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Cablegate: Ankara Media Reaction Report

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.




E.O. 12958: N/A
MONDAY, MAY 23, 2005


--------------------------------------------- -----

`Double' Protest Against First Lady Bush in Jerusalem -
`Cold Shower' for Laura Bush in Jerusalem - Milliyet
Jafari: Coalition Withdrawal Depends on Iraq Security -
Hurriyet 5/22
Turkey to Train Iraqi Policemen - Sabah 5/22
Erdogan to "Le Figaro": Turkey Wants to be Loyal EU Partner
- Sabah 5/22
Shiite-Sunni Alliance in Iraq - Aksam
Gaza Withdrawal in August - Aksam
Huntington: Turkey Has Leadership Position in Islamic World
- Hurriyet 5/22

Repairing Relations With Iraq - Cumhuriyet
Turkish Day Euphoria in US - Zaman
Shiites, Sunnis Call for Unity of Iraq - Yeni Safak
7,000 Indonesians Protest Alleged Koran Abuse - Radikal
US Pressures Karimov - Yeni Safak
Andijon Heals Wounds, Tension High in Karasu - Zaman
Early Polls Looming in Germany - Zaman
Rice Highlights Damascus' Support for Iraqi Resisters - Yeni
Safak 5/22
Syrian Government Hunts for Islamists - Yeni Safak
Amr Moussa: Democracy Only Way for Arab Nations - Cumhuriyet
Karzai Condemns US Torture, Killing of 2 Afghans - Zaman
Saudi Women Have No Rights - Cumhuriyet
BBC Employees on Strike - Cumhuriyet

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Iraq's PM Jafari Visits Turkey: Iraqi Prime Minister
Ibrahim al-Jafari assured Ankara during his state visit to
Turkey that the PKK in northern Iraq would not be allowed to
attack Turkey. Jafari said after meeting PM Tayyip Erdogan
on Friday that those countries that have supported Iraq
`would never be forgotten.' At a larger bilateral meeting
chaired by Jafari, the Turks handed the Iraqi side a list of
150 PKK members, including Osman Ocalan, for arrest and
extradition. On Kirkuk, Jafari said the oil-rich northern
Iraqi city's diverse demographic makeup should be preserved.
Erdogan said that no ethnic group should be allowed to
dominate Kirkuk, and stressed that `appropriate' grounds
should be formed for a constitution that will ensure the
broadest possible participation. Jafari responded
positively to Ankara's suggestion for opening a second
border crossing in Ovakoy due to heavy traffic through the
Habur border gate. A trilateral meeting between Turkey,
Iraq, and the US is to be held in Turkey in July to discuss
the trucker security isue. It was agreed that Turkey will
continue training Iraqi security forces under a NATO
program, and will carry out diplomatic training for Iraqi
diplomats. The two sides also agreed to open consulates in
Mosul and Istanbul, and to simplify visa procedures for
travel between the two countries. The Iraqi Prime Minister
was also received by parliamentary speaker Bulent Arinc, who
pledged Turkey's help in drafting the Iraqi constitution.
On Friday evening, Jafari visited 14 Iraqis receiving
medical treatment in an Ankara hospital. The Iraqis had
been wounded in a bomb attack against the Kurdistan
Democratic Party (KDP) office in Erbil May 4. Jafari said
before departing from Ankara on Saturday that a pullback of
coalition forces from Iraq would only take place after
Iraq's security forces are fully in place and prepared to
handle the security threat.

Sezer, Erdogan Issue Messages on Turkey-US Ties: Turkish
President Ahmet Necdet Sezer issued a message Saturday
highlighting the `special' relationship between Turkey and
the United States on the occasion of the 24th annual Turkish
parade held in New York. `We want to further strengthen
cooperation with the US, and we are happy that the US shares
the same desire,' Sezer said. He praised the activities
held in the US that are aimed at improving bilateral ties
and balancing `the negative effects of anti-Turkey lobbies'
there. Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan said that Turkey's
`friend and ally, the United States' is `our main partner'
in dealing with regional and global issues. `Our relations
with the United States are different from our relations with
any other country,' Erdogan said. He added that Turkey is
the only secular and democratic country in the region that
believes in the free market economy. `We support our
nationals as they acquire US citizenship and become involved
in US political life,' the Turkish prime minister

First Lady on Middle East Tour: First Lady Laura Bush
arrived from Jordan to Israel on the last leg of her tour of
the Middle East in an effort to support democracy and
women's rights, Turkish papers reported on Monday. Mrs.
Bush met with Israeli President Moshe Katzav and his wife in
Jerusalem, and visited holy places in the city. The First
Lady also visited the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial in
Jerusalem, and traveled to Jericho in the West Bank to meet
with Palestinian officials. She later flew to Egypt. On the
first stop of her tour in Jordan, Laura Bush told the World
Economic Forum that women should be granted the rights to
free speech, worship and vote, and she welcomed Kuwait's new
law granting women the right to vote as a `happy'
development. Papers also cite international wire reports
that `fanatical' Jews protested against the First Lady to
urge the release of Jonathan Pollard, who was sentenced to
life in prison for spying for Israel. A group of Muslims
also yelled at Mrs. Bush over the alleged desecration of the
Koran in Guantanamo Bay prison.

Emine Erdogan Joins International Women's Forum in Damascus:
Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan's wife Emine told the
International Businesswomen Forum in Damascus that women
from around the world should take more active roles in
politics, culture, arts and sports, Monday's papers report.
`Truth and justice should be universalized, not terror,'
Mrs. Erdogan said. She claimed that women could find
solutions to problems around the world if they are allowed
to do so. Papers note that Mrs. Erdogan returned to Ankara
from Damascus last night on President Assad's official

Anti-US Protest in Istanbul: A rally was held in Istanbul
to protest the `unrestricted' US access to Incirlik Airbase,
weekend papers report. The small group of demonstraters
demanded the closure of Incirlik Airbase and a US pullout
from the Middle East. They also blamed the ruling AK Party
government for becoming a partner in the US `occupation and
savagery' in the region.

Syria Imprisons PKK Members: A Syrian court ordered the
imprisonment of three alleged members of the outlawed PKK
for 30 months for carrying out separatist activities, Sunday
papers report. Reports suggest that the convictions are
furtehr evidence of the thaw in Turkish-Syrian relations and
the positive tone generated by recent reciprocal high-level

Turkey's Trade With Iraq Increases: State Minister Kursad
Tuzmen said on Saturday that Turkey's trade with Iraq could
amount to 2.5 billion USD at the end of the year, weekend
papers report. On Friday, Iraqi Trade Minister Abd al-Basit
Karim Mawlud and Tuzmen met with businessmen from both
countries. Tuzmen said that Turkey aimed to reach 10
billion USD of business with Iraq in trade, investment,
transportation and contracting services within two years.
He noted that Ankara wanted to sign a free trade agreement
with Iraq. Tuzmen said that the Habur border gate with Iraq
will be modernized, but added that a second and a third
crossing should also be opened. He also pushed for the
opening of a Turkey-Syria-Iraq railway line. Tuzmen urged
Iraq to take effective security measures, especially on the
road to Mosul, and to lower the fees taken from Turkish
companies at the Halil Ibrahim customs gate.

Turkey to Increase Electricity Exports to Iraq: The Turkish
power companies EUAS and Kartet will increase their
electricity exports to Iraq to 1,200 MW before the end of
this year, a Turkish official told papers on Friday. The
official said during an official visit to Ankara by Iraqi
Prime Minister Ibrahim Jafari that with 350 MW electricity
sent to Iraq in late May, Turkey's exports to its neighbor
would amount to 1,200 MW at the end of the year.

Baykal Joins Socialist International Summit in Jerusalem:
Opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) leader Deniz
Baykal arrived in Israel on Saturday to attend the May 22-24
meeting of the Socialist International (SI) in Jerusalem,
weekend papers report. Baykal met on the margins of the
summit with Israeli Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom and Labor
Party leader Shimon Peres. Women journalists accompanying
Baykal and CHP lawmaker Petek Gurbuz came under verbal
attack by a group of radicals for not covering their heads
during Baykal's visit to the al-Aqsa Mosque, Monday papers
report. On Monday, Baykal will move on to Ramallah to
attend a welcoming reception hosted by Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas.

Turkey May Pay 1 Billion USD to Displaced Kurds: Turkey
could face fines amounting to 1 billion USD in compensation
for local Kurds forced out of their villages amid fighting
with the outlawed PKK in southeastern Turkey in the 1980s
and 1990s, Monday's "Radikal" reports. 69,832 villagers
have applied to a special commission set up by the Turkish
government to investigate displacement cases. The
commission has decided to pay compensation fees to only 342
applicants so far. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
advised the government that the July 2005 deadline for
applications should be extended. If not, the MFA argued,
the number of applications to the European Court of Human
Rights (ECHR) will increase.

Turkish Army Planning Massive Operation Against PKK: The
"Mesopotamian News Agency" (MNA), which is known to be close
to the PKK, claimed on Saturday that the Turkish military is
preparing to launch a large operation against Kurdish
insurgents in rural areas of the southeastern provinces
Sirnak, Siirt, and Hakkari in late May. Village guards in
the area have been ordered to report to their locations by
May 28 May, and a groups of informants from Diyarbakir,
Midyat, and Van prisons have been sent to the region in
advance of the operation, which is expected to last for two
weeks. Meanwhile, jandarma teams are continuing operations
against the PKK in rural areas of Cukurca of Hakkari
province, weekend papers report. A lieutenant was killed
when he stepped on a landmine during a mine-sweeping
operation on Sunday.

EDITORIAL OPINION: Uzbekistan; US-Turkey

"Uzbekistan A Test for President Bush"
Yasemin Congar wrote in the mass appeal "Milliyet" (5/23):
"President Bush has said that the US will no longer tolerate
anti-democratic regimes in the name of stability. After his
election victory in November, Bush has repeatedly
highlighted this policy. This principle is going through a
critical test in Uzbekistan. Although Bush has said many
times that even if a despot presents himself as a friend of
the US he cannot be tolerated, it remains to be seen if he
is going to apply this policy to the Kerimov regime. The
Uzbek dictator is certainly not the only one Washington's
`friends' with a bad record on democracy and freedom. There
are others, ranging from the Saudi regime to the government
of Hosni Mubarak in Egypt. In fact, such `friends' are
currently facing growing US pressure for reforms. .
Washington has adopted a cautious approach in the face of
the brutal repression in Andijon. But over the past week,
Washington has stepped up its rhetoric against the Kerimov
regime's brutality, and initiated a multi-faceted effort to
push for an international investigation of the Uzbekistan
events. . It seems that even though the Bush administration
would like to keep its military options there, it has
finally realized that pursuing a pro-Kerimov policy is not
only dangerous but also works against US interests."

"Greece is the New Strategic Partner for the US"
Cuneyt Ulsever commented in the mass appeal "Hurriyet"
(5/23): "There are reports that the US is searching for
alternatives to replace the strategic partnership with
Turkey. The US has military bases in the Middle East and in
Central Asia. The establishment of additional bases in
Romania, Bulgaria, and Azerbaijan is under consideration.
Had Turkey rejected the use of Incirlik airbase as a cargo
hub for US operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US was
going to go for another option - the British Aquatiri base
in Cyprus. In fact, US officials are increasingly speaking
about Greece as a `strategic partner.' Greek PM Karamanlis
was given treatment appropriate to a strategic partner at
the White House last week. The Turkish government's
unpredictable policies have forced the US to find an
alternative to Turkey. Prime Minister Erdogan has realized
this at the last minute, and is making every effort to
improve relations with the US. But the White House, unlike
in past years, is not very enthusiastic about hosting
Erdogan this time. The answer to Erdogan's appointment
request came after a long delay, and the date given was
later than what had been requested. Now, prior to the
visit, the US is trying to give the message to Erdogan that
the US is working on a `plan B' in the Middle East, the
Balkans, and Afghanistan. Let's hope our Prime Minister
reads these messages correctly."


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