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Cablegate: Nas Monthly Report for July 2009


DE RUEHBO #2698/01 2361955
R 241955Z AUG 09




E.O. 12958: N/A


1. (SBU) SUMMARY: The following developments occurred in July,
2009: The aerial eradication team sprayed 10,576 hectares (ha) and,
with 57,219 ha sprayed so far this year, is on track to reach the
100,000 ha calendar goal. Total manual coca eradication through
July was 28,739 ha. The GOC is taking various measures to increase
manual eradication production in an attempt to reach the 70,000 ha
goal for the year. Landmine and hostile fire incidents killed four
security personnel and three civilian eradicators; so far, 28
personnel have died in 2009 during manual eradication operations.
Plan Colombia Helicopter Program (PCHP) flew 13 hours supporting six
medical evacuation flights transporting a total of eight patients.
PCHP supported three Chief of Mission High Value Target (HVT) Joint
Task Force operations. In one mission, Colombian forces severely
impacted Mono Jojoy's security ring and captured Swedish-made,
Venezuelan antitank weapons. Hostile fire killed one PCHP gunner
and injured another. ARAVI's NAS-supported fleet flew 2,047 mission
hours during the month. The Counter Drug (CD) Brigade secured a
total of 9,388 ha for aerial eradication missions. One CD Brigade
officer was killed in action. In July, the interagency complaints
committee received 1,020 new claims of alleged spray damage to legal
crops; the majority of the claims originated from the same area in

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2. (SBU) Aircraft based in Forward Operating Locations (FOLs) in
Tumaco, San Jose del Guaviare, and Carimagua/Cumaribo sprayed a
total of 10,576 hectares (ha) in July. A total of 7,340 ha were
sprayed out of Tumaco; 1,706 ha out of San Jose del Guaviare; and
1,530 ha out of Carimagua/Cumaribo. The aerial eradication team has
sprayed 57,219 ha so far this year, and is on track to reach the
100,000 ha calendar year goal. Eradication aircraft experienced one
hostile fire incident during the month, resulting in one impact. So
far this year, the aircraft have been involved in 13 hostile fire
incidents with 21 impacts; no one has been wounded or killed as a
result of these incidents.

3. (SBU) Macarena Consolidation Program officials (PCIM) and the
Antinarcotics Police (DIRAN) have discussed with NAS the possibility
of opening up the far southern portion of the PCIM to spray. The
PCIM was declared a no-spray zone in mid-2008 to accommodate
Colombian consolidation plans in the area, including voluntary
eradication. [NOTE: In August, GOC and NAS Aviation Unit (NAU)
received written permission to spray in the far southern area of the
PCIM which has an estimated 800-1,200 ha of coca. END NOTE.]


4. (SBU) Manual eradication operations were ongoing in 11
departments. Phase III of the GOC's 2009 manual eradication
campaign (GME program) will begin in early August. Total
eradication of coca for July was 4,916 ha, bringing the GME
program's year-to-date total to 24,531 ha. Including eradication
carried out by the Colombian security forces, total coca eradication
through July was 28,739 ha, short of the pace to reach the 70,000 ha
manual eradication goal for 2009. The GOC's eradication goal for
Phase III is 22,000 hectares, more than double the hectares
eradicated during Phase II. To increase the pace of eradication
during Phase III, the GOC plans to have upwards of 200 GMEs in the
field pulling up coca (compared to just over 100 GMEs during Phases
I and II). The DIRAN has also created two temporary police
companies and enlisted the support of several other police units to
provide security for manual eradicators for Phase III.

5. (SBU) In July, landmine and hostile fire incidents killed four
Colombian security personnel and three civilian eradicators. In one
incident, three soldiers and three civilian eradicators were killed
by hostile fire when their boat was fired upon in the Department of
Choco in Northwestern Colombia. Through July, 28 people (20
security personnel, seven civilians, and a UN topographer) have died
during this year's manual eradication operations (four security
personnel were killed in a helicopter accident). In all of 2008, 26
security personnel and civilian eradicators were killed.

6. (SBU) Separate from the GME program, the Colombian Army (COLAR)
and the Colombian National Police (CNP) conduct manual eradication
as part of their normal operations. Through July, COLAR had
eradicated 3,081 ha of coca, 44 ha of poppy and two ha of marijuana,
and the CNP had eradicated 963 ha of coca, six ha of poppy and 46 ha
of marijuana.


7. (SBU) PCHP aircraft operated from Tumaco, Cumaribo, San Jose and
Tolemaida bases and flew a total of 786 hours providing air
assaults, air movements, reconnaissance, medical evacuations, and
support missions for the CD Brigade and other vetted COLAR units.
PCHP helicopters conducted an air assault mission with BACNA 2 and
DEA on drug laboratories northeast of the Tumaco, Narino, and
interdicting three laboratories and seizing large quantities of
gasoline and coca leave; three persons were captured. PCHP flew 13
hours supporting six medical evacuation flights that transported
eight patients. Three COLAR Gunners were qualified as
standardization instructors.

8. (SBU) PCHP supported three Chief of Mission High Value Target
(HVT) Joint Task Force operations. On July 13, from Cumaribo,
Vichada, PCHP supported Joint Special Operation "Jubilo" with 3 x
UH-60s and 2 x UH-II gunships. A combined airlift task force
inserted over 300 troops on an arms cache target east of Barranco
Minas. During another mission, PCHP deployed 2 x UH-60 and 3 x
UH-II gunships from Tumaco to Bahia Malaga, on the Pacific coast,
and inserted 30 Colombian Army Special Forces near a
narcotrafficking site northeast of Buenaventura. While the
principal target was not found, the complex mission showed Colombian
force projection into a very difficult area. During a third HVT
operation on July 23, the principal target, FARC 43 Front Commander
Negro Alberto, and 18 members of his staff (two of them members of
his senior staff) were killed in action, dealing a major blow to
Mono Jojoy's security forces. The Colombian Special Forces seized
personal effects for 70 people, electronic and hard copy documents,
as well as nine Swedish anti-tank rocket launchers that had been
originally sold to Venezuela by Sweden in a registered arms deal.
[NOTE: The capture of these anti-tank rockets became a source of an
international polemic when Sweden confirmed that it had sold these
weapons to Venezuela in an arms deal. END NOTE.]

9. (SBU) COLAR (Colombian Army) aircrew flying PCHP aircraft
sustained two casualties in July. During the extraction phase of
the counternarcotics mission supporting a BACNA 3 operation near
Larandia, one UH-II gunship received three enemy hits and the gunner
was wounded in the lower leg. A combined task force attacked a
target believed to be a part of the FARC Secretariat's security
forces in the Meta department. During the air assault phase of the
operation, the lift aircraft came under enemy fire and a PCHP UH-II
helicopter gunship's COLAR Gunner was killed.


10. (SBU) ARAVI's NAS-supported fleet flew 2,047 mission hours in
July. The seven UH-60 Black Hawks closed out the month with 180
flight hours and an Operational Readiness (OR) rate of 64 percent.
Two UH-60s are undergoing depot maintenance after hostile impacts
during interdiction operations. The Bell 212 fleet flew 236 mission
hours with an OR rate of 60 percent. One Bell 212 still needs to be
inducted into the Service Life Extension Program/Rewire. The Huey
II OR rate was 67 percent while flying 1,032 hours. Four Huey II
aircraft, or twelve percent of the fleet, are currently undergoing
depot maintenance for structural repairs.

11. (SBU) The DC-3 fleet flew 318 hours in July, with an OR rate of
47 percent; two DC-3s are undergoing a 2,000-hour inspection. The
last C-26 Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Aerial
Platform (ISRAP) PNC 0224 is expected to be delivered in late August
or early September.


12. (SBU) During July, the CNP seized 7.9 metric tons of cocaine
hydrochloride (HCl) and cocaine base, 20.3 metric tons of coca leaf,
4.6 metric tons of marijuana, and 12 kilograms (kgs) of heroin. The
CNP also destroyed 13 cocaine HCl laboratories, 180 coca base
laboratories, and captured 443 metric tons of precursor chemicals.

13. (SBU) The Bogota Junglas (CNP Airmobile Commandos) hit an HCl
laboratory near Cucuta, near the Venezuelan border on July 15. On
July 17, DIRAN Cucuta also seized two kgs of heroin at a road
checkpoint in Cucuta. The DIRAN Cucuta Commander has observed that
narcotraffickers are erecting HCl laboratories straddling the
Venezuela border. In a few cases, the HCl laboratory complex is
actually split, the HCl laboratory is built on the Colombian side,
while the barracks, kitchen, and precursor storage is placed on the
Venezuelan side. The DIRAN Cucuta Commander has developed a working
relationship with his counterpart Venezuelan antinarcotics units.

14. (SBU) On July 2 near Retorno, Guaviare, the Bogota Junglas
destroyed 12 coca base laboratories containing 171 kgs of coca base,
3.4 metric tons of coca leaf, and 10,567 gallons of precursor
chemicals. On July 6, the DIRAN Heroin Group seized 262.9 kgs of
cocaine at a vehicle checkpoint near Lorica, Cordoba. On July 7,
the DIRAN Chemical Control Group seized 2.8 metric tons of precursor
chemicals at a road checkpoint near Medellin. On July 7 near Puerto
Gaitan, Meta, the Bogota Junglas destroyed a coca base laboratory
containing 12 kgs of coca base. On July 8, the DIRAN Heroin Group
seized 98.12 kgs of cocaine and a vehicle, and captured two men at a
road checkpoint near Villarica, Cauca. On July 9, the DIRAN Money
Laundering Group captured Gustavo Pabon, a member of the Fabio Ochoa
narcotrafficking group wanted for extradition to the United States.
On July 10-13, The Bogota Junglas destroyed two HCl laboratories
north of San Jose del Guaviare and one HCl laboratory in Magdalena
Medio. On July 14, the DIRAN Chemical Group captured 7.73 metric
tons of precursor chemicals at a road checkpoint near Cali. On July
15, the DIRAN Chemical Group seized 6.6 metric tons of precursor
chemicals and two trucks, and captured three men at a road
checkpoint near Aguachica, Cesar.

15. (SBU) On July 17-18, the Tulua Junglas conducted operations to
hit a series of six cocaine HCl laboratories located near the
high-threat FARC 6 Front area near Corinto, Cauca. The Colombian
Air Force provided air cover (2 x ARPIAs, 1 x AC47) to escort the
Jungla airmobile element. The Tulua Junglas destroyed a major
precursor chemical storage cache during this operation, but were
forced to abort the operation when the FARC ground fire hit the lead
UH-60. On July 27, the Bogota Junglas destroyed four coca base
laboratories containing 36 kgs of cocaine base and 2.8 metric tons
of precursor chemicals near Puerto Lleras, Meta. On July 30, the
Santa Marta Junglas destroyed a 1,600-meter clandestine airstrip in
the Magdalena department. On July 30, the Bogota Junglas destroyed
a cocaine HCl laboratory in the Magdalena Medio region, finding 100
kgs of cocaine being processed at the site. On July 31, the DIRAN
Chemical Group captured three metric tons of precursor chemicals at
a road checkpoint in Bajo Cauca, Antioquia. On the same day, the
Bogota Junglas attempted an HVT mission against the FARC 6th Front
leadership, however, the airmobile assault force discovered that the
FARC camp had moved days prior to the attack. Also on the same day,
the Santa Marta Junglas engaged "Don Mario's" (Daniel Rendon's)
remaining members when the Junglas deployed 45 men to Monteria,
Cordoba for 60 days to support the CNP's Search Block ("Bloque de
Busqueda"). Also on July 31, the DIRAN Cucuta Company hit an HCl
laboratory near Villa de Rosario, Norte de Santander, destroying
seven rustic structures, and seizing 80 kgs of coca base.

16. (SBU) Mark Lopes, the Senior Advisor to Senator Robert Menendez
(NJ), visited the CNP Rural Training Center in Pijaos on July 2. He
observed the Jungla Instructor Course, the Jungla Medical Course,
met with the U.S. Army Seventh Special Forces Group trainers, and
toured the recently-completed NAS-funded training center. On July
11-12 at the Santa Marta Antinarcotics Base, the Junglas celebrated
their twentieth anniversary. On July 13, also in Santa Marta, NAS
representatives participated in the DIRAN Interdiction Jungla
Company leaders' conference. The 18-week Jungla Commando
International Course began on July 27 and currently includes 40
Colombian and 55 international students. The 55 international
students come from ten countries: Panama (25 students), Argentina
(2), Brazil (2), Belize (2), Costa Rica (2), Jamaica (1), Paraguay
(1), Peru (7), Mexico (2), and the Dominican Republic (12). The
23-week Combat Medic Course graduated 40 students in July; the next
course will begin in Pijaos on August 3.


17. (SBU) The Base Security course began on July 21 in Tumaco and
will graduate 44 students on September 3. The students come from
various DIRAN, EMCAR (Mobile Carabinero Squadrons), COLNAV (Marine
Corps) and BRACNA (Antinarcotics Brigade) units. The next course
will start on September 8 in Necocli, Antioquia (critical drug
transit point on the Caribbean coast, near the border with Panama).

18. (SBU) The Indefinite Amount/Indefinite Quantity IDIQ La Julia
project to rebuild a police station as well as the Tierradentro
project are slated to be completed in August, after a delay due to
torrential rains. Miraflores IDIQ project's Phase II is underway.
Work began at the Piedras Blancas and the Belen de Bajira projects
and should be completed by the end of August.

19. (SBU) The Night Vision Device (NVD) program advisor returned 35
inspected NVDs to their respective EMCAR units. Manual eradication
sent in 60 NVDs for inspection. The remaining 120 NVDs of the 500
purchased for the EMCAR program arrived in July and will be
distributed to EMCAR units after undergoing inspection.

20. (SBU) The Naval Intelligence Group (GRUIN in its Spanish
acronym) supported a joint COLMIL operation close to the Gulf of
Uraba (Caribbean Coast, near the Panamanian border) where the
reconnaissance teams located a cache filled with 1.5 metric tons of
cocaine. In a nearby location, the teams also found a small camp
with 260 7.62mm rounds for AK-47, one small boat, and captured five
individuals. Also in the Uraba Gulf, the GRUIN seized 420 kgs of
cocaine and two "go-fast" vessels that were loaded and ready to go.
Two other GRUIN teams found an abandoned semi-submersible
construction site. During an operation in San Andres, the Atlantic
Coast Guard captured a go-fast with two crew members and seized 4.2
million dollars in cash. The Colombian Coast Guard and the CD
Brigade seized a self-propelled semi-submersible near Tumaco,
Narino. The Bahia Solano Coast Guard detected and seized a
"go-fast" boat in the vicinity of Jurado (Pacific Coast), capturing
350 kgs of cocaine.
21. (SBU) The maritime advisor conducted a test and evaluation on a
flotation Level III ballistic vest. The armor plate stopped all
7.62mm rounds that were shot from a machine gun at 3, 5, and 8
meters, and passed the flotation test.


22. (SBU) DIRAN's radio teams supported manual eradication
operations and sent radio teams to support DIRAN training on THALES
MBITR (multiband radios). The weapons section donated
transportation containers for explosives, tubes to clear weapons,
first aid equipment, security lights, and security cameras to
various DIRAN armories. The DIRAN weapons group repaired 13 M60 E3
machine guns.


23. (SBU) The DIRAN polygraph unit conducted polygraph exams on 148
members of the DIRAN's Interdiction, Aviation and Ports and Airports
units. 103 of those tested passed the exam, 43 failed, and two had
inconclusive results. New DIRAN Intelligence Commander LTC Leonardo
Mejia assumed the leadership of the Polygraph Unit.


24. (SBU) The CD Brigade's Second and Third Battalions continued to
support aerial eradication, interdiction, and combat operations.
During July, the CD Brigade secured a total of 9,388 ha for aerial
eradication missions. The battalions conducted interdiction and
combat operations against the FARC's 7, 15, 29 and 30 Fronts in
Caqueta, Guaviare, and Narino. The battalions located and destroyed
one HCl laboratory, eight narcoterrorist camps, four coca paste
laboratories, and seized 7,406 gallons of liquid precursors, 1,652
of solid precursors, 400 kgs of coca leaf, 12 microwaves, one
special device used to process cocaine, and three generators. The
First Battalion conducted light infantry, air assault, and combat
operations training in Larandia, Caqueta. During combat operations,
the battalions confiscated five hand grenades. Second BRACNA killed
a FARC member during an operation. One CD Brigade soldier was
killed in action.

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25. (SBU) The carabinero squadrons are continuing their operations
throughout Colombia conducting road security, manual eradication,
infrastructure security and rural patrolling operations. The
primary focus of the Carabineros Directorate continues to be the
emerging criminal bands. In July, the squadrons operating against
these groups captured 30 personnel and seized 236 weapons from them.
The squadrons also captured eight FARC/ELN members and 100 common
criminals, and seized 55 weapons. During counternarcotics
operations, the squadrons captured 2,598 gallons of liquid
precursors, 4,234 kgs of solid precursors, 1,250 liters and then 440
gallons of coca leaves in liquid. The squadrons destroyed eight
base laboratories and three caches, and impounded 27 vehicles.
Emerging criminal band members engaged in two firefights with the


27. (SBU) In July, out of 2,758 air tracks over Colombia, one was
declared Unknown, Assumed Suspect (UAS). Colombia did not respond
because this UAS entered the Colombian airspace very briefly during
its roundtrip flight from Venezuela to the Dominican Republic and
back. Near Tumaco, Narino, ABD personnel worked with the Colombian
Navy and Coast Guard to impound three "go-fast" boats and arrest
eight crewmembers.


28. (SBU) In July, the interagency complaints committee received
1,020 new claims of alleged spray damage to legal crops; 949 of
these cases originated from Roberto Payan, Narino. NAS and the
police are investigating the legitimacy of these complaints by
analyzing complaint documents, coca detection data, and spray lines.
The police met with the town's mayor and loaned 10 NAS GPS devices
to assist in determining the exact site coordinates. NAS will
overfly the entire Roberto Payan area and capture images with the
ADS camera to verify current presence of coca and judge the
legitimacy of complaints. [NOTE: On August 3, an additional 1,836
complaints were received from Barbacoas, Narino; NAS will prioritize
investigations there. END NOTE.]

29. (SBU) By the end of July, the environmental team had closed 58
crop damage cases due to incomplete applications, 20 cases because
coca was either mixed with legal crops or no damage was found, and
compensated 11 cases for an approximate total of $82,840.

30. (SBU) The environmental team conducted an analysis of the crop
damage complaint system, focusing primarily on developing an
approach to decrease the backlog. As of June 30, NAS had a backlog
of 791 complaints. The environmental team has developed a
three-prong approach to decrease the backlog where NAS will verify
complaints, pay complainants, and organize informational sessions on
the complaint process for local mayors and farmers. This will allow
NAS to close over 300 cases.

31. (U) The NAS picture museum was exhibited at the Corferias
AgroExpo fair from July 16-26. Visitors received a guided tour of
the exhibit and learned about all of the stages of illegal crop
production; and experts discussed environmental damagers and the
destruction to Colombia's flora and fauna. Various GOC entities and
NGOs participated, such as the Dangerous Drugs Directorate (DNE),
United for Colombia, and the DIRAN. The picture museum will return
to Corferias August 13-23 for the 22nd International Book Fair.


32. (U) Representatives from NGOs "Surgir," "Mentor," and "Leones
Educando" traveled with the program officer to the CADCA (Community
Anti-Drug Coalitions of America) "Mid-Year Training Camp" in
Louisville, Kentucky on July 27-30 and learned about DDP community
coalition building. These selected NGOs will establish three DDP
coalitions in Colombia in Medellin, Bogota, and in Barranquilla.
Ten DIRAN officers participated in the annual DARE conference in
Orlando on July 21-23; DARE Inernational financed four of the

33. (U) During the AgroExpo fair, "United for Colombia"
representatives gave a presentation on drug demand prevention,
showing the direct link between the purchase of drugs and the
financing of narcoterrorism. A military officer and two civilians
injured by explosive devices spoke about their experiences.


34. (SBU) July was the peak month for 2009 with 265 members of
illegal guerilla groups turning themselves into authorities under
the Ministry of Defense's (MOD's) Demobilization Program. Major
motivations for desertion are abuse by former comrades, political
divergence and increasing military pressure. However, the most
common reason cited continues to be a desire for a new way of life.
1,636 individuals have demobilized so far in 2009, 80 percent of
whom are FARC members. While the National Liberation Army (ELN in
its Spanish acronym) represents fewer than 20 percent of the total
demobilized population, compared to 2008 rates, ELN demobilization
numbers have increased by 50 percent. Program budget shortfalls
have been largely overcome allowing the MOD to execute contracts
with commercial media outlets communicating the demobilization
message across the airwaves, via television and at local promotional
events. The program continues to emphasize fresh initiatives for
prevention of illegal recruitment and provides psychological
assistance to the demobilized. Information voluntarily provided by
the demobilized is still one of the best sources of intelligence
available to security forces. Reintegration remains a major
challenge for the Colombian government as almost 80 percent of the
demobilized individuals do not have elementary school education.

35. (SBU) COMMENT: The narcotraffickers are taking advantage of
Colombian political difficulties with Colombia's neighbors -
narcoterrorist activity is strong in border areas such as Cucuta
(border with Venezuela), Gulf of Uraba (almost on the border with
Panama), and Tumaco (near Ecuador). While the DIRAN Cucuta
commander has developed a working relationship with his Venezuelan
antinarcotics counterparts, the narcotraffickers are undeterred:
the Cucuta commander noted that narcotraffickers are straddling
their laboratories along the Venezuelan/Colombian border where part
of the operation takes place in one country and yet another in
another. Narcotraffickers are also taking advantage of their
informants - when the Bogota Junglas attempted an HVT mission
against the FARC 6 Front leadership, the camp had been moved days
prior to the attack. END COMMENT.


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