Cablegate: Urals Region Grapples with Grippe

DE RUEHYG #0074 3170933
R 130933Z NOV 09




E.O. 12958: N/A

1. Summary: The H1N1 outbreak is the main topic of the week in
Sverdlovsk oblast now that a new governor has been named. A flu
epidemic was declared for the oblast last week. Deaths from
H1N1 have been confirmed in Chelyabinsk oblast, Surgut, and
Bashkortostan. School vacations in many oblasts of the Urals
Federal District (URF) were extended, and health advisories to
avoid public meetings and to eat properly have been issued.
Pharmacies have run out of masks and supplies of cold and flu
remedies are low. End summary.

2. On November 6, Sverdlovsk oblast public health officials
declared a swine flu epidemic in six cities: Yekaterinburg,
Pervouralsk, Krasnoturyinsk, Serov, Verkhnyaya Pyshma and
Aramil. Doctors said that a swine flu epidemic has been present
in the region for at least three weeks. Experts believe the
epidemic in Sverdlovsk will last four weeks and estimate that 20
percent of the population will be infected. "We have confirmed
cases unconnected with trips to foreign counties in the last two
or three weeks. These are local cases. It means that the virus
is spreading in Yekaterinburg," Aleksandr Kharitonov, the city's
chief epidemiologist, said on November 9. Public health doctors
recommend that people wear facemasks to lessen the risk of
contracting or spreading the flu and Sverdlovsk towns now
require that public transport workers and employees of
supermarkets, shops, and cafes wear masks. The stock of masks
at many pharmacies ran out almost at once. Doctors will make
house calls on people complaining of fever to prevent spreading
the disease at hospitals. Next week the vaccination campaign
against swine flu will begin. The first to be inoculated are
children between three and 17 years of age.

3. As of November 11, Sverdlovsk confirmed 66 cases of swine
flu. Between October 1 and November 6 alone, 59 cases were
confirmed. The first case in the middle Urals was recorded this
summer when school children returned from trip to London.
Officials say the level of acute respiratory infections this
year is three times higher than the average in preceding years.
Last week, 33,692 cases of acute respiratory infection were
recorded, of which about half were in Yekaterinburg. About
2,000 cases of acute respiratory infection are confirmed in
Yekaterinburg alone every day. Officials have announced that
the best prophylactic available in Sverdlovsk is anti-flu
preparations and substances that strengthen the immune system.
Nutritionists stress the need to eat properly to ward off
infection, starting with breakfast. The suggested diet
emphasizes whole grains while cutting out fast food and sugar.

4. In Chelyabinsk oblast, officials have designated swine flu as
A/H1N1/California/04/09. In the 24-hour period from November 11
to 12, another four people were confirmed as having H1N1. The
total number of diagnosed cases in the oblast is now 128, of
whom 84 are children. Six have already died. On October 30,
the first death from swine flu occurred in Surgut (YNAO). The
patient died two days after delivering a baby. This was the
second death in the Urals Federal District of a pregnant woman.
Another woman died in Chelyabinsk oblast. On November 5, a
25-year old man died of H1N1 in Ufa, ten days after falling ill.
This was the sixth confirmed case in Bashkortostan.

5. In Kurgan oblast as of Nov. 11 there were 21 confirmed cases
of swine flu and 3,248 cases of acute respiratory infection; in
Perm oblast 124, of which 81 were confirmed in the last five
days. Perm city became one of three Russian cities where a
vaccine against H1N1 is being tested. The vaccine Inflyuvir has
already passed clinical trials and been determined safe for
trials on people older than 60 and children, the age groups
facing higher risks from flu complications. Perm is recruiting
30 adult volunteers for the trials. Medical experts expect that
within 30 days of vaccination they will be able to tell whether
an individual's immune system has strengthened. The first test
group will be adults. After the safety and efficacy of the
vaccine have been tested on adults, the vaccine will be tested
on three groups of children: one group of 12-18 year-olds, one
of 7-11 year olds, and one 3-6 year olds, each group of 30


© Scoop Media

World Headlines


Palestinian Ministry of Health: Developments In The Health Situation During The Israeli Aggression On The Cities & Governorates Of The Gaza Strip
For the second day in a row, the Israeli aggression against the Gaza Strip continues by targeting overcrowded residential areas and neighborhoods, as the death toll rose to 13 citizens, including a 5-year-old girl and a 23-year-old woman... More>>

UN: Horn Of Africa Faces Most ‘Catastrophic’ Food Insecurity In Decades, Warns WHO

The World Health Organization (WHO) warned on Tuesday that the Greater Horn of Africa is experiencing one of the worst famines of the last 70 years... More>>

FAO: Warns 90 Per Cent Of Earth’s Topsoil At Risk By 2050
A full 90 per cent of the Earth’s precious topsoil is likely to be at risk by 2050, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO...

Somalia: ‘We Cannot Wait For Famine To Be Declared; We Must Act Now’
Rising acute food insecurity in Somalia has caused more than 900,000 people to flee their homes in search of humanitarian assistance since January last year, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has warned... More>>

UN: American West Faces Water And Power Shortages Due To Climate Crisis
Two of the largest reservoirs in the United States are at dangerously low levels due to the climate crisis and overconsumption of water, which could affect water and electricity supply for millions in six western states and Mexico, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) warned on Tuesday... More>>

Singapore: UN Experts Call For Immediate Moratorium On Executions For Drug Offences

UN experts* today condemned the execution of Nazeri Bin Lajim, a 64-year-old Malay Singaporean national convicted of drug offenses and urged the Government of Singapore to halt plans to execute individuals on death row for drug related charges... More>>