legal instruments. In adopting the UDHR, the UN General Assembly enshrined human dignity in its preamble as follows: “Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.”
The first of 30 articles enshrines that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood”. The UDHR, together with the 2 covenants - the International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights - make up the International Bill of Rights.
In the years since then, all five sovereign Micronesian countries have achieved political independence; have become members of the United Nations; and have ratified the UHDR. And by doing so, recognized your fundamental rights and those of others.
Please take moment to reflect on your fundamental rights. Reflect whether you believe that you possess all the human rights enshrined in the UHDR. To reflect what you and your community can do to demonstrate your commitment to human rights.
Whatever the outcome of your reflections may be, you are not alone. United Nations Micronesia is your friend, your neighbor, and your ally in seeking a world where human rights are promoted and protected, and we stand with you in solidarity and in partnership.
Happy Human Rights Day.