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Cablegate: S/Gwi Project Proposal: Somalia - Supporting


DE RUEHLO #0213/01 0291059
P 291059Z JAN 10




E.O. 12958: N/A

REF: STATE 132094

1. With its large Somali Diaspora community and historical
connections, the UK is home to many Somali-run
non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that deliver
development programs with/through/as local organizations in
Somalia. Harnessing the capacity of the UK's active and
capable Somali community, Embassy London submits the
following proposals to promote women's political, economic,
and social advancement in Somalia. AF/E and Embassy Nairobi
Somalia Unit support these proposals as in line with the
USG's policy objectives in Somalia and as a potential model
for delivery of development programming in Somalia through
Somali Diaspora communities.

2. The following projects, listed in rank order, are
summaries of the actual proposals submitted. Full-length
proposals are available from Embassy London POC Africa
Watcher Peter Lord, LordPW@state.gov. Priority list:

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(A) Women's Empowerment Project by Almis Welfare Association

(B) Nomad International Women's Project

(C) Policewomen's Training Program by Somaliland
International Development Foundation (SIDF)

(D) Somali Women's Cultural Initiative by Kayd (Somali
Artists and Culture)

(E) Egal Literacy Project by Institute for Female Education
and Development

3. The project details are as follow:

(A) Project/Organization: Women's Empowerment Project by
Almis Welfare Association

Problem to be Addressed: The Almis Welfare Association
Women's Empowerment Project aims to teach basic literacy and
self-sufficiency skills and promote gender equity and
community development through providing women with basic
literacy and tailoring skills. The long-term objective is
improved literacy and self-sufficiency among women and to
train women to be tailors in order to increase economic and
employment opportunities for women in Hargeisa.

Summary of Proposed Program: The Women's Empowerment Project
will train 250 adult women in basic literacy,
self-sufficiency skills, and tailoring/sewing skills over an
18-month period in Hargeisa. The Almis Welfare Association
requests $64,600 in funding and will contribute $25,000 in in
kind contributions, for implementation of a project totaling
approximately $89,600.

Project Description (activities, outcomes, performance
measures): Literacy and related training will be offered to
women in the target area over a period of 18 months. Teachers
will conduct classes in literacy and tailoring skills on a
daily basis, scheduled to accommodate women's daily life
activities. Specific project activities and courses include
the following: basic literacy skills; intermediate reading
skills; beginning composition; reading on health care for
women and children; basic math; leadership training; and
tailoring skills.

The direct beneficiaries of the project will be the 250 women
participants in this project as well as the tutors and
trainers who will receive experience. At the end of the
period, an evaluation will be conducted to assess the
achievements of the program and determine future goals.

The general objectives of the program are (i) to increase
literacy and vocational skills among women in Hargeisa; (ii)
to implement literacy projects and additional vocational
skills for women with a view toward strengthening their
effectiveness in community development and preparing them to
participate in income-earning activities; (iii) to ensure
that women in the target area have the opportunity to engage
in economic activities and acquire vocational knowledge and
skills; and, (iv) to increase their role in the community

The specific project objectives include (i) recruiting
project staff - three tutors and four trainers - as
facilitators of the literacy and vocational skills program
(priority will be given to female teachers); (ii)

incorporation of 250 women residents of Hargeisa into the
project and achievement of literacy and vocational skills;
(iii) assessment of participants at the end of the program.
Those who fail the test or drop out will be given additional
support appropriate to their needs; and (iv) incorporation of
gender equity into all aspects of the projects.

The performance measures for the project are based around the
project's core objective of increasing literacy knowledge and
tailoring skills. The program also aims to achieve the
less-measurable outcomes of increasing the self-esteem and
confidence of participants. Ninety percent of participants
will be assessed at the end of the program. The project aims
to have 80 percent of participants (200 women) within 18
months be considered as literate and have basic skills in
tailoring according to criteria set by the Community
Education Committee.

From beginning to end, the project will be monitored by the
project supervisor who will be responsible for managing the
program and the work of the evaluators. The supervisor will
also give monthly progress reports to the Almis Welfare
Association board of directors.

Management of funds will be the responsibility of the project
supervisor, under the supervision of the treasurer of Almis
Welfare Association. At the end of the project, an expense
report will be made available to funders and any interested

During the period of meetings with the community groups, the
supervisor will collect feedback from the participants and
the facilitators (teachers), with suggestions for improving
the project, in the monthly and final reports.

To monitor the impact on the beneficiaries, Almis Welfare
Association will take the following steps:

- Keep detailed records for all teachers and participants;
- Conduct monthly review meetings;
- Conduct appraisals for both teachers and participants;
- Design and print formats for monitoring the progress;
- Interact with the community to ensure their involvement;
- Conduct exams for the participants to check their progress
and performance; and,
- Verify the registers and reports from time to time.

The desired outcomes are (i) increased literacy and
vocational skills among women in the target area; (ii)
greater confidence and self-sufficiency; and, (iii) improved

Detailed Budget

The project budget includes salaries for teachers/assistants,
equipment, utility bills, tea and lunch for students,
evaluation of program, books and supplies for the full
18-month duration of the project. All salary costs and some
equipment costs included in the budget below will be provided
through in-kind contributions by Almis Welfare Association,
as noted below. The project request for funding is $64,600.

1. Direct Staff Salaries
1.1 Project Supervisor - 5,400 In Kind
1.2 Project Accountant - 4,500 In Kind
1.3 Two Project Evaluators - 9,000 - In kind
1.4 Project Worker - 2,700
Subtotal - 21,600 - In kind

2. Office Expendable Supplies
2.1 Stationery (textbooks, pens and notebooks) - 2,500
Subtotal - 2,500

3.0 Nonexpendable Supplies
3.1 Two Computers "Compact Models" - 900 - In kind
3.2 Printer HP Laserjet 1320 - 300 - In kind
3.3 Two Scanners HP 2410 - 200 - In kind
3.4 Internet - 900 - In kind
3.5 Photocopier - 1,100 - In kind
Subtotal - 3,400 - In Kind

4 Project Equipment/Materials and Labor:
4.1 Equipment
4.1.1 Thirty Sewing Machines - 6,900
4.1.2 Twenty-four Cutting Scissors - 100
4.1.3 Ten Garments for women's Rolls - 2,000
4.1.4 Ten Garments for trousers - 1,000

4.1.5 One Box of Technical Needles - 50
4.1.6 Five Boxes of Decorative Ribbon - 50
4.1.7 Five Woofers - 400
Subtotal - 10,500

4.2 School Equipment and Materials
4.2.1 Ten Office Chairs - 300
4.2.2 Ninety Forms - 1,800
4.2.3 Four Office Tables - 400
4.2.4 Four Shelves - 800
4.2.5 Two Filing Cabinet (with Iron) - 600
Subtotal - 3,900.00

4.3 Teachers
4.3.1 Three Teachers - 8,100
4.3.2 Four Assistant Teachers - 7,200
Subtotal - 15,300

5.0 Other Direct Cost
5.1 Lunch and tea (250 for 150 days) - 30,000
5.2 Electricity and Water bill - 1,080
5.3 Telephone Charge - 240
5.4 Watchman -1,080
Subtotal - 32,400

Total Project Cost - 89,600
Almis In-Kind Contribution - 25,000
Total Requested Funding - 64,600

Organization Description: Almis Welfare Association,
registered as an NGO in the UK and Somaliland, is a
Diaspora-led charitable organization based in the UK. Founded
in May 2005, its objectives are promoting education and
relieving poverty in Somalia/Somaliland. All the trustees
are originally from Somalia but live and work in the UK. In
the four years since, the organization has executed a variety
of development projects.

Some of its achievements include the planning and execution
of an education project (entitled "Education is a Right, Not
a Privilege") which pays school fees for street children and
projects for formation of community sewing and carpentry
businesses as well as distribution of food to needy people.
As a charitable organization, Almis Welfare Association and
its branch in Hargeisa, Somaliland, is governed by the
charity law. Almis Welfare Association meets the legal and
financial requirements for being a charity such as
accountability, good governance, and transparency as well as
being run for public benefit. Management of Almis Welfare
Association (Hargeisa Branch, Ex-National Cinema Road,
Salaama Building Flat 201 Hargeisa, Somaliland) consists of a
board of Somalia-based professionals and a full-time
administrative staff of six.


(B) Project/Organization: Nomad International Women's Project

Problem to be Addressed: The Nomad International Women's
Project aims to empower Somali women to participate in local
decision-making processes in order to make Somali women
informed political actors in the county's democracy. The
project will focus on training women to add their voice to
local peace and conflict resolution talks, in the
establishment and delivery of local services (particularly in
health and justice services), and in local policy and
decision-making processes. The project also aims to raise
awareness of local relevant leaders and decision-makers of
women's participation in developing effective policies and
services at all level of local governance.

Summary of the Project Proposed: Nomad International will run
leadership training to give Somali women the necessary skills
and confidence to effectively represent various women's
issues and to engage in the full-range of policy debates that
take place in various levels of the Somaliland government,
including local peace and reconciliation initiatives,
establishment of public services, policy-making, shaping
existing services and policies, advocating for women's needs
to be addressed, and representation of women's issues. The
training will focus on the following skills: negotiation,
representation, consultation, conflict resolution,
communication, and campaigning. The training will target
women who are community leaders, politicians, faith group
leaders, professionals, civil servants and other women with
leadership aspirations.

Proposed Project (activities, outcomes, and performance
measures): Sixty women will receive the above-mentioned
training. Among those trained, ten will receive additional
train-the-trainer training so that they will be able to train
other women in the focus skills. The training will be
divided into three semesters, in which twenty women will
participate. An additional two months of training will be
offered to those receiving the train-the-trainers courses.
The project will run for 13 months in Somaliland. The
project also includes one month of preparation and one month
of evaluation. In addition, the project will organize a
three-day seminar for local leaders and policy-makers to
increase awareness of women's issues and encourage women's
participation in local governance.

The outcome of Nomad International's project will be
increasing women's participation and influence in front line
decision-making processes, policy making, service delivery,
development, planning, and conflict resolution initiatives in
Somaliland. Through increased women's participation, women's
issues and needs will be more effectively addressed and more
integrated into service-delivery decisions at all levels.

Nomad International will measure the project's performance by
evaluating the increase in the number of women who
participate in local governance decisions, the number of
service-delivery decisions influence by women, the number of
issues campaigned by women, the number of decision-making
opportunities encouraging women's participation, feedback
from training participants, and feedback from local leaders
and decision-makers.

Detailed budget:

Training cost
Publicity cost - 3,600
Trainers cost - 10,000
Training venue cost - 5,000
Training materials - 2,000
Trainees travel and refreshments cost - 2,500
Trainees accommodation - 5,000

Trainers' training cost
Trainers' cost - 5,000
Training venue cost - 1,500
Training materials - 800
Trainees travel and refreshments cost - 2,500
Trainees accommodation - 1,500

Core cost
Travel cost - 3,500
Management cost - 12,000
Telephone and communication cost - 1,800
Accommodation and subsistence cost - 3,000
Insurance - 2,000

TOTAL ($) - 64,400

Organization description: Nomad International is a registered
charitable organization in the UK and is part of a network of
Somali youth organizations that share the same name and have
offices in Holland and Somaliland. The network of
independently operated organizations share a common Diaspora
identity and have a sense of transnational responsibilities
which enables them to connect and collectively contribute to
the development of health and education projects. Its vision
is to support successful and rewarding governance, health,
and education projects that not only address the key issues
of concern to the Somali people but also strive to find
solutions. Comprised mainly of young professionals, Nomad
international concentrates its activities mainly on education
and health, primarily in Somaliland and the UK. Current
projects include health and education initiatives at Hargeisa
Hospital, Burao Hospital, Erigaabo Health Center -- described
in detail on the website: www.nomadinternational.org.


(C) Project/organization: Policewomen's Training Program by
Somaliland International Development Foundation (SIDF)

Problem to Be Addressed: To equalize women's access to fair
policing and justice, promote women's rights, and increase
awareness of issues related to gender-based violence by
training policewomen in Somaliland in the areas of judiciary
and law enforcement to address security and radicalization

Summary of Proposed Program: The project will equip
Somaliland police women with the training to respond to
routine policing and justice issues in order to improve
women's access to justice, legal mechanisms, and fair
policing. The project also seeks to raise awareness of
women's violence issues, such as gender-based violence, and
to improve community safety.

Project Description (activities, outcomes, performance
measures): The project's activities and course work for
participants is as follows: interview techniques; non-verbal
communication awareness; incident and familial trait
recognition; search and physical inspection procedures;
weapon recognition and awareness; basic trauma medical
knowledge; introduction and use of reporting and statement
documents; statement retrieval and collation; collection,
preservation and continuity of the exhibit/evidence process;
and, court procedure and evidence delivery.

The desired outcomes include enabling the Somaliland
policewomen to initiate and maintain a women-based community
and village awareness network, which equips local women with
a sense of community empowerment, the sense of responsibility
for the community's security and protection, and continued
awareness for any external terrorist or criminal influence.

The performance measures have been established and will be
monitored by the Faculty of Law and Sharia Criminal Justice
and Police Science, Gollis University. This institution is
currently responsible for the country's graduate-level police
education programs and quality assurance mechanisms.

The instructional expertise and syllabus content will be
provided by Triton International Ltd., a UK-based risk and
security management company, with expert trainers from
international law enforcement agencies. Triton specializes
in public sector training programs in the security and law
enforcement sector. In Somaliland, Triton is currently
partnering with the Somaliland Ministry of Interior, training
and operationally mentoring the Coast Guard in coastal
defense, fisheries protection and anti-piracy operations, in
support of the International Naval Task Forces in the region.

The program will be a modular format, with the skillsets
taught on rotation and in conjunction with the current
graduate law enforcement programs at Gollis University. Each
module is one week in duration. The collective modules, when
delivered in series, form a total of eight weeks.

Detailed budget: The budget will cover the following costs:
travel to and flights to Hargeisa; in-country transport and
security; accommodation; food; instructor wages; and,
training aids and resources. The project seeks funding of
USD 100,000, to be expended along the following lines:

- Travel and Flights - 12,000
- Transport and Security - 5,040
- Accommodation - 11,000
- Food - 4,480.00
- Local and International Training Resources (International
Trainers, Interpreters, Local Police Instructors and
University Lecturers) Fees - 67,200
- Training Aids & Resources - 280.00

SIDF would like to hold the funding in the UK in escrow, with
tranche release for the following accountable phases of the
program: Initial Program Administration and Travel to
Somaliland; In-Country Administration and Program Initiation;
Specific Module Delivery; Verification of Delivery, QA and
Exercise Schedule per Module Completion; and Final Program
Completion and Departure from Somaliland.

Description of the Organization: The Somaliland
International Development Foundation seeks to source
international funding and identify relevant and critical
assistance for development and humanitarian aid programs.
The organization focuses on projects that encourage Somalis
within the Diaspora to use their skills to develop Somalia
economically and politically. The organization is new and is
in the process of registering as a charity in the UK. The
founders are a group of UK-based Somali Diaspora with a long
history of experience working with and for charity and policy
advocacy institutions.


(D) Project/Organization: Somali Women's Cultural Initiative
by Kayd (Somali Artists and Culture)

Problem to Be Addressed: Kayd's Women's Cultural Initiative
aims to increase women's literacy and political empowerment
by supporting female writers and cultural events focused on
women's issues.

Summary of Proposed Program: The Somali Women's Cultural
Initiative 2010-11 seeks to promote literacy, female
leadership, and economic opportunity while addressing
gender-based violence (GBV) issues and women's empowerment
issues through increasing the public space for women in the
arts. The proposed project will deliver one year of cultural
activities relevant to issues facing Somali women,
culminating in a cultural festival based in Somaliland during
the summer of 2011. The activities will include creative
activities in support of women writers, publication of two
books (a collection of stories by great Somali women writers
and a collection of short stories and poems by new Somali
female writers); presentations by well-known Somali female
authors living in the Diaspora; and, a Somali Women's
Festival in Hargeisa, Somaliland during the summer of 2011.

Project Description (including specific activities, outcomes,
and performance measures): The project will deliver one year
of activities relating to arts and culture relevant to the
issues facing Somali women and will include the following
activities: collecting stories by well-known, largely
unpublished Somali female writers; events to encourage young
female talent; theater presentations featuring women writers
and actors; workshop to discuss and critique literature by
female writers; lectures by prominent Somali Diaspora
writers; and discussion groups on music and poetry. The
climax of the project will be the three-day Somali Women's
Cultural Festival, modeled after the successful Somali
Week/Mooge Festivals which Kayd has organized in London and
Hargeisa. The festival will have a broad combination of
poetry, debates on development and social change, literature,
music, film and other media, all of which will focus around
the theme of gender balance and freedom of expression. The
festival will call on Somali intellectuals to re-engage in
cultural works and also engage with females (youth, artists,
writer and journalists) to re-popularize culture, theater,
and music with ordinary people.

Kayd's desired outcomes are to bring back into people's
consciousness the importance that art and artistic
expressions have played in Somali culture and to promote and
encourage the role of women in the community to illustrate
and thereby promote alleviation of the constraints they face
in their lives. Specifically, the project aims to:

- Develop intercontinental links between females in the
Diaspora and Somalia to develop the culture of female Somalis
living in Somali territories and in the Diaspora;

- Creating a vibrant platform from which Somali women can
come together to enjoy performance, celebrate their culture,
learn, discuss and debate themes surrounding gender and
artistic freedom of expression; and,

- Develop literacy and an interest in reading amongst women.

The project's performance measure will be as follows: reviews
of the ten arts events to be delivered over the course of the
project; development and presentation of the two
publications; and the mounting of the three-day summer

Detailed budget:

Salary Costs
Project Coordinator - 8,605
Event Organizer - 17,550
Sub-total - 26,155

Administration and Staff Costs
Administrative Support - 5,500
Books Design - 4,000
Technical Crew and Operators - 800
Editing and Review - 2,000
Sub-total - 12,300

Office Space
Rental of Office Space - 4,500

Production, Marketing, and Logistics
Regional Events - 9,000
Rent for festival hall space - 1,000
Transport and accommodation for presenters - 4,410
Gratuities and honorariums for speakers - 3,000
Banners and decorations - 1,000
Media cover - 1,000
Sound system rental - 700
Sub-total - 20,110

Materials and Document Production
Book publications - 15,000
Photography - 500
Filming and editing - 2,000
Subtotal - 17,500

International Speakers
Flights for visiting writers and speakers - 5,000
Accommodation and per diem for international visitors - 5,000
Sub-total - 10,000

Overall Total - 90,565

Description of the Organization: Kayd, a registered UK
charity (and in the process of registering in Somaliland),
seeks to contribute to the creation of a culture of tolerance
in Somali culture. Kayd encourages and promotes democratic
values and respect for others in the Somali communities by
working to inspire liberal thoughts and values, particularly
in promoting freedom of expression through artistic freedom.
Kayd promotes Somali art and culture through a broad
combination of poetry, literature, music, film and
discussions. It focuses largely, but not exclusively, on
issues relating to gender equality and active citizenship,
with particular attention paid to how they affect young
people. In 2009 it delivered: (i) Somali Week Festival (SWF),
an eclectic mix of events including, poetry, literature and
music focused on censorship through a total of twelve events
for different audiences; (ii) Somali Week Mooge Festival and
Hargeisa International Book Fair, a six-day program designed
to develop cultural and religious tolerance amongst some in
Somali society in Somali territories -- the first festival to
be held in Somaliland for 20 years, attracting over 12,000
people; (iii) production of a magazine for the Somali Week
Festival and for the sister festival in Somaliland (the Mooge
Festival and Hargeisa International Book Fair). The
following institutions have supported Kayd's programming: BBC
Somali section, VOA (Voice of America), the Frank Haines
Memorial Trust, the United Nations Development Program
(UNDP), the UK Arts Council, SOAS Somali Student Union, and
various media Somali media houses.


(E) Project/Organization: Egal Literacy Project by the
Institute for Female Education and Development (IFED)

Problem to be Addressed: The Egal Literacy Project seeks to
improve women's basic literacy and basic math through free
adult education courses offered to women in Hargeisa,
Somalia. The literacy and math curriculum will also carry
themes drawn from Islamic teachings about promotion of
women's education and involvement in social, economic, and
political life to support women's empowerment.

Summary of Proposed Program: The Egal Literacy Project will
open a literacy center in Hargeisa, Somalia, specifically and
exclusively designed to teach women basic literacy and math
skills. IFED plans to generate interest and awareness through
targeted radio advertisements and through leveraging its
already established women's groups. A key component of the
course will include train-the-trainers education so that
women in the program will be in a position to transmit the
literacy and math skills they learn to other women in their
social and family groups.

Project Description (activities, outcomes, performance
measures): The main activity will be literacy and basic math
courses offered for free five mornings a week in the center.
Two courses will run concurrently to meet the needs of basic
and more advanced learners, offered in a facility IFED plans
to rent. IFED plans to train 90 women on a first-come,
first-served basis in three-month semesters. Four semesters
will be offered during the 12-month duration of the project.
Upon signing up for the courses, each woman will receive an
assessment of her individual literacy and math skills and
will be placed in an appropriate level. In order to assess

the outcome of increased basic literacy and math skills, each
student will undergo a final assessment. IFED also plans to
follow up with students after completion of the course to see
how they use the skills learned. Project performance
measures will include data on demand for courses, student
attendance, student performance on final assessments as
compared to entry assessments, and qualitative data about
impact on lifestyle. The qualitative data about the impact
on the women's lifestyle will also be used to make
assessments on how empowered the women feel after completion
of the program. The curriculum will also encourage passing
on the skills learned to other women. IFED will survey
successful students on the volunteer projects they undertake.
This funding will provide the necessary seed money for the
initial start of the program. IFED plans to rent out the
facilities to other women's groups and civil organizations in
the afternoons and evenings, as the IFED project will only
use the instructional facilities in the mornings, in order to
fund continuation of the program.

Detailed budget:

Direct Labor Cost

Project Manager - 30,000
Curriculum Developer - 14,016
Lead Instructor - 6,600
Instructor - 6,000
Instructor - 6,000
Admin Assistant - 4,800
Three Cafeteria staff/cleaners - 3,000
Two Security guard - 2,400

Rent - 12,000
Electricity - 2,400
Telephone - 1,200
Internet - 1,800
Class and Office Furniture- 5,000
Computer Equipment - 3,400
Advertising - 1,404

Total - 100,000

Organization Description: Founded in 2008, the Institute for
Female Education and Development (IFED) was set up to create
education projects that will enable the women of Somaliland
to make contributions to the reconstruction and development
of Somalia. Registered as an NGO in Somaliland, IFED seeks
to promote Islamic teachings that encourage women's
education, by furthering women's involvement in private
sector ventures, and by advocating for government and
business policies that reducing the "absenteeism" of women in
commercial and political life in Somalia. IFED started as
home-based women's groups and networks and is currently
working to open a women's boarding school in Hargeisa through
the African Education Trust, a UK-based charity. The Egal
Literacy Project will be an expansion of IFED's current
programming. Mrs. Odowa Nielsen, as project director, is
uniquely poised to deliver on the curriculum, oversight and
operation of this project because of her background in
setting up female genital mutilation (FGM) clinics in the UK
for the Somali Diaspora community and her work as a mental
health care professional in the UK working to help Somali
immigrants adjust to life in the UK. Mrs. Odowa Nielsen will
serve as the Project Director and will be based in Hargeisa
for the duration of the project.

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