Gordon Campbell | Parliament TV | Parliament Today | News Video | Crime | Employers | Housing | Immigration | Legal | Local Govt. | Maori | Welfare | Unions | Youth | Search


Current Trends, Economic Status of Pacific Peoples

Current Trends and Economic Status of Pacific Peoples

Executive Summary

The Current Trends and Economic Status of Pacific Peoples is one of a series of reports written by the Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs, which looks to provide a statistical overview of the areas and opportunities for economic development for Pacific peoples in New Zealand. The Current Trends and Economic Status of Pacific Peoples endeavours to promote understanding, stimulate thought and generate discussion and debate.

The report focuses on four key areas that are viewed as levers towards improving the economic status of Pacific peoples. These areas are education, labour market, business and housing, and the creative Industries. It is important to note this is not a definitive list of areas with an impact on economic development, but rather they allow for a wide view at areas which can specifically improve Pacific economic development.

Major findings of the report include:


- Pacific students, while improving, are not achieving the same outcomes as other students. More Pacific people are studying longer in education, resulting in high levels of participation in tertiary education.

- In 2004 there were 19,060 tertiary students who identified themselves as Pacific, up from only 3,285 students in 1990. This is an increase of just over 480 percent. The relative increase in the population of Pacific in New Zealand during the same period (1991-2001) was 38 percent.

Labour Market

- Pacific involvement in the labour market is improving, although this is partly to gradually improving education outcomes over the past decade. Participation for Pacific peoples is still below levels of the mid 1980s.

- There have been some major improvements in the Pacific unemployment levels, which have fallen from over 12 percent at the end of 1999 to 6 percent in June 2005.


- Pacific income levels are below the total population. A major reason for this is that a higher proportion of Pacific peoples are in lower income levels when compared to other groups.

- Pacific hourly income earnings are $15.13 as of June 2005 (compared with $10.50 in 2000), which is still below the total population level of $18.24 per hour. Census 2001 information show the Pacific median personal income is $14,800, compared to $18,600 for the total population.

- The Pacific median income for those in employment, is higher than for the Pacific median income for all Pacific, but is still only 83 percent of the income for the total population who are employed.

Business and Entrepreneurship

- There are very small numbers of Pacific peoples that are either employers (1.9 percent compared with 7.7 percent nationally) or self-employed (4.4 percent compared with 12.7 percent nationally).


- While housing, particularly homeownership can support business development, Pacific levels of homeownership are well below that of the national population.

- The numbers of Pacific people living in a home owned by a member of the household has fallen as has the national population. One of the key questions this raises is whether home ownership continues to be a high priority for the current generation of New Zealanders.

Creative Industries

- A number of ‘Emerging Industries’ (such as ICT, the Creative Industries, and the Arts) which despite small numbers, are beginning to reflect Pacific cultures and traditions. These industries are recognised as having the potential to create opportunities for entrepreneurs in national and international markets.
Pasifika Women’s Economic Well-being: Summary

- Pacific women identified a number of barriers to accessing education and training opportunities. These included:

o care giving responsibilities (children and family members);
o the high cost of tertiary education
o lack of motivation and confidence to begin education or training opportunities; and
o lack of encouragement and support from family, peers and tutors

- Pacific women identified strategies for improving access centered on making education more affordable to women. This included locating courses in the community and using more effective communication channels (e.g. Pacific radio and churches.)

- Also identified was the access centered on making education more affordable to women. This included locating courses in the community and using more effective communication channels (e.g. Pacific radio and churches.)

- The financial priority areas identified by Pacific women included, meeting their family’s needs, donations to their church, contributions for immediate and extended family activities and savings for future family needs.

- In times of financial difficulty, Pacific women said they relied primarily on family members for support. A group of respondents said they had accessed financial loans from a bank or finance company;

- Of the participants 90 percent were in paid employment, most expressed satisfaction with their employment situation.

- Balancing their roles in the home, at work and in the community was an important issue for a number of the Pacific women interviewed. The main strategy employed to achieve this work is life balance was enlisting the help of family members.

- Pacific woman had some clear ideas as to what they felt the barriers to employment were. These included:

o a lack of qualifications, experience and skills
o a lack of motivation, confidence and self-determination
o care giving obligations
o language and communication problems.

- Suggestions for overcoming these barriers included seminars on finding and applying for jobs, English language courses, Pasifika women role models, low cost childcare and more relevant communication channels e.g. Pacific radio or through the church.

- Barriers discussed by the participants included a lack of sufficient capital and a lack of experience in developing business plans and financial management. A lack of confidence in the business arena and caring obligations also impacted on their decision to go into business.

- Pacific women receive lowest median hourly earnings

o $12.30 compared with European/Pākehā = $15.00, Māori = $13.50)

- Higher unemployment rate than Pacific men and European/Pākehā women

o Pacific women = 8.5 percent, compared with Pacific men (6.9 percent) and European/Pākehā women (3.5 percent)

- At 2004, approx 30% of Pacific women leave school with no qualifications.


© Scoop Media

Parliament Headlines | Politics Headlines | Regional Headlines

Mayor of Auckland: Alert Level Change Welcome News

Mayor Phil Goff says the government’s decision to move Auckland to Level 2 from 6am on Sunday will be welcome news for all Aucklanders.
“Moving strongly and quickly to contain this outbreak has once again proved effective in stopping the spread of community transmission and I thank all the Aucklanders who have followed the rules of Level 3 over the past week,” he says... More>>


Earthquakes: Tsunami Activity – Cancelled

The National Advisory issued at 2:48pm following this morning's earthquakes near the KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION is cancelled.
The advice from GNS Science, based on ocean observations, is that the Beach and Marine threat has now passed for all areas... More>>

Joint Press Release: Dirty PR Exposed In Whale Oil Defamation Trial

Three public health advocates are relieved that their long-standing Whale Oil defamation trial against Cameron Slater, Carrick Graham, Katherine Rich and the Food and Grocery Council has finally concluded and they are pleased that the truth has come out... More>>


Government: Next Stage Of COVID-19 Support For Business And Workers

The Government has confirmed details of COVID-19 support for business and workers following the increased alert levels due to a resurgence of the virus over the weekend... More>>


Government: Balanced Economic Approach Reflected In Crown Accounts

New Zealand’s economic recovery has again been reflected in the Government’s books, which are in better shape than expected.
The Crown accounts for the seven months to the end of January 2021 were better than forecast in the Half Year Economic and Fiscal Update (HYEFU)... More>>

Covid-19: Auckland Back To Alert Level Three After One New Community Case Revealed

Auckland will move to alert level three for a week at 6am tomorrow morning after two new Covid-19 community cases announced this evening could not be directly linked to earlier cases, the Prime Minister has confirmed.
The rest of the country will move to level two.... More>>

NZ Initiative: New Report Highlights How Our Housing Crisis Could Worsen If We Don’t Act Now

If New Zealand politicians thought the housing crisis in 2020 was bad, the worst is yet to come, warns a new report by The New Zealand Initiative. In The Need to Build: The demographic drivers of housing demand , Research Assistant Leonard Hong ... More>>

Parliament: Kiwi MPs Among The “Most Educated In The World”

New analysis of MP qualifications reveals New Zealand’s Parliament is one of the most educated and highest qualified in the world, and significantly more educated than Australia’s. The research, by Mark Blackham of BlacklandPR and Geoffrey Miller ... More>>




InfoPages News Channels