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Cablegate: Mission Turkey's S/Gwi Project Proposals

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OO RUEHWEB

DE RUEHAK #0285/01 0530950
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 220950Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2198
INFO RUEHIT/AMCONSUL ISTANBUL IMMEDIATE 7010

UNCLAS ANKARA 000285

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR S/GWI VVIKMANISKELLER, SGHORI

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PHUM SGWI SOCI KPAO KWMN PREL
SUBJECT: MISSION TURKEY'S S/GWI PROJECT PROPOSALS

REF: A. 09 STATE 132094
B. STATE 12531

MISSION TURKEY S/GWI PROJECT PROPOSALS
1. SUMMARY: Mission Turkey received 180 proposals for the
Secretary's Office of Global Women's Issues Small Grants
Initiative. Ankara, Adana, and Istanbul POL and PAS officers
were energized by the vast number of responses from every
corner of Turkey and worked together to reach out and brief
local NGOs, collect their submissions, and review the
submitted proposals. Mission Turkey unanimously selected the
top six project proposals for S/GWI's consideration. These
proposals demonstrate the commitment of civil society to
address the problems of women in Turkey. We are looking
forward to further promote the S/GWI's vision on Women's
issues through the implementation of the following nominated
projects. We will send the full project proposals to S/GWI
upon request by e-mail. END SUMMARY.
SNAPSHOT ON WOMEN'S ISSUES IN TURKEY
------------------------------------
2. According to a 2007 nationwide study, rates of violence
against women in Turkey are alarming: 34 percent of Turkish
women are subject to physical violence, and 44 percent of
women are subject to psychological abuse. According to the
United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Turkey ranks 101
among 109 countries in the context of women's participation
in economic and political life according to the Gender
Empowerment Measure (GEM).

3. PROPOSAL 1: WE ARE MEETING WITH WOMEN FOR A WORLD WITH NO
VIOLENCE
-------------------------------
--------------------------------

Identification of the Problem:

In a region of Turkey characterized by a deeply conservative,
traditional, sexist, tribal social structure, with areas
still embroiled in a violent civil conflict, women are
suffering from domestic violence, honor killings, and lack of
educational and vocational opportunities. KAMER (Women's
Center) is an active NGO with branches in 23 of these
provinces and serves as one of the primary civil society
organizations dedicated to assisting and empowering women.
The project aims to provide educational instruction,
vocational and legal rights training to women in these
economically depressed areas, and, with its &Stop the
Violence8 workshop activities for boys and girls will begin
educating the new generation. Enlisting local government and
municipal stakeholders will strengthen collaboration and
create a stronger support network for these women as well.

Summary of the Proposed Program:

In this 12-month program implemented by KAMER (Women's
Center), 18,000 women and 6,000 children will benefit from a
coordinated rights-awareness campaign as well as vocational
training programs, which will be carried out in six of
eastern Turkey's most economically disadvantaged provinces.
This comprehensive approach aims to 1) combat gender-based
violence, believed to be endemic in at least 30% of
households; 2) address the region's &honor killings8
problem; 3) educate women about their legal rights; and 4)
empower women economically by providing vocational training
programs. Town hall meetings will be a platform to educate
women about family planning, nutrition, child care and basic
health. Involving and educating children in this dialogue is
vital to transforming the way the future generation thinks
about gender equality and human rights. KAMER will enlist
collaboration from stakeholder institutions in each province,
such as Bar Associations, state-funded vocational schools,
municipal public education centers, and social services and
child-care institutions, to weave a tighter support network
on gender-based violence issues and women's empowerment
programs. Through the questionnaire and field-work
methodology, KAMER will also collect new sociological data
that the government and other NGOs can use to develop new
programs.

Project Description:

The project will be carried out in the provinces of Kilis,
Bitlis, Elazig, Igdir, Bingl and Agri, and will reach 18,000
women and 3,000 children through three primary phases: 1)
developing questionnaires and engaging/preparing
stakeholders; 2) field work ) neighborhood visits, house
calls, and distribution, collection and evaluation of
questionnaires; 3) town hall meetings and legal-rights
awareness campaigns; 4) vocational training; and 5) &stop
the violence8 workshops for children. Children at the
workshop will be invited to produce artwork, which will later
be exhibited in each city. Coordination of the project will
be conducted by KAMER branch offices in each province, with
volunteers engaged to carry out house calls in tranches of
300. A final evaluation conference will be to discuss
outcomes; the report on information evaluated based on data
collected from the questionnaires will be presented to the
partners, beneficiaries of the project and the media. The
project will touch women in very economically depressed
areas, and places where few women have a chance to go to
school. Including children in the project will have a
multiplier effect, as most women in these provinces have five
or more children. Vocational training will enhance
employment opportunities for women. Also of vital
importance, lines of cooperation between civil society
organizations, and local and central government stakeholders
will be strengthened. This increased collaboration between
governmental and non-governmental organizations needs to be
developed in Turkey.

Detailed Budget:

TOTAL PROJECT BUDGET: $96,606
Stipends for project volunteers, $640 per month, for six
provinces: $46,080
Printing 18,000 violence questionnaires: $3,600
Printing 18,000 legal handouts: $5,760
Posters and promotional materials: $990
Computers and printers for vocational training: 3 provinces:
$3,300
Meals and incidentals for 60 volunteers doing field work and
house visits in six provinces, $220 per month: $13,200
Transportation expenses for field work in six provinces $83
per month: $5,976
Six stakeholder meetings: $1,800
60 town hall meetings for 300 women: $3,000
30 &Stop the Violence8 workshops for children: $9,900
6 final evaluation conferences: $3,000

Description of the Recipient Organization:

Founded in 1997, KAMER (Women's Center) has reached more than
40,000 women through vigorous awareness-raising activities
and provided support (psychological, economic, and legal) for
more than 3,000 women facing domestic violence. In a region
characterized by a traditional, sexist, tribal social
structure, and embroiled in a violent civil conflict, KAMER
serves as one of the primary civil society organizations
dedicated to empowering women. Organizing in all 23
provinces of Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia and developing
methods to combat crimes committed against women under the
disguise of honor, KAMER has also supported about 300 women
facing threats of &honor8 killings since 2003. Today KAMER
continues to contribute to improving the status of women in
Turkey by empowering women at the local level, building the
grassroots that serves as a watchdog for women's human
rights, and lobbying and advocating at the state level for
better policies and enforcement of positive legal reforms.

4. PROPOSAL 2: RAISING YOUNG WOMEN
--------------------------------
Identification of the Problem:
The proposed project targets young women between the ages of
15 and 30 in communities within the Diyarbakir and Istanbul
provinces of Turkey. Diyarbakir, in the southeastern region
of Turkey, faces many of the problems that are typical of
other underdeveloped regions in the world. Compared with the
rest of Turkey, the region has had higher fertility rates and
lower literacy rates, as well as lower school enrollment
rates ) especially for girls ) and lower access to
education, health care and sanitation. According to official
statistics, 217,845 people in Diyarbakir are illiterate.
About 80% of these illiterate people are women who are in the
target group of this project (TURKSTAT- Turkey Population
Census 2008). 61% of the population in Diyarbakir is below
age 25. (TURKSTAT- Regional Statistics TRC2 2008)
Istanbul, in the Marmara region of Turkey, is a highly
industrialized and densely populated region that attracts
rural immigrants from the eastern parts of the country. They
migrate from villages and become isolated in the city center
because they do not have the necessary literacy skills.
Urban life gives requires higher literacy skills than life in
rural areas. With around 15 million inhabitants, the
Istanbul metro-region has become a mega-city, ranking eighth
out of 78 OECD metro-regions in terms of population size and
first for population growth since the mid-1990s (OECD Policy
Brief 2008 in
http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/1/62/40317916.pd f). According
to official statistics, 458,897 in Istanbul are illiterate:
about 65 % of these illiterate people are women who are in
the target group of this project (TURKSTAT- Turkey Population
Census 2008).
Girls' education is the most important factor associated with
age at marriage according to demographic and health surveys
(ICRW, 2007) and women's perceptions of gender based violence
varies widely by levels of education: 62.1% of women in
Turkey who have not completed primary schooling think can be
justifiable for a husband to beat his wife Hancioglu and
Ergocmen 2003).
Summary of the Proposed Program:

The proposed project &Raising Young Women8 targets 2,550
young girls and women aged 15-30 who have never received
formal basic education or are primary school drop-outs in
Diyarbakir and Istanbul. The project sets out to provide
functional literacy and numeric skills, increase awareness on
women's health and citizen rights, facilitate &back to
school8 activities to complete primary education
qualifications through non-formal courses and provide
guidance on gainful employment and careers to 2,550 young
girls and women through 75 volunteer instructors. The
sixteen-month project is budgeted at $94.794 USD.
The indirect beneficiaries of the program will be the young
girls and boys who are in the communities of these young
women. The future families of these young women and
particularly their daughters will benefit from the raised
level of awareness and empowerment on the part of the program
participants. (Please note that the minimum age requirement
in Turkey that NGOs are allowed to give education services is
age 14. According to the legal set-up in Turkey, AEV has to
refer any younger children between the ages 10-14 to
government schools and ask to have these children taken back
into the education system directly (Turkish Law on National
Education 1973).)
The objectives of the project will be four-fold: The first
objective of the project will be to impart basic literacy and
numeric skills in young women between the ages of 15-30 and
promote gender equality and the empowerment of women by
integrating into the literacy course-work information on
women's rights as citizens (civil rights, marital law,
inheritance rights) as well as sexual reproductive health,
family planning and available health services. The second
objective of the project will be to facilitate the re-entry
of young women back into the school system, thereby allowing
recent school-dropouts to catch up with standards in
universal primary education. The courses will thus serve a
remedial function and enable transition back into the school
system in Turkey. In order to encourage and facilitate the
return of these young women into schools, the program will
invite public officials who have the responsibility in the
region to offer &open schools8 and enroll 30% of literacy
course graduates. Also within the framework of the program,
70 young girls will be awarded a tuition-free scholarship for
the open school registrations. The third objective of the
project will be to increase awareness of economic
opportunities for young women by integrating into the
literacy coursework a 3 career guidance component
(information about different jobs, required qualifications,
application procedures, etc.). The career guidance component
will aim to impart information on the importance of being
goal-oriented and to help young girls in career planning and
gainful employment, through career guidance presentations and
information on job opportunities for young girls. The fourth
objective of the project will be to provide safe spaces for
young women to allow them to build girls' networks within
their communities. The program will empower them to take
action on their own by facilitating activities whereby they
design and prepare social activities according to their own
initiative. Thus the program will also aim to help them
achieve the first steps of self-sufficiency and leadership
capacity through these peer networks. Additionally, the
literacy and empowerment program offers practical and
functional skills training necessary in daily life, such as
reading an electricity bill, making a grocery list or filling
out an application form. These parts of the program are
designed to increase the active participation of young girls
in society and in their lives.
Project Description:

In this 16-month program implemented by ACEV in Istanbul and
Diyarbakir, 2,550 young girls and women will receive 13 weeks
of literacy training in 150 groups (each comprised of 17
young women) and acquire the tools of basic literacy and
numeric skills as well as awareness on the rights of women
and citizenship. These skills will empower these girls in
their daily interactions and everyday life. As young women
gain literacy skills through this project, they become more
independent, and learn how to take better care of themselves
and their children. Previous quantitative evaluations of
ACEV's functional literacy training courses for adult women
have shown significant improvements in women's empowerment
level when considering empowerment proxies representing
shared decision-making, independent behavior and social
participation (Kagitcibasi 2000). Secondly, course
participants will receive information and guidance on how
they can continue with their education. If the program is
successful as a remedial and transition program, we aim to
see 30% of the girls enrolled in the literacy program (765
young women) will continue with their education by enrolling
in the &open primary school8 system administered by the
state for the re-entry of school drop-outs and gain primary
school qualifications. The peer groups in which these young
women are placed will also serve to support this endeavor and
to motivate them in their personal development. Thirdly,
course graduates will be encouraged to continue with their
education. According to our previous project experiences, we
know that the registration fees of the open school can be a
handicap for some of the young girls. In order to overcome
this obstacle, if the program is successful, 70 young girls
will be awarded a tuition-free scholarship. As a result of
the program, 2,550 young women in Diyarbakir and Istanbul
will receive &career guidance presentation8 in 150 groups
and get information about different jobs and required
qualifications. It is assumed that this information will
help these girls in the girls in their career planning. As a
result of the project, 75 volunteer leaders, selected from
local communities, will learn how to deliver the content of
women's empowerment programs within their own communities.
This local capacity will be available for future rounds of
the program to be implemented in the region.
Detailed Budget:

Human resource
Stipends for Master Trainers for 51 sessions from $91 per
session = $4,641
Stipends for Field Training Supervisors for 50 sessions from
$583 per session = $29,150
Volunteer Trainers Stipends for meals and travel for 78
courses from $145 each = $11,310

Learning Materials
Literacy training instructor set for 75 trainers from $46 for
each set = $3,450
Literacy training participant sets for 3,150 beneficiaries
from $4 each = $12,600
5 Blackboard/white-board from $123 each = $615
300 Informational posters from $1 each = $300

Training and Supporting Activities
Volunteer training seminar costs (stationary/hospitality 12
days training) for 900 sessions from $5 each = $4,500
Seed funds for peer group activities for 150 group from $120
each = $18,000
Tuition scholarships for program graduates for 70 young girls
from $50 each = $3,500

Travel and Accommodation
Air travel Istanbul - Diyarbakir for 8 trips from $240
each = $1,920
Accommodation and per diem for 36 people from $78 each =
2,808

Evaluation
500 Survey questionnaire from $1 each = $500
Reporting costs = $1,500

GRAND TOTAL = $94,794
Description of the Recipient Organization:

Mission Turkey worked with ACEV for over a decade on various
programs across the country and CEO Ayla Goksel is an
International Visitor Leadership Program alumna. ACEV is not
only one of the most prominent NGOs in Turkey but also one of
the most well-respected ones in the region since ACEV also
operates in Middle-Eastern and European countries such as
Egypt, Jordan, Bahrain, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, and
France. ACEV received substantial funding from organizations
such as UNDP, UNICEF, and UNESCO.

5. PROPOSAL 3: EMPOWERING RURAL WOMEN IN TURKEY
---------------------- ---------------------
Identification of the Problem:

Women in rural areas continue to live under thoroughly
adverse conditions in Turkey. It is estimated that more than
70 percent of women in the rural work-force are unpaid
workers, without any kind of social security. Many rural
women perform heavy labor in agricultural practices as well
as domestic duties. Due to conservative and patriarchal
traditions in daily life in some areas, the participation of
women in decision making processes both in and outside of the
household remains exceptionally limited. Thirty-five percent
women residing in rural areas have not completed primary
education. Access to health services is also very limited in
rural areas. On an additional note, according to the Turkish
Statistical Institute 2005 data, the poverty rate in Turkey
is 12 percent in urban areas whereas this figure rises to a
much higher 32 percent rate in rural areas. This poverty
mostly affects rural women as men in general can often
migrate to find employment in urban areas. Unfortunately, in
spite of this unfavorable picture, neither governmental nor
non-profit organizations are able to fully deal with these
chronic issues as much as they should. Hence, this picture
and the figures prove to be much more dramatic in the Eastern
and South-Eastern regions of Turkey.
Through this project the gender focus of the foundations
rural development program will be enhanced and contribute to
the empowerment of women in the villages. It is also
expected that implementation of the project and knowledge
generated will encourage others in the rural development
field to replicate similar models.
Summary of the Proposed Program:
This project sets out to empower rural women in the
impoverished region of Bitlis (Kavar Basin) and create
sustainable economic models for income generation based on
the strengths of the women and local production and market
characteristics. The project will also enhance
entrepreneurship, leadership and networking among the target
group with training activities and provide social capacity
building with trainings on literacy, health, hygiene,
child-care, and legal rights. Finally, in order to
demonstrate a model of sustainability, the project will
engage public-private partnerships and disseminate knowledge
generated through the project to policy makers and other
stakeholders to promote learning in the field of rural
women's empowerment. The project budget is 120.550 USD and
amount requested from Small Grants Initiative is 70.750 USD.
Husnu M. Ozyegin Foundation will support the rest of the
financial costs.
The foremost objective of the project will be to build
capacity among rural women in new methods of production for
income generation through the production and marketing of
locally viable and marketable products. After a thorough
analysis with local women, ornamental plants and local beans
have been chosen as products that would yield immediate
economic benefit and ensure sustainable development.
Ornamental plants are used widely in urban landscape
architecture and the local municipalities are having to
source outside of the district since they are not produced
locally. Thus a market already exists, and already Bitlis
District and Tatvan County Municipalities have committed to
buying the production of local women through this project.
Women will set up an ornamental plants plantation and two
greenhouses and an informal cooperative to manage this
operation. Bean production is traditional in the villages
and already undertaken by women but efficiency in production
and conditions for marketing need to be improved. The women
in Kavar are responsible for all the heavy workload in all
phases from production to marketing. The project will
modernize bean production including washing, standardizing
and packaging. A small automated facility will separate
small stones and any other undesired substances from the
product more efficiently than women's manual efforts and
decrease their work load. Standardization will also increase
the market value of the product. Due to lack of such
facilities in the Basin, this endemic and characteristic
product has been losing its value in the market over the
years. This facility will also function effectively in
keeping this local product alive for the local economy.
These targeted economic activities will increase income of
women while decreasing their workload, thereby creating time
for other activities.
The second objective is to enhance leadership,
entrepreneurship and networking of rural women. As
participants of the economic activities described above, they
will formulate and direct all aspects of production,
marketing, pricing, negotiation and organization. This
experience will enhance their self-reliance and provide voice
in other social and economic interactions. They will also
choose spokespersons and leaders amongst themselves for
coordination of activities which will serve as a basis for
future formal organizational models. Women will also be
offered entrepreneurship training to promote other local
economic initiatives. Currently there is no training module
for rural women's entrepreneurship in Turkey and a new module
will be designed and implemented. Finally a technical visit
to a successful rural women's cooperative will be conducted,
enabling women to learn from peer groups and bring back
experiences to their own villages.
The Third objective is to improve women's awareness and
practices in health, child-care, environment, legal rights
and literacy through training that will be provided by ACEV
(Mother Child Education Foundation), a national education NGO
that has been working across Turkey and most recently in
rural communities.
The fourth objective is to facilitate partnerships and
promote stakeholder engagement for sustainability and for
this purpose HMOF has already established commitments from
local public and private bodies such as Tatvan Chamber of
Commerce, Tatvan County Agricultural Directorate as well as
national bodies like AEV (Mother Child Education Foundation)
and the Ministry of Agriculture. This will ensure that local
groups will support activities of the project but also assume
ownership and sustain project benefits after the project.
Project Description:
This 13-month program will be carried out in Bitlis as part
of a process that entails both income generating and capacity
building activities. By integrating stakeholders, women
entrepreneurship training, fundamental entrepreneurship
training, business plan preparation, business plan
preparation, organizational training, business development
training, sustainable income generation, improving social
capacity training. The expected project outcomes are:
a. A model that can be replicated will have been built in the
area of empowerment of rural women
b. The income of women in Kavar will increase by at least 100
percent. This development will have a positive effect on the
local economy, reduce the work load of women, and change the
patriarchal nature of the community to the benefit of the
women.
c. The workload of women will reduce by at least 25 percent.
This spare time will be used for training and other social
activities. Therefore, the reduction in the workload will
also help women improve themselves.
d. An endemic local bean type will have been protected. The
production will increase by 100 percent, from 50 tons to 100
tons; the number of producers will increase by 75 percent,
from 50 women to 80 women producers.
e. The idea of forming a women's organization in Kavar will
be discussed. The women will thus have an opportunity to
participate in public life.
f. Literacy among the women in Kavar will increase by 25
percent.
g. Women will have increased awareness on health, hygiene,
childcare and legal rights and improved practices.
h. The interest of both public and private bodies in the
Kavar Basin will increase and consequently, the public and
private investment in the region will increase.
i. The Husnu M. Ozyegin Foundation will adopt this model in
other rural development projects in the future and share what
has been learned in the project with other NGOs
j. The Husnu M. Ozyegin Foundation will attempt at extending
and spreading the application of this model in cooperation
with the Ministry of Agriculture. This way, the project will
have much greater effects in the near future.

Detailed Budget:
Human Resources
Stipend for the Project Coordinator for 13 moths from $1,750
each= $22,750 (Not requested from S/GWI)
Stipend for the Agricultural expert for 7 moths from $1,500
each= $10,500 (Not requested from S/GWI)
Stipend for the agricultural marketing expert for 3 months
from $1,000 each= $3,000
Stipend for the women entrepreneurship expert/trainer for 30
days from $150 each= $4,500
Stipend for the evaluation expert for 1 month from $3,000
each = $3,000

Sustainable Income Production
Ornamental plants support seed for 10 packets from $140 each
= $1,400
Technical equipment (irrigation system, water depot,
fertilizer) = $3,000
1 Greenhouse (96 m2) for two facility from $3,550 each =
$7,100
1 Transport for 2 facilities from $150 each = $300. Requested
$250 from S/GWI.

Beans Washing & Packing Facility
1 Beans washing machine = $5,000
1 Beans selecting machine = $8,000
1 Beans packing machine = $10,000
Operating expenses for 4 moths from $200 each = $800
Production expenses for 5 months from $400 each = $2000
Allocation of land and infrastructure = $12,000 (Not
requested from S/GWI)

Improving Social Capacity
Trainer fees for 30 people per day from $150 for each day =
$4,500 (Not requested from S/GWI)
Transportation for 10 people from $200 each = $2,000
Accommodation for 30 people for 35 days = $1,050

Technical Visit
Transportation for 1 trip = 1,000
Accommodation for 30 days from $75 each = $2,250
Per diem for 30 days from $30 each = $900

Printing

2 Design (Turkish/English) from $1,500 each = $3,000
Print (Turkish/Eng. 1000 each) for 2000 copies from $3 each =
$6,000

Administration
Office, stationary, communication for 13 moths from $500 each
= $6,500

Total funding requested from S/GWI = $70,750
Total funding from other sources = $49,750
Husnu Ozyegin Foundation = $33,250
ACEV Mother Child Education Foundation = $4,500
Beneficiary group = $12,000
Description of the Recipient Organization:

Established in 1990 by Husnu M. Ozyegin the Husnu M. Ozyegin
Foundation aims to foster the social, cultural and economic
development of Turkey through the creation and support of
grants, programs and facilities in the fields of education,
health, cultural heritage and community development.
Investments have focused primarily on education as the
Foundation believes the enhancement of human capital will
contribute most to societal development. HMOF builds schools
and girls dormitories in impoverished communities to promote
access to education, provides financial assistance to
university students and implements youth empowerment
programs. The Foundation's health investments have
concentrated on rehabilitation facilities and services for
post-disaster communities, juvenile substance abusers and
children with special needs. The Foundation has constructed
63 facilities serving 30,000 students annually and has
disbursed over 10.000 scholarships for financially needy
students. The Foundation has 9 full-time staff and an annual
budget in the region of $3.7m. Post is very familiar with
the foundation, its founder, staff and capacity to carry out
successful projects throughout Turkey.

6. PROPOSAL 4: TRAINING AND NETWORK DEVELOPMENT TO DEVELOP A
SYSTEMATIC RESPONSE TO VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKEY
-------------- ------------------
----------------------- -------------------------
--------------------------
Identification of the Problem:

The project aims to develop a systematic response through
training and networking in order to eventually eliminate
violence against women in Turkey. A nationwide study dated
2007, indicated that 34% of women were abused by their
husbands. Presently (January 2010), there are 54 shelters
operating in Turkey, a country of 72.5 million. Shelter
personnel and the Turkish Justice Ministry agree on the need
for better training, and a well coordinated professional
network of service providers to achieve effective services
for victims of sexual crimes and other forms of abuse.
Summary of Proposed Program:

The 2-phase 18-months program aims at improving and
strengthening a more systematic model of responding to
violence against women. It provides three levels of training
for service and care providers. During the 1st phase,
general/family practice physicians offer appropriate
intervention and referral to women presenting at public
health clinics, family doctor's offices, emergency rooms and
ambulances with signs of abuse. The 2nd phase is for the
staff at shelter houses and women's counseling centers.
Eventually, the 3rd phase provides intensive specialty
training and supervision for psychotherapists, to offer
trauma treatment psychotherapy groups for victims of sexual
abuse and serious domestic violence.
Project Description:

The towns involved will be capital Ankara, Izmir and
Diyarbakir. In Izmir and Ankara, the project team already
has well-established relationships with the workers in the
shelter houses and women's counseling centers. As a result
of this project the NGO aims to achieve:
a. To have an interagency coordination network to systematize
the work of agencies in those three towns;
b. Around 180 physicians will be trained to identify abused
women and to refer them to relevant agencies;
c. Employees of around 60 shelters will be trained for
providing better support and services to abused women;
d. Twelve psychotherapy professionals will provide effective
trauma treatment for women who have been seriously affected
by sexual or physical abuse.
The project goals include:
a. Initiation of a coordinated interagency network for
agencies providing services to abused women in the three
towns. Phase I and II will organize and follow up on local
round table meetings of representative service providers for
victims of sexual and physical violence.
b. To develop and implement a training program for
family/general practice physicians. Level 1- for first
responders: Recognition and assessment of the symptoms of
trauma in women and appropriate referrals for further
treatment.
c. To develop and implement training programs in shelter
houses. Level 2 - for shelter house and counseling center
workers: Providing appropriate levels of support and
empowerment to women who are survivors of traumatic abuse and
domestic violence. Skill building and defining professional
limits.
d. To initiate a national training program for trauma
therapists. Level 3- for professional psychotherapists:
offering specialized training and supervision in group trauma
treatment for qualified clinicians.

Detailed Budget:

Phase I:
Stipend for the full-time project director for 9 months from
$2,800 per month = $25,200
Stipend for the part-time project consultant for 9 months
from $1,600 per month = $14,400
Level 1, 3 trainers for 48 hours from $20 per hour = $2880
Level 2, 2 trainers for 288 hours from $20 per hour = $5760
Level 3, 3 trainers for 24 hours from $20 per hour = $1440
Council meetings: Air tickets for 2 trips for 2 people for 2
cities from $200 each = $1,600
Level 1: 3 experts for 2 cities for 1 trip from $200 each =
$1,200
Level 2: 2 experts for 2 cities for 2 trips from $200 each =
$1,600
Level 3: 3 experts for 2 cities for 1 trip from $200 each =
$1,200
Supplies (Stationary, copying, printing, postage) = $200
Communications (Telephone and internet costs) $100 per month
= $900
4 Clinical office space for level 3 training form $40 each =
$160
6 Meeting rooms for 2 meetings for 3 distr. From $50 each =
$300
Project office rent for 9 months from $710 each = $6,390
Taxes = $1,278

Phase II:
Stipend for the full-time project director for 6 months from
$2,800 per month = $16,800
Stipend for the part-time project consultant for 6 months
from $1,600 per month = $9,600
Level 1, 3 trainers for 48 hours from $20 per hour = $2880
Level 2, 2 trainers for 288 hours from $20 per hour = $5760
Level 3, 3 trainers for 24 hours from $20 per hour = $1440
Level 1: 3 experts for 2 cities for 1 trip from $200 each =
$1,200
Level 2: 2 experts for 2 cities for 2 trips from $200 each =
$1,600
Level 3: 3 experts for 2 cities for 1 trip from $200 each =
$1,200
Supplies (Stationary, copying, printing, postage) = $200
Communications (Telephone and internet costs) $100 per month
= $900
Meeting room for 1 meeting n central district = $50
6 Project office rents from $710 each = $4,260
Taxes = $1,278

Grand Total:
Phase I: $70,030
Phase II: $45,590
Grand Total Project Cost: $108,620
The grant requested is for $97,820. The applying NGO itself
contributes $10,600 to the program.
Recipient Organization:

In November of 2008, an experienced team of two Turkish
psychiatrists and an American psychologist established
themselves as Individual and Societal Mental Health Research
and Education Association to study and develop effective
treatment methods for traumatized women living in Turkey.
The team has been conducting cross-cultural trauma treatment
research, consultation and training with therapists and
shelter house workers in Ankara. The clinical team donated
their first 14 months of research, consultation and training
services on a volunteer. In January of 2010, the Finland
Embassy provided funding to the Association for it to
complete the trauma treatment therapy research and initial
design for a professional training program.

7. PROPOSAL 5: Producing Solar Cookers by Women's
Collectives
---------------------------- -----------------------------
Identification of the problem Statement
Although unemployment rates for women in Turkey have declined
from 34.1% in 1990 to 24.8% in 2007, female unemployment
remains high and the rate of women without work is higher in
rural regions (32.7%) than in urban areas (20.2%) (TurkStat
2009)
The main reasons of female unemployment include low levels of
education, gender discriminative practices, and traditional
and socially accepted perceived roles for women such as child
care and housework. As a result, women are more likely to
work in low-paid, temporary jobs without social insurance or
gain income through alternative ways in the informal economy.
These might include handicrafts or other vocations that
don't meet the market needs or don't provide capacity to
sustain a business. Furthermore, young women from low-income
families in urban areas graduating from technical vocational
schools (electricity, carpentry, engine maintenance, etc.) do
not have job or entrepreneurship opportunities due to
discrimination of women from technical vocations
traditionally considered specific to men.
Rural women play critical role in tackling environmental
challenges. They are the most vulnerable groups to climate
changes and other environmental challenges. As care
providers and with their livelihood responsibilities as small
farmers (cooking with wood, collecting natural plants, etc.)
they are the important users of natural resources. In
addition to their roles as producers and teaching and
conveying knowledge on use of natural resources, they have a
potentially key role in providing sustainable livelihood
practices for the future. However, there is a need to find
ways in order to link climate change and environmental
concerns to their daily practices so that they can develop
long term awareness on climate change issues while improving
their potential for income generation and sustainable
employment.
Summary of the Proposed Program:

Based on the above mentioned problems, needs, and the
potential, the Foundation for the Support of Women's Work
(FSWW) proposes a project to increase the awareness of rural
women of climate change issues, integrated with an economic
empowerment model connecting environmental concerns into
their daily practices through an innovative and environment
that teaches cooperative business practices and leadership
skills in the following way:
a. Establish an enterprise for the production and sale of
solar cookers to be run by low-income women's collectives in
Istanbul and three regional sale/distribution units in Mardin
(Southeast Region), Bandirma (Aegean Region) and Hatay
(Southern Region). The enterprise will be run by a
grassroots women's organization (Ilk adim Women's
Cooperative). Twenty young women graduates of Technical
Vocational Schools will be involved in production and
management;
b. Establish regional distribution/marketing units with local
partner organizations (women's cooperatives that FSWW is
already working with) in three cities - Bandirma Antakya and
Mardin - where there is potential in terms of climate and
number of small farmer households;
c. Train 60 women to sell of solar cookers door-to-door
selling in their cities and nearby cities, to be paid on
commission;
d. Provide 50 women with skills on technical production,
entrepreneurship, business management, marketing, to provide
increased income;
e. Ensure that 1000 rural women begin using solar cooking in
place of traditional cooking, reducing the use of energy
resources such as coal contributing to climate change;
f. Provide leadership training to at least 100 women and
encourage them to organize community platforms towards more
resilient communities against climate change;
g. Increase knowledge of and provide information to 2000
women and 100 local stakeholders in rural areas on climate
change issues;
h. Establish Local Advisory Boards in the cities to support
regional distribution/sale units and community
leader/saleswomen in their activities by providing expertise,
resources and networking opportunities;
i. Contribute to public awareness about climate change
through publicizing the women's involvement in solar cooking
as producers and users;
j. Increase the capacity of Qe partner organizations to
reach out and organize poor rural women around climate
change and related economic opportunities, to carry out
diverse project activities, to manage an enterprise and
distribution/marketing channels, and to strengthen
partnerships among themselves

Project Description:

a. This 12 month project will be implemented by FSWW and its
project partners: Ilkadim Women's Cooperative in Istanbul,
Bandirma Women's Cooperative, Ipekyolu Women's Cooperative in
Mardin, and members of women's initative for Women's
Cooperative in Hatay. The project will be implemented in
Istanbul, MARDIN, Hatay, and Bandirma.
b. The training program on solar cooker production/marketing
will be prepared, to include topics like solar energy, its
usage fields, products working with solar energy, solar
cooker types, materials, workmanship, production stages,
marketing, customer-product relations etc.
c. FSWW will use its training program on leadership, which is
carried out at the national level with the support of the
Women's Learning Partnership in Washington, D.C., and
includes training on gender issues, will be adapted to rural
women's needs. A manual will be prepared.
d. Discussion seminars on climate change will be prepared on
how to facilitate large meetings with diverse groups (women
and local stake holders) and discussions on climate change;
how to tackle and adapt to these changes; linking it with
women's role in sustainable livelihood options and collective
initiatives with the goal of creating resilient communities.
The short-term experts will prepare a simple seminar programs
on climate change.
e. The enterprise will be located in Istanbul due to the
availability of technical expertise. The physical space will
be provided by the Ilk Adim Women's Cooperative, which will
be adapted specifically for this purpose. The equipments and
tools (hammer, rasp, bow saw, drills, etc.) for 20 women to
be used in the training and production process during the
project will be purchased.
f. A job description and working schedule will be developed
for the management and production part of the enterprise.
The capacity of the enterprise will start small and will be
increased gradually. The trained women will work in shifts
of 10 persons in order to keep them in the production and
increase their skills. When the marketing and sale quantity
grows, up to 30 of the trained women will be included in the
production altogether. The short term technical experts will
work in the enterprises for quality control of the products.

g. The enterprise will be collectively owned by women through
the formal ownership of Ilk Adim Women's Cooperative. The
women working in the enterprise will become members of the
cooperative. They will be paid for their labor and the
profit as will be reinvested in the enterprise again and
other marketing and awareness-raising activities. Women will
work for small fees till the enterprise makes enough profit
for decent salaries for full time workers. As such, the
initial operating expenses will be covered by the project and
the income will be used to sustain the enterprise.

Announcement of the Project and building local partnerships:
a. This activity will start in other cities by the end of 3rd
month, when the sample solar cookers are being produced.
Meetings will be held with local authorities, chambers,
private sector and local universities and NGOs to identify
local partners in the activities of awareness raising,
training and marketing in 3 cities (Hatay, Mardin, Bandirma
which will function as focal points for the project
activities. Local Advisory Bodies will be formed in each
location to carry out the project in the rural parts of their
cities and also to expand to neighboring towns.
b. Setting up the regional marketing/sale distribution units:
c. The marketing strategy will be based on door-to-door
selling. Buyers will be allowed to make monthly payments
since the price of the solar cooker will be more expensive
than what they already use. For this, in the three cities
selected, the partner women's cooperatives, with the support
of local Advisory Bodies, will set up regional sale
distribution units. They will prepare locations for stocking
the solar cooker and select a woman as regional sale
coordinator and 20 saleswomen who will sell the solar
cookers. The saleswomen will receive stipends for their
travel expenses and commissions based on the number of solar
cookers they sell. They will be provided with job
description and performance measures.

Training of sale women as community leaders on climate change:
The women involved in the marketing activities of the project
will also be expected to act as community leaders. In each
city, around 100 women, including the 20 saleswomen,
cooperative members in charge of the project and regional
distributors, will be provided with leadership training
program (6 days for each group with around 10 women each),
which also includes gender issues and climate change topics,
in order to enable and motivate them act as community leaders
in climate change issues and organize and facilitate
community information meetings towards building collective
initiatives for more resilient communities.
Detailed Budget:

Salaries/Fees:
Project Coordinator for 12 months from $1200 per month =
$14,400
Marketing Coordinator for 9 months from $1000 per month =
$9,000
Regional Distributors (3 persons x 6 months) for 18 months
from $300 each = $5,400
Stipends for meals and travel for 20 saleswomen/women in
production for 9 months from $40 each day = $7200
Expert trainers for solar cooker production for 60 days from
$100 each = $6000
Short Term Experts (training, information meetings,
enterprise management, marketing, leadership training,
quality management etc.) for 60 days from $100 each = $6,000
Travel expenses (the project team, experts, trainers sale
coordinators, Exchange travels and per diem, etc.) for 12
months from $ 600 per month = $7,200

Costs of Establishing the Enterprise:
Space arrangement, restoration, utility installation Item =
$3800
20 Establishment of the solar energy atelier (the equipment
like counters, tables, mills etc., tools like rulers, tapes,
protractors, hammers, bow saws, drills, rasps cutler, etc.
for preparation/ production/ mounting for 20 person) from
$500 each = $10,000

Costs of Purchasing Supply and Labor:
The costs of materials (400 solar cookers) 500 item from $34
each = $17,000
Stipends for meals and travel for 10 women to work in the
enterprise until its profitable for 6 months from $200
each = $12,000
Visibility materials from $0,2 each = $2000

TOTAL = $100,000
Description of the Recipient Organization:

Mission Turkey has worked with FSWW over a decade. FSWW is
one of the most well-known and successful NGOs in Turkey.
They are the pioneer of micro-credit in Turkey. FSWW has
developed many projects, received substantial funding from
Turkish, European and U.S. resources (e.g., Catholic Relief
Services, the CitiGroup Foundation, the European Union,
Women's Learning Partnership, etc.) and has reached out to
women across Turkey in some of its the most disadvantaged and
undeserved areas.
Foundation for the Support of Women's Work (FSWW),
established in 1986, is a non-profit, non-governmental
organization. It aims to support low-income women groups in
order to improve the quality of their lives and their
communities and their leadership. FSWW works with around 60
formal and informal grassroots women groups all over Turkey
and focuses on low-income areas of Istanbul, the Marmara
earthquake region and the East and Southeast part of Turkey.
It received public interest organization8 status in 2001
from the cabinet and has a tax exemption. It has 23
full-time and 5 part-time staff and around 20 regular
volunteers and consultative bodies for its programs.

8. PROPOSAL 6: THE PROJECT OF WOMEN WHO DIRECT OUR FUTURE
------------------------- ----------------------------

Southeastern Turkey's Batman province is deeply impoverished,
with high rates of female adult literacy, high birthrates,
forced marriages, domestic violence and honor killings.
Batman is one of nine provinces encompassed in the GAP
(Southeastern Anatolia Project), a regional economic and
sociological action plan based on the concept of sustainable
development. The Turkish Government's GAP Action Plan
envisions using irrigation, agribusiness, hydroelectric
energy, and state-run community education centers called
CATOMs to increase the standard of living in the region. The
NGO author of this proposal, the Batman Association for the
Social Improvement of Women (KTGD), will capitalize on the
existing CATOM infrastructure and facility to launch
vocational training, health education and literacy courses
for 1,000 women.

Summary of the Proposed Program

In this 12-month program implemented by Batman's KTGD, 1,000
women between ages 16 and 45 will benefit from literacy,
vocational, health education and legal rights counseling and
training. Additionally, rural women who are victims of
violence, who have never left their villages or gone to the
cinema, eaten at a restaurant, or entered a shopping area
will be shuttled into urban areas for urban exposure. This
will enrich their lives, educate them, and aid in the
rural/urban integration process. This project will help
ensure that civil society ties continue to be strengthened
between the community, state administrators of the GAP, and
local municipal officials. The multiplier effect of training
1,000 women to improve their economic circumstances will be
considerable as it will affect large households that average
seven-to-nine people.

Project Description:

Batman KTGD will use two existing CATOMs in the Petrolkent
and Yavuzselim districts as the project site, thereby
eliminating costs associated with rent, furnishings, and
equipment. The program will focus on the following: 1) basic
education and literacy training; 2) vocational training, to
include handicrafts such as embroidery, painting, carpentry,
glass blowing, sewing and clothing design, child care
training and credentialing, home economics, and computer
skills; 3) civil rights and legal training by local Bar
Association members; and 4) health education, to include
person health and hygiene, family planning, mother-child
issues, and communication. Many ethnically Kurdish women do
not speak Turkish, so translation services will be provided
to those women. Project coordinator and volunteers will
promote the project in communities and enlist women from the
Huzur, Yesiltepe, Iluh, Cay, Besevler, Pazaryeri, Guneykent,
Seyyitler, Petrolkent, Karsiyaka, Hurriyet, Petrol, Bayindir,
and Yavuzselim parishes to benefit from the training. A
minibus will be rented to shuttle women from homes to the
CATOM centers. One thousand women will receive course
completion certificates. Their self-esteem and employment
opportunities will be enhanced substantially, and they will
serve as examples to their children and communities. Rural
women who are victims of violence, who have never left their
villages or gone to the cinema, eaten at a restaurant, or
entered a shopping area will be shuttled into urban areas for
urban exposure. This will aid in helping mesh urban and
rural communities with active examples of human rights, rule
of law and gender equality. Overall the project supports GAP
action plan efforts to: 1) create opportunities for women to
become aware of their problems and launch initiatives for
their solution; 2) contribute to employment opportunities by
empowering women; 3) encourage women to take part in the
community; and 3) reinforce the idea of gender-balanced
development.

Detailed Budget:

TOTAL PROJECT BUDGET: $79,500
Project Coordinator salary for 12 months = $9,000
Civil rights trainers and human rights training, 12 months =
$2,000
Communication trainer (sociologist), 12 months = $1,280
Literacy trainer, 12 months = $3,000
Machinery trainer, 12 months = $6,000
Sewing, design, embroidery trainer, 12 months = $6,000
Computer skills instructor, 12 months = $3,200
Art teacher, 12 months = $2,500
Child care training and credentialing, 12 months = $6,000
Legal advisors for victims of violence, 12 months = $6,000
Social services counselor, 12 months (full time) = $7,500
Vehicle rental for 10 months = $5,000
Office supplies and supplies for courses (paper, pens,
folders, etc.), 12 months = $6,000
200 Training books = $4,000
400 Women Rights Books = $1,200
Translation costs = $2,000
Town Hall meetings, beginning and end of project = $1,500
10 Promotional materials for participation ) posters,
banners = $1,000
1000 Brochures and handouts for classes = $2,000
Social activities for 216 women victims of violence, 12
months = $4,320

Description of the Recipient Organization:

KTGD was established in 2005, and has 68 active members.
KTGD has worked on grant programs sponsored by the Government
of Turkey, the World Bank and the European Union, including
projects focused on societal reintegration of female victims
of domestic violence, enhancing female employment and
entrepreneurship, and ensuring women take part in the public
sphere and benefit more from available services. The
organization has an excellent working relationship with CATOM
and GAP administrators as well as municipal actors.
Jeffrey

"Visit Ankara's Classified Web Site at http://www.intelink.s
gov.gov/wiki/Portal:Turkey"

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