Cablegate: Ankara Media Reaction Report

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.




E.O. 12958: N/A




This will be an historic decree-Hurriyet
40,000 US troops to Turkey, 22,000 to the front-Sabah
Turkish Military Disturbed-Milliyet
AKP Disturbed with Council of Ministers' Decision-Turkiye
US troops arrived before the Parliament Decision-Tercuman
Americans Do Not Trust AKP-Posta
Government Decree Says that Turkey's Security in Danger-


Iraq issue causes trouble for AKP Government-Cumhuriyet
62,000 US troops are coming-Radikal
Iskenderun harbour is like an American Barracks-Zaman
US Arms are for the Kurdish State -Yeni Safak
Kurdish Groups Meet in Northern Iraq: They don't want
Turkish troops-Cumhuriyet
Kurdish Parliament to US: Don't let Turkish Troops in -


Iraq: Turkish papers predominantly focus on the upcoming,
yet not scheduled, parliamentary voting which will provide
permission for the stationing of US troops in Turkey. The
overall situation, however, is being characterized as "very
uneasy" for the AKP government. Some ministers, even though
they signed the decree that will be presented to parliament,
have already voiced their opposition by disclosing their
intent to cast "no" votes. Papers also emphasize the
declaration of the Kurdish National Parliament meeting,
which denounced a possible Turkish military presence in
northern Iraq. This is not going to help the AKP government
calm the opposition in parliament. Mass appeal "Milliyet"
quotes military sources as saying that it might not be the
right time for the Turkish parliament to accept an American
military deployment because of the obvious anti-Turkish
sentiment of the Kurdish groups. Islamic "Yeni Safak"
carries a banner headline: "The US will arm the Kurds," and
claims that heavily-armed Kurdish groups will use these
weapons against the Turkish military following a US
operation. This is "part of the US plan" for an independent
Kurdish state, Yeni Safak argues.

"Hurriyet" says that the three agreements, i.e. political,
military and economic, are virtually concluded and waiting
to be signed. They will be signed right after the
parliamentary session, in other words, if the decision for
deployment is passed. There are still some details to be
worked out, but Foreign Minister Yakis and Ambassador
Pearson said that significant progress had been achieved.
Reports say the remaining two issues involve the question of
IMF conditionality on the economic package and the status of
Turkomen in Northern Iraq.

Commentaries on the unfolding developments are split. Even
in the same paper, writers argued different sides of the
issue. Hurriyet's Emin Colasan accused the government and
AKP leader Erdogan of complicating the situation and
creating confusion in the country. He blamed the AKP
leadership for accepting US terms which he described as
"unacceptable." Fatih Altayli, in the same paper, argued
that the rejection of the motion should be seen as a no-
confidence vote for the administration. Cuneyt Ulsever
joined the debate by reminding, though 94 percent of the
Turkish people are opposed to war, the deputies who are to
vote on the government's motion in the parliament will have
to decide what will be in Turkey's best interests.

Cyprus: The visit of UNSG Annan to Ankara is the center of
attention in the Cyprus reporting. Papers speculate that
Annan discussed his newly-revised Cyprus plan with the
Turkish leadership and received positive signals from
Ankara. Annan is expected to make his new plan public after
presenting it to the Turkish and Greek Cypriot leaders as he
visits the island today.

"The fireball"
Fehmi Koru argued in Islamic-intellectual Yeni Safak (2/26):
"The voting at the Turkish parliament, if it passes, will be
used by the war-mongering lobby as a pressuring tool against
members of the UN Security Council. The lobby is in a
serious rush, because the chances for a peaceful settlement
are increasing every day. . The government obviously has put
the ball in the parliament's court. Yet the Turkish
parliament must insist on international legitimacy, and wait
for a second UNSC resolution. The war-mongering lobby in
Washington should be ignored, and Turkey is capable of
stopping this war from happening."

"The post-Saddam situation"
Yilmaz Oztuna wrote in mass appeal-conservative Turkiye
(2/26): "The war is not going to take very long. It will be
a short war, yet the aftermath will be very long. Turkey
will have to maintain its military presence as long as US
soldiers remain there, which could be up to 5 years.
American soldiers to be stationed in Turkey could also
remain for years. Turkey should be prepared for the worst,
such as Operation Provide Comfort, which requires
parliamentary authorization every three months. . The US
will not easily pull out of Iraq after the war. Iraq will
be a main base for US activities, will ensure a safe flow of
oil, and permit the holding of `show' elections. Once
things are made stable in the eyes of the US, the
administration will be turned over to Iraqis, but definitely
not to the Baath Party. That means that, in the meantime,
Turkey's immediate neighbor will be the US, not Iraq. The
US plans will not end there. The US will work to change the
administrations in Iran and Afghanistan as well as in
Central Asia, Syria and Saudi Arabia, a task which will
practically fill President Bush's 4-year agenda."


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