Cablegate: Daily Summary of Japanese Press 10/05/09

DE RUEHKO #2286/01 2780641
P 050641Z OCT 09




E.O. 12958: N/A


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(1) Ambassador Roos visits Hiroshima (Yomiuri)

(2) Ambassador Roos makes first visit to Osaka, participates in
walk-a-thon with citizens (Mainichi)

(3) Bumpy road to realizing "East Asian community," centerpiece of
Hatoyama diplomacy (Tokyo Shimbun)

(4) Interview with Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa - "New
contribution" a future challenge (Mainichi)

(5) Ministerial committee to be established for revision of NDPG

(6) Coordination into full swing for review of Futenma relocation
plan: Defense parliamentary secretary to be sent to U.S. (Yomiuri)

(7) Futenma Air Station relocation: Premier, defense minister,
foreign minister showing signs of disagreement (Tokyo Shimbun)

(8) Minister Maehara's statement on reviewing Futenma relocation
plan creates stir in Okinawa (Okinawa Times)

(9) Editorial: Review of Henoko relocation plan: Discuss base issues
comprehensively (Okinawa Times)

(10) Editorial: Relocation of Futenma Air Station to Henoko
impossible (Okinawa Times)

(11) FCLP conducted on Iwojima for 19 years; Long distance of 1,200
km from mainland Japan a challenge; Permanent facility not yet in
sight (Asahi)

(12) National strategy office, administrative reform council: Two
axles of support for budget compilation get underway (Nikkei)

(13)Poll on Hatoyama cabinet, political parties (Yomiuri) 12


(1) Ambassador Roos visits Hiroshima

YOMIURI (Page 34) (Full)
October 5, 2009

On October 4 U.S. Ambassador to Japan John Roos visited the
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum in Hiroshima City, where in the
visitors' book he wrote, "Hiroshima is a powerful reminder of the
importance of cooperating to realize a world without nuclear
weapons." He made the following comment on the visit: "I was deeply
moved by the exhibits." Hiroshima Mayor Tadatoshi Akiba made a
request to the Ambassador for President Barack Obama to visit
Hiroshima. Roos responded, "I will convey my experience in Hiroshima
to the President."

(2) Ambassador Roos makes first visit to Osaka, participates in
walk-a-thon with citizens

MAINICHI (Osaka edition) (Page 21) (Full)
October 4, 2009

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U.S. Ambassador to Japan John Roos, who took up his post in August,
made his first visit to Osaka on October 3. He joined around 2,000
local citizens in a walk-a-thon in the area around the Nakanoshima

This was a charity event organized by the Kansai chapter of the
American Chamber of Commerce to "increase the number of working
women and enhance vitality in the business sector." After doing
warming up exercises with popular American workout instructor Billy
Blanks, a resident of Ibaraki City, the Ambassador walked about 1.5
kilometers with the local residents, chatting amiably with them
along the way.

(3) Bumpy road to realizing "East Asian community," centerpiece of
Hatoyama diplomacy

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 2) (Full)
October 5, 2009

Kei Sato

Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama is devoting his efforts to promoting
the concept of "East Asian community," which is the pillar of his
Asian diplomacy. He intends to flesh out the concept ahead of the
Japan-PRC-ROK summit to be held in Beijing from October 10. However,
rivalry with China for leadership has already started, while the
U.S., which is excluded from this framework, remains suspicious.
Numerous obstacles lie in the way of realizing this concept amid the
cross purposes of the involved countries.

The East Asian community concept and an "equal Japan-US. alliance" -
aiming at a review of the U.S. Forces Japan realignment plans, among
other things - constitute the core of the Hatoyama administration's
foreign policy. Using the European Union as a model, Hatoyama is
aiming at a permanent security framework in Asia and the realization
of a "common Asian currency," although he will be groping for ways
to form the community by promoting a comprehensive economic
partnership agreement (EPA) for now.

However, history has shown how difficult this process might be. The
"prototype" of the community is the East Asian Economic Caucus
(EAEC) proposed by then Prime Minister Mahathir of Malaysia in the
early 1990s. While the EAEC failed to materialize due to the United
States' opposition, the ASEAN + 3 (Japan, China, South Korea)
framework, which has the same membership, has taken root since then.
In 2005, an East Asian summit aiming at creating the community was
finally organized.

However, discussions have come to an impasse not only due to the
differences in political systems and levels of economic development
in East Asia, but also because of the rivalry between Japan and
China for leadership. The two countries could not even agree on the
composition of the community, with China trying to limit membership
to the ASEAN + 3 nations - since it will be easier to assert its
position under this framework - while Japan is insisting on the East
Asian summit model, which takes in India and other countries from
outside the region, so the concept itself is fizzling out.

The prime minister has now re-launched the concept, but there is a
sense of "history repeating itself." While China approves of the
concept per se, it has no intention to hand over leadership to

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Japan. At the Japan-China foreign ministerial talks in late
September, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi deliberately emphasized
that, "We were the first one to support creating (the community)."

The U.S. interpreted Hatoyama's article advocating the creation of
the community to be "anti-U.S.," and this forced him to explain at a
news conference that "we do not intend to exclude the U.S."

While the Japan-PRC-ROK summit is expected to agree on promoting the
community, it is uncertain whether the leaders can go as far as
taking concrete steps, such as setting up working teams. If efforts
to put the concept on track at the APEC summit in November and other
venues of international diplomacy fail, it is possible that the
concept may be shelved once again.

(4) Interview with Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa - "New
contribution" a future challenge

MAINICHI (Page 2) (Full)
October 2, 2009

-- Are you going to extend the Maritime Self-Defense Force's
refueling mission in the Indian Ocean whose term will expire next

Kitazawa: My understanding is that it cannot be extended without new
legislation. Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama and Foreign Minister
Katsuya Okada held talks with top leaders of other countries on the
sidelines of the recent United Nations General Assembly, so I want
to discuss how we can contribute to the international community
after learning what was discussed there.

-- In the event (the refueling mission) is not extended, do you have
any intention to come up with an alternative plan using the SDF?

Kitazawa: Use of the SDF is not a foregone conclusion, but then the
Defense Ministry's thinking should not stand out, so I want to deal
with the matter carefully.

-- Are you going to review what was agreed upon between Japan and
the United States on the relocation of the U.S. Marine Corps'
Futenma Air Station?

Kitazawa: The agreement was reached after many years of talks with
the United States, and it carries great significance. Meanwhile,
people in Okinawa want to move (Futenma) out of the
prefecture/country, and that, too, is also of great importance. The
question is how to strike a balance between the two.

-- What is the direction of reform of the Defense Ministry?

Kitazawa: I want to have one of the parliamentary secretaries
closely examine the matter swiftly so that we can study options,
including whether or not the Democratic Party of Japan can come up
with a new plan to reform the ministry. I was impressed by the fact
that the defense minister can have up to three aides. This fits well
the DPJ administration's thinking. We will preserve what is good.

-- What is your view of former Air Self-Defense Force Chief of Staff
Toshio Tamogami, who was dismissed from his post for publishing in a
contest an essay at variance with the government's position?

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Kitazawa: (The right to express) one's belief must be guaranteed,
but if one does not appreciate the position in which he has been
placed, he makes a serious mistake. What Mr. Tamogami did is

-- Bureaucrats did not attend the first meeting of parliamentarians
holding the top three posts: the minister, senior vice minister, and
parliamentary secretary. How are you going operate the three
parliamentarians' meetings?

Kitazawa: Ministry officials did join (the opening part of the
meeting). We later discussed matters with ministry officials. I want
to finalize basic elements among ourselves (the parliamentarians
holding the three top posts). I have no intention to keep
(bureaucrats) at a distance. A host of challenges require our
unified efforts.

-- Are you going to revise the National Defense Program Guidelines
and formulate the new Midterm Defense Buildup Program in December,
as planned?

Kitazawa: Personally I do not want to postpone them. I think the
absence of Japan's defense guidelines on the part of Japan would
have a tremendous impact on the world.

-- In operating the Self-Defense Forces, which are armed forces, how
are you going to deal with advice and assistance from the chiefs of
staff and other defense experts?

Kitazawa: The international situation is far more complex than ever
before, and experts' views are extremely important. But relying
excessively on experts carries the risk of making biased decisions.
Lawmakers must make a constant effort to grasp the global situation
and keep their senses sharpened so they can properly respond to

(Interview by Tetsuya Higuchi, Yasushi Sengoku)

(5) Ministerial committee to be established for revision of NDPG

YOMIURI (Page 2) (Full)
October 3, 2009

At a press conference on Oct. 2, Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirofumi
Hirano announced a plan to set up a ministerial committee shortly
for the revision of the National Defense Program Guidelines (NDPG),
which specify the modalities of Japan's defense capabilities, and
the formulation of a new Midterm Defense Buildup Program.

(6) Coordination into full swing for review of Futenma relocation
plan: Defense parliamentary secretary to be sent to U.S.

YOMIURI (Page 2) (Full)
October 3, 2009

The government on Oct. 2 started full coordination among cabinet
ministers on the propriety of reviewing the planned relocation of
the U.S. Marine Corps' Futenma Air Station in Ginowan City, Okinawa
Prefecture, so as to reach a decision at an early date. Prime
Minister Hatoyama has shown an eagerness to take a second look at
the present relocation, which mentions the U.S. forces' Camp Schwab
in Nago City, Okinawa as the relocation site, based on the

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Democratic Party of Japan's (DPJ) conventional stance. However,
base-hosting municipalities have already conditionally accepted the
current plan. Washington is also cold on the idea of revising the
Futenma relocation plan. Will the government make a policy switch
just before U.S. President Obama visits Japan in mid-November? The
prime minister is pressed to make a difficult decision.

Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirano told the Yomiuri Shimbun and other
dailies in an interview yesterday, "The government must form some
comprehensive idea before the President visits Japan." Defense
Minister Kitazawa on the same day said, "We have to look well into
the U.S. stance." Then, he has decided to send Defense Parliamentary
Secretary Akihisa Nagashima to Washington early next week.

When Hirano and Kitazawa held a meeting with Foreign Minister Okada
and State Minister for Okinawa at the Prime Minister's Official
Residence (Kantei), they just confirmed a policy of aiming for an
early settlement. However, they did not pursue an in-depth
discussion of whether the relocation plan should be reviewed or not,
sources said. Kitazawa has already indicated that it would be
difficult to move the Futenma functions out of the prefecture.
However, the prime minister on Sept. 24 told reporters, "I have no
intention of changing the government's basic stance of reviewing the
relocation plan."

Concerning the Futenma relocation, Okinawa's prefectural and
municipal governments, including Nago City, announced that it would
be unavoidable to relocate Futenma airfield within the prefecture,
as Governor Hirokazu Nakaima said. The idea is to give priority to
removing the danger of Futenma airfield to the neighborhood as early
as possible. Chances are that in the event the plan is reviewed,
there will be a significant delay in the planned relocation of
Futenma airfield by 2014.

(7) Futenma Air Station relocation: Premier, defense minister,
foreign minister showing signs of disagreement

TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 2) (Full)
October 3, 2009

Government officials are in disagreement on the issue of relocating
the U.S. forces' Futenma Air Station in Ginowan City, Okinawa
Prefecture. Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama is adhering to the
Democratic Party of Japan's (DPJ) principle of aiming to move the
facilities out of the prefecture. On the other hand, Defense
Minister Toshimi Kitazawa takes the position that it would be
difficult to move them out of the prefecture. Foreign Minister
Katsuya Okada takes a flexible stance without adhering to any policy
direction so that he can take any approach.

The DPJ advocates a plan to move the Futenma functions out of the
prefecture by taking a second look at the present program, which
stipulates the relocation of the air station near the coast of Camp
Schwab in Nago City, Okinawa Prefecture, based on "Okinawa Vision,"
which the DPJ compiled when it was an opposition party. The prime
minister has not changed his principle of aiming to move the Futenma
facilities out of the prefecture, noting during his U.S. visit last
month, "We have no intention of changing our stance toward the U.S.

However, the positions of the related cabinet ministers responsible
for the actual work differ subtly. After inspecting Okinawa as the

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person responsible for defense policy, Defense Minister Kitazawa at
a press conference held in Naha City on Sept. 26 noted, "Moving the
Futenma factions out of the prefecture would be very difficult." He
made that comment because local residents conveyed their anxieties
to him that if the present program, which has been decided after
many twists and turns for many years, is reviewed, the return of the
air station will be put off further into the future.

Okada does not commit himself to either option - moving the
facilities within the prefecture or out of the prefecture. That is
because if he, as the person responsible for talks with the U.S.,
firmly commits to one option and rejects all other possibilities,
talks cannot be pursued, as he said.

As a matter of fact, the manifesto, which the DPJ released before
the Lower House election, does not carry the words "out of the
prefecture." This is because the party has to broaden its outlook
and use many different approaches when pursuing talks, as Okada
said. He made this comment with an awareness of the possibility of a
power transfer. He took a harsh position toward Kitazawa, saying,
"It is better for him not to say this and that at the present

Apparently cautioned by Okada, Kitazawa at a meeting of four related
cabinet ministers held at the Prime Minister's Official Residence
(Kantei) on Oct. 2, explained, "I just mentioned my candid
impression at the meeting. I did not mean to indicate any specific
policy direction."

Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirofumi Hirano during an interview with the
Tokyo Shimbun indicated his stance of finalizing the government
position before the U.S. President visits Japan in November.

The time limit is drawing near amid disarray among the related
cabinet ministers on the Futenma relocation issue.

(8) Minister Maehara's statement on reviewing Futenma relocation
plan creates stir in Okinawa

OKINAWA TIMES (Page 2) (Full)
October 4, 2009

Shin Yoshida , Shinsaku Shimabukuro, political, economic reporters;
Kenya Fukumoto, Central Okinawa Bureau; Shogo Nishie, Tokyo Bureau)

State Minister for Okinawa Affairs Seiji Maehara, who is on a visit
to Okinawa, mentioned a review of the Japan-U.S. agreement on the
relocation of the U.S. forces' Futenma Air Station on Oct. 3, and
this has created a stir in the prefectural and municipal
governments. In light of the recent series of visits by senior U.S.
officials to Japan and the vigorous negotiations with the U.S.
currently taking place, the reaction is a mixture of bewilderment
and expectation. Since the statement was also made one day after the
informal consultations by four cabinet ministers, concerns have been
voiced over the apparent discord in the government, while there is
also a cool-headed observation that Maehara had merely reiterated a
principle contained in the "Okinawa Vision" of the Democratic Party
of Japan.

At his meeting with Maehara, Naha Mayor Takeshi Onaga, who is also
chairman of the association of mayors in Okinawa, reminded him:
"Unless the relocation (of Futenma) out of Okinawa is executed with

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unwavering determination, the people of Okinawa will be confused."
Maehara replied: "I apologize for causing trouble. We would like to
reach a conclusion at an early date," indicating that he understands
that the decision to accept Futenma's relocation within the
prefecture was a "bitter" one on the part of the Okinawa Prefectural
Government (OPG) and Nago City.

Maehara did not mention a review of the Henoko relocation plan at
this meeting. Mayor Yoshikazu Shimbukuro of Nago City, the proposed
relocation site under the current plan, said: "(Maehara) said that
economic development measures for Okinawa are important and that he
will study such measures without fail." Shimabukuro also made the
following demand: "We hope that the government comes up with a clear
policy direction, since it appears to favor relocation out of

Kadena Mayor Tokujitsu Miyagi revealed that he told Maehara that,
"There are moves behind the scenes to promote the plan to merge
(Futenma) with Kadena Air Base, and this is unacceptable." Maehara
reportedly only listened and kept quiet. After the meeting, Miyagi
stressed the local government's position. He said: "I argued
strongly that it is unacceptable (for the government) to simply come
up with a conclusion and tell us what it will do."

Governor Hirokazu Nakaima and the top OPG executives also learned
about Maehara's statement on the evening of October 3. One senior
OPG official was astonished that "he went that far." He said: "We
will certainly welcome a feasible and concrete plan for relocation
out of Okinawa," but he remained cautious, since no concrete plan
had been presented.

At his meeting with Nakaima, Maehara had emphasized that he would
serve as the "intermediary between the government and Okinawa." The
above OPG official was unsure about "whether this was a message from
the administration or in which capacity he was speaking." He stated
in a harsh tone: "We will have to closely watch what sort of
proposals they have with great interest."

Ginowan Mayor Yoichi Iha, who briefed Maehara at the Kakazu Takadai
Park (overlooking the Futenma base), welcomed the fact that
"(Maehara) was able to confirm the danger posed by Futenma." He
urged the government to change its policy, claiming: "Providing
another military base without a clear perception of the actual
situation will create another Futenma. The plan to relocate to
Henoko will fall through."

A ruling party official frowned that: "It is not easy (to review the
current plan). I hope he refrains from making careless remarks. He
has overstepped the competence of the Okinawa affairs minister." One
senior Ministry of Defense official observed that, "This will give
rise to criticism of discord within the cabinet. What has happened
to their coordination process?"

A government official speculated that, "Since the government has not
made a decision, he might have thought that he should repeat what is
written in the Okinawa Vision as the minister in charge," making the
level-headed analysis that, "This is qualitatively different from
remarks by the defense minister, who is directly in charge of the
Futenma relocation project, or the foreign minister, who is in
charge of foreign policy."

(9) Editorial: Review of Henoko relocation plan: Discuss base issues

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OKINAWA TIMES (Page 5) (Full)
October 5, 2009

We feel as though we have been at the mercy of the remarks of the
new cabinet ministers who have been coming to Okinawa every week.

In connection with the relocation of the U.S. forces' Futenma Air
Station, Okinawa Affairs Minister Seiji Maehara (minister of Land,
infrastructure, transport, and tourism), who just made his first
visit after becoming a cabinet member, expressed doubts about the
2006 agreement between the Japanese and U.S. governments on the
relocation of the Futenma base to Henoko in Nago City and mentioned
the need to consider a new relocation site.

Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa, who came to Okinawa exactly one
week ago, had just said something to the effect that the "realistic
policy" of relocation within Okinawa might be inevitable. At that
time, Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama, who was making his diplomatic
debut in the U.S., was talking about upholding the basic policy of
relocation "out of Okinawa or out of Japan." Foreign Minister
Katsuya Okada, who accompanied him on the U.S. visit, also talked
about a reexamination of the Henoko relocation plan.

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) needs to sort out the Okinawa
issues both inside the cabinet and inside the party. While both the
Social Democratic Party and the People's New Party are opposed to
Henoko relocation, they differ on the other options.

It is natural that the DPJ is being careful before it engages in
full-fledged negotiations with the Obama administration, but the
party has repeatedly voiced its opposition to the construction of
new military bases in Okinawa.

At the time a helicopter crashed onto the campus of the Okinawa
International University in August 2004, then DPJ President Katsuya
Okada wrote a petition demanding the return of Futenma without a
replacement facility, among other things. Mr. Maehara, who was then
the foreign minister of the "Next Cabinet (shadow cabinet)," was the
one who presented this petition to the U.S. Embassy.

Now that the DPJ is in power, it should make efforts to implement
its basic policy.

It is necessary to consider if it is sensible to focus only on the
Futenma issue about whether the facility should be relocated within
Okinawa, out of Okinawa, or out of Japan.

We have asserted repeatedly that the Okinawa issues should not be
resolved by Okinawa alone. If the Japan-U.S. security alliance is
the linchpin of Japan's foreign policy, then let the whole of Japan
share the burden in maintaining the alliance.

The problem is that Okinawa's advantageous geographical position - a
proposition that is utterly meaningless in the 21st Century - is
cited as the reason for locating 75 percent of U.S. military bases
in Japan in the prefecture. The political authorities have refused
to face this fact, and negotiations under the Liberal Democratic
Party administration were conducted under the policy direction that
the status quo could not be changed.

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Many ministers have come to Okinawa and brought back "Okinawa's
message" to Tokyo. However, there has not been any answer to the
question of how to rectify the excessive burden on Okinawa, which is
clearly discriminatory.

Mr. Maehara, who is an expert on foreign policy and security issues,
pointed out in his questioning of the government at the Diet as an
opposition politician that the revolution in military technology
would bring changes to the U.S. forces' forward bases and argued
that Japan should negotiate actively with the U.S. on the
composition of U.S. Forces Japan, bearing in mind the Okinawa

Such a perspective should serve as the basis for projecting a
comprehensive solution to the Okinawa issues. The Futenma issue has
been drifting and 13 years have been wasted without ever going into
the essential issues.

At his meeting with Mr. Maehara, Governor Hirokazu Nakaima admitted
that "a majority of the people of Okinawa hope for relocation out of
the prefecture," but merely said that "relocation within the
prefecture is unavoidable" as a realistic option.

The governor appears to have become a force of resistance at a time
when politics is changing.

The change of administration should also be a transformation that
brings "change" to the thinking on the bases.

(10) Editorial: Relocation of Futenma Air Station to Henoko

OKINAWA TIMES (Page 5) (Full)
October 1, 2009

The sloppy process used by the Defense Ministry (Okinawa Defense
Bureau) in conducting its environmental impact assessment has been
revealed. This is probably because the ministry has already made a
final decision to construct (a new U.S. base). Important facilities
were added (to the original plan) after the views of the residents
had already been heard. The environmental assessment was supposed to
be a process for consensus-building through dialogue, but the
ministry has completely ignored that idea.

Regarding the relocation of the U.S. Marine Corps' Futenma Air
Station to the Henoko district in Nago City, Okinawa's Environmental
Impact Assessment Council compiled its draft report on the
environmental impact assessment preparatory documents, which the
ministry had sent to the prefectural government. Seiko Tsukayama,
chairman of the council, will submit it to Gov. Hirokazu Nakaima on
Oct. 2.

Pointing out that there is concern about the unforeseeable effects
of land reclamation in Oura Bay, the draft council report criticizes
the preparatory documents and calls for them to be rewritten,
saying, "The analysis, projection, and evaluation are not
sufficient. The necessary examination, projection, and valid
evaluation should be carried out once again. Appropriate measures to
preserve the environment must be devised." The draft council report
also seeks multiple-year surveys of dugongs.

Referring to the ministry's preparatory documents that say the

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impact on the environment will be avoided/reduced, the draft council
report includes a more specific phrase that if the environmental
impact cannot be fully reduced, options for halting the project,
changing the site, and reducing the project in size should be

The ministry has reiterated that environmental preservation measures
will be taken "within the scope feasible." This phrase can be
interpreted in various ways. Moreover, the new base will be used by
the U.S. military, which is not covered by any Japanese law.

Okinawa Times and the Asahi Shimbun leaned from their joint survey
conducted in May that about 80 PERCENT of Okinawa residents said
they were dissatisfied with the ministry's explanation that there
will be only a minor impact on the environment, clearly rejecting
the ministry's environmental impact assessment.

The ocean area off the Henoko district is endowed with a wide range
of marine living species such as endangered dugongs, regenerated
coral reefs, and various types of seaweed.

The ministry's environmental impact assessment method was fraught
with a variety of problems. The assessment methodology report
including the initial procedure is a sort of "environmental
assessment blueprint" to narrow down the outcomes of the
environmental impact assessment by making the outline of the project
to the public. However, the ministry damaged coral by going ahead
with the environmental survey before drafting the methodology
report. It also added an ammunition-loading area and the gathering
of a massive amount of sea sand, which had not been included in the
initial plan, to the assessment methodology report.

At the stage of compiling the preparatory documents, such new
facilities as four helipad sites were added. If this is the way the
ministry plans to carry out the relocation, the only way to describe
it is utterly arrogant.

Following the draft council report, the governor will submit his
opinion (to the Okinawa Defense Bureau) by Oct. 13. This will be
Nakaima's first official comment since the change of government.
Seven ruling camp Diet members hailing from Okinawa, who have
opposed the relocation of the Futenma facility to the Henoko
district, will discuss the issue with Defense Minister Toshimi
Kitazawa, calling for the suspension of the implementation of the
budget for the relocation project. Since Kitazawa is negative about
suspending the environmental assessment, the situation is still
uncertain. However, Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama has said, "Out of
the prefecture at the minimum." If the governor and Nago Mayor
Yoshikazu Shimabukuro continue to take the stance of accepting the
relocation plan conditioned on moving the relocation site offshore,
an odd situation will develop. The government policy has undergone a
complete about-face. It is obvious that relocating the Futenma
facility to the Henoko district will be impossible. The governor
should keep this in mind.

(11) FCLP conducted on Iwojima for 19 years; Long distance of 1,200
km from mainland Japan a challenge; Permanent facility not yet in

ASAHI Kanagawa Edition (Page 33) (Abridged slightly)
October 4, 2009

TOKYO 00002286 011 OF 015

Hirotaka Kawakami

The U.S. military has been conducting its field carrier landing
practice (FCLP) on Iwojima over the past 19 years. Part of the FCLP
conducted for the seven days up to Sept. 30 has been opened to the
press. During the Pacific War (during WWII), U.S. forces and the
Imperial Japanese Army conducted a fierce battle on Iwojima, which
is 1,200 kilometers south of U.S. Naval Air Facility Atsugi.

On the night in late September, a blue beam pointing to the
2,650-meter runway on Iwojima was standing out under the star-filled
night sky. And U.S. carrier-based fighter jets were continuously
conducting night-landing practice (NLP) as part of the FCLP.

Yokosuka became the homeport of a U.S. naval aircraft carrier in
1973. U.S. Navy fighter jets began NLP at the Atsugi base in 1982.
Receiving protests from local governments and residents, the U.S.
Navy began shifting the touch-and-go training in stages to Iwojima
starting in 1991, conducting the practice at the Atsugi base only
under certain conditions, such as bad weather on Iwojima. NLP has
not been carried out at the Atsugi base since May 2007.

Practice at the Atsugi base, which is situated in a residential
area, is allowed only up to 10 p.m. Meanwhile on Iwojima, conditions
close to the aircraft carrier at sea can be created. On the island,
fighter jets can continue flying at an altitude of 180 meters (600
feet) without worrying about making noise.

Lt. Cmdr. Ray Owens, who is responsible for planning and policy at
the headquarters of U.S. Naval Forces Japan, indicated that the U.S.
Navy's desires are in line with those of local residents. "We are
working very hard to strike a balance between our efforts to
minimize the risk of accidents and to reduce noise for local
residents," Owens said. "It is best to complete FCLP on Iwojima."

Nevertheless, the U.S. side accepted Iwojima in 1989 as a site to
conduct FCLP only as a temporary step. For this reason, the U.S.
side is seeing a permanent training facility.

The biggest reason is that Iwojima is 1,200 km away from mainland
Japan and that there is no place to make an emergency landing. Japan
and the United States were to plan a relocation of the training in
the process of realigning U.S. forces in Japan and to select a
permanent training facility as early as July. No candidate sites
have been determined.

(12) National strategy office, administrative reform council: Two
axles of support for budget compilation get underway

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
October 1, 2009

The national strategy office and the administrative reform council
have at last gotten underway. They are viewed as the two axles of
support for the Prime Minister's Official Residence (Kantei), when
the Hatoyama administration compiles the fiscal 2010 budget. The
national strategy office, which is tasked with drafting a budget
outline, is set to determine the upper limit of expenditures, after
estimating revenues, including the amount of government bonds to be
issued. The administrative reform council, which is responsible for
identifying the wasteful spending of budgetary funds, will start
drafting guidelines for various government agencies to eliminate

TOKYO 00002286 012 OF 015

wasteful spending once its lineup is fixed. The Hatoyama
administration will aim to compile the budget under political
leadership before year's end. Whether the administration can achieve
that goal will depend on to what extent the two organizations can

Deputy Prime Minister and State Minister for the National Strategy
Bureau Naoto Kan and State Minister for Administrative Reform
Council Yoshito Sengoku on Sept. 30 respectively held their first
meetings with the three top officers responsible for state affairs
at each government office. Prior to the Oct. 10 deadline for the
submission of budgetary requests by each government agency, they
discussed the future management of the national strategy office and
the administrative reform council.

Senior Vice Minister Motohisa Furukawa of the Cabinet Office, who
attended both meetings, said at a press conference: "The national
strategy office will set general conditions concerning the total
amount of government bonds to be issued. With a view to revenues,
including tax revenues, expenditures will be decided within that
framework." However, Finance Minister Hirohisa Fujii held a press
conference on the 30th and said, "It is the Finance Ministry that
knows the most about the outlook for tax revenues," even though he
stressed cooperation with the national strategy office. As such,
there still remains an unclear aspect about role-sharing.

The key personnel for the administrative reform council have been
selected at last. The council has adopted a system in which it will
conduct budgetary assessments in cooperation with the administrative
reform council, by appointing Kan as a council member. However,
given the fact that the council has yet to take shape, it appears to
be limited in what it can do when it comes to identifying wasteful
spending of budgetary funds. A bureaucrat-turned DPJ lawmaker said,
"Nothing can be accomplished before year's end unless the Finance
Ministry Budget Bureau does almost everything."

Sengoku intends to map out guidelines for eliminating wasteful
spending before the end of October and issue orders to each
minister. Chances are high the assessment of budgetary
appropriations will be left to each government agency and the Budget
Bureau to work out. It was thought that the review of the extra
budget for the current fiscal year would serve as a model case for
the administrative reform council to make drastic cuts. However, the
work will likely be carried with very little involvement from the
administrative reform council.

When asked about the council's involvement in the revision of the
extra budget, Sengoku did not conceal his frustration from
reporters, saying, "We have not decided to get involved in that
work. Since we don't have any staff yet, we cannot possibly do that

(13)Poll on Hatoyama cabinet, political parties

YOMIURI (Page 6) (Full)
October 5, 2009

Questions & Answers
(Figures shown in percentage)

Q: Do you support the Hatoyama cabinet?

TOKYO 00002286 013 OF 015

Yes 71
No 21
Other answers (O/A) 3
No answer (N/A) 5

Q: (Only for those who answered "yes" to the foregoing question)
Pick only one from among the following reasons for your approval of
the Hatoyama cabinet.

Something can be expected of its policy measures 32
The prime minister is aiming to make policy decisions at the
initiative of politicians 25
The prime minister has leadership ability 7
There's something stable about the prime minister 5
His cabinet's lineup is good 6
Because it's a non-Liberal Democratic Party government 21
O/A --
N/A 3

Q: (Only for those who answered "no" to the foregoing question) Pick
only one from among the following reasons for your disapproval of
the Hatoyama cabinet.

Nothing can be expected of its policy measures 33
Nothing can be expected of its policy decisions made at the
initiative of politicians 18
The prime minister lacks leadership ability 5
There's nothing stable about the prime minister 8
His cabinet's lineup is not good 13
Because it's a non-Liberal Democratic Party government 17
O/A 0
N/A 5

Q: Which political party do you support now? Pick only one.

Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ or Minshuto) 47
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP or Jiminto) 17
New Komeito (NK) 3
Japanese Communist Party (JCP) 3
Social Democratic Party (SDP or Shaminto) 1
Your Party (YP or Minna no To) 1
People's New Party (PNP or Kokumin Shinto) 0
New Party Nippon (NPN or Shinto Nippon) 0
Other political parties 0
None 26
N/A 1

Q: The Hatoyama cabinet is a tripartite coalition government of the
DPJ, SDP, and PNP. Do you approve of this combination of political
parties in office?

Yes 39
No 50
N/A 11

Q: Do you approve of the Hatoyama cabinet's policy of providing a
monthly child allowance handout of 26,000 yen until the child
graduates from junior high school?

Yes 57
No 39

TOKYO 00002286 014 OF 015

N/A 5

Q: Do you approve of the Hatoyama cabinet's policy of making the
expressways toll-free in principle?

Yes 26
No 69
N/A 6

Q: Do you approve of the Hatoyama cabinet's policy of ending the
Maritime Self-Defense Force's refueling mission in the Indian Ocean
by January next year when the current antiterror law expires?

Yes 48
No 37
N/A 15

Q: Do you approve of the Hatoyama cabinet's policy of reducing
Japan's greenhouse gas emissions by 25 PERCENT from 1990 levels?

Yes 75
No 19
N/A 6

Q: Do you approval of the Hatoyama cabinet's policy of suspending
the construction of Yamba Dam in Gumma Prefecture?

Yes 44
No 36
N/A 20

Q: Financial Services Minister Shizuka Kamei has been insisting on
introducing a three-year loan-repayment moratorium system for small
businesses and individuals. Do you approve of this system?

Yes 42
No 40
N/A 18

Q: The Hatoyama cabinet has decided to prohibit each government
ministry's bureaucrats form holding a press conference. Instead,
their ministers and other political appointees will meet the press.
Concerning this, there is an opinion saying the initiative of
politicians will become clear. In addition, there is also an opinion
saying information disclosure to the public will be restricted. Do
you approve of this decision?

Yes 57
No 27
N/A 15

Q: Prime Minister Hatoyama's fund-managing body described fictitious
individuals' donations in its political funds reports. Concerning
this issue, Prime Minister Hatoyama has explained that his secretary
did so at his own discretion. Is this account convincing?

Yes 16
No 71
N/A 13

Q: Mr. Sadakazu Tanigaki has been elected LDP president. Do you have

TOKYO 00002286 015 OF 015

expectations for LDP President Tanigaki?

Yes 34
No 57
N/A 8

Q: Do you think the LDP will be able to take the reins of government

Yes 50
No 36
N/A 14

Polling methodology: The survey was conducted Oct. 2-4 across the
nation on a computer-aided random digit dialing (RDD) basis.
Households with one or more eligible voters totaled 1,783. Valid
answers were obtained from 1,116 persons (63 PERCENT ).

(Note) In some cases, the total percentage does not add up to 100
PERCENT due to rounding.


© Scoop Media

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